Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Fl. carniol. ed. 2, 2:126. 1772 (Syn: (≡) Breea arvensis (L.) Less.; (=) Carduus arvensis (L.) E. Robson; (=) Cirsium segetum Bunge; (=) Cirsium setosum (Willd.) Besser ex M. Bieb.; (=) Cnicus arvensis (L.) Roth; (=) Serratula arvensis L.; (=) Serratula setosa Willd.);
Canada Thistle or Creeping thistle;

Cirsium arvense is a species of Cirsium, native throughout Europe and northern Asia, and widely introduced elsewhere. The standard English name in its native area is Creeping Thistle.[1][2][3]

A number of other names have been used in the past, or in other areas including: Canada Thistle,[4] Canadian Thistle, Lettuce From Hell Thistle, California Thistle,[5] Corn Thistle, Cursed Thistle, Field Thistle, Green Thistle, Hard Thistle, Perennial Thistle, Prickly Thistle, Small-flowered Thistle and Way Thistle. The first two names are in wide use in the United States, despite being a misleading designation (it is not of Canadian origin).[6]
It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing 30–100 cm, forming extensive clonal colonies from an underground root system that sends up numerous erect stems each spring, reaching 1–1.2 m tall (occasionally more).
Stems are green smooth and glabrous (having no Trichome or glaucousness), mostly without spiny wings. The stems often lie partly flat by summer but can stay erect if supported by other vegetation. The leaves are very spiny, lobed, up to 15–20 cm long and 2–3 cm broad (smaller on the upper part of the flower stem).
The inflorescence is 10–22 mm diameter, pink-purple, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets). The flowers are usually dioecious, but not invariably so, with some plants bearing hermaphrodite flowers. The seeds are 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus which assists in wind dispersal.[3][7][8] The plant also spreads underground using rhizomes.
The species is widely considered a weed even where it is native.
Like other Cirsium species, the roots are edible, though rarely used, not least because of their propensity to induce flatulence in some people. The taproot is considered the most nutritious. The leaves are also edible, though the spines make their preparation for food too tedious to be worthwhile. The stalks, however, are also edible and more easily de-spined.[23]
(From Wikipedia on 12.6.13)

[16022012] AP-1 Small Herb for id from Ambala Cantt Haryana: Photograph taken on 16 Feb 2012
height-about 2 feet
wild herb
leaves have spines

Cirsium arvense please

Thistle For ID : Uttarakhand : 140413 : AK-2 : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Kindly id this Thistle species found growing wild near the Jim Corbett Waterfall.
Seen on 24/3/13 with small purple flowers..

Cirsium arvense (L) Scop. (Asteraceae). (= Breea arvensis).

Yes, very common these days, along wheat field borders, the hairy pappus carries the seeds to fairly distant places..


Asteraceae Fortnight Part 2-Discoid Heads: Cirisium arvense from Kaithal- NS 16 :  Attachments (5). 2 posts by 2 authors.
This common weed of the wheat season was shot from various locations in Kaithal and Panipat.. I hope this is Cirisium arvense (L.) Scop……..

Yes … Very good photographs.

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
The commonest species of Cirsium found along fields and roadsides both in plains and hills. Photographed from Kashmir, Delhi and Kathgodam.

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scopol. [=Serratula arvensis L.; Breea arvensis (L.) Less.] is a common thistle in Pantnagar.

Yes, Nice photographs


Cirsium arvense(L.) Scop. SN Mar – 5: Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop, Fam: Asteraceae
wild herb, near Haridwar, Uthrakand

Yes … Good photographs

Thanks … for sharing your images… this is a common weed of wheat field borders in our area… (Haryana)

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (?) from Aligarh (UP) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (9).
Attached images may be Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. collected from Aligargh (UP). Please ID the plant.
Date :13.04.2014
Location: Aligarh (UP)
Family : Asteraceae
Genus & species : Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (?)
Habitat: Grows wild on roadside.
Habit : Herb, spiny    

Yes, Cirisium arvense..


Need Id Assistance for another two Compositae taxa : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

I need id assistance for another two Compositae taxa collected from JNU Campus, New Delhi.
Date: 14.04.2015
Disc florets colour: pinkish-violet

The first three pics belong to Cirisium arvense..
The last one can be Verbesina encelioides..

