Cryptolepis buchananii Schultes in Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 4: 409 1819. (Syn. Chonemorpha reticulata G. Don; Cryptolepis dubia (Burm. fil.) M.R.Almeida; Cryptolepis reticulata Wall.; Echites cuspidata Heyne ex Hook. fil.; Echites reticulata Roth; Nerium reticulatum Roxb.; Periploca dubia Burm. fil.; Periploca viridiflora Kostel.; Trachelospermum cavaleriei H. Léveille) as per Catalogue of Life;
Indian sarsaparilla, wax-leaved climber • Hindi: काला बेल kala bel, karanta • Kannada: ಮೆದ್ಧಗೂಳಿ ಹಮ್ಬು medhaguli hambu (*unsure of this name’s correctness*) Malayalam: കടുപാല്വള്ളി katupaalvalli • Marathi: दूध वेल dudh-vel, कावळी kavali • Nepalese: हान्प haanp • Oriya: maloti • Sanskrit: कृष्णसारिव krishnasariva • Tamil: பலகொடி pala koti • Telugu: అడవిపాలతీగ adavipalatiga;
China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan), India (throughout), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir, Poonch), Laos, Nepal, Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), Thailand, Vietnam, Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Yangon), Bhutan, Sikkim, Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;

flora of Haryana- ID of a Apocynaceae Climber:
Pls id this climber from herbal Park Yamuna nagar
Hope Cryptolepis sp
From Karnal GT Road Side area, 15-6-11

Yes, it is Cryptolepis buchananii.


Climber ID | 15Sep2011AR01 from Chunchankatte:
Date/Time-24 Jul 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Chunchankatte, Mysore Dist
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Bottom – Hill rock.
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Climber
Height/Length-approx – No data
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape – Elliptic, Acute, 12cms approx , ~Horizontal nerves
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-Not present
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Milky, 9cms approx

This is the Wax-leaved Climber [Cryptolepis buchanani]. My photographs taken at my farm at Shahapur for comparison.

Yes I agree with … that this is Cryptolepis buchananii (please note the spelling) the new name of this species is Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida of Apocynaceae family.

.. is correct. It is Cryptolepis buchananii of Asclepiadaceae (new name Cryptolepis dubia as provided by …)

Thank you … As rightly pointed out by you, Dr.Almeida in his ‘Flora of Maharashtra’ Vol. 3A, has changed the name to Crytolepis dubia [but he also spells the old name as C.buchanani – which is anyway much of a muchness now].

My contribution

efloraindia: 210911 BRS 37:
Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.
Date/Time-Location- July, 2011, NBNP Garden
Place, Altitude, GPS- Thuvaipathy Village Anaikatii P.O, Coimbatore Dist.
Habitat- Garden
Plant Habit-  Climber
Seed pod length 3- 4 inch.

Seems like Cryptolepis buchananii Roem. & Schult. which is now known as Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida.

Thanks … for helping in identification of climber we had photographed from Morni in April. I hope it is the same. I am uploading here for confirmation.

I am doubtful about whether the second picture belongs to C. dubia. I think the venation and the leaf shape (especially leaf base) is not that of Cryptolepis dubia.

I was doubtful about the second picture only and I think the leaves in the third picture belongs to C. dubia

Thanks again I saw the photographs and found that out of 10 photographs I had 4 belonged to second photograph. Could it be Vallaris solanacea?  

… not confident about it being Vallaris solanacea, … … but quite a good possibility … the leaves look close to those in my photostream.

Leaves in the second picture do look like that of Vallaris solanacea.


Flora of Haryana: Hemidesmus indicus from TDL Herbal Park Yamunanagar Haryana:
Hemidesmus indicus from TDL Herbal Park Yamunanagar Haryana

your plant looks like Cryptolepis buchnani

Agree with ….. This is the Wax-leaved Climber [Crytolepis buchanani]. [Suspicion arose after perusing the first photograph – C.buchanani is a shrubby climber and generally does not climb to such heights]. My photographs of both for comparison are available in the archives of this group.


Cryptolepis buchananii pods : 080112 : AK:
Sharing a picture of Wax leaved Climber pods as it is commonly known as.
Picture taken at Nasik.
Kindly confirm id.

Yes … Cryptolepis buchananii

VoF Week :: DV :: 30 JUL 12 – 0143 :: Cryptolepis dubia syn. Cryptolepis buchananii along NH58 near Tangani:
Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida
syn. Cryptolepis buchananii L. … (family: Oxalidaceae)

30 JUL 12
NH58 near Tangani, about 4500 ft

I think Cryptolepis buchananii 

Yes …, many thanks. At The Plants List, Cryptolepis buchananii is put as synonym of Cryptolepis dubia.

