commonly known as: American mint, bush mint, chan, horehound, pignut, stinking Roger, wild spikenard • *Bengali*: বিলাতি তুলস bilatti tulas • * Bihari*: bhunsuri • *Hindi*: विलायती तुलसी vilaiti tulsi • *Malayalam*: നാറ്റപ്പൂച്ചെടി naatta poochedi • *Marathi*: भुस्त्रैण bhustrena, दर्प तुळस darp tulas, जंगली तुळस jungli tulas • *Oriya*: Ganga tulasi • *Sanskrit*: भुस्त्रैण bhustrna • *Telugu*: శీర్ణ తులసి sirna tulasi ;
HY-tis — from the Greek huptios, turned back, referring to lower lip position of the flower
swah-vee-OH-lens — fragrant
Native to: tropical America; naturalized throughout tropics & subtropics
Tall reaching 2 m in height, covered with white hairs; leaves ovate wrinkled; flowers pink or white, small.
Used as pseudocereal in Latin America. Also used as refreshing health drink and in medicine to control diarrhea;
wiki describes it as a useful insecticide for storing grains ;

It is my pleasure to present few images of Hyptis suaveolens (Lamiaceae)

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=2440&cat=1

Ref: FOI

Habit: Under shrub 

Habitat: Wild, wastelands 

Sighting: Tumkur and Bangalore, Karnataka, about 900 msl 

Date:17-08-2014, 02-11-2014, 16-11-2014, 04-10-2015 and 05-10-2015

HY-tis — from the Greek huptios, turned back, referring to lower lip position of the flower
swah-vee-OH-lens — fragrant
[image: Jungli Tulas (Marathi: जंगली तुळस)]<>
Feb 12, 2010 at Kharghar Hills, Navi Mumbai
*commonly known as*: American mint, bush mint, chan, horehound, pignut, stinking Roger, wild spikenard • *Bengali*: বিলাতি তুলস bilatti tulas • * Bihari*: bhunsuri • *Hindi*: विलायती तुलसी vilaiti tulsi • *Malayalam*:
നാറ്റപ്പൂച്ചെടി naatta poochedi • *Marathi*: भुस्त्रैण bhustrena, दर्प तुळस darp tulas, जंगली तुळस jungli tulas • *Oriya*: Ganga tulasi • *Sanskrit*: भुस्त्रैण bhustrna • *Telugu*: శీర్ణ తులసి sirna tulasi
Native to: tropical America; naturalized throughout tropics & subtropics
   – [image: Bilatti Tulas (Bengali: বিলাতি তুলস)]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/2951476877/>
Oct 18, 2008 at Tungareshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra
– [image: Vilaiti Tulsi (Hindi: विलायती तुलसी)]<http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/1567515764/>
Oct 14, 2007 at Kharghar Hills, Navi Mumbai

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 7:472, t. 29, fig. 2. 1806
syn: Ballota suaveolens L.
Common names: horehound, pignut, wild spikenard, Chan
Tall reaching 2 m in height, covered with white hairs; leaves ovate wrinkled; flowers pink or white, small.
Used as pseudocereal in Latin America. Also used as refreshing health drink and in medicine to control diarrhea.
Photographed from Herbal Garden in Delhi.

Interesting photo, in Maharashtra we don’t get such long spike in H. suaveolens. atleast i have not seen.

efloraindia-id 050911 BRS 15:
Request for id. of the attached photos.
In local they call it as wild thulasi (Tamil).
Date: 02.09.2011
Palce: Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist.
630 MSL
Urban: road side plant. Herb.

The plant is Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit., coming under Lamiaceae.
Originally from America now Pantropical.


Shrub 10 for ID plz.:
This plant has been clicked in Chennai, India, by the road side… ID plz.


efloraindia: 220911 BRS42:
I would like to know the sp. confirmation of the attached photos.
Mentha? sp. confirmation. requested.

Date/Time-Location- Sep. 2011
Place, Altitude, GPS-NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Coimbatore Dist.,
Habitat- Garden
Plant Habit-  Herb
Fragrance value.


For Id 081011 NS1:
This wild plant with tiny purple flowers, was photographed @ Warje,Pune.
Dated- 5th Oct 11.
Plz Identify.

Hyptis suaveolens from family Lamiaceae (in Marathi Ran-Tulas, or Bhut Ganja), exotic weed..