…, many many thanks for your id assistance

(250309SCS1) East Indian Globe Thistle (Sphaeranthus indicus) : 14 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)
Sphaeranthus indicus
Common English Name : East Indian Globe Thistle.
Sonepat, Haryana, today (25.3.09). Flowering.
See the following link also:

Looks some other species- see the pix of Sphaeranthus indicus: Flickr

I second …, It may not be the Sphaeranthus indicus,
Check this link, and also check the attached photos which I took in Pudukottai, Tamilnadu in the month of May, 2007. Attachments (2)

This is Tricholepis amplexicaulis in the month of march bloom in semi -arid zone

It is probably a thistle of the genus Carduus. But I am not able to get the species name.

this is a chardon (french name) of a weed that all gardeners hate to have. it is acomman name of epineuse plants of genus Carduus (asteraceae).

Appears to be Carduus edelbergii Rech.f.

Looks more closer to Cirsium arvense (= Breea arvensis).
eFI page on C.arvense.

Yes, Cirisium arvense only…


Tricholepis amplexicaulis : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Tricholepis amplexicaulis
Sonept, Haryana, 9th May 09.
This link gives the following information:
Tricholepis amplexicaulis.
Common Hindi name: Dahan.
Plant: 1-2.5m tall. Erect annual herb.
Leaves: 7-12cm long. Alternately arranged, stalkless, linear-oblong,
and have toothed margin with spines in them.
Flower: 2-5cm across. The involucre, or the rounded base of the flower-head, is broad and densely covered with spines
However, the picture (page 70, serial number 103) shown in Common Indian Wild Flowers by Isaac Kehimkar does not show such leaves.
Experts may please comment.

Appears to be Carduus edelbergii Rech.f.

Should it also be Cirisium arvense as per your feedback in another thread.

Yes it is also C.arvense to me.

Yes Cirsium arvense

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. shot at the Khardung Village Leh on 21 August 2014.

Please consider C. verutum.

Altitude do not match.

This dos not like Cirisium arvense

What could it be at that altitude?

This does seem to match Cirsium arvensewhich is very common in wet or poorly drained soils or on the banks of irrigation ditches, from the plains to 4300m in Ladakh. I even find it as weed in my garden in the UK!  Some divide it into a number of varieties.  As for C.verutum (which Stewart had as a synonym for C.argyracanthum this is not recorded for Ladakh but known from N.Pakistan & Jammu @ 300-2800m.

SK977 12 FEB-2018 : 3 posts by 2 authors.
Location : Pangong Tso, India
Altitude: Around  14000 ft.
Date:  24 August 2014
Habit : Wild
Cirsium … ????

I find these close to images at Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. as per comparative images at Cirsium


SD069 Plant ID help: 4 images.
Kindly help with plant ID. Found at Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary (Wetland)

Cirsium sp. !

I think Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. as per comparative images at Cirsium


Cirsium arvense from Narbal, Kashmir-GS04012022-1: 4 high res. images.
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

Syn: Breea arvensis (L.) Less.
The perennial species is very distinct in dioicious heads and often placed under separate genus as Breea arvensis, involucre bracts are appressed with slightly projecting often purple tips. Leaves are scarcely spiny.
Photographed from Narbal, Kashmir, 14-5-2012.


Cirsium arvense from Sonipat, Haryana-GS04012022-2: 3 high res. images.
Cirsium arvense, photographed from Sonipat, Haryana, 14-5-2012.


Cirsium arvense from Delhi-GS04012022-3: 5 images- 2 high res.
Cirsium arvense
photographed from Vikas Puri, Delhi, 23-2-2010


Cirsium arvense: 22 images.
In Nubra valley, Ladakh in the sand dunes, on 16.6.22.

In the wild area of a hotel, in Hunder, in Nubra, Ladakh, on 16.6.22.

Small water channel can be seen, running through.
3 images


Ladakh, August 2022 :: Cirsium arvense for validation :: ARK2022-127: 3 high res. images.
This was at Mulbekh on the way to Kargil, Ladakh in August 2022.

Is this Cirsium arvense?
Requested to please validate.

There was a similar looking plant at Namika la (one of the passes on the Srinagar Kargil route) at 3700 mt ASL.
Is this also C. arvense.
4 high res. images.

Yes, both are Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.





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