1. Leaves pedately 6-9 foliolate – C. pedata
1. Leaves 3-5 foliolate
  2. Leaves 3- foliolate
     3. Leaves acuminate at apex- C. mollissima
     3. Leaves acute at apex- C. trifoliata
  2. Leaves pedately 5-foliolate
      4. Stipules prominent falcate- C. auriculata 
      4. Stipules minute
        5. Seeds acute at base- C. japonica
        5. Seeds rounded at base- C. tenuifolia

.
Keys from Online Flora of Nepal:

1a Leaves 5-foliolate. Tendrils mostly 2-furcate, sometimes 3-furcate. Leaf margins serrate ……. 1. C. japonica
b Leaves 3-foliolate. Tendrils 3-5-furcate. Leaf margins dentate to crenate …….  2. C. trifolia


.

Keys from Flora of Bhutan:

1. Leaves pedately 5-foliolate … 1. C. japonica
+ Leaves 3-foliolate ………………. 2. C. geniculata


.

Cayratia auriculata (Roxb.) Gamble (Myanmar [Burma] (Bago), India (Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Guarat, Maharasthra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sikkim, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)  

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Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep. (China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Henan, Hebei, Hunan, Hainan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang), Taiwan, South Korea, India (West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Indonesia, Philippines (Luzon, Mindoro, Panay, Mindanao), Vietnam, Laos, Bhutan, Australia (Queensland), Java, New Caledonia, Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu), Ryukyu Isl., Malaysia, Christmas Isl. (Austr.), Micronesia (Yap), Bonin Isl. (Chichijima), Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.), Palau Isl. (Todai-yama), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Chin, Kachin, Magway, Taninthayi, Yangon), Nepal, USA (I) (Louisiana (I), Mississippi (I), North Carolina (I), Texas (I)) as per Catalogue of Life)

 


Cayratia mollissima (Planch.) Gagnep. (peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Myanmar [Burma], India (Arunachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Philippines (Luzon, Panay, Mindanao) as per Catalogue of life)

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Cayratia pedata (Lam.) Gagnep. (Andaman Isl., India (Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Thailand, Malaysia, Java, Christmas Isl. (Austr.), Myanmar [Burma], China (Guangxi, Yunnan), Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Philippines as per Catalogue of Life)
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(Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Yangon), China (Yunnan), Bangladesh, Cambodia, India (throughout), Indonesia, Laos, peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, Philippines (throughout), Australia (Western Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland), Christmas Isl. (Austr.), Micronesia (Yap, Truk, Moen, Dublon, Fefan, Umol), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Koror, Ngarakabesang, Malakal, Angaur), Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Sri Lanka, Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Swat, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), New Caledonia as per Catalogue of life)

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Cayratia species in India:

  1. Cayratia anemonifolia (Zipp. ex Miq.) Suess.
  2. C. geniculata (Blume) Gagnep.
  3. C. japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep.
  4. C. mollissima (Planch.) Gagnep.
  5. C. pedata (Lam.) Gagnep.
  6. C. roxburghii (Planch.) Gagnep.
  7. C. tenuifolia (Wight & Arn.) Gagnep.
  8. C. thomsonii (M.A.Lawson) E.Reid & M.Chandler
  9. C. trifolia (L.) Domin
  10. C. wrayi (King) Gagnep.

References:

  1. Shetty, B.V. and Singh,P. 2000. Vitaceae. In; Singh, N.P., Vohra, J.N., Hajar, P.K. and Singh, D.K. (eds.) Flora of India Vol-5. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Pp. 246-324.
  2. eFI page (and references therein) 

.

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Cayratia
anemonifolia
(Zipp. Ex Miq.) Suesseng.
Climber Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri
Cayratia auriculata (Roxb.) Gamble is a synonym of Cyphostemma auriculatum (Roxb.) P.Singh & B.V.Shetty Climber Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore
Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep. Climber Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri
Cayratia mollissima (Wall.) Gagnep. Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri,
Tirunelveli
Cayratia pedata (Lam.) Juss. ex Gagnep. var. pedata Shrub Plains
to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Cayratia pedata (Lam.) Juss. ex Gagnep. var.
glabra  Gamble
Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri
Cayratia roxburghii (Wight & Arn.)
Gagnep.
Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Tirunelveli
Cayratia tenuifolia (Wight & Arn.)
Gagnep.
Climber Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli
Cayratia trifolia (L.) Domin.                                       Herb Plains
to Evergreen Forests
Matthew,
1999
All
districts


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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Cayratia trifolia Cissus trifolia, Vitis trifolia, Vitis carnosa Vitaceae Bush Grape

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Cayratia japonica var. mollis (Thunb.) Gagnep. (only C. japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep. as per Online Flora of Nepal, 2017)
Cayratia tenuifolia (Wight & Arn.) Gagnep. (syn. of C. japonica as per Online Flora of Nepal, 2017)

.

.

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2003)- Details with keys

.

.

.
.
.

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2003)- Details with keys
Cayratia pedata
Cayratia trifolia


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.
.
Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
.
.
Cayratia (Vitaceae) :  3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cayratia (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


I have added the list of Indian species.


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I searched on internet and some books what Cayratia stands for. 
Just could not get the meaning other than a observation that it could be based on a vernacular name from India.

Latin Cayratia, from the Annamese vernacular name, cay-rat, a vine … National Parks Board, Singapore

Many thanks to … in facebook.


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Pl. go throughCayratia‎‎ ‎(Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


 

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