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Gossypium herbaceum L.


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BSI Flora ofIndia with details & keys (Volume 3- 1993) (Distribution):

   var. arboreum (Cultivated in Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland and also in gardens in most parts of India)
   var. obtusifolium (Roxb.) Roberty (Cultivated in all cotton growing areas of India) = Gossypium arboreum L.
   var. acuminatum (Roxb.) Masters (Sporadically cultivated in India and Africa, while it is mainly cultivated in tropical S. America) [? Gossypium barbadense var. acuminatum (Roxb. ex G. Don) Triana & Planch. = Gossypium barbadense L.]
   var. barbadense (In India attempts had been made to grow the cultivars of this variety (Sea Island types) in Punjab without success, however, 2 cultivars, viz. St. Vincent and Montserrat in Malabar (Kerala) and South Kanara (Karnataka) were reported to be successful. Cultivated in most tropical countries) 
Gossypium herbaceum L. (Cultivated throughout in Cotton growing areas of India and throughout Tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World)
Gossypium hirsutum L. (In India large scale cultivation of this species (American Cottons) is mainly in Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. Introduced from tropical America in most tropical countries of the old world including India)
Gossypium stocksii Masters (India: Gujarat; Pakistan(Sind), S.E. Arabia and Somaliland)

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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name
Gossypium
arboreum
L.
Erect Shrub Plains,
Cultivated
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All districts Paruthi,
Sembaruthi
Gossypium barbadense L. Erect
Under shrub or Shrub
Plains,
Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Seemai
paruthi
Gossypium herbaceum L. Erect
Under shrub
Plains,
Cultivated 
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Uppam
parutti 
Gossypium hirsutum L. Erect
Under shrub or Shrub
Cultivated,
Native of Tropical America
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Paruthi

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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Gossypium arboreum Malvaceae Cotton
Gossypium hirsutum Gossypium mexicanum, Gossypium religiosum Malvaceae Mexican Cotton

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Gossypium arboreum Linn. (Tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World. It is occasionally cultivated in Pakistan)
Gossypium herbaceum Linn. (Cultivated in some countries)
Gossypium hirsutum Linn. (Cultivated in Tropical North and Central America, introduced into tropical countries of the Old World. It is extensively cultivated in Pakistan)
Gossypium stocksii Mast in Hook. f. (Pakistan (Sind) South-east Arabia and Somaliland)

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Gossypium arboreum L. (Old World tropics)
Gossypium barbadense L. (South America. Cultivated throughout the tropics)
Gossypium herbaceum L. [cultivated in China & India; origin in SW Asia].
Gossypium hirsutum L. (Central America. Cultivated throughout the tropics)

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Gossypium arboreum var. arboreum [cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions of the Old World; origin in India].
Gossypium barbadense var. barbadense [India; Africa (Egypt), tropical Asia, North America (United States), Pacific islands, tropical South America].
Gossypium herbaceum Linnaeus
Gossypium hirsutum Linnaeus [probably of American origin (?Mexico), now cultivated throughout warmer parts of the world].

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Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A Taxonomic Monograph By V. V. Sivarajan, A. K. Pradeep (1996)- Details-

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Fibres By Brink, M. & Achigan-Dako, E.G. (2012)- Details-


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Genetics and Genomics of Cotton edited by Andrew Paterson (2009)- Details


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The Indian Encyclopaedia: Gautami Ganga -Himmat Bahadur edited by Subodh Kapoor (2002)- Details-

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Gossypium : 1 post by 1 author

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Gossypium (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful. Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


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Gossypium (‎‎‎Malvaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 2 posts by 1 author.
Pl. go through Gossypium (‎‎‎Malvaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.
If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


 

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