Oldenlandia corymbosa L., Sp. Pl. 119 1753. (syn: Gerontogea biflora (Lam.) Cham. & Schltdl.; Gerontogea corymbosa (L.) Cham. & Schltdl.; Gerontogea herbacea (DC.) Cham. & Schltdl.; Hedyotis biflora var. corymbosa (L.) Kurz; Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.;          Hedyotis alsinifolia R.Br. ex Wall. [Invalid]; Hedyotis biflora Hornem. [Illegitimate]; Hedyotis biflora var. graminicola (Kurz) Kurz; Hedyotis burmanniana R.Br. ex Wall. [Invalid]; Hedyotis corymbosa var. ampla Fosberg; Hedyotis corymbosa var. tereticaulis W.C.Ko; Hedyotis depressa (Willd.) Roem. & Schult.; Hedyotis diantha Schult.; Hedyotis graminicola Kurz; Hedyotis hermanniana R.M.Dutta; Hedyotis intermedia Wight & Arn.; Hedyotis pseudocorymbosa Bakh.f.; Hedyotis pusilla Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Hedyotis ramosa (Roxb.) Blume; Hedyotis scabrida Steud.; Hedyotis sperguloides A.Rich.; Oldenlandia alsinifolia G.Don; Oldenlandia biflora Lam. [Illegitimate]; Oldenlandia burmanniana G.Don; Oldenlandia capillaris DC.; Oldenlandia depressa Willd.; Oldenlandia herbacea DC. [Illegitimate]; Oldenlandia mollugoides O.Schwarz; Oldenlandia praetermissa Bremek.; Oldenlandia pseudocorymbosa (Bakh.f.) Raizada; Oldenlandia ramosa Roxb.; Oldenlandia scabrida DC.);
.
Trop. & Subtrop. Old World as per WCSP;
.
Alabama; Andaman Is.; Angola; Arkansas; Assam; Bangladesh; Belize; Benin; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South; Brazil Southeast; Brazil West-Central; Burkina; Burundi; Cameroon; Cape Verde; Caroline Is.; Central African Repu; Central American Pac; Chad; Chagos Archipelago; China South-Central; China Southeast; Christmas I.; Cocos (Keeling) Is.; Colombia; Congo; Cook Is.; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; East Himalaya; Ecuador; El Salvador; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Florida; Gabon; Gambia; Georgia; Ghana; Gilbert Is.; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Guyana; Hainan; Haiti; Honduras; India; Ivory Coast; Jamaica; Jawa; Kenya; Korea; Laccadive Is.; Leeward Is.; Liberia; Louisiana; Malawi; Malaya; Maldives; Mali; Marianas; Marshall Is.; Mauritius; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; Mississippi; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; Netherlands Antilles; Nicaragua; Nicobar Is.; Nigeria; North Carolina; Northern Provinces; Northern Territory; Ogasawara-shoto; Oman; Panam; Peru; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Runion; Rwanda; Senegal; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Carolina; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sulawesi; Taiwan; Tanzania; Texas; Togo; Trinidad-Tobago; Uganda; Venezuela; Western Australia; Windward Is.; Zambia; Zare; Zimbabwe as per Catalogue of Life;
.
old-en-LAND-ee-a — named for Henrik Bernhard Oldenland, Danish botanist and curator
kor-rim-BOW-suh — full of corymbs (flat topped flower heads)
.
commonly known as: corymbose hedyotis, flat-top mille graines, old world diamond-flower, wild chayroot • Hindi: दमन पप्पड़ daman pappar, पित्तपापड़ा pitpapra • Kannada: ಪರ್ಪಟ ಹುಲ್ಲು parpata hullu • Konkani: पोरिपट poripat • Malayalam: പര്‍പ്പടകം parppatakam, പര്പ്പടക പുല്ല് parppatakappullu • Marathi: पित्तपापडा pitpapda • Nepalese: पिरिङगों piringo • Sanskrit: पर्पटः parpatah, पर्पटकः parpatakah • Tagalog: malaulasiman, ulasiman-aso • Tamil: காட்டுச்சாயவேர் kattucayaver, பாப்பான்பூண்டு pappan puntu, பர்ப்படாகம் parppatakam • Telugu: వెన్నెల వేము vernnela-vemu
.
Native to: India, tropical Africa; elsewhere naturalized in tropics & subtropics
.
Small annual herb, mostly procumbent, profusely branched, barely growing 10 cm high; leaves linear-lanceolate, 10-40 mm long, minutely hairy, margin often recurved; stipules small membranous; flowers white or tinged purplish, barely 1.5-2 mm across, solitary on long stalk or 2-4 in a cyme; pedicel 4-6 mm long, elongated in fruit; calyx teeth 1 mm long; tube less than 1 mm long, lobes 1 mm long; capsule globose, 2 mm long.
.
Calyx-teeth contiguous …… ——- Hedyotis
Calyx-teeth remote (distant) ….. —– Oldenlandia
.

