Caltha palustris L., Sp. Pl. 558 1753. (Syn: Caltha alpestris Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Caltha alpina (Schur) Schur; Caltha arctica R.Br.; Caltha arctica subsp. caespitosa (Schipcz.) Khokhr.; Caltha arctica subsp. membranacea (Turcz.) Khokhr.; Caltha arctica subsp. sibirica (Regel) Tolm.; Caltha asarifolia DC.; Caltha caespitosa Schipcz.; Caltha confinis Greene; Caltha cornuta Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Caltha coronata Schur; Caltha crenata Belyaeva & Sipliv.; Caltha dentata Muhl.; Caltha elata Duthie; Caltha emodorum Spreng.; Caltha ficarioides Pursh; Caltha flabellifolia Pursh; Caltha freyniana Heldr. ex Beck; Caltha glabra Gilib.; Caltha gorovii Vorosch.; Caltha gracilis Nakai; Caltha grosseserrata Pant.; Caltha guerangerii Boreau; Caltha himalayanus Royle; Caltha himalensis D.Don; Caltha integerrima Pursh; Caltha intermedia Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Caltha laeta Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Caltha laeta subsp. rostrata (Borbás) Jáv.; Caltha latifolia Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Caltha longirostris Beck; Caltha major Mill.; Caltha membranacea (Turcz.) Schipcz.; Caltha membranacea var. grandiflora S.H.Li & Y.H.Huang; Caltha minor Mill.; Caltha minor subsp. arctica (R.Br.) Á.Löve & D.Löve; Caltha napalensis Royle; Caltha orthorhyncha Rupr.; Caltha pallidiflora Martrin-Donos; Caltha palustris var. aleutensis Huth; Caltha palustris var. araneosa Steenis; Caltha palustris subsp. araneosa (Steenis) Meijden; Caltha palustris subsp. arctica (R.Br.) Hultén; Caltha palustris var. arctica (R.Br.) Huth; Caltha palustris f. arrabonensis Soó; Caltha palustris subsp. asarifolia (DC.) Hultén; Caltha palustris var. borbasii Soó; Caltha palustris var. borealis Polozhij; Caltha palustris f. cornuta (Schott, Nyman & Kotschy) Huth; Caltha palustris f. czarnohorensis (Zapal.) Soó & Kovács-Lang; Caltha palustris var. flabellifolia (Pursh) Torr. & A.Gray; Caltha palustris var. integerrima (Pursh) Torr. & A.Gray; Caltha palustris f. integerrima (Pursh) Huth; Caltha palustris var. major (Mill.) DC.; Caltha palustris subsp. membranacea (Turcz.) Hultén; Caltha palustris var. minor (Mill.) DC.; Caltha palustris subsp. nymphiifolia Vorosch. & Gorovoj; Caltha palustris var. orientalisinensis X.H.Guo; Caltha palustris var. parnassifolia (Raf.) Torr. & A.Gray; Caltha palustris f. platycarpa Soó & Kovács-Lang; Caltha palustris var. polysepala Turcz.; Caltha palustris subsp. polysepala (Turcz.) Vorosch.; Caltha palustris var. radicans (T.F.Forst.) Beck; Caltha palustris subsp. renifolia (Tolm.) Luferov; Caltha palustris f. retyzatensis Soó; Caltha palustris var. sibirica Regel; Caltha palustris subsp. sibirica (Regel) Hultén; Caltha palustris f. simonkaiana Soó; Caltha palustris f. transsilvanica Soó & Kovács-Lang; Caltha palustris f. ucrainica Racib.; Caltha palustris subsp. violacea (Khokhr.) Luferov; Caltha palustris f. vulgaris Huth; Caltha paniculata Wall.; Caltha parnassifolia Raf.; Caltha polypetala Hochst.; Caltha polypetala var. colchica Kem.-Nath.; Caltha polypetala var. orthoryncha (Rupr.) Kem.-Nath.; Caltha populago Gouan; Caltha procumbens Huth; Caltha pumila Schur; Caltha pygmaea (Makino) Makino; Caltha radicans T.F.Forst.; Caltha ranunculoides Schur; Caltha riparia G.Don; Caltha rostrata Borbás; Caltha serotina Tolm.; Caltha sibirica (Regel) Tolm.; Caltha silvestris Vorosch.; Caltha stagnalis Magnier ex Rouy & Foucaud; Caltha thracica (Velen.) Adamovic ex Graebn. & P.Graebn.; Caltha ucrainica (Racib.) Nyman; Caltha violacea Khokhr.; Caltha vulgaris Pall. ex Steud.; Caltha vulgaris Schott, Nyman & Kotschy; Caltha zetlandica (Beeby) Dörfl.; Ranunculus ficaria Walter; Trollius paluster E.H.L.Krause);
Temp. & Subarctic Northern Hemisphere: Afghanistan, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nebraska, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tennessee, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Tuva, Ukraine, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon as per POWO;
Marsh Marigold, Cowflock, Cowslip, Kingcup; 

