Ixora coccinea L., Sp. Pl. 110 1753. (Syn: Ixora arborea Lodd. [Invalid]; Ixora bandhuca Roxb.; Ixora chelsonii Van Geert; Ixora coccinea var. aureorosea CornerIxora coccinea var. bandhuca (Roxb.) Kurz; Ixora coccinea var. decolorans CornerIxora coccinea var. hermannii Fosberg & Sachet;; Ixora coccinea var. intermedia Fosberg & Sachet; Ixora coccinea var. linneana Kurz; Ixora coccinea f. lutea (Hutch.) Fosberg & Sachet; Ixora coccinea var. lutea (Hutch.) Corner; Ixora coccinea var. rosea Corner; Ixora eekhautii Gentil; Ixora flora-lutea Dreer; Ixora fraseri Gentil; Ixora grandiflora Ker Gawl.; Ixora incarnata (Blume) DC. [Illegitimate]; Ixora lutea Hutch.; Ixora montana Lour.; Ixora morsei Gentil; Ixora obovata B.Heyne ex Roth; Ixora profusa Van Geert; Ixora propinqua R.Br. ex G.Don; Ixora purpurea Fisch. ex Loud.; Ixora radiata var. thomeana K.Schum.; Ixora shawii J.Neumann [Invalid]; Ixora thomeana (K.Schum.) G.Taylor; Pavetta bandhuca Miq.Pavetta incarnata Blume; Pavetta rubra Noronha);
.
W. & S. India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh to Indo-China as per WCSP;
Andaman Is.; Bangladesh; Belize; Borneo; Cambodia; Colombia; Costa Rica; East Himalaya; El Salvador; Gambia; Gilbert Is.; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Honduras; India; Malaya; Mexico Southeast; Nicaragua; Panam; Queensland; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Vietnam; Western Australia as per Catalogue of life;
.
iks-OR-uh — named after Iswara Malabar deity
kok-SIN-ee-uh — scarlet
.
commonly known as: ixora, jungle geranium, West Indian jasmine • Bengali: rookmini • Hindi: rajana, rangan, रुगमिनी rugmini • Kannada: gudde dosal, kepala, kisukare • Konkani: patkali, podkali • Malayalam: chethi, thechi, thetti • Marathi: बकोरा bakora, पेंडगूळ pendgul • Oriya: bondhuko, romoniphulo • Sanskrit: बन्धूक bandhuka, bandhujivaka, ईश्वर ishwara • Tamil: வெட்சி vetchi • Telugu: మనమధబానం manmadhabanam, రామబాణము ramabanamu
.
Native to: India, Sri Lanka
.
Characterized by sessile oblong leaves up to 10 cm long, obtuse or mucronate; flowers bright scarlet with nearly 4-5 cm long corolla tube, acute corolla lobes 8-10 mm long.

The species is widely cultivated and comes in a variety of colours but can be easily recognised by its smaller habit, sessile almost clasping oblong leaves baring reaching 10 cm, and flowers with corolla lobes usually less than 10 mm long.

.


 

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Rubiaceae Week: Ixora coccinea:

Ixora coccinea

flowers and fruits


Yes … Nice photographs



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Rubiaceae Week:: Ixora coccinea at Nagla sector SGNP:  Came across this Shrub with flowers & Fruits at Nagla sector of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai.

Botanical name:

Ixora coccinea

Family:

Rubiaceae

Local name (Marathi):

Bakora

Date/Time-

14-03-2010 /11:20 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-

Nagla Bundar, Thane Dist., 10 ft

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-

Wild

Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- 

Shrub

Height/Length-

~ 1 m

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

Opposite, sessile, base rounded, 4 to 8cm

Inflorescence Type/ Size-

(Photograph enclosed)

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-

Scarlet Red

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-

Almost round (1cm), smooth, colour: Red with glossy finish


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Ixora coccinea f. lutea (Hutch.) Fosberg & Sachet, Baileya 23 (2): 79, 1989
syn: Ixora lutea (Hutch.)
Evergreen shrub up to 1.3 m tall; leaves opposite, sessile, oblong, up to 10 cm long, cordate or slightly amplexicaule at baseobtuse or mucronate, lateral veins 8-15 pairs; flowers yellows (in this form) in 5-10 cm wide corymbose cymes on very short peduncle; pedicel almost absent; bracts 6-8 mm long; calyx teeth minute, corolla tube 25-40 mm long, lobes 8-10 mm long, acute; stamens 4 with short filaments, anthers falling early; style exserted; fruit globose, red when ripe.
The species is widely cultivated and comes in a variety of colours but can be easily recognised by its smaller habit, sessile almost clasping oblong leaves baring reaching 10 cm, and flowers with corolla lobes usually less than 10 mm long. This yellow variety (now relegated to form) earlier uploaded by me as var. flava (which does not seem to have been a published name) has wider corolla lobes than typical and more fuller flowers.

