Exacum pumilum Griseb., Prodr. 9: 46 1845.;
EKS-uh-kum — Latinized form of exacon, the Gallic name for centaurium
POO-mil-um — small, dwarfDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: little Persian violet • Marathi: जांभळी चिरायत jambhli chirayat
Endemic to: Western Ghats (of India)
Calyx winged : E. pumilum
Calyx not winged : E. lawii


Exacum pumilum:  Flowers of Exacum pumilum
Marathi name: Jambhali chirayat
Today at Sagargad, Alibag

Having never seen this  I was fo a moment confused about Anagallis arvensis till I saw four petals and stamens.

yes Exacum pumilum, beautiful small herb.

When for the first time i saw picture of this flower, i too was in love with it.
And when i saw it actually, i was Oh My God!! Such lovely flower, but its so small…
The flower doesnt exceed the size more then 1 cm and it is one of the flower found in the beautiful Kaas plateau as well.

Names of Plants in India :: Exacum pumilum:  Exacum pumilum Griseb.
[image: Exacum pumilum Griseb.]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/3975947579/> [image: Flowers of India]<http://www.flowersofindia.net/…>
[image: Discussions at efloraofindia]<https://groups.google.com/forum/…>
[image: more views in flickr]<http://www.flickr.com/search/?q=Exacumpumilum&m=tags&z=m>
[image: more views on Google Earth]<http://api.flickr.com/services/…>
EKS-uh-kum — Latinized form of *exacon*, the Gallic name for centaurium
POO-mil-um — small, dwarf
commonly known as: little Persian violet<https://sites.google.com/site/indiannamesofplants/…>•
Marathi: जांभळी चिरायत jambhli chirayat<https://sites.google.com/site/indiannamesofplants/…>
Botanical names: Exacum pumilum Griseb. … synonyms: no synonym known ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Photographed near Lion’s Point (~2474 ft), Lonavala, Maharashtra … 2 OCT 2009


02111103PD Exacum pumilum Flora of Orissa:  sharing the images of Exacum pumilum taken from Deomali hills, Orissa

Name of the species: Exacum pumilum
Place of Collection: Deomali hills, Koraput, South orissa
Altitude: 4000 ft above msl
Habit Herb
Habitat: grasslands on top plateaus with Iron deposits

Do you have a side view of the flower showing the calyx which is winged in this species?

… sorry to say that i hade only two photographs of this plant. The one is here and the other with leaves. I will share the other one soon.

… i am using Adobe photoshop 7.0 to edit the images. U have to follow the underline steps
Open the image in adobe photosop
Then select the portion of image u want to left for border with Rectangular Marquee tool on left top side (first icon) of the box
Press Control shift I to select the border
Then press B from the key board to select the brush tool
Click on History Brush Tool to create back ground and run the mouse over the border.
U can chhose the type of background from the icon Set Foreground Colour from the box as per the background of ur image.
Hope it wl work for u.

EKS-uh-kum — Latinized form of exacon, the Gallic name for centaurium
POO-mil-um — small, dwarf    … Dave’s Botanary
Oct 8, 2011 … at Koraigad near Lonavala, Maharashtra
commonly known as: little Persian violet • Marathi: जांभळी चिरायत jambhli chirayat
Endemic to: Western Ghats (of India)
References: Flowers of IndiaFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Oct 8, 2011 … at Koraigad near Lonavala, Maharashtra
… more views on flickr.


Exacum pumilum—–for sharing and validation :  1 image. 2 posts by 2 authors.
Pic taken at Ambyvalley rd. lonavala/Mulshi Pune in Oct12.

yes it is

Gentianaceae week : Exacum pumilum : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Exacum pumilum collected from Mampara hills of Nelliyampathy forest during September 2013.


Campanulaceae & Gentianaceae Fortnight: Gentianaceae :: Exacum sp.?? at Sudhagad::PKA37 :  4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6).
Exacum. sp from Sudhagad Fort (Maharashtra).

Exacum pumilum Griseb.

Exacum pumilum Griseb.


Exacum pumilum—-for sharing. : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Photo taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Lonavala, Pune in Sept.15.

nice color and is it a weed?

No Ma’am its not a weed.
It is a species endemic to the Western Ghats belt. The flowering period is September – October.
I had seen it at Kas Plateau, Satara (Maharashtra) October last year.

I have observed this in the wild in the dry areas towards Andhra Pradesh-Karnataka border as well. Shouldn’t be endemic in that case.

Thanks for information, … I guess I misread the information here http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/229755.

The plant’s distribution in Karnataka is given here. You can see it in the districts that don’t fall under the western ghats such as Bellary! In fact Sandur hills in Bellary form the western limit of the Eastern Ghats.

Exacum pumilum Griseb @ Tamhini ghat : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
I have identified this as E pumilum on the basis of it’s winged calyx and few flowered raceme.
Is there any other parameter on which it can be differentiated from Exacum pedunculatum?

I also agree with Exacum pumilum Griseb. as per comparative images at Exacum
Overall difference is quite apparent.

Exacum pumilum – Little Persian Violet : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Exacum pumilum Griseb
Common Name – little Persian violet • Marathi: जांभळी चिरायत jambhli chirayat
Date – 17-Oct-2020 
Place  – Tamhini, Dist. Pune, Maharashtra
Alt – 620 m.
Habitat –  Grasslands
Plant Habit – Herb
Leaves – 1-2 cm Dark Green, ovate, oppositely arranged.
Flowers – 1cm star shaped Violet coloured with deep yellow stamens.
These tiny bright bunch of flowers on the grass always catch your eyes.
Got to know them here –

For me your ID is correct. Nevertheless please check this link for confirmation:


at Sagargad Alibag on 17 Aug.2008; Kass Plateau, Approx. 20 kms north of Satara, Maharashtra: 29th to 31st Aug’08; Kaas plateau- Sept’10?;  en route to Poladpur near Pratapgad rd.- Sept’10?;

ID please – efloraofindia | Google Groups
220910 SB01 – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Exacum pumilum – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Exacum pumilum – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Amboli, MH :: Exacum lawii :: ARK2021-103: 5 images.

Exacum lawii.
This was seen at Mahadevgad, Amboli hill station, MH in Aug 2021.

Or may be this is Exacum pumilum (calyx winged).
Requested to please ID.

Looks more close to Exacum pumilum Griseb. !


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