ID requested Wild flower from Sagargad (09/11/2011-NSJ-01):
A wildflower from Sagargad.
Habitat – Wild, herb around 2 feet tall
Photo taken on Jan 26, 2010
Location Sagargad Near Alibuag (Maharashtra)

Plz id this herb: pa18 – 30oct2012:
Plz id this herb from Yeoor region. It’s around 5 foot height and smells like mint anf tulsi.

Hyptis suaveolens

Yes indeed its highly aromatic plant


Wild plant ID request – RK37 – 28-Oct-2012:
Request id of this wild shrub / herb from Vasai region. No leaves and flowers seen but saw plenty of these dry(?) pods / fruits(?). Entire plant is densely hairy.

This is mature fruits of Hyptis suaveolens

Yes … Good observation. I remember observing them.

If it is Hyptis suaveolens…. it may be one of the PL480 uninvited weeds…
but its a value added guest…
wiki describes it as a useful insecticide for storing grains
may be Indian can learn to farm it and , use it and market it…
and it seems it has a substantial content of essential oils
Essential oil pl480 weed Hyptis suaveolens AU paper molecules-02-00165-1 file attached …. its an old paper but still was on top of my googling… and even thailand is studying it, i donot know if they are using the knowledge though….http://www.scipharm.at/download.asp?id=199
ANY HORTICULTURIST AMONG US OR such authority figures among our vast numbers of members? I would love to hear from you and .

Hyptis suaveolens from Hooghly: This 3 feet herb seems to be the Hyptis suaveolens (Linnaeus) Poiteau.

H & H : wild herb, 3 feet, roadside scrub
Date : 19/11/12, 1.15 p.m.
Place : Hooghly
And, as i was taking its photographs a yamfly was resting after laying on Smilax ovalifolia.

Yes, …, this is definitely Hyptis suaveolens…nice pictures…

14022012 BS-3 Another Lamiaceae herb for id from Maihar MP:

One more lamiaceae herb for id from Maihar MP
Shot on 17-1-12 from the way of Maa Sharda Temple
can this be Hyptis suaveolens

Yes this is Hyptis suaveolens 

Yes, Very beautiful shots of Hyptis suaveolens (Linn.) Poit…..


Hyptis suaveolens- an invasive species : 1 post by 1 author.
Please find below the article with your Hyptis suaveolens photograph.


Requesting ID of this plant with purple flowers – Devgad, Maharashtra :: 03092013 :: ARK-03 :: November 2012 :  Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting to please ID the purple flowers captured near Devgad, Maharashtra in November 2012.

Looks like Hyptis suaveolens.. Lamiaceae

Thank you … for ID…

ID Request 030913SG-A :  Attachments (3). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Help ID of following herb, 3-4ft ht, with strong aromatic smell, photographed on 01Sep13 at Dhavlas

Doesn’t this look like the one I posted today
This was identified by … as Hyptis suaveolens

Yes it is Hyptis suaveolens (Lamiaceae)

Yes it is Hyptis suaveolens

04092013 BRS 508 :  Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. confirmation.
Location : Chembarampakkam, Chennai
Date: 31.08.2013
Habitat: Rural, Along the road side.
Habit: Herb

Hyptis suaveolens


I am … from H. J. Thim college of Arts and Science Mehrun Jalgaon.
On last Sunday when I was in the field I have collected one plant that is Hyptis that plants always having blue colored flower but I have observed the white flower..
total near about 15 plants 2-3 plants having white flower and all having blue flower..
Whether it is ecological variation or not ? or any other reason
Please guide me in this regards.

Species in efi so far from mainland India: Hyptis suaveolens

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit from Assam : Attachments (8). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Attached images are Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.
Date :21.10.2013 & 06.11.2013
Location: Kamrup district
Family : Verbenaceae
Genus & species : Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit
Habitat: Grows wild on side of railway tract and hilly area
Habit : Herb

Thanks … for nice images…
This is more abundant than I thought… in plains as well as lower hills…. having a wide range of distribution also…

Correct only

Shilonda, SGNP, Jul 2014 :: Requesting ID of this plant :: 21JUL14 :: ARK-22 :  5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3).
Requesting to please ID this plant captured on the Shilonda trail, SGNP, Mumbai in July 2014.

Aren’t these the saplings of Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. ?
…, didn’t you smell the leaves ?

I think yes, Hyptis suaveolens

Thanks … for the ID……
…, it did not strike me to smell the leaves, although I guessed them to be H. suaveolens….

Sharing the images of American Mint (Hyptis suaveolens) from Anaikatti Hills, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu


Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.
in various forests around Mumbai at various times

Beautiful photographs.

Hyptis suaveolens


Attached are pictures of Hyptis suaveolens captured near Devgad, Konkan, Maharashtra in November 2012.


