Keys from Flora of Bhutan with Habitat, Elevation and Flowering- fruiting time
1. Flowers much-branched panicles . . . .. 2
+ Flowers in racemes, simple or rarely branched at base . .. .. 3
2. Leaf margins without raised red gland-dots; panicles terminal, puberulous, rarely subglabrous; flowering March-April … 1. E. ribes (Subtropical and warm broad-leaved forests, 600—1850m. March-April)
+ Leaf margins with raised red gland-dots; panicles axillary, rarely also terminal, subglabrous; flowering December  . . . . ..2. E. floribunda (Warm broad-leaved forests, 1220-l850m. December)
3. Lateral veins not prominent beneath . . . .. ..4. E. vestita (Dry valleys, 1500-2000m. November-January)
+ Lateral veins prominent beneath . . . . . . . . . 4
4. Epiphytic or climbing shrub; leaves 11-20cm, reticulate above, glabrous beneath. …. 3. E. frondosa (Mixed evergreen forest, 1500-2440m. May- August)
+ Erect shrub or tree; leaves 6-13cm, not reticulate above, red-brown pubescent beneath, at least on veins …. 5. E. tsjeriam-cottam (Dry subtropical and terai forests. June-August)



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Embelia floribunda Wall. (Himalaya to China (Yunnan) and Myanmar: Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Tibet, West Himalaya as per POWO)

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(China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Tibet, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Java, peninsular Malaysia (throughout), Bhutan, Darjeeling, Sikkim, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Nepal, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)


 

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(India, Darjeeling, Myanmar [Burma] (Yangon, Bago, Chin, Mandalay), Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan (Pakistani Punjab), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu), Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)


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From
Floral Database of Tamilnadu
:
 




Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name

Embelia
adnata
Bedd.
Shrub Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore,
Theni
 
Embelia basaal (Roem. & Schultes) A.DC. synonym for Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A. DC. Shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul,
Erode, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, 
Nilgiri, Theni, Tiruchchirappalli,  
Tirunelveli,   Tiruvannamalai,
Vellore, Viluppuram
 
Embelia gardneriana Wight Climbing
Shrub
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri  
Embelia ribes Burm.f. Shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli
Kattukodi,
Vayuvidangan (m)
Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. &
Schultes) DC.
Shrub/small
tree
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous to Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri,  Salem, Tiruvannamalai,
Vellore
Vayuvidangan
(m)

 

 

Species with description &
pictures in Flowers of India
as on 2.4.14: 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name








Embelia arunachalensis Myrsinaceae Arunachal
Embelia
Embelia tsjeriam-cottam Embelia basaal, Embelia robusta Myrsinaceae Malabar
Embelia

 
 
 
Embelia
gamblei
 (is a synonym of Embelia frondosa (King ex Gamble) D.G.Long as per The
Plant List Ver.1.1).
Embelia undulata (is a synonym of Embelia vestita Roxb. as per The
Plant List Ver.1.1).
 
Status of Embelia ribes Burm f. (Vidanga), an important medicinal species of commerce from northern Western Ghats of India by M. Mhaskar, S. Joshi, B. Chavan, A. Joglekar, N. Barve and A. Patwardhan- CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 100, NO. 4, 25 FEBRUARY 2011-
AbstractEmbelia ribes is a red-listed medicinal plant species that contains embelin, which has wide clinical applications. Its great demand in Ayurveda and the pharmaceutical industry (> 100 t/yr) has imposed tremendous pressure on natural populations from the Western Ghats of India. In this study, we have prepared a distribution map of E. ribes for the northern Western Ghats of Maharashtra. Issues regarding misidentification, adulteration and the status of its trade with respect to its population decline have been critically discussed. 

 
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare 92007)- Details-
Embelia robusta Roxb. is a synonym of Embelia tsjeriam-cottam


 
Embelia acutipetala S.M.Almeida & M.R.Almeida (? Embelia acutipetalum (LAM.EX HASSK.) S.M.& M.R. syn. of Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC.)
Embelia robusta Roxb. is a synonym of Embelia tsjeriam-cottam
Embelia undulata (is a synonym of Embelia vestita Roxb. as per The Plant List Ver.1.1).


 
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- details-
 
 
 
Embelia basaal (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC. synonym for Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A. DC.


 
Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)-
Embelia basaal (Roem. & Schult.) A.DC. synonym for Embelia tsjeriam-cottam (Roem. & Schult.) A. DC.
 
Embelia : 1 post by 1 author

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Embelia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Pl. go through Embelia (Primulaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website) to indiantreepix@googlegroups.com, it will be really nice.


 

 
 
 

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