Bhimashnakar report :  Attachments (3). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Visited Bhimashanakr on 30 june 2013 got some flowers.
2) Cryptolepis dubia

Good find. I was not knowing that the correct name of the Cryptolepis is C. dubia. and C. buchananii which I was knowing is a synonym.
I also happened to see it in flowering near Manchar/ Rajgurunagar today (6.7.13) by roadside.



Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida. Syn. Cryptolepis buchananii : Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.

Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida.
Gregariouly flowering on the outskirts of Pune spotted on last Sunday. Jul 2013.
A question.
While I was searching earlier postings of the same plant. I found one post by … as Cryptolepis grandiflora. What is the difference between the two?

Megamalai :: Asclepediaceae for identification :: 271113MK002 : Attachments (5).  4 posts by 3 authors.
Please help me in identifying this twiner found in the disturbed sites of a semi-evergreen forest patch. Also found near streams and river.
Alt.: 700 – 800 m asl
Place: Vellimalai RF, Theni, TN
Date: 04 Oct 2013

It should be Cryptolepis buchananii.

… looks like Cryptolepis buchanani

Many thanks … for the identification.

Requesting to please ID this climber captured near Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.
It is called ‘vaakaandi’ in Marathi.
Locally, the latex of this climber is applied on cuts and wounds as a cleansing agent and antiseptic.
Is this Cryptolepis dubia/Cryptolepis buchananii?

Apocynaceae member I think

Affirmative -this is Cryptolepis dubia , synonym: C.buchananii
Please have a look at the venation pattern on leaves. It is characteristic.  

Can’t remember replying to this mail. … beat me to it. Anyway, my photographs of this are available at these links :
Google Groups
Google Groups

Woody liana for ID from Uttarakhand-GSDEC12 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2).
Kindly help in ID of this woody liana with yellow flowers, photographed from near Agastamuni on May 30, 2013.

It reminds me of Cryptolepis buchananii of Asclepiadaceae.
Wax Leaved Climber.

You may be right … Let us wait for confirmation.

Yes Sir. It is C.buchananii.

Sir, it (Cryptolepis buchnani) is quite common in Himachal Pradesh, up to 1500m. Flowering occurs in June-July.

Cryptolepis buchnani
Oh….. seems to have wide coverage…from western ghats to Himalayas……

Beautiful upload. It is Cryptolepis buchnanii


Family: Apocynaceae
Date: 24th May 2015
Place: Renuka Ji, Himachal Pradesh
Habit: Climber

Very nice

Talegaon Dabhade Pune
July 2015
Requesting to please identify this wild creeper/climber with thin cream colored flowers. no fruits were seen. the pixz were taken from a distance as it was difficult to go closer.

Picture is not conclusive. If I have to guess- Cryptolepis buchnanii (Asclepiadaceae).

Agree with Cryptolepis buchnanii
the venation pattern is distinct.

Asclepiadaceae Climber for ID from Ranikhet, Uttarakhand-GSMAY2016/13 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly help with the ID of this woody climber photographed from near Ranikhet, Uttarakhand on April 14, 2012.

Cryptolepis dubia (=C.buchanani) to me.

SK443 22 MAR-2017:ID : 13 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
Location : Pharpingl, Nepal
Date : 20 March 2017
Altitude : 4800 ft.
Is this Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn. (accepted name)  ??
I guess there is a slight difference in the shape of seed pods and it is not
listed in Nepal

Pl. Check comparative images in efi site at genera and family page.

I checked all but could not close in into the particular one. nay be Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn. but difficult without flowers. 

Wild or cultivated ? I think close to images at Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida 

Doubtful ID. Not able to arrive at a decision seeing these photos.  Any more pictures ?

I have all images.
I guess I have to wait till the flowering season .

It is wild !

Looks like Cryptolepis buchanani. But other characters need to be checked before confirmation. Any additional photos of vegetative or flowering state pl.?

Thanks, … It is a syn. of Cryptolepis dubia (Burm.f.) M.R.Almeida 

Thank you all !

Cryptolepis buchananii Schultes in Roemer & Schultes (accepted name )
Cryptolepis dubia (Burm. fil.) M.R.Almeida (synonym)
Nepali Names : दुधे Dudhe / गाइसिङ्गे Gaaisinge / कोइले घुरियो Koile Ghuriyo /कालो सरिवा Kaalo Sariwaa  /कृष्ण सरिवा Krishna Sariwaa

Location: Chobhar, Nepal
Altitude: 4600 ft.
Date: 18 July 2017
I guess it is correct ID. Please validate ID.

Very good presentation of pictures showing all aspects of floral and vegetative characters which helps ID. One can emulate!

Location: Chobhar, Nepal
Altitude: 4600 ft.
Date: 15 December 2017
Is ID correct?

I also think these are closer to images at Cryptolepis buchananii

Images of Seeds!
Attachments (4)

identification no 290517sn1 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
your help in identifying this small sapling with yellow flowers
location:aambyvalley rd.,lonavala,pune
plant habit:?
height:2-3 ft max

Some Apocynaceae member.

