Dimocarpus longan Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 233 1790. (syn. Dimocarpus longus Dietr.; Dimocarpus pupilla Moon [Invalid]; Dimocarpus undulatus Wight; Euphoria cinerea (Turcz.) Radlk.; Euphoria gracilis Radlk.; Euphoria litchi Blanco; Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud. [Illegitimate]; Euphoria longana Lam.; Euphoria microcarpa Radlk.; Euphoria pupillum (Moon) Steud.; Euphoria undulata Wall. [Invalid]; Euphoria verruculosa Salisb.; Nephelium benghalense (Roxb.) G. Don; Nephelium longan (Lour.) Hook.; Nephelium longana Cambess.; Nephelium mora Gardn. ex Thw.; Nephelium pupillum (Moon) Wight; Pometia curtisii King; Sapindus benghalensis Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Sapindus cinereus Turcz.; Sapindus monogynus Heyne ex Wall.; Sapindus undulatus Wall. ex Voigt; Scytalia benghalensis Roxb. ex Wight & Arn.; Scytalia longan (Lour.) Roxb.; Scytalia verruculosa (Salisb.) Stokes);
.
China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan, SW-China (I) to SE-China (I)), India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Peru (I), peninsular Malaysia (Perak), Singapore (I), Java, New Guinea, Borneo, Thailand, Palau Isl. (I), Society Isl. (I) (Raiatea (I)), Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)), Mauritius (I), La Runion (I), Andaman Isl. (Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mandalay, Mon, Shan), Vietnam, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life;
.
dragon’s eyes, eyeball tree, longan • Assamese: আচফল asphol, নাগা লীচী nagalichi • Bengali: আঁশফল ashphol • Garo: samphal bol • Khasi: dieng loba • Konkani: वुंब wumb • Malayalam: പെമ്പുന്ന pempunna, പെമ്പൂവം pempuuvam, പൊരിപുന്ന poripunna • Manipuri: nongganghei • Marathi: ओंब omb, उंब umb • Mizo: thei-fei-mûng •Tamil: செம்பூவம் cem-puvam, காட்டுப்பூவம் kattu-p-puvam, பிரப்பன் pirappan, பூவம் puvam; 
.

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Hooghly Today : seems to be -> Dimocarpus longan Lour. : Attachments (8). 12 posts by 3 authors.


This is Dimocarpus longan Lour. But, please wit for its fruits.


Surely some Sapindaceae but not Dimocarpus longan


Thank you very much Sir for confirming that it is NOT Dimocarpus longan Lour. I am sorry that my another upload is also not Dimocarpus longan Lour.


Immature fruits of this tree, not the same individual.
And a link – http://www.ptjh.chc.edu.tw/

Checked those fruits today, they need more weeks to mature. I won’t forget.


These are the fruits of the very same tree that i suggested to be Dimocarpus longan Lour. (i meant Nephelium longana Cambess. = Dimocarpus longan Lour.).


Attaching images of fruit of the same tree, recorded today.


fruits are still unripe, recorded yesterday
there may not be further update or maybe after three/four weeks
you may ignore following links, this for my future reference-
DV :: 01APR11 – 0825 :: at Coorg: A small – medium sized tree (not sure: planted OR wild).
Photos attached, includes cropped images to get nearer to fruits / flowers / leaves.

Date/Time : April 1, 2011 at 8.25am IST
Location Place : Kodagu Valley Resort, Coorg, Karnataka … 12.441294,
75.716969 on Google maps <http://goo.gl/maps/gg5t>
Altitude : 3704 ft (above mean sea level)


Can you please compare with sapindaceae members specifically Dimocarpus and its allied genera


leaves are paripinnate; flowers in terminal panicles; K5, C5, A8; and fruits small, with irregular pericarp.
This may be Dimocarpus longan of Sapindaceae.


This may be Sapindus mukorossi  Sapindaceae. Soap nut fruits are seen in two photographs.