Ranunculaceae week: Caltha palustris L.:
Caltha palustris L. Sp. Pl. 1: 558. 1753.

Type: Lectotype : Herb. Burser XV(2): 82 (UPS)
Location: In Peer Panjal Range near Rohtang Pass, Himachal Pradesh.
Date: 15.06.2008
Camera used: Sony cybershot
Elevation: >4000m
I am unable to trace the type!!

Pangi id al061011a:
I think something from Buttercup family.. please guide..
Location Pangi Valley
Altitude 3000 mts
Habit herb
Habitat wild
Height 18 inches

Yes the typical Caltha palustris
Caltha palustris var. palustris


VOF Week: Caltha palustris?? en-route Hemkund Sahib:
I think this one is Caltha palustris?? (Family:Ranunculaceae).
Location: en-route Hemkund Sahib.

Yes Nice Catch

Caltha yellow:
Here are my pics of Caltha yellow taken from Kashmir.
It grows at higher altitudes than Caltha white. above 3500 m.

I think it is different than mine

Yes it is caltha palustris

VoF Week: ID the plant please.:
This plant was seen beside the Hemkund Lake on 15.08.2012. ID help please.

Caltha palustris


VoF Week: Caltha palustris from way to Hemkund Sahib:
Caltha palustris from way to Hemkund Sahib
Pls validate

Good to see the yellow Caltha. Have mostly seen white in Kashmir.

The yellow Caltha has been posted as Caltha palustris var himalensis in FoI. Plz see the link: http://www.flowersofindia.Marsh%20Marigold.html
In fact, i have recently clicked a yellow Caltha in Kashmir also.

Yes this aspect needs some investigation. Caltha palustris var. palustris the typical yellow form does not occur in India. It differs from var. himalaica Tamura of Himalayas as under

Var. himalaica: stems solid, style 2-3 mm long
var. palustris: stems hollow, style 1-1.5 mm long

I wonder whether var. himalaica Tamura (1962) or var. himalensis (D Don) Mukh. (1960) are same, but then I am not sure why former is treated as correct name by the Plant list, and latter if different (because it is not listed as synonym of former) what are its attributes.

Caltha palustris var. himalensis (D.Don) a synonym of Caltha palustris L. as per The Plant List.
Can you tell us what should be the Indian Plant- Caltha palustris L. or Caltha palustris var. himalaica Tamura ?

Caltha palustris var. himalaica Tamura Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 19: 76 1962 is the accepted name, but, Caltha palustris var. himalensis (D.Don) Mukh. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 2: 105 1960 is the synonym of Caltha palustris var. himalensis (D.Don) Mukh. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 2: 105 1960 is the synonym of Caltha palustris L. Sp. Pl. 558 1753.Sp. Pl. 558 1753.
Here is an article which studied the variation in the species on British Isles and found that there is no sound evidences of recognising different subspecies !!!
Of course this may not stand true for Himalayan species but you never know. Just that we didn’t study our species in such detail to conclude anything.