Photographed from Khalsa College, Delhi


Well illustrated upload …; very useful for ID.



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Ornamental Ixora for identification :: 181213MK001 :  Attachments (6).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Please help me in identifying this ornamental Ixora species of Rubiaceae.
Leaf: 10-12 cm long
Flower: 5cm long
Habitat: Garden
Place: Ramanathapuram town, TN
Date: 10 Dec 2013

Alt.: 5 m asl


Ixora coccinea


I. coxinia



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Re: Ixora lutea :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
While trying to find the correct name for my Yellow Ixora, I came across two posts by you, with the same pictures, but different names.
Could you kindly let me know the right one.
1) Ixora coccinea f. lutea
2) Ixora coccinea var. flava

Pictures in both posts are the same.


Correct name is Ixora coccinea (Cultivated)


Thanks a lot … for a quick response.

Adding my picture taken in August, 2011 in Mumbai.



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Requesting to please ID this shrub captured near Devgad, Maharashtra in May 2014.

Is this Ixora coccinea? The fruits can be eaten…


Yes This is Ixora coccinea



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BND 1 31/10/14 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Please ID this small herbaceous ornamental plant with pink flowers.

Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in March 2013.


Most probably, Ixora coccinea.



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Ixora coccinea is one of the dominant shrubs of the understorey on Madh Hill.
Sharing some pictures of the scarlet buds & flowers, the ripe fruit, and the leaves.

Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in March 2015.


its fruiting already?
i must go and check the one plant of ixora I know that fruits in the southern delta…


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SK1238 27 JUNE 2018 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Location:  Sevok, WB, India
Date: 18 May 2018
Altitude: 700 ft.
Habit : Cultivated

I also guessed so. Shall check.

Pl. check Ixora coccinea L. as per comparative images at Ixora

Some hybrid Ixora.

I guess matching with Ixora coccinea L..


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Ixora-flower-and-fruit-030711M­N:  Sending photo of Ixora flower and fruit. This is a wild type growing near a
temple in Kerala.

I consider this red flower to be from the Rubiaceae family Ixora, Jungle geranium, Ixora coccinea


Yes Ixora coccinea



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Rain drops prettily perched from Kukke – Ixora coccineae:  Date/Time-08 Nov 2010 07.50
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Kukke, Dakshina Kanada, Western ghats

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-, Garden,
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Shrub
Height/Length-approx – 4 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape –Elliptic,Opposite, 9cms approx,
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-3cms approx, Red


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Rain drops prettily perched from Kukke -#1 – IDreq-15JulAR01:  Rain drops prettily perched from Kukke – IDreq-15JulAR01
Date/Time-08 Nov 2010
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Kukke, Dakshina Kanada, Western ghats
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-, Garden,
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Shrub
Height/Length-approx – 4 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape –Elliptic, 10cms,
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-3-4cms approx, Red



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Flora of Panipat; Ixora coccinea from arya PG College campus Panipat Haryana:  Ixora coccinea
dwarf double petaled variety
from Arya PG College Campus
pics on 18-6-11