Attached are pictures of young plants of Hyptis suaveolens captured at SGNP, Mumbai in July 2014

Lamiaceae (inc. Verbenaceae) Fortnight: Verbenaceae – Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit from Assam – KD 17 MAY 2015 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Attached images are Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit  

Lamiaceae, Hyptis suaveolens. photographed from Dakpathar



Lamiaceae (Incl. Verbenaceae) Fortnight: Hyptis suaveolens from Gori Valley- NS May 68/68 : 7 posts by 4 authors.
This plant was also recorded from Gori Valley area, common otherwise too..
Hyptis suaveolens

So this species has also invaded a remote Himalayan Valley. Noxious weed, a threat to native flora.

where did it come from and how?

A tropical American weed. How it reached here is not known.

is there a database of weed’s first appearance or reporting in India?

No idea


Lamiaceae (Incl. Verbenaceae) Fortnight: Hyptis suaveolens from Panipat- NS May 89/89 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
An aromatic herb, not much common here..
Hyptis suaveolensfrom Panipat

faded fotos. happens sometimes when we go too rapidly from shade to sun and forget this to change


Flora of Kaiga_Sharing_Hyptis suaveolens 17102015 PK1 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

American MintHyptis suaveolensWhat the best way to escape mosquito bites? Nature has the answer for this: just apply the oil extracted from the American mint to protect yourself from notorious mosquitoes, says a paper published in the Journal of the American Mosquito control
association. Brimming with nectar, the flowers of the American mint  are a choice favourite of several butterflies for their meal. Knowing that
butterflies and other insects visit these flowers, predators like spiders and mantids  stay near the flowers to hunt their prey.
This is an annual plant that grows with the onset of monsoon throughout the world. In India it is common in forest paths and country sides. D’nt forget to inhale the aroma of the Bush mint during your forest walk next time.
Date/Time-:21/10/2011   –    11:30,
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-   Wild
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb – Shrub

Talegaon Dabhade Pune
Dec 2015
Requesting to Id this wild bush with light blue flowers

… the American mint … Hyptis suaveolens.


SK158OCT22-2016:ID : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

Sharing some pictures for ID shot at Kurintar Nepal on 29 December 2013 at 900

Appears to be a Lamiaceae.  Any leaves.

Please check for Hyptis suaveolens (Lamiaceae).

Hyptis in eFI.

Thank you for ID. Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze (accepted name)

Syn : Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. (synonym)
बन बावरी Ban Baawaree / ठुलो मिर्रे Thulo Mirre

SK482 25 APR-2017:ID : 9 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (10)
Location: Balason River, Soureni, Mirik, India
Date: 21 April 2017
Altitude: 1700 ft.

Superb images, …  Some lamiaceae member,  I think close to weed Jungli Tulsi?

Some Heptis species?

Did not find heptis in google.

Sorry for spelling mistake. It should be Hyptis. Pl.  Check the following:

Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze (accepted name) ?? Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. (synonym) 

From photos I feel it must be Hyptis suaveolens. Highly invasive weed, from S America, In almost all parts of India it is reported!

Thank you all. Nepali Names : बन बावरी Ban Baawaree / ठुलो मिर्रे Thulo Mirre

05082017BHAR2 – 1 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Found in my garden near Chennai.
The flower appears like a face for me interestingly.

The flower appearing like a face … is American mintHyptis suaveolens.


Identify this south india plant. : 4 posts by 2 authors.
https://i.imgur.com/keRvCaxr.jpg – whole plant.
Identify the plant by clicking this links. All links belong to same plant.

Looks like Hyptis suaveolens (Lamiaceae).
Please compare with the images of this species in eFI.

It is Hyptis sauveolens – not a south Indian plant, it is an exotic, invasive weed



Plant ID : 7 posts by 5 authors. 3 images.

Hyptis suaveolens.


21112019EPT25 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)- around 500 kb each.
Requesting  ID for the roadside weed
Location : Chennai outskirts
Date : 20.11.2019
Elevation : 33 mts.

Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze, Lamiaceae,

Name change in Hyptis too ??

Yes, …,


30112019EPT36 : 8 posts by 5 authors. 4 correct images except 1st one.
presenting for ID found among roadside bushes
Location : Chennai outskirts 
Date :15.11.19
Elevation : 33 mts.

First pics looks different, the remaining are Hyptis suaveolens

its perhaps all the same plant
see dissected flowers in this paper

Perfectly correct

do you mean the first two pictures are not Hyptis suaveolens???

