Glochidion ellipticum Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1906 1852. (syn: Bradleia wightiana Wall.; Diasperus assamicus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Diasperus malabaricus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Diasperus wightianus Kuntze [Illegitimate]; Glochidion assamicum (Müll.Arg.) Hook.f.; Glochidion assamicum var. brevipedicellatum Hurus. & Yu.Tanaka; Glochidion assamicum var. magnicapsulum Croizat & H. Hara; Glochidion balakrishnanii Jothi & al.; Glochidion balakrishnanii Jothi, et al.; Glochidion diversifolium Bedd.; Glochidion diversifolium var. wightianum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.; Glochidion ellipticum var. wightiana (Müll.Arg.) Hook.; Glochidion ellipticum var. wightianum (Müll. Arg.) Hook.; Glochidion malabaricum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.; Phyllanthus assamicus Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus diversifolius var. longifolius Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus diversifolius var. wightiana Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus diversifolius var. wightianus Müll. Arg.; Phyllanthus malabaricus Müll.Arg.);
Indian Subcontinent to Taiwan : Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO;
glo-KID-ee-on — from the Greek glochis (a projected point)
ee-LIP-tih-kum — elliptical, about twice as long as wide
commonly known as: bhoma • Coorgi: ಕಾಡು ಕಪ್ಪಿ kaadu kappi, ಸುಳ್ಳೆ ಮರ sulle mara • Kannada: ಕಾಡು ಕಪ್ಪಿ kaadu kappi • Konkani: भोमा bhoma • Malayalam: നീരചല്ലീ neerchalli, ഞാഞെട്ടി njaanjetti • Marathi: भोमा bhoma
Native to: south China, Nepal, Bhutan, India (Western Ghats), Indo-China
As per efi thread:
G. hohenackeri will have a button-like style while G. ellipticum has short columnar style. (It can be seen in the fruit).


Attaching three images of a tree which is 3-4 mtr tall with drooping branches. The fruits are small in size and in clusters.
I have seen this tree earlier at Tezpur (Assam). Can you identify this please?

A species of Glochidion of Phyllanthaceae (Euphorbiaceae) family.

Glochidion ellipticum Wight (syn. G. assamicum) of the family Phyllanthanceae, Euphorbiaceae sensu lato.

Tree ID from Bangladesh : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Habit:  Tree
Flowering: April
Habitat: Hill
Location” Kaptai NP, Rangamati, Bangladesh
Note: Wild Pigeon prefer the fruits

Glochidion species?

… is right. It looks very much like Glochidion ellipticum (treated as G. assamicum in Flora of Thailand but we have combined that under G. ellipticum).

I think it is Glochidion lanceolarium (Roxb.)

I am no botanist, I can only compare features with a referral image. I will agree with your ID if you show me –
  1. stamens/anthers 4 or more
  2. capsule 6-8 celled (Roxb. – 6 celled, 12 valved)
  3. elliptic-oblong or lanceolate acuminate leaves

Else I stick to the ID provided by the authority of Euphorbiaceae over Indian subcontinent.

Thanks for your reply. I was go through with a picture and what I have seen actually in wild. Your three points is very right for correct  identification.
My identification was picture based found
Please see the attached picture here with. The  images of this site fully similar with the wild tree what I have seen at Kaptai National Park, Rangamati on April, 2014. Many species of pigeons also have seen eating the fruits also.

Please check the illustration at –

Have some pictures here with. I think the fruit is very testy  to Pigeon.

Good morning … and thank you so much for these beautiful uploads. I do really appreciate your photographs and at the same time can feel your concern. But, I would request you see another illustrations and decide yourself, besides exploring other possibilities.


ANDEC30 Please confirm if this is Glochidion ellipticum : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10)
Nelliyampathy, Kerala
November 2014

Yes, it seems to be Glochidion ellipticum. Fruit characters are welcome.

Could not find fruits on the tree at that point sir.

Madikeri Coorg, Karnataka
Date: 23 FEB 2017 … Average elevation: ~ 1117 m (3667 ft) asl
Glochidion ellipticum var. ellipticum … (family: Phyllanthaceae ~ Euphorbiaceae

Well …, We are not recognizing any separate variety under G. ellipticum and think that you may delete the entry var. ellipticum. Flora of Thailand is recognizing Glochidion assamicum as a separate species which we have synonymized under this species long back.  Unfortunately they did not study the rich gatherings from India now available in the major Indian herbaria and their conclusion is based on the study of specimens outside India and a few old collections as available in some European herbaria.

Thank you very very much … for this clarity.
Will revise the labels in my flickr notes.


MS Aug., 2017/02 P
Phyllanthus sp. ? for id. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Location : Thenhlum, Mizoram
Date : 07-08-2017
Habit : Small or small to medium sized tree
Habitat : Wild.

Possibly Glochicion ellipticum (= G. assamicum).