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Ixora coccinea from Dakpathar:  Ixora coccinea L., Sp. Pl. 110. 1753. Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 375. 1820
syn: Ixora bandhuca Roxb.; Ixora grandiflora Ker; Ixora incarnata DC.
Common names: Jungle Geranium, flame-of-the-woods
Hindi and Beng: Rookmini, rajana
Mar: Pendgul, bakora
Tel: Koranam, mankana
Tam: Chetti, kullal, vedchi
Mal: Thechii, thetti
Kan: Kepala, kisukare
After a long search for nearly 3 years I think I am able to hunt out the typical specimen of this species characterized by sessile oblong leaves up to 10 cm long, obtuse or mucronate; flowers bright scarlet with nearly 4-5 cm long corolla tube, acute corolla lobes 8-10 mm long. Photographed from garden of Dakpathar rest house on September 16, 2011.
The genus Ixora is often much confused and poorly understood in our databases.
Ixora chinensis at FOI I think is Ixora finlaysiana, I. chinensis has shorter corolla tube, and broader obtuse corolla lobes
Ixora coccinea (Red)  and I. coccinea (yellow) of FOI may be I. chinensis as they have distinctly narrowed leaves and obtuse corolla lobes


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Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Kukke, Dakshina Kanada, Western ghats
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-, Garden,
P
lant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Height/Length-approx – 3-4 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape –Elliptic, 12cms approx,
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-2.5cms approx, Red


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dwarf pink Ixora coccinea: Please read this post along with “dwarf red Ixora coccinea” and “dwarf yellow Ixora coccinea“.

Species : Ixora coccinea L.
Variety : Dwarf pink, possible called “petite” variety
Habit : plant height – 2 ft. approx, leaves densely packed, sessile, avg. leaf length – 4 cm, corolla tube – 2.5 cm
Habitat : garden, cultured variety
Date : 21-05-12, 12.25 p.m.

Place : Hooghly, WB



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Rubiaceae Week : Ixora sp. Hooghly (WB):  I do hereby attach images of Ixora sp. for the theme of the month – Rubiaceae. We call this plant RANGAN in Bengali.
Besides its ornamental use and its medicinal properties it is also a host plant of the Monkey Puzzle (Rathinda amor) butterfly.
I also attach two photos featuring the butterfly one of which displays an egg (the white spot in the middle of the inflorescence) of the butterfly. I would also like to add that … of ‘ButterflyIndia’ (facebook) group helped me identify the egg of the same butterfly in the related photograph. Further, mango trees are also host of this butterfly.
Species : Ixora sp. ( Ixora coccinea ? )
Butterfly species : Rathinda amor (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rathinda_amor)
Date : 07/02/2012 & 17/11/2011 (showing butterfly)
Place : Gobra (Hooghly District), West Bengal
Habit : Shrub

Habitat : Garden


This is dwarf red Ixora coccinea L., possible “petite” variety. Please see efi thread


.


dwarf red Ixora coccinea:  Over the past 2 or 3 years i am watching these Ixora(s). There are red, pink and yellow varieties. These species are much smaller than other I. coccinea, never attaining a height of more than 3 feet.

Species : Ixora coccinea L.
Variety : Dwarf Red, possibly called “petite” variety
Habit : plant height – 2 ft. approx, leaves densely packed, sessile, avg. leaf length – 4 cm, corolla tube – 2.5 cm
Habitat : garden, cultured variety
Date : 21-05-12, 12.21 p.m.
Place : Hooghly, WB

This also gives answer to long pending ID of my Rubiaceae Week : Ixora sp. Hooghly (WB).


For yellow variety please see efi thread

For pink variety please see efi thread



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dwarf yellow Ixora coccinea: 3 images.

Please read this post along with the “dwarf red Ixora coccinea“.
Species : Ixora coccinea L.
Variety : Dwarf yellow, possible called “petite” variety
Habit : plant height – 2 ft. approx, leaves densely packed, sessile, avg. leaf length – 4 cm, corolla tube – 2.5 cm
Habitat : garden, cultured variety
Date : 21-05-12, 12.21 p.m.

Place : Hooghly, WB


For pink variety, please see efi thread


efi thread
Ixora coccinea var. flava from Delhi: Ixora coccinea var. flava

The yellow flowered variety photographed from Khalsa College Garden in Delhi


lovely, wonder if its a variety that does well in hot moist climate of Bengal?


I could not find Ixora coccinea var. flava either in the Plant List or at GRIN:

http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/search?q=Ixora+coccinea+var.+flava+
Could you pl. clarify it ?


