Cestrum nocturnum L., Sp. Pl. 191 1753. (Syn: Cestrum foetidissimum Jacq.; Cestrum graciliflorum Dunal; Cestrum hirtellum Schltdl.; Cestrum leucocarpum Dunal; Cestrum multiflorum Roem. & Schult.; Cestrum nocturnum var. mexicanum O.E.Schulz; Cestrum propinquum M.Martens & Galeotti; Cestrum salicifolium Hort. Monsp. ex Dun. (ambiguous synonym); Cestrum scandens Thibaud ex Dunal; Cestrum spicatum Mill.; Cestrum suberosum Jacq.; Cestrum yucatanense Francey );
Venezuela (Aragua, Distrito Federal, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Sucre, Tachira), Mexico (Campeche, Chiapas, Coahuila, Colima, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico  State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Belize, Costa Rica, Lesser Antilles (I) (Martinique (I)), Haiti (I), Dominican Republic (I), Puerto Rico (I), Jamaica (I), Cuba (I), Virgin Isl. (I) (Tortola (I)), Colombia (I), Australia (I) (New South Wales (I)), Taiwan (I), Java (I), China (I) (Fujian (I), Guangdong (I), Guangxi (I), Yunnan (I)), Fiji (I), New Caledonia (I), American Samoa (I) (Manua Isl. (I)), Marshall Isl. (I) (Likiep (I)), Micronesia (I) (Yap (I), Pohnpei (I)), Niue (I), Society Isl. (I) (Tahiti (I), Raiatea (I)), Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)), Austral Isl. (I) (Tubuai (I)), Bonin Isl. (I) (Chichijima (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Madagascar (I), Zimbabwe (I), Malawi (I), Uganda (I), Kenya (I), Tanzania (I), Zanzibar (I), Cameroon (I), Ethiopia (I), Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo) (I), Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I) (Ha`ena (I)), Oahu (I) (Ko: Tantalus (I)), East Maui (I), Hawaii Isl. (I) (Hilo) (I)), Rotuma Isl. (I), Andamans (I), Nicobars (I), Myanmar [Burma] (I), Darjeeling (I), Laos (I), Vietnam (I), Philippines (I), Bangladesh (I), Sri Lanka (I), Nepal (I), Pakistan (I), USA (I) (California (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Louisiana (I), Texas (I)), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of life;
Night-blooming Cestrum, Lady of the Night, Queen of the Night, Night-blooming jessamine, Rat ki rani रात की रानी (Hindi), Thabal lei (Manipuri), Hasna hana (Bengali), Raatrani रातराणी (Marathi, Konkani);
A spreading shrub with greenish white flowers with spreading to erect corolla lobes, blooming at night. 

Solanaceae Week: Cestrum nocturnum from Delhi: Cestrum nocturnum L.,  Sp. pl. 1:191. 1753
syn: Cestrum suberosum Jacq.
A spreading shrub with greenish white flowers with spreading to erect corolla lobes, blooming at night. Commonly grown in Delhi and elsewhere.

Common names: Night jessamine; lady-of-the-night
Hindi: Raat ki raani 


Raat ki raani!: http://mariannedenazareth.blogspot.com/

Just sharing the surprise that my Raat ki Rani gave me!

SYMBIOSIS 392 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of male Common Mormon butterfly on the flowers of Cestrum nocturnum

What plant/ABDEC33 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5).
I saw it growing out of a wall in town behind a roadside stall. Please help identify it.
The leaves are about 6 in long.
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
17 December 2014

This is Cestrum nocturnum, “Raat Ki Raani“….a great refreshener through its superb fragrance, more so in evenings and before midnight…

could be

But when I first saw it I had felt that the flowers were perhaps tad bit too big size of the face.. and length etc

would help me resolve my doubts

I think … is right still I have my original thoughts

Thank you … …, I will get a rough measurement of the flower today but my guess would be about 20-30mm across at face and 40-50mm long stem.

if flower is 50 mm its not raat rani
raat rani flowers are less then 8 to 10 mm across at the most

Here we go. As suspected my estimates were awful.
3 images

… is right. lets wait for him to comment


HAL 32 2014/12/18: 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Please ID this small shrub with fruits. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Mar 2013.

