Lesser Green Poinsettia, Painted Euphorbia, Desert Poinsettia, wild spurge, painted spurge, Mexican fireplant, Paint Leaf or Kaliko plant, Wild Poinsettia;


EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT :: Euphorbia heterophylla :: SMP 24 : 3 images. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Euphorbia heterophylla 

Excellent photos.

Euphorbia heterophylla (Wild poinsettia)
Place : Dombivli

I think the identification is correct.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Euphorbia heterophylla at Nagpur:: PKA2 :  Attachments (2).  3 posts by 2 authors.

Erect annual herb around 0.5m high.


Bot.. Name: Euphorbia heterophylla


Photographed at “Seminary hills, Nagpur”.

Yes, you are right.

Euphorbia_1 for ID from Uttarakhand: May 2014 DSR_10 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
This Euphorbia was shot and collected along road in Pantnagar.
It is a perennial herb and typically have no nectary glands on involucral cup.

It seems Euphorbia heterophylla only

Euphorbia heterophylla.

Euphorbia_2 for ID from Uttarakhand: May 2014 DSR_11 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).
This Euphorbia is a perennial herb and have one distinct nectary gland on involucral cup.
Shot and collected in Pantnagar, Uttarakhand.

I think Euphorbia heterophylla.

Euphorbia_1 for ID from Uttarakhand: May 2014 DSR_10 : 14 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3).
This Euphorbia was shot and collected along road in Pantnagar.
It is a perennial herb and typically have no nectary glands on involucral cup.

It seems Euphorbia heterophylla only

Euphorbia heterophylla.

Thank you … for the ID.
A humble query here- Flora of India vol-23 mentioned that E.heterophylla have 1-2(3) gland, however, here the glands are absent; is it a usual variation?
My another post of another Euphorbia (no-2) is also suggested as E.heterophylla and have one distinct gland. May have a look at the link
In view of these two it seems that there is considerable variability in glands; present 1-2(3) or absent also.

Euphorbia heterophylla

The leaf margin contains minute teeth, this is the feature of Euphorbia dentata

This seems to be E. heterophylla. Please check with the description of the species in Flora of India, vol. 23

All those who send photographs of plants for identification should understand that however expert a person is, he cannot definitely come to the correct identity of the plant by just seeing the photograph. Even if he is familiar with that species and has seen it several times live or as herbarium specimens, he can only tentatively point out the possibility of its identity. There may be some characters which are not evident in the photograph which may indicate a different identification. There is also possibility of introduction of exotic species which he may not have seen before. There is also the possibility of two species now treated separately, one from India and another from a foreign country, may by comparative study turn out to be a single species.
There are several pitfalls in taxonomic research, if we follow short-cut methods. Therefore please pardon us if we (even if they are experts) suggest different identifications,
Therefore one can confirm the identification only by seeing live plants and dissecting under microscope and studying the floral parts and then check the characters with a recent monograph, a revision or a recent detailed morphological study of the species.

Thanks … for that important note for some of the members who may not be aware of this.


E1 28/7/2014 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Can you please identify this medicinal plant (Euphorbia spp.). Photo was taken in Sri Lanka I March 2014.

Euphorbia heterophylla..


E1 28/7/2014 :  3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Can you please identify this medicinal plant (Euphorbia spp.). Photo was taken in Sri Lanka I March 2014.

Euphorbia heterophylla..

Yes, the id is okay.

sk2015sept12/12 – Euphorbia heterophylla L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)
This species specially grows as a thriving weed along railway tracks and railway gardens (garden here means a small patch growing ornamentals). Sometimes as weed in cultivated fields along railway tracks.
I do not see it in rural roadside.

Well captured Euphorbia heterophylla ………..ubiquitous

Euphorbia sp. from Meghalaya KD 01 Oct. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Attached images are Euphorbia sp.. Please ID the plant  
Date :03.10.2015
Location: Meghalaya
Family : Euphorbiaceae
Genus& species : Euphorbia sp
Habitat: Grows wild on roadside
Habit : Herb 

This is Euphorbia heterophylla, native of tropical America, naturalized throughout India.

Euphorbia heterophylla L. : 12 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Sharing some pictures I guess is Euphorbia heterophylla L.
Shot at Tin Piple, Jitpur Phedi, Nepal on 27 August 2016 at 4500 ft.
Request for ID validation.

