Gynura amplexicaulis Oliv. & Hiern (Images by Satish Nikam (Id by MADHUKAR BACHULKAR)  & Alka Khare (Id by Radha Veach) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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Gynura nitida DC. ? (Images by Yazdi Palia (Id suggestion by Neil Soares) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)

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Gynura travancorica W.W.Sm. (Images by Samir Mehta (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))

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A revision of Gynura (Asteraceae: Senecioneae)- Ongkarn VANIJAJIVA & Joachim W. KADEREIT– Journal of Systematics and Evolution 49 (4): 285–314 (2011) –

Abstract : A revision of the paleotropical genus Gynura Cass. is presented. Forty-four species are recognized, of  which three are described as new. These are G. daviesiae Vanijajiva & Kadereit, G. villosa Vanijajiva & Kadereit, and G. siamensis Vanijajiva & Kadereit. Gynura dissecta (F. G. Davies) Vanijajiva & Kadereit, G. annua (F. G. Davies)  Vanijajiva & Kadereit, and G. aurantiaca (Bl.) DC. subsp. parviflora (F. G. Davies) Vanijajiva & Kadereit are new  combinations. An identification key, descriptions, and distribution maps are provided


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Here are the keys to genus Gynura from Flora Maharashtra 3:11.
1. Leaves glabrous……………………………………………2
2. Climbing or sarmentose herbs—————-G. procumbens
2. Erect herbs——————————–3
3. Leaves fleshy, 2.8-4 by 2.8-4 cm ————-G. nitida
3. Leaves not fleshy, 2.5 by 2.5 cm————–.G. bicolor
1. Leaves with dense tomentum, simple———-.G. travancorica


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BSI Flora of India with details & keys (Volume 12- 1995) (Distribution):

Gynura aurantiaca (Blume) DC. (India: Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh; Indonesia)
Gynura bicolor (Roxb. ex Willd.) DC. (India: Widely distributed between 2000 – 3000 m. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Maharashtra; Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China and Japan)
  subsp. Iycopersicifolia (India: South India) 
  subsp. taprobanensis Grierson (India: Orissa, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka)
Gynura nepalensis DC. (India: Himalayas and the N.E. region. Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim and Meghalaya; Nepal, China, Myanmar and Thailand)
Gynura nitida DC. in Wight (India: Penninsular India, between 1200 – 2500 m. Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu)
Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. (India: Arunachal Pradesh, Abor Hills; Tropical W. Africa, China, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Malesia, Nigeria, Siberia, Ivory-Coast and Central African Empire)
Gynura pseudochina (L.) DC. (India: Sikkim and Kerala; Sri Lanka. China, Myanmar, Indonesia and Thailand)
Gynura travancorica W.W. Smith (India: Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala)

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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Gynura
aurantiaca
(Blume) DC.
Herb Western Ghats,
Naturalized,
  Native of Australia
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul,
  Nilgiri,  Theni, Tiruchchirappalli, Tirunelveli,
Virudhunagar
Gynura bicolor (Willd.) DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Open
 Localities
Matthew,
1999
Dindigul
Gynura lycopersicifolia DC. Herb Western
Ghats, Open
  Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Gynura nitida DC. Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats,
  High
Altitude, Open
  Localities
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Virudhunagar
Gynura pseudo-china (L.) DC.  Herb Western
Ghats , Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniyakumari,
Tirunelveli
Gynura travancorica W.W. Smith Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Sharma et al. 1977
Dindigul,
Nilgiri, Theni

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Gynura angulosa DC. (syn. of Gynura cusimbua (D. Don) S. Moore as per GRIN, FOC but not as per GCC)
Gynura cusimbua (DON) MOORE
Gynura hispida THW.
Gynura pseudo-china DC.

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Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Gynura cusimbua Gynura angulosa, Cacalia cusimbua Asteraceae Hill Gynura
Gynura pseudochina Gynura miniata Asteraceae Chinese Gynura

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Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):

Gynura cusimbua (D. Don) S. Moore (Himalaya (Garhwal to Mishmi), India, Tibet, Burma, Thailand, W. China)

Gynura nepalensis DC. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), Assam, Burma, Thailand, China)

Gynura pseudo-china (L.) DC. ( Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, Ceylon, Burma, Thailand, Indo-China, China, cultivated in Java)


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Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China [Distribution other than China]:

Gynura bicolor (Roxburgh ex Willdenow) Candolle [Myanmar, Thailand; widely cultivated in gardens].

Gynura cusimbua (D. Don) S. Moore [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].

Gynura nepalensis Candolle [Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand].

Gynura procumbens (Loureiro) Merrill [Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa].

Gynura pseudochina (Linnaeus) Candolle [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand; Africa; tropical Africa; cultivated in Indonesia (Java)].


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Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah (2007- Details with keys):


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An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995- Details with keys):

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Pl. go through Gynura (‎‎‎‎‎Asteraceae (Compositae)‎) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


 

 

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