Marsdenia roylei Wight (Images by Anil Thakur (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Marsdenia tenacissima (Roxb.) Moon (Images by R Gnanavel (Id by Vijayasankar Raman & C. Kunhikannan) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))

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Marsdenia tingens (Roxb.) P.I. Forster


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Gymnema species in India:
  1. Gymnema acuminatum Wall.
  2. G. alterniflorum (Lour.) Merr. [synonym for Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult.]
  3. G. cuspidatum (Thunb.) Kuntze
  4. G. elegans Wight & Arn.
  5. G. indicum (M.A.Rahman & Wilcock) Kartik. & Moorthy
  6. G. inodorum (Lour.) Decne. synonym for Marsdenia tingens (Roxb.) P. I. Forster
  7. G. khandalense Santapau
  8. G. kollimalayanum A.Ramach. & M.B.Viswan.
  9. G. lactiferum (L.) R.Br. ex Schult. synonym for Marsdenia lactifera (L.) I. M. Turner
  10. G. latifolium Wall. ex Wight
  11. G. lushaiense M.A.Rahman & Wilcock
  12. G. macranthum Hook.f.
  13. G. mohanramii Karthik. & Moorthy
  14. G. montanum (Roxb.) Hook.f.
  15. G. sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Schult.
References

  1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp. 170-171.
  2. eFI page



A new species of Gymnema (Asclepiadaceae) from the Kollihills in Peninsular India– Ramachandran A. & Viswanathan M. B. 2009. — A new species of Gymnema (Asclepiadaceae) from the Kollihills in Peninsular India. Adansonia, sér. 3, 31 (2): 407-411.
ABSTRACT A new species of Asclepiadaceae, Gymnema kollimalayanum A. Ramachandran & M.B. Viswan., sp. nov. is described here from the Kollihills in the Eastern Ghats of Peninsular India. This species is allied to G. hirsutum Wight & Arn. by habit, woody stems, milky latex, umbellate cymose inflorescence, 5-merous flowers, calyx, corolla, anthers, follicles and comose seeds but differs by size and shape of leaves being elliptic or elliptic-rotund, subtruncate at base, abruptly acute at apex, longer petioles, arrangement of flowers, longer pedicels, shape and size of calyx, corolla, larger size of follicles, seeds and coma.



 

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution

Gymnema alterniflorum (Lour.) Merr. [synonym for Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) Schult.] Climber Western Ghats, Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Madurai
Gymnema elegans Wight & Arn. Climber Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957 Salem, Tirunelveli
Gymnema hirsutum Wight & Arn. synonym for Gymnema mohanramii Karthik. & Moorthy Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Theni
Gymnema lactiferum (L.) R. Br. ex. Schult. synonym for Marsdenia lactifera (L.) I. M. Turner Straggler Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Matthew, 1999 Dindigul
Gymnema montanum (Roxb.) Hook.f. var. beddomei Hook.f. Creeper Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Gamble, 1957 Coimbatore
Gymnema montanum (Roxb.) Hook.f. var. montanum Creeper Western Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore, Nilgiri, Theni
Gymnema montanum (Roxb.) Hook.f. var. pubiflora Hook.f. synonym for Gymnema indicum (M. A. Rahman & Wilcock) Karthik. & Moorthy Creeper Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Hook.f. 1883 Nilgiri
Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R.Br. ex Schultes Climber Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 All districts
Gymnema tingens (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. synonym for Marsdenia tingens (Roxb.) P. I. Forster Climber Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987 Coimbatore





 

Botanical name Family Common name
Gymnema sylvestre Asclepiadaceae Gurmar



Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):

Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R. Br. ex Schult. (Nepal (W); China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Africa)

Gymnema tingens (Roxb.) Spreng. (Subtropical Himalaya (Kumaun to Sikkim), Assam, W. & S. China) synonym for Marsdenia tingens (Roxb.) P. I. Forster


Gymnema inodorum (Loureiro) Decaisne in A. de Candolle [India, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam] synonym for Marsdenia tingens (Roxb.) P. I. Forster
Gymnema latifolium Wallich ex Wight [India, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]
Gymnema sylvestre (Retzius) Schultes in Roemer & Schultes  [India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Vietnam; Africa]



Antidiabetic Plants in India and Herbal Based Antidiabetic Research By T. Pullaiah, K. Chandrasekhar Naidu (2003)- Details-
Indigenous Drugs Of India By Chopra R N, I.C. Chopra (1933)- Details-


1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants By Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett, World Conservation Monitoring Centre-
Gymnema elegans Wight & Arn.– Rare- Tamilnadu
Gymnema khandalense SANTAPAU – Rare- Maharastra



Gymnema tingens (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. synonym for Marsdenia tingens (Roxb.) P. I. Forster



Encyclopaedia of World Medicinal Plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys

Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2000)- Details-

World Spice Plants: Economic Usage, Botany, Taxonomy By Johannes Seidemann (2005)- Details-

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-


Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-


Gymnema hirsutum Wight & Arn. synonym for Gymnema mohanramii Karthik. & Moorthy
Gymnema pergularioides (Thwaites) Hook.f. synonym for Gymnema cuspidatum (Thunb.) Kuntze
Gymnema thomsonii Hook.f. synonym for Gongronema thomsonii (Hook. fil.) K. M. Matthew
Gymnema tingens (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. synonym for Marsdenia tingens (Roxb.) P. I. Forster


Pl. go through Marsdenia page (‎‎‎Apocynaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.



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