Gynura amplexicaulis Oliv. & Hiern (Images by Satish Nikam (Id by MADHUKAR BACHULKAR)  & Alka Khare (Id by Radha Veach) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))



Gynura nitida DC. (W. & S. India, Indo-China as per POWO)


Gynura pseudochina (L.) DC. (Tropical Africa, Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China, Jawa: Angola, Assam, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Hainan, India, Jawa, Malawi, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre as per POWO)

Gynura travancorica W.W.Sm. (Images by Samir Mehta (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


Keys as per BSI Flora of India:

1a. Roots tuberous 7. Gynura pseudochina
b. Roots not tuberous 2
2a. Stems climbing 6. Gynura procumbens
b. Stems erect 3
3a. Leaves sessile 2. Gynura bicolor
b. Leaves petioled 4
4a. Capitula orange-orange red 5
b. Capitula yellow 6
5a. Leaves lyrate-pinnatisect; achenes ca 4 mm long, cylindrical, black 3. Gynura lycopersicifolia
b. Leaves not lyrate-pinnatisect; achenes ca 1 – 1.2 mm, grey black 5. Gynura nitida
6a. Leaves ovate to lyrate pinnatifid, densely purplish hairy on both the surfaces 1. Gynura aurantiaca
b. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate to obovate, white-pubescent or with dense, yellow hairs on upper surface 7
7a. Leaves with scattered white hairs on the upper surface 4. Gynura nepalensis
b. Leaves with dense yellow hairs on the upper surface 8. Gynura travancorica

A revision of Gynura (Asteraceae: Senecioneae)- Ongkarn VANIJAJIVA & Joachim W. KADEREIT– Journal of Systematics and Evolution 49 (4): 285–314 (2011) –
Abstract : A revision of the paleotropical genus Gynura Cass. is presented. Forty-four species are recognized, of  which three are described as new. These are G. daviesiae Vanijajiva & Kadereit, G. villosa Vanijajiva & Kadereit, and G. siamensis Vanijajiva & Kadereit. Gynura dissecta (F. G. Davies) Vanijajiva & Kadereit, G. annua (F. G. Davies)  Vanijajiva & Kadereit, and G. aurantiaca (Bl.) DC. subsp. parviflora (F. G. Davies) Vanijajiva & Kadereit are new  combinations. An identification key, descriptions, and distribution maps are provided


Here are the keys to genus Gynura from Flora Maharashtra 3:11.
1. Leaves glabrous ……. 2
2. Climbing or sarmentose herbs —- G. procumbens
2. Erect herbs — 3
3. Leaves fleshy, 2.8-4 by 2.8-4 cm — G. nitida
3. Leaves not fleshy, 2.5 by 2.5 cm — G. bicolor
1. Leaves with dense tomentum, simple —— G. travancorica

BSI Flora of India with details & keys (Volume 12- 1995) (Distribution):

Gynura aurantiaca (Blume) DC. (India: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh; Indonesia)
Gynura bicolor (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC. (India: Widely distributed between 2000 – 3000 m. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Maharashtra; Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China and Japan)
  subsp. Iycopersicifolia (India: South India) 
  subsp. taprobanensis Grierson (India: Orissa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka)
Gynura nepalensis DC. (India: Himalayas and the N.E. region. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and Meghalaya; Nepal, China, Myanmar and Thailand)
Gynura nitida DC. in Wight (India: Penninsular India, between 1200 – 2500 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu)
Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. (India: Arunachal Pradesh, Abor Hills; Tropical W. Africa, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Malesia, Nigeria, Siberia, Ivory-Coast and Central African Empire)
Gynura pseudochina (L.) DC. (India: Sikkim and Kerala; Sri Lanka. China, Myanmar, Indonesia and Thailand)
Gynura travancorica W.W. Smith (India: Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala)

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
(Blume) DC.
Herb Western Ghats,
  Native of Australia
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
  Nilgiri,  Theni, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli,
Virudhu nagar
Gynura bicolor (Willd.) DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Open

Gynura lycopersicifolia DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Open
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Gynura nitida DC. Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats,
Altitude, Open
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Dindigul, Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Virudhu nagar
Gynura pseudo-china (L.) DC.  Herb Western
Ghats , Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniya kumari,
Gynura travancorica W.W. Smith Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Sharma et al. 1977
Nilgiri, Theni


Gynura angulosa DC. (syn. of Gynura cusimbua (D. Don) S. Moore as per GRIN, FOC but not as per GCC)
Gynura cusimbua (DON) MOORE
Gynura hispida THW.
Gynura pseudo-china DC.

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Gynura cusimbua Gynura angulosa, Cacalia cusimbua Asteraceae Hill Gynura
Gynura pseudochina Gynura miniata Asteraceae Chinese Gynura


Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):

Gynura cusimbua (D. Don) S. Moore (Himalaya (Garhwal to Mishmi), India, Tibet, Burma, Thailand, W. China)

Gynura nepalensis DC. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Assam, Burma, Thailand, China)

Gynura pseudo-china (L.) DC. ( Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, China, cultivated in Java)


Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China [Distribution other than China]:

Gynura bicolor (Roxburgh ex Willdenow) Candolle [Myanmar, Thailand; widely cultivated in gardens].

Gynura cusimbua (D. Don) S. Moore [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].

Gynura nepalensis Candolle [Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].

Gynura procumbens (Loureiro) Merrill [Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa].

Gynura pseudochina (Linnaeus) Candolle [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand; Africa; tropical Africa; cultivated in Indonesia (Java)].


Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah (2007- Details with keys):



An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with keys):



Pl. go through Gynura (‎‎‎‎‎Asteraceae (Compositae)‎) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.



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