Lepidagathis cristata Willd. , Sp. Pl. 3: 400 1800. (Syn: Acanthus cristatus Rottler ex Nees; Ruellia radiciflora Vahl ex Nees (Unresolved); Selago acaulis Nees (unresolved));
Crested Lepidagathis •
Hindi: बुख़ार जडी Bukhar Jadi • Marathi: भूई गेंद Bhui Gend, भू तेरडा Bhu terada • Tamil: Karappanpoondu • Kannada: Surya Kantha;


Pls help ID Herb AS-2011-Mar-4-a:
Found in outskirts of Chennai, Is this a Lepidagathis species ?  I though cuspidata ( Flora-Pak), but cristata also seems possible.  ( FOI). Although it was growing prostrate with a bunch of  flowers at the base , it might have been cut down and regrown

May I request you to refer Flora of the Madras Presidency vol- II by Gamble, that might give a lead to differentiate the species. Currently I don’t have that flora with me.

I guess Lepidagathis cristata

I too guess that this is Lepidagathis cristata of Acanthaceae family.

Yes it does appear to be Lepidagathis cristata.


Lepidagathis for ID:

Collection place: Hyderabad
Date: November 2011
It feels like Lepidagathis sp. (L. hamiltoniana / L. subarmata).
Please validate the ID

I hope Lepidagathis cristata.

I think this is Lepidagathis cristata..


Lepidagathis cristata :
Beauty from semi desert area and grasslands Lepidagathis cristata (Acanthaceae) मराठी – भुई गेंद ,भुई चेंडूहिंदी – बुखार जडी, 4/12/12, pandharpur, india

ID Request 150913SG : Attachments (3). 4 posts by 4 authors.
Help ID of this weed with flower bunch at base, found in wild, photographed on 14Sep13 at Dhavlas, Maharashtra.
This looks like some Lepidagathis sp. (Family: Acanthaceae).

L. cristata.

Lepidagathis cristata from me too.

Identify the plant sp pl. : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 4 authors.
The plant is located at Ahmadnagar dist. Used as a traditional medicines. But not knowing the correct name. pl guide for the same.

… could be Lepidagathis cristata (Acanthaceae); please wait for comment(s).

Agree with … it is Lepidagathis cristata.


Req. for ID : Attachments (3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
Photo taken near Kurnool, A.P., in between road and agriculture land.  (It is wild not a cultivated)
Ball shaped flowering part was touching the ground stems came from within this flowering part area.
Requesting ID.

Lepidagathis sp.

Lepidagathis cristata


ANOCT51 Please identify this Lepidagathis sp. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7).

Road to Makalidurga
10th October 2014

It seems Lepidagathis cristata Willd.

Thank you very much sir.
An illustration..
Flora of Karnataka



Acanthaceae Fortnight:: Lepidagathis cristata :: NSJ-02 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Lepidagathis cristata (Marathi- Bhui Gend) from Ajinkya-Tara fort, Satara


Acanthaceae fortnight SN 16 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Lepidagathis cristata Willd, prostrate herb from the out skirts of Chennai

Acanthaceae Fortnight March 2015:: Lepidagathis cristata – GE- Mar2015-03.1 : 1 post by 1 author. 1 image.
Lepidagathis cristata in the wild, dry grassland outside Chennai.
Blooming in February, photo taken in 2010

 Images by tspkumar



It is my pleasure to present few images of Lepidagathis cristata  (Acanthaceae

Ref: http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in/hjcb2/herbsheet.php?id=31&cat=1

Ref: FOI

Habit: Prostrate herb. 

Habitat: Wild, Wasteland 

Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 18-11-2014

Very beautifully captured details…!!



Plant-Bird Association on Rocky Plateau:
I wish to share some observations on rocky plateaus which are usually derogated as wastelands in summer. Dry rocky hills appear devoid of activity in summer. The spinous clumps of Lepidagathis cristata stems appear lifeless but even these clumps serve as lifeline for the chicks of Yellow Wattled Lapwings that breed on the plateaus in the scorching heat of summer. Two or three chicks hatch on the bare ground and start running around the nest within 2 or 3 days (nidicolus) of hatching. Appearance of the back and head feathers of the chicks matches precisely with the dry clumps of Lepidagathis plants. On hearing an alarm call from the parents the chicks remain still and pressed to the ground such that they get camoufledged with the Lepidagathis plants fully. This interesting observation can be made in the coming 2 months

–  Wow that’s an excellent camouflage illustration of the yellow wattles lapwing chicks and the Lepidagathis plants. Probably the best.  Great colours, a very nice composition and  notes too.

Rocky plateaus (and rock outcrops in general) are full of life and many such interesting observations need to be reported for dispelling off the myth of “barren plateaus”.
This is the link to my paper titled ” Rocky Plateaus-Special focus on Northern W.Ghats and konkan” which was commissioned by the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel. I have reviewed the known facts about ecology, diversity and disturbance of the rocky plateaus in this, and have suggested a possible path towards conservation.  The paper is without photos due to size constraints. But if anyone is interested I can send the full one with photos included. 


MS/ID/JAN/2021/3 – ID of the plant: 1 image.
Please ID the plant photographed in a scrub jungle near Tirupporur, Tamil Nadu

Lepidagathis mitis Dalzell

It could be …

I checked that also earlier but not convinced.

I marked the posting to …  Her reply is as follows :
It is Lepidagathis cristata  leaf linear, head spiniscent


Which Lepidagathis? :
I has taken these shots 3 years back from Rehekuri.
Are these Lepidagathis cristata? Is the colour variation normal?

– it seems Lepidagathis cristata

– the second image could be Lepidagathis hamiltoniana ? This species is very rare to Eastern Ghats.

Lepidagathis cristata seems to be correct ID.

Yes, you are right as per images at Lepidagathis cristata Willd.


Lepidagathis cristata : Nasik : 28APR21 : AK-22: 2 images.
Seen growing in a grassland.
Identification by Varun Sharma Ji.


Swamy/2023/101/ -Request plant ID: 4 images- 2 high res.
Please ID the herb. Photos received from a friend in Chennai. Photographed during Dec, 2023.  Photographed on the outskirts of Chennai.

Lepidagathis cristata Willd.

Also check
though distribution is not given in your area as per BSI Checklist
In that case, it may be
https://efloraofindia.com/2011/03/11/lepidagathis-cristata/ only, as suggested by …

Thanks … for  your quick response and suggestion. I will check.


MS/2023/137 – ID of the plant: 2 images.
I am forwarding herewith the photographs of a plant photographed in Tamil Nadu Forest recently by a friend. Received for ID.  Please suggest the ID.

For me it is a Lepidagathis species.

Please check Lepidagathis cristata Willd.

I guess the ID is correct !

Your ID must be correct. Neverthless, I will check for my satisfaction & return to you.

I checked. For me your ID is correct, rather perfect.


Lepidagathis cristata Willd.: 2 high res. images.
synonym: Acanthus cristatus (Willd.) Nees
location/date (both): Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994


Lepidagathis trinervis Nees: 2 high res. images.
location/date (both): Semadoh, Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Amravati Distr., Maharashtra, November 1994

There does seem to be a fair bit of variation in this species in flower morphology , and colour. For example, see the images from the GBIF site: Lepidagathis trinervis Nees (gbif.org)

But I do not find even a single image like this in the GBIF link posted by you.
On the other hand, pl. see images of Lepidagathis cristata in GBIF (image1 and image2)

Any possibility of Lepidagathis hamiltoniana Wall. ??

To me looks different from images at



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