Elaeocarpus angustifolius Bl. (syn: Elaeocarpus baclayanensis Elmer; Elaeocarpus crenatus (Rafin.) Merrill; Elaeocarpus cyanocarpus Maingay ex Mast.; Elaeocarpus dolichopetalus Merrill; Elaeocarpus faurensis Hemsl.; Elaeocarpus ganitrus F.Müll. (ambiguous synonym); Elaeocarpus grandis F.Müll.; Elaeocarpus hebridarum Knuth; Elaeocarpus maior Knuth; Elaeocarpus muellerianus Schlechter; Elaeocarpus novo-guineensis Warb.; Elaeocarpus parkinsonii Warb.; Elaeocarpus persicifolius Brongn. & Gris; Elaeocarpus polyschistus Schltr.; Elaeocarpus ramiflorus Merrill; Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum.; Elaeocarpus subglobosus Merrill; Elaeocarpus trichopetalus Merrill & Quisumb.; Elaeocarpus wenzelii Merrill; Ganitrus roxburghii Wight; Ganitrus sphaericus Gaertn.) as per Catalogue of Life;
Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K. Schum., H. G. A. Engler & K. A. E. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(6):5. 1890 (syn. (=) Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume; (=) Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G. Don; (=) Elaeocarpus grandis F. Muell.; (≡) Ganitrus sphaerica Gaertn. (basionym) Merr.) as per GRIN;
China (?Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Cambodia, Myanmar [Burma] (Mon, Yangon), India, Bangladesh, Thailand, Wallis and Futuna Isl., New Caledonia (incl. Ile des Pins, Loyalty Isl.), Vanuatu, Rotuma Isl., Australia (Queensland, New South Wales), peninsular Malaysia (Kedah, Trengganu, Perak, Pahan, Selangor), Java, New Guinea, Philippines (Leyte, Samar, Mindanao), Moluccas (Ternate, Halmaheira, Morotai, Buru Isl., Obi), Palau Isl. (I), Western Samoa (I) (Savaii (I)), Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Great Nicobar Isl.), Philippines (Luzon, Panay, Leyte, Mindanao), Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;
Blue Marble Tree, Blue Fig, Blue Quandong, Rudraksh, Utrasum bean tree;

Images of ….. : 21 posts by 9 authors.
This plant is in my garden. I was told that it is of Rudraksha but I doubt so.
Pl help.

Sorry to disappoint you, it is not Rudraksha.
I have attached a picture of Rudraksh for reference. Attachments (1)

Thanks … for your image of Rudraksha (Elaeocarpus sphericus).
The genus, Elaeocarpus, is believed to have more than 350 sps. It is distributed from Madagascar in the west, to India, SE Asia, Malaysia, south China, Japan, Borneo, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand to Fiji and Hawaii in the east. Except for central America and tropical Africa, it covers all the tropical regions of the world, extending into the temperate regions of Japan and New Zealand too.
However, according to Wikipedia, Rudrakshas are seed of many Elaeocarpus sps but mostly seed of Elaeocarpus ganitrus, the Rudraksha Tree. E. sphericus is not specifically mentioned. Can anyone give an explanation?
Rudraksha seed apart from its religious significance has also medicinal properties. It is said that if the seed is hung freely it aligns itself in a north/south direction like a magnet. Another little known fact is that the timber of the Rudraksha tree was used to make aeroplane propellors during World War I.

Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K. Schum. and E. ganitrus Roxb. are synonymous. According to GRIN taxonomy page E. ganitrus and E. sphaericus auct. are both synonyms of E. angustifolius Blume. Eflora of China also relegates E. ganitrus Roxb. as synonym of E. angustifolius.

Is this Rudraksha? : Attachments (4). 9 posts by 6 authors.
Please find attached images of a tree 30 feet tall in my garden at Pune.
Id please.

I’d be very interested to find out the etymology of a name like Rudraksha…

Rudraksha is made of two sanskrit words, RUDRA meaning “lord shiva” and AKSHA means “eyes”. So it basically means, eyes of lord Shiva. It is related to Hindu mythology.

The seeds are referred to as the Rudraksha or Eyes of Lord Shiva. It is related to hindu mythology. I searched on the internet some of the reference related to its origin for you. Hope you will find them interesting.

According to the religious text Devi Bhagwat Puran there was a Demon known as Tripurasur who was very strong and had divine energy and power. Due to these qualities he became proud and started to trouble
deities and sages. No one was able to defeat this strong demon in war.
On seeing his immoral actions Brahma, Vishnu and Other deities prayed to the Devadhidev Mahadeva Shiva (The greatest, lord of Lords Shiva) to destroy evil Tripurasur. Lord Shiva closed his eyes and meditated
for some time. When he opened his lotus shaped eyes tears fell from them on the earth. Wherever his tears fell the Rudraksha tree Grew. The fruits that grow on this tree are known as Rudraksha Beads. Lord Shiva then used his deadly divine weapon known as Aghor and destroyed Tripurasur.
According to another religious text Shiva Mahapuran, Parvati the divine consort of Lord Shiva asked him the origin of Rudraksha. On hearing her question Shiva said that he did penance for a thousand years. Tired of keeping his eyes closed for so long, Shiva opened them. A few teardrops fell to the ground and from these tears, the Rudraksha tree was born. The seeds of the tree were distributed on the earth.

Thank you for your help. Can you tell me where to look to find out why the tree is called “Eyes of Lord Shiva”? Does it refer to a part of the tree?

Rudra is Lord Shankar of Hindu mythology, and aksha is eye.

There was lot of discussion on Rudraksha , but little of Botany. The plant here is Elaeocarpus sphaericus belonging to Elaecarpaceae, known as Rudrak in Hindi, Rudraksha in Bengali, distributed in Eastern India
and also in Maharastra, MP. Hard tubercled nuts are made into rosaries and bracelets, which are worn by holymen, and Brahmins. Also used in making necklaces and buttons. In Hindi another plant is also known
Rudraksha- Guazuma ulmifolia of Sterculiaceae, the plant in photo is not the same.

Guazuma ulmifolia Lamk. is called Bhadraksh.
common name: Bastard cedar.
there is one tree in Victoria garden (VJBU) in Mumbai. the fruits looks like that of Rudraksh but are black in color.


Elaeocarpus angustifolius (Rudraksha) from Delhi : Attachments (5). 2 posts by 1 author.
RUDRAKSHA from Delhi. Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume (syn: E. ganitrus Roxb.; E. sphaericus (Gaertn.) K. Schum. from Herbal Garden, Punjabi Bagh, New Delhi. Only two trees are planted in the garden. I was following this plant for quite some time and was very happy when inflorescence appeared in April, remained unopened for nearly one month, but unfortunately fell down without opening in last week of May, perhaps not able to flower in Dry hot climate of Delhi.


what is this tree:
Location- chandigarh
habit- medium sized Tree
habitat- shot at a garden
temperature- 15 degree C minimum
fruits- still raw almost 1inch across, round
taste like that of the raw Terminalia bellirica fruit. tongue and lips feel rough…
fruit very smooth surfaced and shiny
the red leaves are old leaves and about to fall.
new leaves are appearing….

The globose fruits, and red mature leaves point to *Elaeocarpus* *ganitrus*. (If the id is right) Ripe fruits are purplish blue and the fleshy pericarp is edible. Seen inside is the ‘Rudhraksh’ !

Fruits looks like rudrakhsa ( रुद्राक्ष )


elaeocarpus sphaericus:
seedlings of elaecarpus sphaericus or rudraksha
they are about seven to eight weeks old.
i got the seeds from a forest nursery in north bengal last year in november and they were covered in cobalt blue skins which dried off the nursery men had told me to plant them and keep them moist finally three sprouted, unfortunately one of them got attacked by a snail
they also gave me a seedling which has been planted at my place in alibaug, 


Elaeocarpus sphaericus is known as RUDRAKSHA. I saw this tree for the first time at Dehradun. It was a small sapling planted by Mrs Indira Gandhi, behind the main building of Forest Research Institute. That was in 1974. I saw a grown up tree with fruits at Tezpur in 2002. In fact I made a rosary from the stones of the fruits I collected. I found two big trees in apark here. The tree is full of fruits at this time of the year. Attaching three images .


Photos of Elaeocarpus sphaericus.
This tree is in a private bunglow in the Pune city.

Yes Elaeocarpus sphaericusRudraksh
a few days back i planted 2 saplings of Rudraksh in My College campus

I have always admired the blue berries of Elaeocarpus sphaericus because of its sometimes shiny, sometimes iridescent

blue coat ( esp in digital photos) is very peaceful and delightful.
and Rudraksha beads are such an important part of our collective religious heritage…I have wondered about the flowers..
Never seen them… let alone photograph them…. Thank you for showing these…
Once at a herbal garden local gardeners showed us some plant with white flowers and said it was Rudraksha tree, but later when the botanists came.. it turned out to be a sea-coast salt resistant something… I do not recall the name…
that was almost 15 years ago… I can still see the flowers and leaves clearly in my head but cant remember the name…

Many years back I conducted field experiments on different aspects of Rudraksh with farmers and herb growers. Here is list of online documents.
Positive and negative effects of Rudraksh plant parts alone and in combination with other herbs on selected Agricultural crops.
Positive and negative effects of Rudraksh plant parts alone and in combination with other herbs on selected medicinal and aromatic crops.
Positive and negative effects of Rudraksh plant parts alone and in combination with other herbs on selected vegetable crops.
Positive and negative effects of Rudraksh plant parts alone and in combination with other herbs on selected forest tree species.
Positive and negative effects of Rudraksh plant parts alone and in combination with other herbs on selected medicinal herbs growing as weeds in surroundings.
Positive and negative effects of Rudraksh plant parts alone and in combination with other herbs on selected forest herbs.
Some less known Traditional Medicinal Uses of medicinal herb Rudraksh (Elaeocarpus sphaericus, family Elaeocarpaceae). III. Use in Pest Management.
Positive and negative effects of Rudraksh plant parts alone and in combination with other herbs on selected Ornamentals.
Rudraksh based Traditional herbal combinations and its use in different stages of Sickle Cell Anaemia in Indian state Chhattisgarh.
Traditional medicinal knowledge about medicinal herbs used with Rudraksh in different forms in shock treatment by the Traditional Healers of Indian state Chhattisgarh.
This documents are available through Google search. You can enrich Rudraksh through Traditional Allelopathic Knowledge.

I think the salt resistant plant which you were mentioning is Scaveola taccada. it is with white flowers, just search with this name on the name and i hope you would get that plant.

Yes … Thank you , you are smart that you guessed what I had in mind….
Soon after I wrote the message above, my mind would not let me rest, I went to flowers of India site and searched for WHITE flowers, found the picture I had in my mind… and the leaves matched, on page number 10 of white flowers at flowers of india dot com…. its white berries I remember had some vertical grooves, but not the cerebral sulcus like grooves of Rudraksha… The pictures are by our own …   Scaveola taccada   ….
Googling got me another plant:   Scaevola plumierii  under ASSESSMENT OF COASTAL PLANT DIVERSITY IN INDIA
at http://www.bsienvis.nic.in/coastal_plant.htm, which says it only on the coast of Andhra Pradesh and Andaman…
WHAT I do not know is what’s the difference in these two….

no need to wait, the plant i brought from Saharanpur (UP) were prepared from cuttings as per Nurserymen and really they were at the flowering stage. although with only 20-25 leaves only 2 feet high and 2 years old. You are Most Welcome to Visit here in Haryana

Rudraksh in fruiting in TDl Herbal Park Yamunanagar Haryana

Elaeocarpus sphaericus:
Attaching an image of the 63rd member of the series. Male of aKoel is on the fruits of

Botanical name of the plant in the picture is Elaeocarpus sphaericus.


Elaeocarpus sphaericus:
An Elaeocarpus sphaericus planted in Hiranandani Gardens in Powai, Mumbai, has flowered in July for the first time and I was fortunate enough to take the pictures of it on 18th July,12…….the presence of bees on the flowers gave me hope that it may fruit also……the same tree has started fruiting and today I could take pictures of them…….Here I have attached some pictures to share with you all.

Very nice, … I had never seed flowers’ pictures before
now thru your efforts and eyes will get to see the seeds..
I am hoping their coat would be as iridescent blue as some journals reported in the 90s and 2000s .

Thank you all…..I would be keeping an eye on those fruits…..hope to see them turning blue and sharing the pictures.


ELAEOCARPUS SPHAERICUS : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of twig of Elaecarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSHA) in bloom.


SYMBIOSIS : 357 : Attachments (1).  1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Honey Bee on the flowers of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSHA). It is interesting to note that large number of bees were on the flowers of this tree.

SYMBIOSIS : 361 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Red-base Jezebel on the flowers of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSHA).

Rudraksha tree : Attachments (5). 7 posts by 5 authors.
here are a few pics of a Rudraksha tree taken in a private garden in Maharashtra. This tree produces blue fruit and the typical beads which are used for making malas.
Species name may be Elaeocarpus ganitrus or E. sphaericus. The tree is tall and straight. Leaves are glabrous, slightly crenate, and turn red before falling.
I think it is different from … tree.

The correct name seems to be E. angustifolius.
See this link https://groups.google.com/bodhi-nighantu/LJBQ

Oh! What an array of pictures!!!

Yes, really beautiful set of pictures. Liked it..


Requesting ID confirmation – Elaeocarpus sphaericus – Mumbai :: 04092013 :: ARK-04 :: January 2013 : Attachments (4 + 3). 6 posts by 2 authors.
Taking opportunity of the recent discussions regarding the Rudraksha tree, I am posting some pics of a tree identified as Elaeocarpus sphaericus during out Tree Appreciation Walk in Mumbai in the Hiranandani Heritage Garden, Powai, Mumbai in January 2013.
Requested to please confirm the ID.

I can’t be sure from these pics. What colour is the fruit, and is it smooth?
The leaves look slightly broader and more coarsely crenate.

The fruit was raw and green in colour, I am attaching a cropped pic of the fruit, leaves and buds…

It might be E. sphaericus.
If you could check back and make sure the fruits turn blue on ripening that would be best.
The trees I know ( there are many of them) all flower and fruit at various times of the year here in Maharashtra.

Thanks …, I will revisit the Gardens to check out…
If the fruit turns blue, does it mean that this is the real ‘Rudraksh’


Rudraksh plant : 2 posts by 2 authors.
Although the beads from Indian and Nepal rudraksh plant are called bharaksh and rudraksh respectively.
Are these two different plants altoghther ?
If yes where can i procure a nepalese rudraksh plant in india ?

efi page on  Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Rudraksh)

Small Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 09APR16 : AK-3 : 03/03 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
A small tree seen in Lalbagh with many buds, no open flowers

It looks like Anacardiaceae member, but not sure. can you send me some more photos of this plant

It looks like an Elaeocarpus sp.

Adding more pictures. Attachments (4)

Elaeocarpus species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net) 

Seems to be Elaeocarpus spharericus (RUDRAKSHA).

Thanks for the id.

I was lucky to see open flowers during my recent visit earlier this month. Adding them…. Attachments (3)

It is Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume

During my recent visit this month, I could find ripe fruits which were blue in color.
Hope it will be now easier to validate the id.
Attachments (3)

To me it seems to be Elaeocarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSHA). … should get the seed out and it will solve the problem.

There is no problem … It is Rudraksha.

fruit & tree of Eleocarpus angustifolius – Holy Rudraksh – Marble Tree : 1 post by 1 author.
I am posting after a very long time! Here are my images of fruit & tree of Eleocarpus angustifoliusHoly RudrakshMarble Tree. Taken in Lalbagh, Bangalore on 08/02/2015. Hope this will be useful?

MS Jan,2017/01 Elaeocarpus sp.(serratus or ganitrus) ? : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Location : Tleu, Mizoram
Date : 13-03-2011
Habit : Medium-sized evergreen tree
Habitat : Wild
Mizo name : Van-tha / Van-tha-mu

Efi pages on Elaeocarpus serratus & Elaeocarpus sphaericus ((=) Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G. Don)

If it is Rudraksha as it is used in the picture, it should be  Elaeocarpus sphaericus

Acording to Plant list, Elaeocarpus sphaericus/ ganitrus is a synonym of Elaeocarpus serratus

The Plant List is not always correct and there are lot of mistakes. Pl.  Check the link I have sent you.

Location: Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 21 July 2013
Altitude:  4400 ft.

Thanks, …  Pl.  check EFI site for correct nomenclature.

SYMBIOSIS : 1228 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Red base Jezebel visiting flowers of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSH).

SYMBIOSIS : 1230 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Crow/ Red base Jezebel visiting flowers of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSH).

SYMBIOSIS : 1232 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Jezebel visiting flowers of Elaocarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSH)

SYMBIOSIS ; 1233 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of  Common palm fly visiting flowers of Elaeocarpus spaericus (RUDRAKSH)

SYMBIOSIS : 1246 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of bee visiting flowers of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (RUDRAKSH).

Elaeocarpus angustifolius Bl. : 3 posts by 1 author. 3 images- 4 to 7 mb each.
Location: Pilot Baba Ashram, Suryabinayak, Bhaktapur
Date: 08 March 2020
Elevation: 1625 m.
Habit : Cultivated


identification help 5: 4 very high res. images.

This could be an Elaeocarpus so.

Some Lauraceae member?

Pl. check





GRIN  Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (Elaeocarpus sphaericus, floribundus, robustus, sikkimensis, lanceaefolius, aristatus, rugosus & varunua)

Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G. Don with  Ganitrus sphaerica Gaertn. & Elaeocarpus sphaericus K. Schum. as syn.)

The Plant List (Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blume) The Plant List (Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum. & Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G.Dona syn. of Elaeocarpus serratus L.


Elaeocarpus angustifolius information from NPGS/GRIN

Elaeocarpus angustifolius (PIER species info)

Botanical Prints – Elaeocarpus angustifolius Blue quandong limited edition Giclee art print by Margaret Saul

Blue Fig or Quandong – Elaeocarpus Angustifolius


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