Memecylon umbellatum Burm. f. ;
.
commonly known as: delek air tree, iron-wood tree • Assamese: lalidimabophang • Hindi: अंजन anjan • Kannada: ಒಳ್ಳಯ ಕುಡಿ ollayakudi • Konkani: काळ्यो आंक्र्यो kalleo ankrio • Malayalam: കാഞ്ഞാവ് kaannaav, കായാബൂ kaayaabuu • Marathi: अंजन anjan, अंजनी anjani, लोखंडी झाड lokhandi jhad • Oriya: neymaru • Sanskrit: अंजन anjan • Tamil: காயா kaya • Telugu: అల్లి alli • Tulu: alimaru, volle kodi ;
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Vernacular names : Tamil: Alli, Anjani, Kasai, Kava, Kaya, Kurre-kaya, Pande-kaya, Pungali, Sirugasa Malayalam: Anakkayavu, Kalyam, Kanila, Kanalei, Kannavu, Kashavu, Netunjetti Kannada: Alle, Archana, Arachare, Arachate, Archeti, Harchari, Huli soppu, Limbattoli, Lakhonde, Udaballi, Uddale (Refrence: Biotik)
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Native to: India;
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1. If the inflorescence is more or less sessile (stalkless) and the fruits are ripening blue (pl check Mathew, 1983), then it is Memecylon umbellatum. In M. edule the umbels are long stalked and the fruits are yellowish.
2. When you taste the leaves of M. umbellatum they will be sweet first then slightly sour. This is due to the presence of good amount of starch in the leaves.
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memecylon for id mm2 16052014 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).

memycelon for id

small tree about 8 feet tall
on a narrow road/path leading to a small hidden forest in calangue, goa, about a km from the beach
there were several trees lining the pathway
first week of april

would dearly appreciate an id


Memecylon umbellatum?


many thanks for this id but i thought that in Memecylon umbellatum the “inflorescence is more or less sessile (stalkless)” which is why i hesitated to label this tree.
here is an earlier post by …
There are two ways to confirm the id:
1. If the inflorescence is more or less sessile (stalkless) and the fruits are ripening blue (pl check Mathew, 1983), then it is Memecylon umbellatumIn M. edule the umbels are long stalked and the fruits are yellowish.

2. When you taste the leaves of M. umbellatum they will be sweet first then slightly sour. This is due to the presence of good amount of starch in the leaves. And Dr. Mali observed that the hornbills feed on the leaves (especially the midrib portion) as they are energetic. The leaves of M. umbellatum are offered as ‘prasadam’ (like tulsi in temples) to the devotees by a saint (Shri Narayana Guru) who lives on the holy hill of Tiruvannamalai. The local names Kaya, Kayambu, Kayampoo are denoting Lord Krishna due to the color of flowers.


Memecylon species so far in efi


If am not wrong it is Kaasaan, (Memecylon umbellatum), called as Kaasaan (meaning Lord Krishna, owing to the flower colour) in Tamil. It figures as one of the 100 flowers offered to Lord Shiva in the famous Tamil Poet Kapilar’s work (Kurinjip Paatu). It is a treat to eyes when it is in full bloom. The leaves (especially the midrib region) are rich in glucose and eaten by giant squirrels. The leaves are also offered as prasadam (like tulsi) by a saint who stays on the hill top in Tiruvannamalai. They taste slightly sweet and sour.


it is M. umbellatum



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Sharing some photographs of the leaves of Memecylon umbellatum. The infant, rubescent leaves offer a strikingly beautiful contrast to the mature green foliage. The internodal distance between each pair of simple, opposite leaves is unequal. These leaves are often plagued by insects as seen in the last image.
Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in March 2015.


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Sharing some photographs of the fruits of Memecylon umbellatum in different stages of development.
As they dry, the hardened brown fruits resemble miniature terracotta water pots.

Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in March 2015.


Very beautiful pics …, thanks..


very nice your entire series of these nice blue spectacular flowers

is there a key for various memecylon of india?


Memecylon umbellatum is one of the dominant small trees and/or large shrubs of the understorey on Madh Hill. The electric blue of these flowers is one of the most captivating colours of the wild in Madh. Have attached some photographs of the buds and the flowers in different stages of development.

Photographed on Madh Hill (North Mumbai) in March 2015.


Extremely beautiful images..thanks for posting..!!


I am at a loss for words.