I think matches with images at Euphorbia heterophylla

Yes …

Yes E. heterophylla. just saw it, mine here

Location : Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: 13 August 2013
Altitude : 4400 ft.
Attachments (2)


Euphorbia Species For ID : Bangalore : 17SEP17 : AK-15 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Euphorbia Species seen earlier this month. (Sept.’17)
A small plant growing wild.

I think E. heterophylla.

Yes It is. Previously know as Euphorbia geniculata.

Euphorbia heterophylla L. ??? : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Location:  New Town Eco Park
                 Kolkata, India
Date: 10 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.
Is the elevation matching ??

This is okay.

Thanks, … I also agree.

Thank you …!  Nepali Name : मैतुला झार Maitula Jhaar 


DV :: 16APR11 – 0544 :: Euphorbia ¿ species ?:
Herb growing (about 1 ft tall) among garden plants.
The linear lanceolate leaves about: 4 – 6 in long X 1 in wide.

Not sure if this plant too is grown as an ornamental.
Must be some species of Euphorbia.
Date/Time : April 16, 2011 at 5.44pm IST
Location Place : at Vangani … 19.107508, 73.312602 on Google maps<http://goo.gl/maps/gCoJ>
Altitude : 125 ft (above mean sea level)

Euphorbia heterophylla.

– … on taking a look at Google images, the mature plants seem to have very broad and wavy-margined (that is, in the plane of leaf surface).

May be that is why it has been named as ‘heterophylla‘, I think. I understand that the leaves here are variable in shape and size. But I used to get confused with the specific epithet ‘heterophylla’ to a different plant, E.cyathophora, which has two-colored leaf-like bracts. Their nomenclature is still confusing!

–  .. heterophylla answers many doubts regarding what is seen in Google images. Many thanks for making me realize the confusing relation between heterophylla and cyathophora

    Euphorbia heterophylla auct. N. Amer. synonym of Euphorbia cyathophora Murray … syn. Poinsettia cyathophora (Murray) Klotzsch & Garcke http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?429414
Euphorbia heterophylla L. … syn. Poinsettia heterophylla (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke

E. heterophylla was earlier popularly known as E. geniculata.
Tamil Name: Paal perukki (meaning a galactagogue).


Euphorbia for ID : 030811 : AK-1:
Taken at Nasik, Maharashtra on 14/4/08.
Found growing wild in a farm.
A small plant.


information about this plant.:
Location: Bhavnagar, Gujarat

Euphorbia geniculata

New correct name is Euphorbia heterophylla L. (syn: E. geniculata Ortega)

i think it should be treated under Poinsettia heterophylla (syn. Euphorbia heterophylla L., E. geniculata Ortega)

Euphorbia heterophylla:
Euphorbia heterophylla/ wild poinsettia, from Pune.
I found about 9 plants flowering around a construction site.
Location- Warje, Pune
Date- 16th April 2011.

Nice Catch of Inflorescence …, i think it is a weed there

Yes a common weed found almost everywhere.
Nice picture of the flowers of family Euphorbiaceae. Cyathium is observed in the pictures.

Yes, as … said, it is a common weed here.
I also found another wild poinsettia plant but with different leaves. (attaching the new pic)

Location-Warje, Pune
Date- 16th Aprl 2011.
habitat- Wild.

Thanks for posting two separate  plants… BUT THEY BOTH are the same, I think…

There seems to be much heterogeneity in the leaf structure… shape, color veins … google images of e. heterophylla shows that. variation… may be related to growing conditions…
All green poinsettia in India growing by the road side or in your well tended garden plots are volunteers…. ie mexican plant gone wild    /// weedy in India…   I have photographed some in one well tended turmeric plot one summer at the Hort, Calcutta.   Will post when I find them…

Shrub ID | 15SepAR02 from Chunchankatte:
Date/Time-24 Jul 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Chunchankatte, Mysore Dist

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Bottom – Hill rock.
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Shrub
Height/Length-approx –  ~ 1feet, Hairy stem-white color
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape – Lanceolate,  4-5cms approx, Young leaves -green, old leaves a mix of yellow, red and orange.
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-Not present
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- Milky, 0.5cms approx

Something from Euphorbiaceae. The plant is under microbial attack probably fungi….