Dimocarpus longan


Dimocarpus longan
[image: more views in flickr] <http://www.flickr.com/search/>
[image: more views on Google Earth] <http://api.flickr.com/longan…>
commonly known as: dragon’s eyes, eyeball tree, longan • Assamese: আচফল asphol, নাগা লীচী nagalichi • Bengali: আঁশফল ashphol • Garo: samphal bol • Khasi: dieng loba • Konkani: वुंब wumb • Malayalam: പെമ്പുന്ന pempunna, പെമ്പൂവം pempuuvam, പൊരിപുന്ന poripunna • Manipuri: nongganghei • Marathi: ओंब omb, उंब umb • Mizo: thei-fei-mûng •Tamil: செம்பூவம் cem-puvam, காட்டுப்பூவம் kattu-p-puvam, பிரப்பன் pirappan, பூவம் puvam
botanical names: Dimocarpus longan Lour. … synonyms: Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud. • Euphoria longana Lam. •Nephelium longan (Lour.) Hook. • Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess.
any help here ?

In Kannada, many variants of two names are found on the internet and reference books:
1) kaana kentaali, kaanakendela, kanakentali, kanakindali, kanakindeli, kandalla, kendaale
2) malahakota, malahcota, malayakota, malehaakuta
Valid names in native script will be a great help



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Dimocarpus longan Lour.
a resort in Coorg on 01 APR 11


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Dimocarpus for ID :: MK May-001 2016 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please help me in identifying this tree. When I identified with local flora, it narrowed down to Dimocarpus longan; BIOTIK images also confirms my id; but my doubt is that these fruits are not same as the Longan fruits in the market.
Could this be any other species of Dimocarpus?

Height: 5 m
Leaflet: 20-25 cm long
Fruit: 3-4 cm long (tuberculate)


Date: 10 May 2016
Place: Periya town, Waynad Dist., Kerala
Habitat: wet forests

there is some mistake somewhere… BIG… searching by highlighting your spelling Dimocarpus longan; i get this:
what we see in bengal bazaars here is called Longon in local dialect of bengali and bihari sellers. But the biotik page link you give shows a red raspberry like fruit. need help from people who know these fruits


efi page on Dimocarpus longan
I think these are unripe fruits of Dimocarpus longan. Pl. see details at efi thread.

that thread and another by Surajit finally showed the fruits were indeen longon as we know from the market. this fruit here though reminds me os some sort of noni or its relatives.

WHen in enlarges … pic… the surface of the fruit is kind of thick sharp edged protrusions, .. which in final ripening stage flattened out. in one continuous skin.
this current case shows fruit with segments, tops of which have a dark roundish pebble like surface, , not hairs… not unlike sitaphal or even noni.
the Biotik link Muthu has given  indeed shows ripe fruits with red surface covered with round pebbly surface..
May be … can perhaps wait till the fruits ripen and photograph the fruits and their seeds like … did.


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ID 01 KANNUR: 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 2 MB.
Please identify this tree from Kannur district of Kerala.

Celastraceae & Sapindaceae Fortnight : Sapindaceae : Dimocarpus longan : Bangalore : AK-2 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
I came across these brown colored fruits in Bangalore market during November.
These resembled Lichees, the name given by the fruit vendor was Thailand Litchi.
On searching, I found these to be Longan fruits.
Kindly validate.

I think yes.


What about the fruit size?


A little smaller than Litchis.


It looks like longan to me too. A blog featuring this fruit – http://fruitwarehouse.blogspot.in/
The author uses Dimocarpus malayensis might have meant Euphoria malaiensis
http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-2803794.
Please, also check – https://www.facebook.com/naturasumatrana/



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This tree was seen on the banks of a pond in a deep forest in Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH in Aug 2019.
I could only get a long shot of the tree and some seeds around 10m away from the tree.
… identified the seeds and the tree on FB as Dimocarpus longan.