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Memecylon umbellatum: Memecylon umbellatum is blooming everywhere at Amboli like this
It is so beautiful…
Relatively cool temperature & fragarnce of different flowers blooming
It feels like being in heaven at Amboli :):)



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identification no080611sn2: Kindly identify this fruit tree.Taken at Mulshi May11.


i think this is अन्जन

Agreed. This is a species of Memeceylon possibly M. umbellatum locally called Anjan.



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identification no250811sn1: Kindly id. this plant. My guess is Memecylon umbellatum. I could manage just 1 photo.
date/time:july/aug11
location:mulhi,Pune,3500ft.above msl.
habitat:wild
plant habit:Tree
height/length:about 8-9 ft.


Yes Memecylon umbellatum


I too think that this is Memecylon umbellatum of Melastomataceae family.


I agree with you.



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Memecylon umbellatum from Dajipur WLS:  sharing d pics of Memecylon umbellatum ( Common name- Anjan)
taken at Dajjipur WLS, back in may 2010. These brilliant blue flowers looked so unreal !!


Memecylon yes,,, but I have learnt there are soooo many of them with slight regional differences that I have begun to doubt my own diagnosis… how does one be sure of the classification of Memecylon …???
at what stage… is the structure..// morpholgy available in gross (as opposed to microscopic) pictures diagnostic.. a little wing or rain.. and all those clusters of petals and then even the sepals disappear . any body have a clue?



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identification no280812sn1:   Kindly help in identifying this plant.

date/time:feb12
location:mulshi,pune
habitat:wild
plant habit:shrub?
height:about4 ft

other info:i saw the fruits at only one place and once over a extended time


This could be Memeceylon umbellatum [Anjan].


Yes I also think these as buds of Memecylon umbellatum.



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KAS Week:Memecylon umbellatum (01/10/2012-NJ): Anjanimemecylon umbellatum


Amazing floral bunches


Tree native to Western ghats. Flowering season March-May



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Kas Week: PKA5: — Memec​ylon umbellatum: Memec​ylon umbellatum (Family: Melastomataceae).


nice blue flowers and pink buds? or are these developing berries already?



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Plz id this plant: pa38 – 20nov2012: Plz id this tree of about 15 foot height from Matheran region. The leaves are leathery and the underside of the leaves are stained as seen in attached photo. Tks.


This is Anjan [Memecylon umbellatum].


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Small documentary : Indian Giant Squirrel | Bhimashankar WLS: Linked here a small documentary by my co-traveller Dr Akash Aikanvar, who video documented the feeding of Indian Giant Squirrel at Bhimashankar, last Sunday. Here is the link of it.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8fBaaHgvCM&feature=youtu.be


I was wondering about the tree the fruits of which she is eating! Ficus


I actually assumed that Anjani (as it is the case with Matheran) would be the prime fruiting tree for these squirrels but the story turned different there. There were many Umber (Ficus racemosa) and few Jaamun ((Syzygium cumini)) too, both playing a good role for these squirrels. Though Anjani (Memecylon umbellatum) dominated the forest on lower ridge. Perhaps there it must be prime fruiting tree for them.



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07042013 BRS 471 : Attachments (3). 6 posts by 4 authors.
Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.
Date: 01.04.2013
Location: Adyar
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Small tree


I have never seen this in real..but this is surely Memcylon umbellatum..


Yes …, you are right, Memecylon umbellatum Burm.f., and good set of photographs …


Memecylon umbellatum. अंजनी

I can understand your feelings …

One can’t believe his eyes when one observes this in real for the first time.

It is one of the most beautifully coloured flower. Unique colour difficult to describe the name of the flower colour.

It is observed in Western ghats and it is said that the soil underneath contains a lot of minerals like Bauxite.


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Memecylon umbellatum—-for sharing and validation : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 3 authors.

Old pics of Anjani? taken at ambyvalley rd.lonavala/mulshi pune in march11. Hope the id. is correct.


Yes it is. Good photographs!



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Memecylon umbellatum—-for sharing and validation : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Pics of Anjani taken at ambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune in jan13.


Yes it is Memeceylon umbellatum



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Memecylon umbellatum—for sharing and validation :  2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).

Pic of Anjan, taken at ambyvalley rd. lonavala, pune in mar13


nice picture, Memecylon umbellatum



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GKE 5 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 1 Mb.

Identify please….


Memecylon umbellatum



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Memecylon sp. fruits : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 4 Mb.

Taken in Mannur reserved forest, Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu.