Hooghly Today : Euphorbia heterophylla Linnaeus:
Euphorbia heterophylla Linnaeus, i hope, a wild herb found in a field. I have earlier records in my archives, will upload later.
ID help :

Hooghly Today : Euphorbia geniculata Ortega (Euphorbia heterophylla L.) : Attachments (2). 10 posts by 3 authors.
I took these photographs while i was on a train!

Another of the PL480 weed invading rice and wheat fields ???

Yes, …, i remember PL480. I have noticed that these plants are very common in garden and unused agri-land, specially beside rail-tracks.

I forgot to add that Bengal Plants features this plant. So, it may not be PL480. But it is interesting that in “Bengal Plants” E geniculata Ortega and E. heterophylla L. are different species.

…: the reason I thought of pl480, its seems to be very common in texas etc where pl480 wheat was sourced from… but if Bengal plants has it listed, it was perhaps one of those seeds that came with human migration across the seas or the continental terrestrial migration of humans or cattle… who knows may be it went the other way around…ie went from tropics of asia to the tropical climes of north american continent … amazing… there has to be a special branch of anthropology that deals with these questions?
may be someone at the Smithsonian would know..
someday with some time on hand I’ll write to ask

One needs to read a lot to reply you! And i think you knew it beforehand, i mean, E. geniculata.
Usually “Bengal Plants” always draws reference of each species from FI and FBI. In this case the book doesn’t equate the two taxa E. geniculata and E. heterophylla with FI. The former taxon finds its source from FBI, vol5,p239.
Page 239 of 5th vol. of FBI states, “The American E. geniculata …… is both cultivated in gardens and has been found apparently wild, but no doubt as an escape…”
Please do not write to Smithsonian, they are likely to laugh at me.

Ok, …, its not just modern escapee from the garden that I was wondering about!!!
but I want to know about the reverse migration, from tropics to the americas, and I dont mean from the upland flats across siberia// the bering strait to the alaskan soil…. I mean migration along a line nearer to the equartorial regions … in westerly direction, we do know from the blood bank data that there was an easterly migration hugging the coast from Afric, India, SE asia to australia….
but westerly???/ if humans and cattle migrated, so must the seeds?
question is did they
how would we go about studying it? and such matters…interesting to think about and argue//adda on a lazy sunday afternoon in summer?

OOnly … can face your bouncers, may be a few other members too.

In history book i read Alexander the Great exported Indian elephants. Did they survive?
And may be crops like maize, cotton went east to west in those ancient days.
Surely modern day Europe or America won’t allow weeds, or even crops. And if ancient weeds did ever survive in new world they surely got terminated in 20th century. You know this article – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoamerica. Isn’t it?
A am facing pavilion with a big duck 😀

There would be plenty of them, thanks craze of Americans for plants. If not gradual migration there are plenty in cultivation, often neglected and running wild. A search of Bailey 26 pages (out of 1030 pages) yielded 12 names. California I found one state which has plants from all parts of World. Dosakai cucumber, hard to find here in Delhi is found most stores in California, and reportedly grown by many farmers.
Lygodium circinatum: Tropical Asia, Malaya
Lygodium scandens: E. Asia
Onychium japonicum: Himalayas, Java, Japan
Asplenium nidus: Asia, Polynesia
Asplenium balangeri: Malaya
Cyrtomium caryotideum: India, Japan
Nephrolepis acuminata: Malayasia
Davallia bullata: India, Malayasia, Japan
Sphenomeris chsana: Tropical Asia
Selaginella uncinata: China
Selaginella wildenovii: Old World tropics
Selaginella braunii: China


Euphorbia heterophylla Nashik. : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbia heterophylla. A very common plant; Grows gregariously in monsoons.

Beautiful capture …

This milkweed was shot from a park nursery bed growing as a weed, I hope this one is Euphorbia heterophylla L. Syn. E. geniculata Orteg.

yes … Good photographs.


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 02112013MR04 Euphorbia heterophylla from Pune -MR04 :
July 2012 Pune
sharing images of Euphorbia heterophylla at Pune.

Euphorbia heterophylla L.
at Rajgurunagar near Pune on 29 MAY 10 


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Euphorbia heterophylla from Chennai BRS 005 : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Sharing the images of Euphorbia heterophylla from Chennai.


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 05112013 ARK-11 : Euphorbia heterophylla from Mumbai – March 2013 : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Attached are pictures of Euphorbia heterophylla from Mumbai in March 2013.

