Asian Bushbeech, Asiatic beechberry, Badhara bush, Oval-leafed gmelina • Hindi: Badhara • Marathi: काळी शिवण Kalishivan • Tamil: Mulkumizh • Malayalam: Kumil, Mulkumizhu • Telugu: Kavavagummudu, Peddanelli, Gumadi • Kannada: Guludu mara • Oriya: Gombhari • Urdu: Badhara • Sanskrit: Vikarini, Gopabhadra;



Verbenaceae week MS 060611 -36- Gmelina asiatica: Sending herewith the photographs of Gmelina asiatica.   Photo taken on….

Place :  Vijayanagara 3rd stage, on wasteland (scrub jungle),  Mysore city.
An armed shrub. Height about 6 ft.
Common name: Asian Bushbeech, Asiaticbeechberry, Badhara bush, Oval-leafed gmelina; Hindi: Badhara ; Marathi: Kalishivan;  Kumatha and Guludu in *Kannada*, Badhara in Punjabi,  Nilakkumil and Nilakkimnizh in *Tamil* and Bhadra in Bengali.
ID confirmation requested.

Sorry.  Missed the date of the photos taken.  Please read it as 19.3.2011.

Now in family Lamiaceae









Lamiaceae & Verbenaceae Week: Gmelina asiatica Verbenaceae from Jabgere: Asian Bushbeech Gmelina asiatica Verbenaceae   Native tree Evergreen  Jabgere, Mysore District

11 May 2010, Fruit Size Approx. 2-2.5cm, Leaves -2-3cm

ID Request 24082011mc02:  Another ID request. Could this be Gmelina asiatica? Thanks.
Locality: About 40 km from Chennai
Altitude: Sea level
Habitat: Thorny shrub to small tree
Approximate Height: 10-15 feet
Photo taken on: 14th August, 2011

Gmelina asiatica
Family: Lamiaceae (earlier Verbenaceae)


050612 BRS371 for id. request. reg.:

Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request.
Location: Pollachi, Coimbatore Dist.,
Date: May,20.05.2012
Habitat: Wild

Habit: Shrub

This is Gmelina asiatica.

Gmelina arborea

Marathi : Shivan शिवण

Think you missed the spines on this shrub.

Yes I missed them; it is not Gmelina arborea. … is right.


Lamiaceae (inc. Verbenaceae) Fortnight: Verbenaceae- Gmelina asiatica from Udumalpet, Coimbatore -BRSMAY01/08 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Sharing the images of Gmelina asiatica from Udumalpet, Coimbatore.






Gmelina asiatica_RKC05_20082012: Gmelina asiatica L.

Lamiaceae (Verbenaceae)
Loc.: NhaTrang, Vietnam

Date: July, 2012

Unarmed shrub, small thick lobed leaves: Please id GE-12-Jan-2013-A: Plant seen growing wild, outskirts of Chennai. Unarmed , wide branching, small thick shallow lobed leaves, the branchlet ends were little bit sharp. Flowers or fruits not seen. Please help id

This is Gmelina asiatica L. of Verbenaceae.

Tamil names: நிலக்குமிழ் ; முள்குமிழ்

There are similarities in the leaf growth, size; and the pointy branchlets;
But the Gmelina I have seen ( Bangalore) has different texture, herbaceaous, somewhat pubescent; leaves are entire, margin sometimes sinuate.
This plant leaves are thickly fleshy, smooth, many are three-lobed. Have you seen this type in flowering/ fruit stage ?

This is not Gmelina asiatica (for me) as the leaves look quite different

I am doubtful too. Please match with my earlier post.

I think the posted plant is indeed Gmelina asiatica, as idyed by …

Its leaves are variable in shape and size. FoC describes “…leaf blade ovate to obovate, 3-5(-9) X 2.2-3 (-8.5) cm….margin entire or 3-5-lobed…”.




Tree for ID please:  Location: Maidenahalli, Karnataka

a very prickly tree with very small leaves

Possibly Gmelina asiatica (family: Lamiaceae, also placed in Verbenaceae)

Yes, I agree with … id….also known as “ladies’ nose flower“!!




17042014Al192 Short tree for ID : Attachments (4). 9 posts by 6 authors.
Found in Bangalore university, Bangalore.

Looks like Gmelina arborea शिवण

Gmelina asiatica

The pictures are distant so clear indication about species is difficult. … suggestion may be correct.

flowers in the pics are quite clear – they are a single yellow colour unlike the 2 tones of G. arborea..
Leaves are small and habit is shrubby which is not at all like Gmelina arborea.
Often (but not always) this plant is armed and you can see small spines in these pictures.

I agree with … id.. this is not G. arborea..

Gmelina asiatica

Gmelina asiatica photographed at my residence on 08.09.11, which was planted by me.

Please validate.

Very good photographs


tree for identitification, Thiruvannamalai GNK-SEP15-01 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

please identify this tree especially telugu name.
This was photographed in the Arunachala forest in Thiruvannamalai in September 2015.
Height of tree is 3 metres. Flower is about 5 cms in size. Fruit is about 2 cms.

Gmelina asiatica L. It has several Telugu names as per Envis.

Nice photos …. Loten’s Sunbird (Long – billed) seem to like the flower.




Fwd: TSPNOV2015-82-126:Images of Gmelina asiatica (Lamiaceae) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Gmelina asiatica (Lamiaceae 

Habit: Large shrub  

Habitat:Wild,Scrub forests 

Sighting:Madhugiri,Tumkur,Karnataka,about 800 msl 


TSPNOV2015-82-125:Images of Gmelina arborea (Lamiaceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Gmelina asiatica (Lamiaceae)  

Habit: Large shrub  

Habitat: Wild, Scrub forests 

Sighting: Madhugiri, Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 02-03-2015

Both the posts contain beautiful images, somehow the threads got mixed up, may be due to same subject line..

Thanks … this is a pleasure watching your submissions, you really have a very good collection..!!




On 14/2/09 in Kinnarsani WS, AP; in April, 09 on the Sikkim-Bagdogra highway; Baroda,M. S. University Campus on 4th may 2010; Jabgere village, Mysore dist. 11 May 2010; Gmelina asiatica (Kali Shivan) – indiantreepix | Google Groups for id – efloraofindia | Google Groups Fruit Tree for ID | 16Jul10AR01 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

01122019EPT37 : 7 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (8) – around 500 kb each.
Location : Chennai outskirts
Date :07.08.2019
Elevation : 33 mts.
Habitat : Village roadside
Habit : thorny shrub

Could be Gmelina asiatica

I too agreed with …

yes.  the first time i saw it i was may be seven years old.

i called it the square yellow flower on a thorny bush and its still a square yellow flower on a thorny bush. only now i know its binomial name for the last fifty years!!! (if you look into its face down the tube, it has a square outline, because of 4 petals i guess)

No doubt about that!

Mulkumizhi in Tamil. Very common shrub in scrub jungles &  Guindy National park, Chennai.


Lamiacae: Gmelina asiatica L.: 1 image.
synonyms: Gmelina parvifolia Roxb., Gmelina attenuata H.R.Fletcher
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997