As per GRIN & FOC & FON, as per the following links, only Caltha palustris var. himalensis (D.Don) Mukh. Bull. Bot. Surv. India 2: 105 1960- synonym of Caltha palustris L. Sp. Pl. 558 1753. & Caltha palustris L. is shown in range at India & not Caltha palustris var. himalaica Tamura (not mentioned in GRIN at all):


Caltha palustris
Clicked in Spiti Valley in Jun

Thanks … for showing true yellow flowered Caltha.

Ranunculaceae Fortnight:: Caltha palustris en-route Hemkund Sahib .: PKA-Jan-09::: : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Caltha palustris (Family: Ranunculaceae).
Location: en-route Hemkund Sahib.

Yes. Very good picture


Caltha palustris ABMAY2017/04 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)
This too was near Snowline before Ilaqa. Please correct me if I am mistaken in identifying this.
Caltha palustris
Snowline-Ilaqa trek,
3200m approx.
03-04 May 2017

Correctly identified

On the Kareri trek I also saw these fine flowers in their natural habitat, next to flowing water and on marshy land. Here are some additional images.

Caltha palustris
Kareri Lake trek
15-16 May 2017
Attachments (6)


Herb for ID, Upper Manimahesh, Himachal Pradesh NAW-SEP17-06 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this herb with yellow flowers photographed in June 2017 on the trail to Manimahesh at the height a little below 4000 metres.
As an aside, one might notice the plastic litter discarded by pilgrims, which was very disturbing to me.

This should be Caltha palustris..

On way to Rohtang Pass (Altitude 3500 to 4000m)- June’09; Bumla Pass (14000ft), A.P.- June’09?;  from Ghangaria (around 11,000 ft.) to Hemkunt Sahib (around 14000 ft.);

Flora of Uttarakhand- Herb13 for Id- JM – efloraofindia | Google Groups
PLANT 97 SMP JUN 09 Rohtang Pass – indiantreepix | Google Groups
A Potentilla ? – indiantreepix | Google Groups



Caltha palustris var. himalensis (D. Don) Mukerjee;

Caltha palustris var. himalensis (Marsh Marigold, Cowflock, Cowslip, Kingcup) – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Caltha palustris L.: 4 very high res. images.

Location: Eden Project, Cornwall, UK
Altitude: 60m.
Date: 03 April 2022
Habit : Cultivated


SK 3516 26 May 2022: 4 very high res. images.

Location: Eden Project, Cornwall, UK
Altitude: 60m.
Date: 03 April 2022
Habit : Cultivated
This also Caltha palustris L. ??

Agreed.. Caltha palustris.

SK 3241 19 December 2021: 2 very high res. images.

Location: Jumla, West Nepal
Altitude: 3000m.
Date: 24 August 2021 
Habit : Wild
Caltha palustris var. himalaica Tamura ??

POWO does not mention it separately.
Yes, appears close as per images at Caltha palustris
Looks different from FoC illustration of Caltha scaposa Hook. f. & Thomson as per the Checklist of Nepal and Caltha govaniana Wall. ex Royle is reported at much high elevation.

POWO gives distribution of Caltha palustris var. himalaica Tamura, from Nepal eastward. Do we have keys to differentiate between this one and Caltha palustris var. palustris ?

But it is listed in the book for West Nepal.
I could not find the keys !


SK 3614 16 August 2022: 7 very high res. images.

Location: Juphal, Dolpa,  Nepal
Altitude:  2700m.
Date: 22 June 1022

Habit : Wild 

Caltha … ??

Enclosing list also.

It is Caltha palustris L.

Pl. see earlier discussions regarding varieties.


POWO  Catalogue of Life