Memecylon umbellatum



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Memecylon sp. Fruits 2 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) – 1 Mb or more.

Found in MALAIPATTU near Sriperumbudur Kanchipuram district Tamilnadu Today.


It is Memecylon umbellatum

 


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Memecylon sp. Fruits :  6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2) – 3 MB or more.
Found in a forest near Vandalur, Kanchipuram district Tamilnadu, Yesterday (4.10.17)

M. umbellatum var.

What is ‘var.’ in  M. umbellatum var.’?


Thanks, … There are many varieties sometime in a species.

Came across this Tree in fruiting stage on the way to Lohagad (Lonavala region). Kindly validate the ID.
Bot name: Memecylon umbellatum ??
Family: Melastomataceae

Date/Time: 20-06-2010 / 08:30AM
Location: On the way to Lohagad, Lonavala

Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit; Tree


… me too strongly believe the fruits to be of Memecylon umbellatum
Some views at my photostream: http://www.flickr.com/search/?w=91314344%40N00&q=Memecylon+umbellatum&m=text


Memecylon umbellatum from me too !!


I have never seen this fruit-colour in Memecylon umbellatum. In literature also M. umbellatum fruits are reported to be yellow and finally bluish-black in colour. However, the leaves in the images are similar to those of M. umbellatum. Bremer(1979) commented that sometimes the flowers (of M. umbellatum)  are pinkish but this small variation does not merit recognition of a variety and he treated M. rubro-caeruleum Thwaites and subsequently M. edule var. rubro-caerulea (Thwaites) Clarke in synonymy of M. umbellatum. It seems to me that in this formerly recognized variety the pink calyx may eventually ripen into pink berries as evident from the attached photographs. Therefore, it is wise to treat this individual as Memecylon umbellatum Burm. f.



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Request for Id confirmation of Memecylon depressum : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)

Since this Memecylon is new to A.P, I require id confirmation. Earlier … has helped me in identification of 4 Memecylon species, As per efi- this is identified as Memecylon depressum Benth, but they say it is endemic to Western ghats; it is located near Naidupet of Nellore district of A.P


Memecylon deminutum Brenan is an accepted name which belongs to family Melastomataceae.

Synonyms
Memecylon densiflorum Merr.
Memecylon depokkense Bakh.f.
Memecylon depressum Benth
Memecylon dichotomum C. B. Clarke ex King 

It is a shrub, rather variable in leaves, the branchlets sometimes terete, sometimes tetragonous; berries black, 0.3 inches in diameter


Catalogue of life gives M.depressum Benth., as a synonym of M.wallichi Ridl., M.wallichi is accepted name, but said it is endemic to Peninslar Malaysia Ref: Catalogue of Life

The fruit is not black; it is rose-pink when young, turns violet to Indigo -purple not black, hence further opinion is required.

This specimen is not at all M. depressum


Can it be Memecylon royenii Blume or Memecylon grande Retz. as per images herein ?


… identified it as Memecylon madgolens


variant of M. umbellatum need further study.



ID please … some Syzygium or near-related species ?
Date/Time : March 28, 2010 at 8.45am IST
Location Place : Yeoor Hills (Sanjay Gandhi National Park) … Altitude : 76 m … GPS : 19°14’52.12″N, 72°55’34.29″E
Habitat : wild, on slope … Type : mixed deciduous forest
Plant Habit : small tree … Height : 3 – 4 m … Length : – not climber –
Leaves Type : simple (may be wrong), oppositely arranged, margin entire, glabrous … Shape : like jamun leaf … Size : about 9 – 12 cm x 4 – 5 cm
Inflorescence Type : umbel ? … Size : 1 – 1.5 in
Flowers Size : may be about max 1 cm … Colour : do not know … Calyx : do not know … Bracts : do not know
Fruits Type : berry ? … Shape : globose … Size : 4 – 5 mm

OR in altogether another direction — is it Memecylon umbellatum ? … but the altitude is as low as 75 m.


it must be Memecylon umbellatum, was under the impression that this plant grows only at high altitude.
Another observation, the trunk / branches lacked the tell-tale longitudinal striated texture.
The leaves are slightly over-sized, perhaps owing to the young age of this small tree.
Memecylon umbellatum is commonly known as: delek air tree, iron-wood tree • Assamese: lalidimabophang • Hindi: अंजन anjan • Kannada: ಒಳ್ಳಯ ಕುಡಿ ollayakudi • Konkani: काळ्यो आंक्र्यो kalleo ankrio • Malayalam: കാഞ്ഞാവ് kaannaav, കായാബൂ kaayaabuu • Marathi: अंजन anjan, अंजनी anjani, लोखंडी झाड lokhandi jhad • Oriya: neymaru • Sanskrit: अंजन anjan • Tamil: காயா kaya • Telugu: అల్లి alli • Tulu: alimaru, volle kodi