The var. is based on Ixora flava Lodd ex G. Don, a name missing in The Plant List like many other names
But it is also true that this as well as similar var. lutea have no formal recognition and at the most can be labelled as Ixora coccinea “Yellow”

 

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Ixora coccinea L.
iks-OR-uh — named after Iswara Malabar deity
kok-SIN-ee-uh — scarlet
Apr 3, 2011 … at Bajpe near Mangalore, Karnataka
commonly known as: ixora, jungle geranium, West Indian jasmine • Bengali: rookmini • Hindi: rajana, rangan, रुगमिनी rugmini • Kannada: gudde dosal, kepala, kisukare • Konkani: patkali, podkali • Malayalam: chethi, thechi, thetti • Marathi: बकोरा bakora, पेंडगूळ pendgul • Oriya: bondhuko, romoniphulo • Sanskrit: बन्धूक bandhuka, bandhujivaka, ईश्वर ishwara • Tamil: வெட்சி vetchi • Telugu: మనమధబానం manmadhabanam, రామబాణము ramabanamu
Native to: India, Sri Lanka
Reference: Flowers of IndiaFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Apr 3, 2011 … at Bajpe near Mangalore, Karnataka
Sep 30, 2007 … at Nagla block of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai

Good set of pictures.


Good catch indeed.
I wonder how come such a beautiful plant occurs naturally at many places in Konkan and Western ghats….Yes it does attract ones attention when one spots it by roadside just everywhere esp in Konkan


my belief: it is thoroughly a native of Western Ghats besides other parts of southern India and Sri Lanka.
Requires validation; my belief could be wrong.


I meant to say…I am sure of this being native. I wonder about the nature which gives such a beautiful colour to the flowers amongst the otherwise dull not so colourful habitat.


Agreed … Indeed you had expressed it correctly earlier.




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Rubiaceae Week :: Ixora coccinea from Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai: Sending a photo of ixora from Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai.

Date : March 2009
Habitat : Cultivated



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Rubiaceae Week: Red ixora flowers and the large Southern wing butterfly from Haldipura, UK AR#04:

The Red ixora red flowers are found blooming everywhere in the garden and the large southern wing butterflies attracted by this plant seem to abound.
Southern bird wing [Troides Minos] is the largest butterfly in South India
Ixora coccinea
Haldipura, Uttara Kannada
Habitat: Home garden, Western ghats fringes
Oct 2010

Beautiful picture. The butterfly is endemic to the Peninsular India.



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Rubiaceae Week: Ixora coccinea from Dombivli:  Sending photo of Ixora growing in our balcony garden.



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Rubiaceae Week: Ixora coccinea from Arya PG College Campus Panipat:

Ixora coccinea
dwarf double petaled variety

from Arya PG College Campus


Some more pics of a different cultivar

pls validate


Many thanks … for showing double petaled cultivar of Ixora.
Never had imagined or seen Ixora to have such cultivar.


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SK1564 12 Nov 2018 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)- around 400 kb each.

Location:  Chumlingtar, Chitwan, Nepal 
Date: 06 October 2018
Elevation: 1000 ft.

Habit : Cultivated

Which Ixora ??

Please check images and details at
To me appears close.

I guess Ixora coccinea is correct.





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Ixora Species : Muscat : 12OCT19 : AK-14 : 12 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)
You were reviewing Ixora Species recently.
I couldn’t resist posting these.
Clicked yesterday morning in Muscat.
It was in full bloom, you could hardly see the leaves.

Ixora chinensis ‘Prince of Orange’ ??


May not even be ixora chenensis.
look at the petal shape, (rounded ends Top tropical photos versus pointed one this case)
number of petals (four in top tropical versus five here) at https://toptropicals.com/catalog/uid/ixora_chinensis.htm

size estimation would have helped of leaves, corolla tubes etc


May be some cultivar of Ixora coccinea L. as per comparative images and keys at Ixora

Pl. check.


yes this is Ixora coccinea


Our ornamental expert, thanks for validating … suggested id.


.

Id of Fruit – ID 14072020SH1 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)

Fruit for id pl.
Location -Ratnagiri (Maharashtra)

Date – Feb. 2013


Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy ?


I don’t think so. Because in Maharashtra we use this Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy daily in cooking. It’s vernacular name is ‘Kokum’ ( कोकम) and it looks quite different.


Ixora coccinea


Yes. … is correct.

Thanks … This is a very common flowering plant available in all nurseries. Even I have 2-3 different colours of Ixora. But had never seen it’s fruits.


Thanks … Rarely fruits are seen. I have seen them.



.

References:

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