Yes. Good photo.

EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT: Euphorbia heterophylla L. from Uttarakhand_DSR_14 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Euphorbia heterophylla L. is a common wild herb in Pantnagar.

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Euphorbia heterophylla : Nasik : 061113 : AK-19 : Attachments (1).  6 posts by 3 authors.
Euphorbia heterophylla from Nasik, growing wild.

Yes, this is a common species…

Euphorbiaceae Fortnight: Euphorbia heterophylla from Morni, Chakrata and Jim Corbett-GS-29 : Attachments (5). 3 posts by 2 authors.

Euphorbia hererophylla L.
(syn: Euphorbia geniculata Ortega; Euphorbia prunifolia Jacq.; Poinsettia heterophylla (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke)
Photographed from Jim Corbett, Chakrata and Morni.

Okay Sir.

I hope the posted picture has been rightly identified as Euphorbia heterophylla
These shots are from Panipat and Chakrata, also earlier recorded from Morni Hills, showing a wide distribution..

Nice photos.

Euphorbiaceae fortnight : Euphorbia heterophylla :  Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbia heterophylla 
Pateshwer , Satara
August 2013

120918VST : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3) – 1 Mb each.
Kindly identify this plant.
Date/Time- 9 JUL 2018
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS- Agara Lake, HSR Layout, Bengaluru
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- herb
Height/Length- about 15 to 20 cm tall

This appears to be Euphorbia heterophylla L. [Euphorbiaceae].

On 16/8/08 near Talakona forest, AP; Cariappa Park, Bangalore- 140609; May 29, 2010 at 5.02pm IST: Rajguru Nagar, Pune

DV – 29MAY10 – 0502 :: ¿ Euphorbia heterophylla ? – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Little pearls on Euphorbia heterophylla – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Wild Flower for ID-130609-RK1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups
For Id270808JM3 – indiantreepix | Google Groups

efloraofindia:”For Id is this herb Euphorbia species at Talegaon Dabhade :May 2016: MR-02″ : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
May 2016 Talegaon Dabhade Pune
Requesting to Id this wIld herb about 5 ” tall. Is this any Euphorbia species?

Possibly Euphorbia heterophylla.

I have not been able to fix the identity of this Euphorbia species. Could it be an introduced species ?

Euphorbia heterophylla. Native to the Americas but has been introduced in various places around the world

ID Please: CR09102019_2 : 5 posts by 4 authors. 2 images.
Please identify this plant in my terrace garden at Pune, Maharashtra

Euphorbia heterophylla L.
Euphorbia !

Yes, it is

Euphorbia heterophylla L. : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3) – 1, 2 & 4 mb.
Location:  Harthok, Palpa
Date: 25 September 2019
Elevation:1400 m.
Habit : Wild
Nepali names : दुधी Dudhee /  मैतुला झार Maitulaa Jhaar 

Attachments (2)- 2 mb each.

Attachments (1)- 6 mb.

since its wild poinsettia. don’t you think there should be some features of poinsettia leaves, shape and even if slight, a little pin/or/red tinge in uppermost leaves?

I guess that is Euphorbia heterophylla var. cyathophora (Murray) Griseb. which is not listed in NepaL.

POWO/KEW says its introduced in India
see map in this page
same page also has a herbarium specimen
leaves’ shape is different

Yes, introduced in India but not noticed in Nepal yet.


Euphorbia heterophylla L. : 7 posts by 1 author. 6 images- 5 to 6 mb each.
Location: Pharping, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 1500m.
Date: 01 August 2020
Habit : Wild


Euphorbia heterophylla L.: 3 very high res. images.
Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 1057m.
Date: 12 August 2021
Habit : Wild

For me the ID by … is correct. This is a common weed in my neighborhood. A medicinal herb.


Euphorbia fo I’d from Bilaspur: 2 images.
Request for I’d of Euphorbia from Bilaspur. Photographed in February, 2022.

It seems you are taking images from your mobile.

As images are not clear and difficult to see the details, you should only post high res. images.

Could not find any match as per comparative images at

Euphorbia heterophylla L. ??

Yes, you may be right, …, as per images at Euphorbia heterophylla


Id requested place kota: 1 high res. images.

Euphorbia and Zizyphus !

This may be



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