Probably Cestrum nocturnum

Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanaceae of Indonesia 3 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

I send you Cestrum nocturnum

Solanaceae Fortnight: Cestrum nocturnum L. Feb2015sk05/22 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

This is a cultivated scandent shrub. Flowers are not fragrant during the daytime, but surely fragrant in the evening. Using KEY in FoP it seems to be Cestrum nocturnum L.

Photographed on 25 & 26/7/12.

Nice photographs

Cestrum nocturnum L.
at Vaghbil, Thane on January 6, 2007
at Zirad, near Alibag on January 24, 2009
at Native Place (holiday resort near Kamshet) on May 2, 2008 
at Mercara on March 30, 2011

The pictures stand out !!


Cestrum nocturnum L.,  Sp. pl. 1:191. 1753
syn: Cestrum suberosum Jacq.

A spreading shrub with greenish white flowers with spreading to erect corolla lobes, blooming at night.
Commonly grown in Delhi and elsewhere.
Common names: Night jessamine; lady-of-the-night

Hindi: Raat ki raani

Solanaceae Fortnight::Cestrum nocturnum Feb NSJ-04 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Cestrum nocturnum (Raat Rani)

Yes … Nice photographs


Attached are pictures of Cestrum nocturnum captured at Mumbai in October 2012.

This is a very commonly planted shrub, for its very sweetly scented flowers emitting fragrance in the evening..

Cestrum nocturnum…”Raat ki Rani


Cestrum nocturnum: Pune


Cestrum nocturnum (Raatrani) at Mumbai.



Solanaceae Fortnight: Cestrum nocturnum : at Mumbai : PKA-FEB30/30 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Photos of “fruits of Cestrum nocturnum (Solanaceae Family) i.e. Ratrani“.

rare sight

Thanks … for fruit pics, which are rare to see..

Commonly known as Night Bloomng Jasmine from our home garden in Nasik.


Solanaceae Fortnight: Cestrum nocturnum: RVS07 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Here are pictures of Cestrum nocturnum growing in the medicinal plant garden of University of Mississippi.

raat rani

very fragrant and nice pictures, … but the pollen is also highly allergenic, I learned it the hard way..

never plant it near your bedroom or study window if you tend to keep them open at night…


I was going thru the allied flowersofindia website on the Solanaceae family and many popular species like Chili (Capsicum frutescens), Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), Night Blooming Jasmine (Cestrum nocturnum), Datura (Datura innoxia) are labeled “Native” while less popular cousins are either “Introduced” or “Naturalised”. Wikipedia mentions these species as native to the Americas and globalized only after the conquest of the New World by Europeans.
What is the opinion of the experts here on the native range of these species?


question on flowering of cestrum nocturnum – रात राणी in Mumbai/INDIA: Request to tell us about flowering period of Cestrum Nocturnum in India mainly in Mumbai,
my colleage has planted this in her garden pot & is flowering now and so curious to know through “me”
is there any specific (natural) period?

–  In my garden this plant used to have flower throughout the year. But flowers were luxuriant during rainy season. And as the name suggests, this blooms at night. This is a water loving plant I assume and hence needs watering everyday. That may enhance flowering in your area.

With some experience in horticulture I can  say that generally watering does not enhance flowering. What is needed is optimum moisture content in the soil. In fact for all the annual seasonal flowering plants, the horticulturist advise the growers to withhold water at the time of flowering. This is my experience too. Furthermore, many of the plants do not flower properly during rainy season due to improper sunlight. Of course there are exceptions. This particular plant might fall in that group.

It flowers all the year round with more profuse in rainy season and summer as rightly pointed out by … Light pruning after the flush is over should be beneficial.

– I dont know about .. comments. True that flowers like Bauhinia flower more profusely when water is withheld during the bloom time. For seasonal plants also copious watering may not be desirable. But I saw for
Jasminum sambac that watering everyday and removing the bloomed flowers everyday is good for flowering. Of course it needs pruning at the end of winter.

Cestrum nocturnum flowers almost through out year but more profuse during monsoon.

Cestrum nocturnum L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location: Lakeside, Pokhara, Nepal
Date: 13 April  2017
Altitude: 2600 ft.
Nepali Names : बासना Baasanaa / हसिना Hasinaa / हसना Hasanaa


Cestrum nocturnum L. : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)- around 1600 kb each.