Correct spelling: Glochidion ellipticum


Unknown plants from Assam KD 03′ 2018  : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Attached images are unknown sp, from Assam. Please ID the sp.
Date :17.02.2018
Location: Assam
Family : Euphorbiaceae (?) 
Genus & species : ??
Habitat: Grows wild on forest area.
Habit :  Tree

Not at all unknow but just opposite. J.D.Hooker (1887) named this as Glochidion assamicum while Robert Wight (1854) called this Glochidion ellipticum and again in the same year as Glochidion malabaricum. All these species were united by Chakrabarty & Gangopadhyay (1997) and the name Glochidion ellipticum Wight was chosen by them for the combined species and therefore this name is to be applied for the present images unless you can establish that they are distinct species. 

Actually the species is unknown to me Sir. Thanks for Id and your valuable information about the sp.


pls id the tree : 5 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.
habit- tree
place dapoli/ ratnagiri

Glochidion ellipticum, Euphobiaceae

Yes, Glochidion ellipticum..

“Euphobiaceae fortnight : Glochidion elliptium” : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
sharing Glochidion ellipticum
from Sindhudurg MH


Glochidion ellipticum Wight is occasional tree in Tarai forests near Pantnagar.
Shot near Tata Motors, Pantnagar.

Looks like Glochidion ellipticum but fruits are required for confirmation.

Glochidion ¿ species ? Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
Dear friends, hoping these few photos help in getting to ID; else will label the photos as Glochidion sp.
The fruit measures about 10 mm across.
at Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary on 19 FEB 12

From the fruits, it appears to be Glochidion ellipticum.

Thank you very much …
I am convinced with your thought.


Glochidion ellipticum Wight … Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
at Amboli on 27 DEC 11

From where do you get the correct identification and nomenclature. Hats off to you.

Marks for my correct identification are just about 50/100 – a very dangerous score. 🙂
Credits for identification go to a long list of my friends at efloraofindia, Mr Shrikant Ingalhalikar, Dr Tabish Qureshi, many friends at flickr website.
Nomenclature is found in many reputed sites – NPGS / GRIN, The Plants List, …

Although Flora of Thailand continues to treat is as Glochidion assamicum, I merged the species with G. ellipticum. The same treatment is maintained in Fl. of India vol. 23. The shallowly lobed 4-locular fruits are unique.

A correction here. The first two photos are of G. ellipticum, which has shallowly 4-lobed fruits.
But the last two photos with lanceolate leaves and deeply lobed fruits with button-like styles represent Glochidion candolleanum.

Oh, thank you very very much … for this clarity, and correcting the ID of the second lot of photos. Will correct my notes in flickr.

A further reply:
“Whatever identifications I made as Glochidion candolleanum (syn. G. neilgherrense) are actually referable to Glochidion hohenackeri.
Sorry for the mistake and inconveniences caused. Please inform everybody.”


Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight … Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
at Anmod on 23 APR 11

It is not Glochidion heyneanum which is a densely pubescent species. I am making it as unread for the present. I will think later about it.

Looks like Glochidion ellipticum only. Female flowers or fruits are awaited for confirmation.

OK …, thank you very much for validating the ID.
Hopefully some day if I reach the site again during month April, would attempt to check the female flowers and fruits.

G. zeylanicum var arunachalense (ref: Fl India vol 23, pg 414, 415 & 430)

It looks like the common species Glochidion ellipticum.

Thank you very much …
I will take more photographs of this plant if I get to visit the site again.

It is Glochidion ellipticum


plant for identification : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)
Location: Koyananagar, Maharashtra

Looks like Glochidion ellipticum

Glochidion ellipticum


VZT3-24/1/17- 2 : 2 posts by 2 authors.

Location- Daouli, Dapoli, MH

Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- Tree
Height-7 meter

Glochidion ellipticum (Phyllanthaceae).

Yes, good images.

MS March, 2018/19 Glochidion sp. (G.ellipticum?) : Attachments (1)
Location : Thenhlum, Mizoram
Date : 07-08-2017
Habit : Shrub or small tree
Habitat : Wild
Mizo : Thing-pawn-chhia

Yes. This appears to be Glochidion ellipticum.

MS Marchm2018/20 Glochidion sp. for ID : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Location : Lengpui, Mizoram
Date : 06-06-2014
Habit : Tree
Habitat : Wild
Mizo : Thing-pawn-chhe-chi-khat

Seems to be the male flowers of Glochidion ellipticum, previously G. assamicum.

MS June, 2018/02 Glochidion sp. for ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Location : Lengpui, Mizoram
Date : 01-06-2018
Habit : Small tree
Habitat : Wild

Glochidion ellipticum.

ID011010PHK1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups:
ID Please
A medium sized shrub At Sagargad, Alibag

… probably species of Glochidion … could be G. ellipticum, commonly known as: bhoma • Coorgi: ಕಾಡು ಕಪ್ಪಿ kaadu kappi, ಸುಳ್ಳೆ ಮರ sulle mara • Kannada: ಕಾಡು ಕಪ್ಪಿ kaadu kappi • Konkani: भोमा bhoma • Malayalam: നീരചല്ലീ neerchalli, ഞാഞെട്ടി njaanjetti • Marathi: भोमा bhoma

Concur. The caterpillars are of the Atlas Moth.

Flora of Manipur: Glochidion ellipticum – efloraofindia | Google Groups:
Glochidion ellipticum(Euphorbiaceae), a small tree or large shrub, highly variable in leaf characters.

Glochidion ellipticum Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1906. 1852.
Phyllanthus assamicus Müller Argoviensis, Flora 48: 378. 1865; Diasperus ellipticus (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. malabaricus (Müller Argoviensis) Kuntze; D. wightianus Kuntze; Glochidion assamicum (Müller Argoviensis) J. D. Hooker; G. assamicum var. magnicapsulum Croizat & H. Hara; G. balakrishnanii Jothi et al.; G. diversifolium (Miquel) Merrill var. wightianum (Müller Argoviensis) Beddome; G. ellipticum var. wightianum (Müller Argoviensis) J. D. Hooker; G. malabaricum (Müller Argoviensis) Beddome; P. andersonii Müller Argoviensis; P. diversifolius Miquel var. wightianus Müller Argoviensis; P. malabaricus Müller Argoviensis.
Trees to 10 m tall, monoecious; branches glabrous. Stipules triangular, ca. 2 mm; petiole 2-3 mm; leaf blade broadly elliptic, ovate to lanceolate, 9-15 × 3.5-4.5 cm, papery or subleathery, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially brownish when dried, base obtuse, apex acuminate or shortly so; lateral veins 6-8 pairs. Flowers in bisexual axillary clusters, with many male flowers and few female flowers. Male flowers ca. 3 mm in diam.; pedicels slender, 13-20 mm, pubescent; sepals 6, oblong or obovate-oblong, pubescent outside; stamens 3; connate anthers oblong-ovoid, connectives cuspidate. Female flowers subsessile; sepals as in male; ovary globose, 3- or 4-locular, pubescent to glabrous; style column conical, glabrous. Fruiting pedicels short; capsules depressed globose, 2-3 × 6-8 mm, usually 4-locular, pericarp thinner. Seeds hemispheric, red. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Nov.

Ex-situ Silviculture : Glochidion hohenackeri Bedd. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7).

I think it is more closer to images at Glochidion ellipticum Wight rather than those at Glochidion hohenackeri (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.

Possibly Glochidion ellipticum but female flowers are required for confirmation.


I feel some of the images at Glochidion hohenackeri and Glochidion ellipticum may not be correctly identified.
May I request you to pl. check and point out the wrong identifications, where ever possible.

G. hohenackeri will have a button-like style while G. ellipticum has short columnar style. Very easy to distinguish.

The images are indeed a mixture of G. ellipticum, G. candolleanum and G. hohenackeri.

May I request you to pl. sort them out. Pl. tell me which are the wrong ones with id.

How to sort out?

Under G. hohenackeri in the website, the two images as attached are different (first two images): Imnage 1: A 184 = G. candolleanum. Image 2: Glochidion ellipticum (4) = G. hohenackeri var. johnstonei.

Under Glochidion ellipticum:
Under G. ellipticum, three images are of G. hohenackeri while one is Breynia trinervia. Attached herewith. (Nos. 4-6). Identity is given by me on the legend of the images.
Under G. candolleanum, both are okay.

Thanks, … Your may just give the link (by copying it) and remarks against that.
For now I wil take care as stated by you.

I have corrected these now in efi group as well as in efi site.
Pl. see if there are no further misidentification at Glochidion hohenackeri and Glochidion ellipticum

Glochidion ? SN June 30 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Small tree in Bahamandala area of Coorg, western Ghats, Karnataka

Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss.

Glochidion is okay but image of female flowers or fruits are required for telling the name of species with certainty. Glochidion zeylanicum has supra-axillary and/or pedunculate inflorescences.

Leaf wise there is some possibility of this being Glochidion ellipticum Wight, as per images and details herein.

May be Glochidion ellipticum but confirmation is not possible without seeing the female flowers.


Euphorbiaceae Fortnight :: sp. for ID :: MK009 : Attachments (7). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Please help me in identifying this tree of height 8 metres.
Leaf: not more than 12 cm long
Habitat: riparian
Alt.: 900 m asl
Date: 10 Oct 2013
Place: Megamalai wls, TN

Glochidion is okay. But female flowers or fruits are required for confirmation.

Glochidion candolleanum (Wight & Arn.) Chakrab. & M.Gangop.

I think it is very difficult to call it as Glochidion candolleanum with these images. 

Unfortunately I am unable to identify these images of Glochidion.

Leaf wise there is a possibility of this being Glochidion ellipticum Wight, as per images and details herein.