Oversight! I guess first image is not H. sauveolens.

ok. that’s possible. i just thought it was “damaged”

What is first one ?? That too we must look for.

300519AB2 ID : 3 posts by 2 authors.

Identification please. Very abundant plant in Melghat and rest of the Vidarbha. 

Date/Time- November 2, 2017; 09:19 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Eastern Melghat, 21°18.062′ N, 77°23.278′ E

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-  Shrub

Height/Length- Upto 4’ Height

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Size 1-1.5 cm diameter and height, Colour Light Purple.

Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze Syn: Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit.


in Bhopal; on 20/9/08 in Hyderabad, AP; at Dankuni marsh, (Kolkata ) on 8.03.09; SNGP Oct’09?; Delhi- in Herbal Garden- Nov.’09?; March 7, 2010- Koppa Place; 6th & 13th of October, 2009: Nasik;



20112019EPT236 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)- around 500 kb each.
Location : Chennai outskirts. Date :15.10.2019. Elevation : 33 mts

Hyptis suaveolens….Lamiaceae

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. Lamiaceae


24012020EPT55 : 2 posts by 2 authors.
presenting for ID. Hyptis sp ? Location : Chennai outskirts. Date :16.01.2020. Elevation : 40 meters. Habitat : gravel road. Habit : Creeping on ground

Yes Hyptis suaveolens !


74 ID wild plant: 14 images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location:         near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, Kerala PIN:686671
Date:.              19.04.21, 02.10pm macro lens, 15.12.2020, 12.15pm, 06.11.2020, 04.00pm
Altitude:           1700fsl
Habitat:            wild moisture
Plant habit:      aromatic hairy erect branches semi-hard stem annual
Height:             03 feet
Leaves:            aromatic opposite heart shaped toothed margin apex
Flower:             diameter:03mm, violet
Seed:               black, mucosa when wet
Camera:           mobile LG K10 2017 13mp

Mesosphaerum suaveolens (American mint)

Yes It’s  …

03092011GS1 a tall herb from near Nagrota in J & K for ID:
This herbaceous plant up to 90 cm tall, while still in vegetative condition was found growing along roadsides mixed up with Sesamum, Cassia, Martynia and Parthenium. It has long petioled ovate-cordate thick rugose leaves, reaching 20 cm in width, almost as long and petiole nearly as long as blade. The leaves are crumpled and narrower when young. Undersurface of leaves is whitish. It was still in vegetative condition, growing near Nagrota between Udhampur & Jammu in J & K State. Photographed on August 22. Any clue please.

is it something from Solanaceae ??

a wild guess Hyptis suaveolens???

I have seen H. suaveolens growing in Herbal garden in Delhi. The leaves here are much larger and broader.

sirji, garden plant and road side plant have much variation in size and shape of leaves..

It seems like Hyptis suaveolens to me too. But am not sure. I have been uprooting a lot of Hyptis suaveolens recently while weeding a plot! Unfortunately I didn’t photograph the plant. When the leaves are
crushed it leaves a black colour on your fingers.

Please also consider that leaves of Hyptis suaveolens are not white underneath, also the leaves are not more than 8 cm long and not more than 4 cm broad as per eFlora of Pakistan, here they are up to 20 cm long and almost as broad. Can we accomodate that under simple variation. I am uploading H. suaveolens from Delhi.

sirji, your photo is of full grown plant, whereas the posted photo is very small, m not able to see beneath part in any of the photos… still i think its Hyptis…

I too think that this is Hyptis suaveolens of Lamiaceae family. The small plants always have larger leaves than that of larger/ mature plants.
Any way if we get the flower pictures, it would be easy to confirm the same.

Pls check if it is Xanthium of Asteraceae.

Hyptis suaveolens is an aromatic plant pls check the aroma can it be Pedalium or Xanthium

Yes, more likely to be Hyptis suaveolens rather than Xanthium strumarium

Yes I too agree with you both for Hyptis


Lamiaceae plant for id: 2 images.
Request for I’d of a Lamiaceae plant for I’d.
Photographed from Bilaspur in February, 2022.

Mesosphaerum suaveolens (L.) Kuntze


SYMBIOSIS 1522: 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Carpenter bee visiting flowers of Hyptis suaveolens.


Attaching a collage of Common Grass yellow butterfly visiting flowers of Hyptis suavelones.


Lamiacae: Mesosphaerum suaveolens Kuntze: 2 images.
synonyms: Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit., Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poir.
location/date: (1) Nandi Hills, Bangalore, Karnataka, July 1997; (2: close-up)Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994





Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *