Cirsium interpositum Petr. (SE-Tibet, China (SW-Yunnan), India (Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur), Bhutan as per Catalogue of Life)
Cirsium shansiense Petr. (China (Anhui, Chongqing, SE-Fujian, S-Gansu, NE-Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, S-Hunan, NW-Jiangxi, Nei Mongol, E-Qinghai, S-Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan), NE-Tibet, India (NE-India, NW-Himalaya, Meghalaya), Myanmar [Burma], Bhutan, ?Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life)
Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. (Europe to Central Siberia and Arabian Peninsula: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia)
FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Asteraceae species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Cirsium occur in India:
Scrutiny of these names in Plant List indicate two of them as synonyms as mentioned above.
From Floral Database of Tamilnadu :
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 20.4.14:
Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal :
Cirsium falconeri (Hook. f.) Petr. (3000-4300 m; Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Burma, S. Tibet)
Cirsium flavisquamatum Kitam. (3300 m; Nepal)
Cirsium nishiokae Kitam. (3300 m; Nepal)
Cirsium phulchokiense Kitam. (1300-1500 m; Nepal)
Cirsium tibeticum Kitam. (3000 m; Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Tibet)
Cirsium verutum (D. Don) Spreng. (750-2200 m; Afghanistan, Pakistan, Himalaya (Muree to Bhutan))
Cirsium wallichii DC.
Cirsium wallichii var. glabratum (Hook. f.) Wendelbo (1400-3500 m; Afghanistan, Chitral, Himalaya, China)
Cirsium wallichii var. wallichii DC. (2200 m; Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan))
Cirsium argyracanthum [Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Pakistan].
Cirsium arvense var. arvense [Afghanistan, China, India, Kazakhstan, Nepal; SW Asia, Europe].
Cirsium eriophoroides [Bhutan, China, India (Sikkim)].
Cirsium glabrifolium [India, China, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan].
Cirsium lineare [China, Japan, NE Thailand, Vietnam].
Cirsium shansiense [Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Vietnam].
Cirsium souliei [China, India (Sikkim)].
Cirsium verutum [Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Vietnam].
CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names … By Umberto Quattrocchi (2012)- Details-
Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach, Volume 2 By Kumudranjan Naskar (1993)- Details-
Encyclopaedia Of Manipur (3 Vol.) By Khomdan Singh Lisam (2011)-
Cirsium sinense CL. is a synonym of Cirsium lineare (Thunb.) Sch.Bip.
Cirsium : 4 posts by 2 authors.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cirsium
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
I have added the list of species known in India based on Karthikeyan et al. 2009.
Names in other links matches well with it.
FOC also specifies Cirsium glabrifolium to have range in India, which is not listed in Karthikeyan et al. 2009.
Any reasons ?
Yes it is not mentioned in Karthikeyan et al. 2009. Reasons unknown to me.
Cirsium (Asteraceae (Compositae)) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.
If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.