Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss., Euphorb. Gen. 107 1824. (Syn: Bradleia zeylanica Gaertn.; Bradleja zeylanica Gaertn.; Diasperus zeylanicus (Gaertn.) Kuntze; Phyllanthus zeylanicus (Gaertn.) Müll.Arg. [Illegitimate];                             Agyneia flexuosa B.Heyne ex Wall.; Agyneia obliqua Willd.; Bradleia nitida Roxb.; Bradleia obliqua (Willd.) Spreng.; Bradleia timoriensis Steud.; Diasperus brunneus (Hook.f.) Kuntze; Diasperus hongkongensis (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Diasperus nitidus (Roxb.) Kuntze; Diasperus obliquus (Willd.) Kuntze; Diasperus perakensis (Hook.f.) Kuntze; Diasperus subscandens (Zoll. & Moritzi) Kuntze; Glochidion brunneum Hook.f.; Glochidion brunneum subsp. andamanicum N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab.; Glochidion canaranum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.; Glochidion ferdinandii var. supra-axillare (Benth.) F.M.Bailey; Glochidion glaberrimum Ridl.; Glochidion hongkongense Müll.Arg.;  Glochidion lanceolatum var. liukiuense (Hayata) Hurus.; Glochidion littorale Benth.; Glochidion liukiuense Hayata; Glochidion nitidum (Roxb.) Voigt; Glochidion obliquum (Willd.) Decne.; Glochidion pedunculatum Merr.; Glochidion perakense Hook.f.; Glochidion perakense var. supra-axillare (Benth.) Airy Shaw; Glochidion subscandens Zoll. & Moritzi; Glochidion sumatranum Miq.; Glochidion supra-axillare (Benth.) Domin; Glochidion zeylanicum var. malayanum J.J.Sm.; Glochidion zeylanicum var. nitidum (Roxb.) Haines; Phyllanthus canaranus Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus ferdinandii var. supra-axillaris Benth.; Phyllanthus hongkongensis (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus nitidus (Roxb.) Reinw. ex Blume; Phyllanthus obliquus (Willd.) Müll.Arg.; Phyllanthus subscandens (Zoll. & Moritzi) Müll.Arg.);
Indian Subcontinent to Japan and Solomon Islands: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, India, Japan, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Queensland, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO;
Common name: Umbrella Cheese Tree, Sri Lanka Glochidion, Hong Kong Abacus Plant • Kannada: ಹನಕೆ Hanake, ನೀರುಪಲ್ಲೆ Neerupalle, ನೀರುಸಲ್ಲೆ Neerusalle, ಬಾನಾವರ Baanaavara • Malayalam: Pannimutti, Neervetti • Tamil: கும்பலம் Kumbalam, கும்பலா Kumpala • Telugu: Itepulla, Itipala, Pageri, Yeatipalla
Sri Lanka Glochidion, Hong Kong Abacus Plant; Kokkamani maram – Tamil;

Trees to 8 m high, bark 2-3 mm thick, brown, smooth, longitudinally cracked; blaze pink-red; branchlets grey, glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral; petiole 2-8 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 5.5-26 x 2.5-12 cm, oblong, oblong-lanceolate, ovate-oblong, elliptic, ovate-elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or rarely oblanceolate, base oblique, cordate, truncate, obtuse or round, apex apiculate to obtusely acuminate or acute, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, glossy; lateral nerves 4-12 pairs, raised beneath, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow, supra-axillary or rarely in axillary umbels; peduncle adnate to the them, 8-10 mm long; male flowers: pedicels 5-10 mm long; tepals 3+2-3, 1-3 x 0.7-2 mm; oblong, ovate, suborbicular or obovate; stamens 3-8, 1.2-2 mm long, connate by their connectives in a coloum; connectives produced; female flowers: pedicels 1-8 mm long; tepals 3+2-3, 1-3 x 1-2.5 mm, triangular, deltoid, oblong, ovate or suborbicular, occasionally the perianth cupular and 1.5-4 x 2 mm with ovate teeth; ovary superior, 1-2.5 mm across, subglobose or depressed, tomentose or glabrous; 4-7 locular, ovules 2 in each cell; styles to 3.5 mm long, free and triangular, connivent and columnar, conical to clavate; apical lobes 4-7, triangular, oblong or suborbicular. Fruit a capsule, 3-8 x 7-11 mm, depressed to subglobose, unlobed or obscurely lobed, 4-7 locular, puberulous to glabrous, beaked, orange; pedicels 2-8 mm long.
Flowering and fruiting: March-May
Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains


Euphobiaceae week- Phyllanthaceae – Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A Juss.:  Attachments (6). 1 post by 1 author.
Here are the keys to Genus Glochidion from Dr. Almeida’s flora,Vol IV B, pg 323, and pictures of Glochidion zeylanicum seen at Amboli/ sawantwadi in Sep .2010

Euphorbiaceae for id 150510MK3: Attachments (3). 11 posts by 5 authors.
Please help to identify this plant.

Date/Time- 30-04-2010 / 11:00 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Mudumalai; 890 msl; TN
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- moist deciduous forest
Plant Habit-Shrub or small tree
Height/Length- might be up to 4 metre
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Alternate 8 x 4cm; sub-coriaceous(sub-leathery); oblong; acute tip; petiole bulged at both the ends
Inflorescence Type/ Size- axillary cyme, stipules present
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- calyx 2 -3mm
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- ca.1 cm across; seeds 6

Could this be any species of Glochidion ?

Glochidion most probably Glochidion zeylanicum. Check it with any flora preferably Gamble with flower.

It is Glochidion sp. It is very confusing genus for species identity. You have to collect both male and female flowers of same plant and study. if it is near the streams or river then it can be G.zeylanicum.

Thank you .. and … I admit what … said.
It was not clear from your posting that whether you collected it from stream side. But sometime you may come across this little away from stream side. I made a guess and said most probably….. with the leaf characters; mainly the round base. You have to always check the relevant floras to the area by running the key when you get such kind of identification from photographs.

… , I think these leaves and fruits belong to Aporosa cardiosperma (Gaertn.) Merr. Petioles bulgeing at both ends as you have mentioned, fruits globose pointed with the style, leaves glabrous acuminate all indicative of Aporosa species. You may check the details with the pictures of Aporosa I have uploaded a while back, and also compare with G. zeylanicum I have uploaded yesterday.

May be Glochidion zeylanicum

The glabrous leaves, slightly supra-axillary inflorescences and scarcely lobed capsules are sufficient to identify it as Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss. var. zeylanicum.

EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT : Phyllanthaceae : RVS-8 :  2 images. 2 posts by 2 authors.
Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss.
Collected from: Sirumalai hills, TN

Glochidion zeylanicum var. zeylanicum.

29042011PJ2: Pl find attached photo for id, today captured around 20 Un ID plants/tree/shrub ,in this post attached fruit , that grows in to fullpod, ripened and cracks open in 4 segments to set the seeds out , around 10 no. beetle was noticed in this plant.
Date/Time-: 29/04/11   –    08:45
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 2.5m

Hydnocarpus pentandra, flacourtiaceae… plz validate

I am seeing only pictures of Glochidion and not of Hydnocarpus.

Looks like Glochidion species.  Could be G.elliptica.  Is this Kadu pappi in Kannada?

Its does not look like Hydnocarpus sps.

yeah its not like Hydnocarpus…. my apologies for wrong observation and thanks for correcting me

fruits of hydnocarpus pentandra is near to size of sapota/chickoo with colour of its

I agree with … that this is Glochidion sp. of Phyllanthaceae family.

A Glochidion from Karnataka. Looks interesting.

It’s always better to post more pictures if you have.

Got it now.  It is Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss. var. zeylanicum of the family Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae sensu lato.

Fwd: Glochidion zeylanicum var. hirsutum : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Photo of Glochidion zeylanicum var hirsutum taken at Middle Andaman Island (Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae sensu lato).

ID needed :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Please give the ID of this tree of swampy habitat. Location is Kozhikode, Kerala

Note the glabrous branches and leaves, unisexual flowers and supra-axillary inflorescences.
May be Glochidion zeylanicum var. zeylanicum (Phyllanthaceae).

ANJUL07 Phyllanthaceae tree for identification : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (10)

Family: Phyllanthaceae
Date: 24th July 2016
Place: Sagara, Shimoga District, Karnataka
Habit: Tree
Leaves are cordate at the base and fruits are not lobed. Can this be Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss.? Please validate.

Superb details again. Thanks, …, for posting.

Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A. Juss. var. zeylanicum.


Glochidion zeylanicum : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Glochidion zeylanicum (Phyllanthaceae ) Habitat was deciduous forest on slopes.
Kudal, Maharashtra, 2017 April

This is the glabrous counterpart of G. zeylanicum (i. e. var. zeylanicum), an exceedingly variable species.