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tree id : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
please give the ID of this tree from shore linekannur district, Kerala

Pl. send a close up of the inflorescence & a habit picture, if possible.


Sorry sir. This is the only image.


Semecarpus anacardium L. fil. ??


Dimocarpus longan


Oh you know the ID ? Good !


.


Dysoxylum gotadhora SN28322: 3 images.
Dysoxylum gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Mabb planted in CMPDI campus Ranchi, wood hard, dark brown.


I have doubts of this being Dysoxylum gotadhora as per images and details and references herein and as per POWO.


Your pictures have some similarities with Simouruba species. Unable to get a clear picture of the leaves and arrangement. Please post the closeups of the flowers, leaves and branch showing clearly the arrangement of the leaves.


Looks different from images at
https://efloraofindia.com/2011/03/30/simaruba-glauca/
Also could not find any match as per comparative images at
https://efloraofindia.com/2011/01/18/simaroubaceae/
https://efloraofindia.com/2011/02/05/anacardiaceae/


Definitely it is not D. gotadhora
It seems to be a member of family Simaroubaceae.
Most probably Ailanthus genus bcoz 10 stamens and even pinnate leaves.

It might be Sapindaceae’s member too.
Blighia may be


Yes, appears close to images at Dimocarpus longan Lour.


Thanks …, it appears so. I did not see the fruits yet.


.


Names of Plants in India :: Dimocarpus longan Lour.:
Dimocarpus longan Lour.

dy-mo-KAR-pus — Greek: dis (twice); karpos (fruit) … Dave’s Botanary
LONG-an — Cantonese: lùhng-ngáahn 龍眼, literally ‘dragon eye’ … Dave’s Botanary • Wikipedia

commonly known as: dragon’s eyes, eyeball tree, longan • Abor: tagong-asing • Assamese: আচফল asphol, কাঠ লিচু kath lichu, মীৰ গছ mir goch, নগালিচি nagalichi, টোকৰা tokra • Bengali: আঁশফল ashphol, কাঠলিচু kathalichu • Garo: samphal bol • Kachari: asuri-baphang • Kannada: ಕನೆಕೆಂದಾಳ kanekendala • Khasi: dieng loba • Konkani: वुंब wumb • Kuki: marli-thing • Malayalam: ചെമ്പുന്ന chempunna, ചോളപ്പൂവം cholapoom, പൊരിപ്പൂവം poripoom, പൊരിപുന്ന poripunna • Manipuri: নোংগাঙ হৈ nonggang hei • Marathi: ओंब omb, उंब umb • Mikir: marli-arong, mirchesu • Mizo: thei-fei-mûng • Tamil: செம்பூவம் cem-puvam, காட்டுப்பூவம் kattu-p-puvam, பிரப்பன் pirappan, பூவம் puvam • Tibetan: འབྲུག་མིག ‘brug-mig

