Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 14(2): 245 245 1919. (syn. Aquilicia otillis Gaertn.; Aquilicia sambucina L. [Illegitimate] (Unresolved); Leea biserrata Miq.; Leea celebica Clarke; Leea divaricata T. & B.; Leea expansa Craib; Leea fuliginosa Miq.; Leea gigantea Griff.; Leea gracilis Lauterb.; Leea longifolia Merr.; Leea naumannii Engl.; Leea novoguineensis Val.; Leea ottilis (Gaertn.) DC.; Leea palambanica Miq.; Leea pubescens Zipp. ex Miquel; Leea ramosii Merr.; Leea robusta Blume; Leea roehrsiana Sanders ex Masters; Leea sambucifolia Salisb.; Leea sambucina (L.) Willd.; Leea sambucina var. biserrata (Miq.) Miq.; Leea sambucina var. heterophylla Zipp. ex Miquel; Leea sambucina var. occidentalis Clarke ….; Leea staphylea Roxb.; Leea sumatrana Miq.; Leea sundaica Miq.; Leea sundaica var. fuliginosa (Miq.) Miq. ..; Leea umbraculifera C.B. Clarke; Leea viridiflora Planch.; Staphylea indica Burm. f.):
China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, peninsular Malaysia, Java, Singapore, Sumatra, Lesser Sunda Isl., Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Moluccas, Bismarck Arch., Solomons, New Guinea, Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.), Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma] (widespread), Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomons, Santa Cruz Isl., Australia (Queensland), Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)), Palau Isl. (Koror, Yap), Nicaragua (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I) as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Bandicoot Berry • Hindi: कुकुर जिह्वा Kukur jihwa • Manipuri: Koknal • Marathi: Karkani • Tamil: Nalava, Ottannalam • Malayalam: Nakku • Telugu: Amkador • Kannada: Gadhapatri • Bengali: Kurkur • Assamese: Ahina • Sanskrit:Chatri ;
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993- Brief Description- Leea macrophylla Roxb., Leea alata Edgew., Leea crispa L. (syn. of Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsdale), Leea acuminata Wall. (syn. of Leea guineense G.Don), Leea herbacea Ham.(syn. of Leea asiatica (L.) Ridsdale), Leea aequata L., Leea robusta Roxb. (syn. of Leea macrophylla Roxb. ex Hornem. ), Leea bracteata C.B.Clarke (syn. of Leea compactiflora Kurz), Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. & Leea umbraculifera C.B. Clarke (syn. of Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.))
Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006- Description- Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr., Leea macrophylla Roxb. & Leea setuligera C.B.Clarke)
Leea indica: Leaves 2- to 3-pinnate; lower surface glabrous, lateral veins 6-11 pairs; marginal teeth sharp; berry 8-10 mm
Leea asiatica: Leaves pinnate or 3-foliate; lower surface pubecent beneath especially along veins; lateral veins 11-15 pairs; marginal teeth rounded or obtuse; berry 5-7 mm
Dinda(?) – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
This shrub was abundant in Amboli 5-6Jul 2008.
‘Dinda’ is the local name for Leea macrophylla. Your specimen is likely to be Leea indica.
Here is a link for Leea indica http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=200013488
Red leaf … – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Have a look at this leaves..(Photographed at Tandulwadi).
In continuation of my earlier mail…
Leea asiatica (L.)Ridsdale – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4)
Saw Leea asiatica (L.) flowering at Kulgi WLS, Karnataka last week of April, ’10.
It looks like Leea indica [which flowers in April]. Leea asiatica flowers later from July to September. Please check.
Yes, it is most probably Leea indica.
I too think Leea indica!!!
Thanks … Can you please indicate the exact difference between the two. I am confused.
Among other things leaves of L. asiatica are pinnate, mostly 3-foliate whereas they are 2-3 pinnate in L. indica, clearly seen in your photograph Number Three.
for ID – RDS 001 08-05-12: Is it suffecient to ID this plant basaed on its leaf structure. If yes, I shall be thank full. This was photographed last month at Matheran under evergreen forest canopy, near water stream.
… my guess: some species of Leea. Could be entirely wrong.
It reminds me Leea indica, not sure but.
Agreed. This is Leea indica, the food plant of the Golden Emperor Moth.
Here I’m sending photographs of Leea sp.
Kindly pz validate it, weather it is Leea indica
Location – Tamhini ghat
Date – 12.10.12
… yes, Leea indica to me.
Flora of Kaiga_FOR ID 14042013 PJ1 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Id requested for this plant.
Date/Time-: 28/03/13 – 08:30am
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada ,Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
I think it is Leea indica
Me too support …
I too think that this is Leea indica
Requesting ID of this tree – Lohagad : 22082013 : ARK-01 : August 2013 : Attachments (4 + 3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting to please ID this tree captured at Lohagad near Pune in August 2013.
Please check with Leea indica
Agree with … This is Leea indica.
Some of my photographs.
Leea sp. for id.no 140214sn1 : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
The commonest Leea of the region, Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
ID this Shrub please : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Found this shrub in evergreen forest near naneghat on 20/4/2014. Please id this shrub
This is Leea sp.. Nice pics..
Hebri :: Leea indica :: DVJAN34 : 1 post by 1 author. 6 images.
Sita Nadi Nature Camp (part of Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary) … Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka Date: 27 DEC 2014 … Altitude: about 80 m asl
identification no020215sn1 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
Kindly help in identification.
location: aambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune
height:about 5-7 ft.
Leea indica, with new leaves just emerging
This is Leea indica
Shrub for ID : 03102013 : RV 3 : Attachments (5). 2 posts by 2 authors.
I found this Leea with adventitious roots growing towards ground…… some has leaves growing at the end tip of the roots and some of them had gone in the soil & had taken roots………
I would like to know is it the usual habit of these Leea plants to grow lateral roots from organs other than main root system, as I have not noticed earlier?
Is this Leea asiatica? The pictures are taken yesterday in SGNP, Mumbai.
I think it should be Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. as per the keys and images herein.
Shrub for ID :: Devgad, Konkan :: May 2017 – ARKMAY18 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Saw this shrub in the undergrowth of some mango trees near Devgad, MH in May 2017.
… could be Leea (indica).
Not confident; please wait for comments.
Thanks … for quick feedback.
Leea sp. for ID–18082013-PKA3 : Attachments (8). 11 posts by 8 authors.
I had spotted this Leea sp in forest near Karpewadi.
Leea robusta Roxb.
Thanks a lot for Id, …,
I agree with the identity Leea robusta Roxb.
Though theplantlist says “Leea robusta Roxb. is a synonym of Leea macrophylla Roxb. ex Hornem.”, both of these are distinct, acc. to Fl. Kolhapur (p.122&123). I agree with this.
L. robusta has distict pinnate leaves, whereas L. macrophylla has simple, large leaves.
There is another, Leea robusta Blume which is a synonym of Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
So, better to add the Authority after the name for proper identity.
170513 ASP 21 : Can you please ID this small shrub which is used as a medicinal herb. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Feb 2013.
Some Leea species.
Appears closer to images at Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Ornamental for ID : Jijamata Udyan,Mumbai : 221112 : AK-1: Saw this ornamental, cultivated plant today at Jijamata Udyan in Mumbai.
Flowers suggest some Leea species.
Plant was around 4 feet in height.
Could this be Leea indica ?
Yes. Appears closer to images at Leea indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH :: Leea indica :: ARK2019-76 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
This plant was seen aplenty on the way to Tamhini ghat near Pune, MH in Aug 2019.
The entire stretch to Tamhini was coloured by the beautiful copper coloured new leaves.
I guess this is Leea indica.
Leea sp. for sure.
…, certainly yes, Leea indica.
83 ID wild plant: 22 correct images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Reserve Forest, Chathamattom, Ernakulam District, (Kochi) Kerala PIN:686671
Flower date: 11APR20021, 02.35pm
Habitat: wild moisture
Plant habit: tree, erect, branches, woody stem, roots from stem outside, long lasting
Height: 06 meters
Leaves: alternate pinnate, leaflets opposite, oblong, apex, mucous when chewed
Flower: size diameter:04mm, white, (flower-in-flower diameter:2mm), non fragrant
Fruit: globular, green diameter:9mm
Camera: mobile LG K10 2017 13mp +macro lens
Yes, it is
I concur with the ID suggested by …
Is there any mix up of photograph with reference to the flower picture: 3rd in top row first post. This one looks different.
I guess that flower is from different sp. stuck on this sp.!
Wonderful set …, and agreed with … for ID,
Very nice. Your efforts to share as many photos as possible with closeups of almost every part of the plant is commendable. Very appreciative.
Thank you very much for your appreciation.
Sorry for late reply, today only I see your mail. Please see in my 1st post indicated as “Flower:……. flower-in-flower diameter: 2mm)……” is about 3rd image that you doubted. No one else in the world that I should saw this tiny flower, because L. indica flower clearly shot through macro lens, and I saw there was an another tiny flower after captured. I am doubtfully like you and will try to pluck it, but it is fixed. Another day when I watching L. indica, this kind of another flower falls on a leaf in front of me (it is the 3rd image). So I am posted it. Also please see 6th and 7th images of 2nd post. This tiny flower is attached to female flower. Please inform me anything new regarding this.
Amboli, MH :: Leea indica :: ARK2021-105: 5 images.
Yes it’s ma’am,
Pl. check if the observations at our site are of any use to you:
MS,Nov.,2021/71 Leea sp. for id.: 2 images.
Pl. post high res. images to check the details.
2 high res. images.
Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr.
Matheran :: Apr 1, 2023 · 10:19 AM IST :: about 800 m (2,625 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist
Leea indica (Burm.f.) Merr.
Matheran :: Apr 1, 2023 · 10:17 AM IST :: about 800 m (2,625 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist