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nym-FOY-deez — resembles Nymphaea (water lily)Dave’s Botanary
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from IndiaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: floating hearts, water snowflake • Bengali: chandmala • Hindi: कुमुदिनी kumudini • Kannada: neeru thaavare • Malayalam: nedel-ambel • Manipuri: থরো মচা tharo macha • Marathi: कुमुद kumud • Tamil: சின்னாம்பல் chinnambal • Telugu: anthara thaamara
Distribution: pan-tropical; also cultivated


nymphoides indicum – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 1 image.
Name of Species: nymphoides indicum
Common Name: Water Snowflake   • Marathi/Hindi: कुमुदिनी Kumudini

Family: Menyanthaceae
Conservation status: NA
Photographed: 15th January, 2010
Location: Palasdhari lake, Karjat, Maharashtra
Habitat Type: Waterbody at the fringes of Western Ghats
Lens: OLYMPUS ED LENS AF ZOOM 4.6 – 92 mm, 1:2.8 – 4.6
Description: Aquatic herb 

Distribution: Across India
Flowering: Throughout the year


28082011 Nymphoides indicum at Kas:
Nymphoides indicum, an aquatic herb blooming in the morning light at Kumudini lake near Kas plateau. The lake gets filled with the fragrance of abundent flowers. This is a different character of Kas in the next few months.

I have a very bad picture of Pachystoma senile, now known as Pachystoma pubescens. Sending you on mail.

Could your group of experts please help identify and describe this wild flower i photographed in the middle of the water at the famous Sukhna lake in chandigarh. These flowers have appeared for the first time in the lake.
I am writing about these flowers in the newspaper and would require your expertise.

Reminds me of Nymphoides indica
also known as water snowflake
very apt name… nice to remember it as…
often sold for aquariums and from there escapes into environs from careless throwing away by the bored householder… that’s how most of the weeds take over new grounds/countries displacing the native…
I personally do not know the natural range of this plant in India… some one more knowledgeable about water plants can enlighten us…  Hope this much get you started with your research team and write up

I agree with … id: Nymphoides indica. Family: Menyanthaceae.
please see this eol link for details such as description, habitat, distribution etc. http://eol.org/pages/487443/details

Have ecologists in India studied this phenomenon of bored householders throwing away aquarium contents … and they the exotic fishes and plants appearing where they should not have or have damaged the local fora..???/

yes. it appeared in the times of india, chandigarh. it is not available on the internet so i am attaching a scan of the article. (7.11.2011)


ID please 05072012 SR-1:
Date-14.10.2010 Place-Cooch Behar, West Bengal
Habitat-Wild, aquatic, leaves floating on fresh water surface of tanks. Rhizome is submerged.

This is the Water Snowflake [Nymphoides indica].

Kas Week: AK 13092009 : Nymphoides indica:
Nymphoides indica / Kumud seen at a lake, off Kas-Bamnoli road.

Kas plateau … about 4000 ft asl
… one of the 39 World Heritage sites in the Western Ghats of India
28 SEP 08
Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze … (family: Menyanthaceae)
nym-FOY-deez — resembles Nymphaea (water lily)Dave’s Botanary
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from IndiaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: floating hearts, water snowflake • Bengali: chandmala • Hindi: कुमुदिनी kumudini • Kannada: neeru thaavare • Malayalam: nedel-ambel • Manipuri: থরো মচা tharo macha • Marathi: कुमुद kumud • Tamil: சின்னாம்பல் chinnambal • Telugu: anthara thaamara
Distribution: pan-tropical; also cultivated
References: Flowers of India NPGS / GRINFlowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar

Yes … this region is in its native range.


KAS Week DS_061012_02 Nymphoides indica:
Acquatic plant , small white star like flower. From Kas, 22nd Sep 2012.


Kas week : Nymphoides indica SMP:
Nymphoides indica

Lake near Kas


Attaching an image of a Hornet on the flower of Nyphoides indica.


Attaching an image of Redbase Jezebel butterfly on the flowers of Nymphoides indica. This plant is commonly known as WATER SNOWFLAKE.

Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 3 authors.
I think attached images may be Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze. Please validate the ID.
Date :31.10.2011
Location: Kamrup district
Family : Menyanthaceae
Genus & species: Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze
Habitat: Aquatic.
Habit : Herb
Flower : White 

Yes …; to me it is Nymphoides indicavery common in Kerala also.

Yes Nymphoides indica
Seems to have a wide distribution all over India.

MBNN Fortnight :: Nymphaeaceae :: Nymphoides indica from Nagpur-NS 14 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)
Please validate id of this aquatic plant with beautiful flowers.. recorded from RSTM Nagpur University, Nagpur..
Nymphoides indica …

Nice pictures.
The family would be Menyanthaceae.
Anyway worth including in the family week. 

yes water snowflake
considered a pest a weed in most of the world although the flowers are indeed beautiful
weed unless some one finds use for it and patents it.. then MNCs will fight over it until then the first world and new world considers it a pest …
not only this (hear org) but dave’s garden and wiki considers it a pest/weed…

ANMAY07/08 Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (10)

Family: Menyanthaceae
Date: 29th April 2015
Place: Tumkur district
Habit: Herb
Habitat: Aquatic/Pond

nice snowflake lily
a weed in waters
what are those in 3 and 4 colorless leeches?
and you are putting your hand in that water
its good to be a bit cautious in such cases, …
I worry about you
read about the diseases caught by the plant hunters of yore
its a wise-man who learns from mistakes of others.

Not leeches ma’am, they were on the undersides of almost all the aquatic flora present in the pond. All I can say is, they were segmented worms, an Annelid, perhaps.
I am very careful ma’am. We had a village boy accompanying us out of curiosity, no fear of snakes or any such problems from the water. 🙂

show the pic to some zoology professor and find out
why do they co-exist? and then tell me/us

I will ma’am. Will let you know 🙂


Nymphoides indica : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Posting some photos of Nymphoides indica taken near Vasai (Dist.-Palghar, Maharashtra) on 17.04.2016

Well taken. Marvellous details.

yes water snowflake. can get to be weedy in natural waterways and ponds choking them

Thanks … Yes …, pond was covered with Nymphoides, Nelumbo and Water lillies, but looking beautiful.

Nymphoides indica – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Aquatic Herb

Place: Koppa, Karnataka, from the wild
Leaf: Orbicular
Flower: whitish with 5 to 8 lobes and corolla lobes are densely fimbriate on inner surface


Satara, MH :: Nymphoides indica :: ARK2020-008 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)- around 750 kb each.
Nymphoides indica seen in the Kumudini Lake at Kas in Satara. MH in October 2019.

And a lake full of them.
Attachments (1) –  1 mb.


Nymphoides indica for validation: 1 image.
Request for validation of Nymphoides Indica from Bilaspur. Photographed in May 2023.

Image of habit of the plant.

Yes !

Yes, appears close to images at






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