Location: Ranibari, Kathmandu
Date: 10 September  2019
Elevation: 1370 m.
Habitat : wild.

Attachments (2)- 1 & 5 mb.

Attachments (2)- 527 kb & 5 mb.

Attachments (1)- 6 mb.

Hasna hena in bangla. raat rani in gujarati.

nice but the flowers should be gregariously profuse. don’t know why they are so sparse

In Nepali also same name including some more ! Cestrum nocturnum L.



Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane

Date: January 11, 2020 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl  
Cestrum nocturnum  L.

SL 221 131213 : Attachments (1). 3 posts by 3 authors.

Please ID this small medicinal plant. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Sep 2012.


Looks like different sp.

Looks like Cestrum nocturnum 

110713 ASP 98 : Attachments (1).  2 posts by 2 authors.

Please ID this ornamental with yellow flowers. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in March 2013.

Cestrum species. Most probably C. nucturnum


SK 2436 06 February 2020: (Mixed thread): 6 high res. images.
Location: Ranibari, Kathmandu
Date: 06 February 2020
Elevation: 1370 m.
Habitat : Wild.

Solanaceae, Cestrum sp.,

No match with any Cestrum !

Any Jasminum species ?

Couldn’t find any match, Sir.

70-100 ft tall Jasminum or Cestrum? Don’t know of any.

I would think of member of Lauraceae, like Litsea, but again couldn’t find a suitable match.

Not Cestrum, Jasminum or Litsea, Its definitely a member of Solanaceae, but without flower and mature fruit, cannot say anything with surety.

Thanks Sir, that explains why I failed on Litsea !!!

I attach here resized photographs of your plant sp. Please, confirm all pictures are from the same plant.
Please, forgive me, I ask you this because the last picture seems to display ripe fruit and after uploading the same you asked to ignore it – efi thread
And, also the tree is around 70 to 100 ft?

Can any member tell me which Solanaceace has 70ft representative in Indian subcontinent?

It is a small bushy shrub not very thick branches about 5/6 m. only !

But, I am afraid, no solanaceae member, listed in Flora of Nepal, meets your species.

Only, Solanum erianthum (NOT your plant) may attain the assumed size of your species.

There is one introduced species in India (Asam)Brunfelsia uniflora, (https://www.gbif.org/occurrence/gallery?taxon_key=2932913) that may attain the size of your plant – link
I do not think your plant belongs to any of the above two Solanaceae members.

It is not I guess.

If the seed images don’t belong to this plant then it seems to be Cestrum nocturnum.

On closer examination to me all the images posted by Saroj ji (except the dried fruit), belong to the same plant.

These looks somewhat different from images at Cestrum nocturnum


I think …, both are correct.

The last picture ( “except the dried fruit”, as you say) doesn’t belong to the plant concerned.

Not branches, but the entire plant would be not more than 5 to 6 meter tall.

Cestrum nocturnum does occur in the wild as an escape and can grow among other plants taking the support of small trees. The images here are typical of this species at the immature fruiting stage.

Green fruits are different from images at Cestrum nocturnum

Yes, Madam, I also saw them growing in the wild. I just couldn’t visualize that they can attain such a height to call them trees! Of-course I am not that good observant, at least, was not observant at all before joining eFI.

Ok, Sir ji, I made the mistake. first taking it as a 70 ft tree, then a shrub having 15-20 ft branches. I apologize.

However, all your pictures can be compared with the images available at –
  1. POWO
  2. https://www.gbif.org/species/2928791
  3. Lucid Central
  4. Wikimedia commons image

Only, I couldn’t find the “Kidney shaped seed” at the bottom-right-corner iof the last picture.

These are just green fruit, Sir! … might have picked ripe fruits from the ground below.

Do you agree with … id?
I am not fully satisfied. Leaves also look slightly different.

Can there be some other wild species close to it?

Yes, Sir, I do agree 100%, instead of looking at the “single leaf” picture, please compare the leaves present in the other pictures.

We even have oblique leaf picture at eFI page (please scroll down to end of the page.


Catalogue of life  GBIF specimens – one, two, three, four, five, six,

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