botanical namesDimocarpus longan Lour. … synonymsEuphoria longan (Lour.) Steud. • Scytalia longan (Lour.) Roxb. … accepted infraspecificsDimocarpus longan var. echinatus Leenh. • Dimocarpus longan subsp. longan • Dimocarpus longan var. longetiolatus Leenh. • Dimocarpus longan subsp. malesianus Leenh. • Dimocarpus longan var. obtusus (Pierre) Leenh. … POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
dragon’s eyes
  • ENVIS – FRLHT
  • the name is literal meaning of the epithet longan, derived from the Cantonese: lùhng-ngáahn 龍眼 – so named because it resembles an eyeball when its fruit is shelled (the black seed shows through the translucent flesh like a pupil/iris) … Wikipedia
eyeball tree
  • for synonym Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess. … Flora of Assam Vol I (Part II) by U N Kanjilal, P C Kanjilal, A Das
  • for synonym Euphoria longana Lam. … Edible Wild Plants of the Himalayas by Shri R L Badhwar and Dr R R Fernandez
  • so named because it resembles an eyeball when its fruit is shelled (the black seed shows through the translucent flesh like a pupil/iris) … Wikipedia
longan
  • ENVIS – FRLHT
  • the epithet longan is derived from the Cantonese name for the species; the Cantonese name lùhng-ngáahn 龍眼 – so named because it resembles an eyeball when its fruit is shelled (the black seed shows through the translucent flesh like a pupil/iris) … Wikipedia
~~~~~ ABOR (hill tribes that live in the area surrounding the Assam valley) ~~~~~
tagong-asing
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
আচফল asphol
  • List of plants used in Indian cuisine – Wikipedia
নগালিচি nagalichi
  • for synonym Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess. … Flora of Assam Vol I (Part II) by U N Kanjilal, P C Kanjilal, A Das
  • for synonym Euphoria longana Lam. … Edible Wild Plants of the Himalayas by Shri R L Badhwar and Dr R R Fernandez
  • or নগালিচু nagalichu … many thanks to Monoj Nath for help with this name … facebook
কাঠ লিচু kath lichu, মীৰ গছ mir goch, টোকৰা tokra
  • for synonym Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess. … Flora of Assam Vol I (Part II) by U N Kanjilal, P C Kanjilal, A Das
  • for synonym Euphoria longana Lam. … Edible Wild Plants of the Himalayas by Shri R L Badhwar and Dr R R Fernandez
  • Many thanks to Monoj Nath for help with this name … facebook
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
আঁশফল ashphol
কাঠলিচু kathalichu
~~~~~ GARO ~~~~~
samphal bol
~~~~~ KACHARI ~~~~~
asuri-baphang
  • or asri-baphang … for synonym Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess. … Flora of Assam Vol I (Part II) by U N Kanjilal, P C Kanjilal, A Das
  • or asri-baphang … for synonym Euphoria longana Lam. … Edible Wild Plants of the Himalayas by Shri R L Badhwar and Dr R R Fernandez
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕನೆಕೆಂದಾಳ kanekendala
  • for synonym Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud. … Alar – an authoritative Kannada-English dictionary corpus created by V. Krishna … or ಕೆನೆಕೆಂದಾಳ kenekendala
  • or ಕಾನಕೆಂದೆಲ kanakendela or ಕೆಂದಾಳೆ kendale … for synonym Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess. … Mandayam Digital Library – Latin and Kannada names of indigenous and medicinal plants of Mysore by S G Narsimhachar
~~~~~ KHASI ~~~~~
dieng loba
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
वुंब wumb
~~~~~ KUKI (an ethnic group native to the Mizo Hills) ~~~~~
marli-thing
  • for synonym Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess. … Flora of Assam Vol I (Part II) by U N Kanjilal, P C Kanjilal, A Das
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
ചെമ്പുന്ന chempunna, ചോളപ്പൂവം cholapoom, പൊരിപ്പൂവം poripoom, പൊരിപുന്ന poripunna
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
নোংগাঙ হৈ nonggang hei
  • Flowers of India
  • for synonym Euphoria longan (Lour.) Steud. … The Economic Plants of Manipur and their Uses, S. Sukumar Singh (Manipur, 2006)
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
ओंब omb, उंब umb
~~~~~ MIKIR (ethnic community, mostly concentrated in the hill district of Karbi Anglong of Assam) ~~~~~
marli-arong, mirchesu
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
thei-fei-mûng
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
செம்பூவம் cem-puvam, காட்டுப்பூவம் kattu-p-puvam
பிரப்பன் pirappan
  • for synonym Nephelium longana (Lam.) Cambess. … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
பூவம் puvam
  • for the popular name – longan … Tamil lexicon [Madras], University of Madras
~~~~~ TIBETAN ~~~~~
འབྲུག་མིག ‘brug-mig
~~~~~ x ~~~~~

Longan fruit crop is close relative of Litchi and native yo China. This fruit crop has been introduced in India. It is underutilized fruit crop of subtropical and tropics.There is need to be promoted



.

References:

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