This is the Wax-leaved climber [Cryptolepis dubia]. Please check this link

identification no 290517sn1 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
your help in identifying this small sapling with yellow flowers
location:aambyvalley rd.,lonavala,pune
plant habit:?
height:2-3 ft max

Some Apocynaceae member.

This is the Wax-leaved climber [Cryptolepis dubia]. Please check this link

Climber I’d from Chandigarh : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Habit- A climber with woody stem wrapped around each other having long lanceolated leaves
Photographed at Chandigarh
September 2016

Pl. Check comparative images at Apocyanaceae page in efi site.

Seems a Cryptolepis sp., probably C. buchanani

01092017BHAR3 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Found in Yelagiri hills of Eastern ghats.

This could be Cryptolepsis dubia..


Plant against bone fracture : 6 posts by 3 authors.
a few days back, someone told me about a plant named Garud ghas/ gangesi/ gingodi, whose roots are used if there is a bone fracture. its roots (supposedly light yellow coloured) are powdered and given orally twice or thrice daily. its known to hasten the bone formation.
Can anyone please guide me about the name of this plant. its NOT Cissus quadrangularis as told by him.
according to me it can be Cryptolepis buchananii  but i am not sure. Cryptolepis is used against bone fracture but its whole plant &/or roots are used as topical ointment and not ingested.
the report is from Madhya Pradesh.

There are many plants recorded to be in use for healing fractured bones. In practice, in my opinion, it is always better to take advise of orthopaedic surgeon.

I agree with you … but I am no professing here about the use of this particular plant against bone fracture I am concerned about the identity of this plant as plants like these can guide us to important leads for novel pharmaceutical molecules. What do you have to say ?

Nothing to say for this noble cause.

Wild woody climber id from BD_sm1523 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Picture taken : May, 2018
Habitat:  Rod side
Location: Rajshahi, Bangladesh

… the Indian sarsaparilla, Cryptolepis buchanani of Asclepiadaceae

Cryptolepis buchananii Schultes : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3) – 1 Mb each.
For ID. Date: 06/09/18
Location : Jawalagiri (near Hosur)
Altitude   : 997 ASL
Habitat.   : wild
No flowers were present.

could be Cryptostegia grandiflora Rubber vine Asclepiadaceae 

Thanks, …, Certainly from Apocyanaceae—l/a/apocynaceae
Pl. check … If not OK, than you can check comparative images at the above link.

I think more closer to images at Cryptolepis buchananii Schultes in Roemer & Schultes compared to those at Cryptostegia grandiflora

Wild Climber for ID : Lonavala : 08JUL19 : AK-18 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Wild climber seen in Karla, Lonavala in the third week of June

Pictures are blurred …

Cryptolepis sp. Apocynaceae.

This was due to rainy weather and low light.

Thanks for the id.
Could be Cryptolepis buchananii?
I have seen it before in the same area.

To me also appears close to images of Cryptolepis buchananii Schultes in Roemer & Schultes as per keys at Flora of China


21st July, 2009: CEC Land, South Gate, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai; at Karnala Bird Sanctuary, Mumbai-Goa highway, Maharashtra- 26th Jully 2009; On 31/10/09 at Herbal Garden, on the outskirts of Hyderabad, A.P.; in Mumbai on 29 June ’10; Vetal tekdi Pune- June’10; Matheran hills; 17.07. 2010: Yelahanka, North Bangalore; Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary; Mumbai on 29 June ’10;


Asclepiadaceae: 5 images.
Kindly tell me the name of species found in Salem Tamilnadu

Cryptolepis buchananii Schult. ex Roem. & Schult.

I agree with …


Cryptolepis buchananii Roem. & Schult.: 2 very high res. images.

Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 866 m.
Date: 12 June 2021
Habit : Wild


Botanical name: Cryptolepis buchananii: 1 high res. image.
Habit: Climber

Habitat: near Agricultural field
Date: 19-03-2022
Location: Rajouri, j and k


Need help with this id : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help with id’ing this liana.

Crypteostegia grandiflora

It may also be Cryptolepis dubia as per discussions at Need ID: vine with milky lates

Better try to collect leaves or old fruits around this liana,

It seems to be Cryptolepis dubia with the characteristic stem and typical habitat.


Need ID: vine with milky lates: 3 high res. images.
Has a strange purplish film on its stem

Black soil

Pl. check

Cryptostegia grandiflora,

I concur with …

I think it is Cryptolepis dubia

I  agree with …


Cryptolepis buchananii Schult. ex Roem. & Schult.: 8 very high res. images.

Location: Palpa Deurali, Palpa, Nepal 
Date: 30 May 2023
Elevation: 838 m.
Habit : Wild