Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner, Gard. Bull. Singapore 17: 476 1960. (Syn: Ficus ampelas K.D.Koenig ex Roxb. [Illegitimate]; Ficus angulata Miq.; Ficus angustata Miq.; Ficus clarkei King; Ficus cuneata Blume; Ficus cuspidifera Miq.; Ficus dodonaeifolia Zipp. ex Miq.; Ficus excelsa Vahl; Ficus gibbosa Blume ……….; Ficus irregularis Steud.; Ficus paradoxa Blume; Ficus parasitica K.D.Koenig ex Willd.; Ficus pereng Steud.; Ficus pervia Miq.; Ficus platypoda var. angustata (Miq.) Corner; Ficus pseudobotryoides H.Lév. & Vaniot; Ficus reticulata Thunb.; Ficus rhomboidalis Vahl; Ficus rhomboidalis H.Lév. & Vaniot [Illegitimate]; Ficus rigida Blume [Illegitimate]; Ficus scabriuscula Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.; Ficus sclerophylla Roxb.; Ficus subobliqua Miq. ………..; Ficus tinctoria var. parasitica (Blume) Corner …..; Ficus tuberculata Roxb.; Ficus volubilis (Dalzell) King; Urostigma ampelos Dalzell & A.Gibson (Unresolved); Urostigma excelsum Miq. (Unresolved); Urostigma volubile Dalzell & A.Gibson (Unresolved);
India (Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Bihar, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh), Bhutan, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Timor, Vietnam as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy-   Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;

ID request-171110-PKA3 – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 5 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)

This is a small tree from CBD Belapur Hills.
Date/Time: 02-09-2010 / 12:10PM
Location: CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai.
Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit: Tree

… possibly some species of Ficus ?

I think its Ficus tinctoria Forst. f. ssp. parasitica (Willd.) Corner
easily identified by its rough leaves & unequal leaf base.

Wow, I have special affinity towards Ficus… Never knew about this one. Ficus tinctoria G.Forst. Fl. Ins. Austr. 76. 1786. Attachments (1)




Plant from North Goa : Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
One more for Id from North Goa picture taken in 1st week of Augt,10.

Ficus species, may be F. parasitica.

I agree, Ficus gibbosa

Thank you very much for indentifying the Ficus parasitica.


050612 BRS 372 Ficus sp. for id confirmation.:

Pl. find the attached file contain Fig. fruit for id. request.
Location: NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist. (640 MSL)
Date: May, 2012
Habitat: Wild
Habit: Tree

This looks like Ficus parasitica var. gibbosa. Please check the archives of this group for my photographs of this.

This is Ficus tinctoria G. Forst. subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner

Ficus sp for id- 301211- NS1- Flora of Madhya Pradesh:
large tree of abt 20 mts was photographed at a temple garden at Betul, MP.

The fruits were stalked.
Leaves were oval.

This looks like Ficus parasitica ssp. gibbosa [previously Ficus gibbosa var. parasicita] on possibly a Dalbergia lanceolaria tree. Will send my photographs of this later.

Have a few of these trees on my property at Shahapur including one on my Banyan tree [a Strangler on Strangler]. Sending a few photographs.

…, Ficus parasitica ssp. gibbosa ..yes..
But how U identified d tree – Dalbergia lanceolaria ?? I m nt disagreeing.. I just wanna understand.

ANNOV10/10 Ficus sp. for identification : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (5)

Family: Moraceae
Date: 1st November 2015
Place: Turahalli, Bangalore, Karntaka

Habit: Shrub-like growing in rock crevices
Habitat: Scrub forest

Identity suggested by Siddarth Jude Machado as Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner.


id pl. : 9 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (2)

Id of a small tree in the wild, near Tamhini in western ghat.
There were no fruits or flowers.
snapped on 10-9-10.

This is, most probably, Ficus tinctoria ssp parasitica.

Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner


Please ID….. : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)

Location- Sakroli, Dapoli, MH
Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree
Height-6 meter

Most possibly Ficus exasperata.

Rather reminds me of Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner [Moraceae].

Yes …, you are correct. I was not happy with my guess !

SK528 16 MAY-2017:ID : 9 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Location: Pokhara, Nepal 
Date: 8 April 2017
Altitude: 2600 ft.
Ficus …???
It was attached to a tree.

This should be Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner

It’s looks like but I felt different species. Still not confirmed.

Could it be Ficus tinctoria subsp. parasitica G. Forst. since it was parasitic to another tree and Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner is not listed in Nepal.

This is Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner
The species has already been documented from Nepal and is one of the
reported Ficus species out of 36 species.
Whereas, Ficus tinctoria subsp. parasitica G. Forst. is synonymous to F. tinctoria sub. gibbosa (Blume) Corner.

ID Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner is final ?


Ficus tinctoria G.Forst. SN Oct11 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).

Ficus tinctoria G.Forst, epiphytic tree, associated with F. benghalensis found near Royakotta, Krishnagiri dt Tamilnadu

Very good collection.

Would like to learn more during Moraceae fortnight. Eagerly waiting for its turn before smaller family fortnights……

This species is not listed in Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy-   Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012
I feel these appear close to images at Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa, which is listed for India.

Yes I agree with you, I have also collected ficus tinctoria

Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner (= Ficus gibbosa Blume)

Photographs are identified as Ficus tinctoria ssp. gibbosa 

This is Ficus tinctoriasubsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner, a most common Fig shrub found on F. benghalensis.


Ficus tinctoria in FOI may be of Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner as this subspecies only is listed for India in latest publication under Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy in Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012.

Corrections made on the site.

Thanks for pointing out and correcting it…


IDENTITY 21:  Attaching an image of a Ficus species. This tree is quite common here. It grows on some other tree ( Like Ficus bengalensis, Ficus religiosa etc ), along with Premna jalpaiguriana. The leaves are like those of Streblus asper. Will you please identify it for me?

This looks like Ficus parasitica ssp. gibbosa. My photographs of this are available at this link


Ficus for Identification
3 images.

Ficus for id-
 Area- Dhamini village, Sangameshwar, Ratnagiri
 Habit- Medium Height tree
 Height- appx 25 feet 

Is it Ficus tinctoria ?

Why images are not so clear ?

Absolutely you’re right ma’am,

I agree with you for tinctoria, check for varieties, might be tinctoria var. gibbosa,

Thanks, …

Yes, appears close to images at Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa

This is Ficus tinctoria subsp. tinctoria

Sorry I had given a wrong ID, this is Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner


Ficus _for identification_Tamhini forest: 3 images.

Habit- Large Tree
Location- Tamihini Forest, Pune
Altitude- 550 m
Habitat- Near rivulet
Another ficus near a forest stream in Tamhini forest. Please help in identification.

Ficus benjamina L.

It’s Ficus nervosa only,

Looking at the habit and the figs,  I think Ficus tinctoria

I guess it does not match with both sp. as suggested!

I agree with … for tinctoria

Thanks, …, for the id. Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa ?


Ficus microcarpa——for validation: 4 images.
Photos taken at Aambyvalley rd., Upper Lonavala Maharashtra in October 21.

It looks more like Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa

I too agree with …

I had based my id. because a local said they called it “ Nandarukh” in Marathi. Obviously he is wrong.


MS,Jan.,2022/05 Ficus sp. for id.:
Location : Dampui, Mizoram

Altitude : ca.950 m.
Date : 03-09-2016
Habit : Tree
Habitat : Wild

Ficus tinctoria



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