Please check two things i) whether the nerves and intra-marginal nerves are faintly visible. ii) Color of the mature fruit, whether it is yellow or purple.
If the nerves and intra-marginal nerves are visible and the mature fruits are dark black-purple in color….. M. edule
otherwise (mature fruits yellow in color) …… M. umbellatum.


This Plant is indeed Memecylon umbellatum Burm.f commonly known as Ironwood or Anjani from the family Melastomataceae. Cup-shaped hypanthium and  fruits drupe,  globular, apex with hypanthium forming a ring all can be seen in the photos provided by


Memecylon edule, i think. Becos the umbels are distinctly stalked.


As far as i know Memecylon edule, have pink flowers, yellow fruits turning black, and small leaves.Memecylon umbellatum has blue flowers …. If the flower colour is known then the ID will be very easy.


I feeel the leaves are very much different that M. umbellatum. the leaves are thinner, paler than M. umbellatum


Both M. umbellatum and M. edule have appeared in our forum, can be checked in the database.


flowers would be seen in the next season; will certainly get to them.
My comments: the trunk / branches lacked the tell-tale longitudinal striated texture which is seen in M. umbellatum … and the leaves too are comparatively larger.
Not yet familiar with M.edule … was under the impression that M. edule is a synonym of M. umbellatum … FOI too states that.
With inputs from …, they certainly must be separate species.
NPGS / GRIN treats these as separate species.
Only for information … NOT FOR CONFUSION … attached are screenshots in the context of M. edule as synonym of M. umbellatum:
1) T. Cooke’s Flora of the Presidency of Bombay Vol I, Part III
2) Talbot’s The Trees, Shrubs, and the Woody Climbers of the Bombay Presidency

Attachments (2)


I also think this plant is M. umbellatum but for clarification the flower seems to be the best option !!

I am very sure this plant is Memecylon umbellatum.


As … is silent in this matter means there is something mysterious about this plant.


Sure …, we will wait for … comment.

I had posted the query – at that time the sight of the cluster with its flowers fallen off had puzzled me.

Later the sight became common at many other places.

Please do take a look at some photos of Memecylon spp.


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Botanical name- अंजनी : 3 posts by 2 authors.

respected sir can I get botanical name ? 1 अंजनी

Memecylon umbellatum



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Memecylon umbellatum—-for sharing and validation : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1)
Picture taken at Aambyvalley Rd., Off Lonavala, Pune in Jan.17.

spectacular color pink

i usually get them only when they are already brown


Beautiful catch.  First time I am seeing such a photograph of Memecylon


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Memecylon umbellatum : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)- around 400 kb each.
Found in Maagaaniam RF Kanchipuram district this July.

Found in Maagaaniam RF Kanchipuram district this June.
Attachments (7) – around 600 kb each.

Found in Puthupattu near Pondicherry.
Attachments (1) – 720 kb.

MEMECYLON UMBELLATUM Burm.


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Memecylon umbellatum seedling : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Memecylon umbellatum.

About 1 year growth; just for 6+2 leaves the root grows more than 1 feet



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in summer 2007 Kudremukh Moist Evergreen forest in Karnataka;  in Chinchoti , Part of Tungareshwar WLS, Near Mumbai- Jan.’09?; at Matheran on 15th March,2009; reserve forest (Nanmangalam) in Chennai- Nov.’09?; 28 Mar 2010, 09.38 AM- Talakona; ID required – indiantreepix | Google Groups Memecylon umbellatum – indiantreepix | Google Groups For ID 200309ET82 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Anjan is bloom at Phansad. – indiantreepix | Google Groups Cup-shaped Flowers – indiantreepix | Google Groups

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Memecylon umbellatum

3 high resolution images.
Found adjacent to RF near Chennai.
The leaves become yellow once dried.

Still people are cutting for fuel or fire wood.


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Memecylon sp. From Kollimalai Hills
6 images.
Taken in the month Feb in Kolli hills of Eastern ghats.


Memecylon ?


Memecylon only


Memecylon umbellata



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References:

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