Kokan, Tree for ID :: ARK2019-42 : 10 posts by 5 authors.
Requesting to please ID this tree. This was growing close to a water body – salt water creek.
The pics were captured near Devgad, coastal Kokan, MH in Apr 2019. No flowers or fruits seen.
Requested to please provide ID.

Seems to Glochidion sp. could be G. zeylanicum

Other recipients:
I was going to write the same Regards Radha
I was going to write the same

I failed to identify these sterile images.

May be Glochidion zeylanicum as suggested by …
Pl. check.


Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.)A Juss. : Attachments (5). 6 posts by 5 authors.
Sharing this Glochidion species seen at Sawantwadi, Mah., in Sep.’10. 

Can some one tell me the common name of Glochidion zeylanicum? I am not from life sciences

Could not find any local name. Hope someone can.

I think I have seen this plant in bengal but not sure

The local names of Glochidion zeylanicum [now Withania somnifera] are Ghoda / Askand / Ashwagandha.

Some common names include:
Sri Lanka Glochidion, Hong Kong Abacus Plant
Kokkamani maram
– Tamil


240 ID wild plant: 15 images.

Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Vannappuram Thodupuzha Idukki Dist. Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 27.10.2021, 03.05pm
Habitat: wild moisture, streamside, rocky
Plant habit: tree, erect, branches, slender hard woody stem, long lasting
Height: 05 meters
Leaves: alternate, ovate, oblong, apex, size:17×6cm or less
Flower: axillary racemose, diameter:03mm, off-white, non fragrant
Fruit: drupe globular, green into brown, diameter:11mm
Seed: orange into brown, 06 nos., pear shaped size:4×3mm
Camera: mobile Samsung Galaxy A21s


Glochidion zeylanicum var. zeylanicum

Yes it is Glochidion zeylanicum var. zeylanicum, thank you very much for ID my plant

DV :: 31MAR11 – 0830 :: ¿ Casearia ? at Madikeri:
A small unarmed tree (perhaps planted) … seems to be a species of Casearia … ID please.
Please bear with the low quality of pictures.
Date/Time : March 31, 2011 at 8.30am IST
Location Place : Kodagu Valley Resort, Coorg, Karnataka … 12.440533, 75.716805 on Google maps
Altitude : 3715 ft (above mean sea level)

… on other thoughts, would it be some species of Glochidion ?

Looks like Glochidion zeylanicum ?

from pic. fls having short petiole & greenish yellow colour,
it may be Casearia sps.

Foto number 5 doesnt look like Glochidion… so if all the foto are from same plant than definitely its should not be Glochidion sp. may be some of Casearia sp..

I happened to see this post while searching for Casearia.
To me it is a species of Glochidion.

This appears close to images and details at Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss.

This is not Glochidion zeylanicum, nor any other species of the genus. Possibly some other family.

May I request you to pl. post high res. images, so that we can look for an id again.

Ok, …,
Photos were taken in low light, thus grainy. Yet, I hope this helps …
7 images-4 high res.

To me it appears to be close to images at Aporosa cardiosperma (Gaertn.) Merr.

These appear to be female flowers.

Please let us wait for comments; I was not able to find any images on Aporosa cardiosperma (Gaertn.) Merr. page showing female flowers. I was neither able to find any in Google image search.

just a wild guess, any chance of any Diospyros spp. ?

Try to match with the young fruits which we see in some of your images.

Possible, … But I could not get to see female flowers anywhere to check.

I think this is Glochidion zeylanicum 

… Sir – why do you say this is not Glochidion?
We can clearly see the male and female flowers in the axils of the leaves.
I am attaching closeup photos of male and female flowers of Glochidion zeylanicum which match well with … photos
2 high res. images.

But to me what you see as female flowers look like young fruit. Pl. note the style in it.

Yes …, that is exactly what female flowers look like in this group, they are just ovary with stigma on top surrounded by perianth.
You can see all stages of development from bud to flower to very young fruit in my photo.

Thanks, …, for the clarification.

Well …, I have now seen … photos at Flickr. Okay, Glochidion.

Thanks … for confirming my very first suggestion long back: Glochidion zeylanicum


Regarding identification of tree species from Baragargh Odisha date of collection 28 February 2k23: 7 high res. images.

Annonaceae ??

Glochidion species perhaps

Glochidion ellipticum Wight ??

Yes, appears close to images at

Yes, Glochidion zeylanicum.


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