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Requesting to please ID this plant captured at Kanheri Caves, SGNP in Aug 2014.

Is this Oldenlandia corymbosa?


Yes, seems to be Oldenlandia corymbosa.

Family: Rubiaceae


Yes No doubt. It is Oldenlandia corymbosa L. (Syn. Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.



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ID Request 151214SG : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Please help identify this weed spreading 1-1.5’.  Photo taken on 15Dec14 at Dhavlas, Maharashtra.


Oldenlandia corymbosa in my opinion..



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SK143OCT16-2016:ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (11)

Sharing some pictures for ID shot at Pashupati Forest Kathmandu Nepal today at 4400 ft.


I hope the pics belong to Oldenlandia corymbosa…


Thank you for the ID.

Oldenlandia corymbosa L. syn : Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.
Nepali Name: पिरिङ्गो  Piringo



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SK214NOV21-2016:ID : 12 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9)
Location: Pilot Baba Ashram, Bhaktapur , Nepal
Altitude: 5200 ft.
Date: 11 September 2016

Hedyotis or similar genera ?


For me it looks like Oldenlandia herbacea or diffusa. Need to check all the characters.  


Oldenlandia herbacea var. herbacea (accepted name)  ??


it is a Oldenlandia umbellata Linn


Yes it looks like Oldenlandia herbacea, but it is not Oldenlandia umbellata


Some guess as per listing in Nepal ???http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=220009414 (Oldenlandia corymbosa L.)

http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=242324555  (Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.)
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=110&taxon_id=114827

Looks like it is matching according to the altitude and flowering season.


I think more closer to Oldenlandia corymbosa compared to images at Oldenlandia herbacea


Request all for the final validation.


Oldenlandia corymbosa L.

Nepali Namesपिरिङ्गो  Piringo 



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efloraofindia:”For Id 12112011MR1’’ wild herb white flowers 4 & 5 petals Pune:  Kindly help Id this wild herb at Pune growing on dry land
Date/Time- Nov 2011
Height/Length- 3-4 cms
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-about 1 cm
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- white flower growing singly 1mm but both 4 and 5 petals observed

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- fruit green with 4 spikes around and some showing black seed I think


A member of Rubiaceae, Borreria sp ???????


I was thinking about the same but the fruit descriptions do not match. Also I am confused as some flowers have 4 petals and some 5 petals


tried to capture some better images today of the flower and the fruit. From these pictures the flower does not appear to show exerted stamens as seen in Spermacoce.(I hope the resolution of the camera is enough to capture this as the flower is barely 1mm in diameter) I hope these pictures are of some help to Id this wild herb. 


Please check Oldenlandia corymbosa L. (Syn: Hedyotis corymbosa)


It looks exactly like Oldenlandia corymbosa as suggested by you.


Yes, called Pittapaapada etc in ayurvedic medicines… in gujarat and Bengal… vaidya/kavirajs give it for fever… and in Maharastra also used by vaidyas in Measles..per classical literature…


Parpadaka pullu in Malayalam.


I think same as … Oldenlandia corymbosa or related species. Rubiaceae


Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request.
Location: NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore
Date: 01.12.2011
Habitat: Wild

Habit: Herb


Yes it is O. corymbosa.


Yes Oldenlandia the tiny Rubiaceae member.



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Herb for ID RDS 160612: Clicked this small herb, in deciduous forest patch – with soild cattle disturbance, at 224 Mtrs ( MSL) at hill slope with sparse grass
patch. Clicked on 15th June `12 at Matheran.


Some species of Oldenlandia, I think


On the FoI (Flowers of India) website, when I searched, this looked to be Botanical name: Oldenlandia corymbosa Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family) . Members may validate.


I think yes.

old-en-LAND-ee-a — named for Henrik Bernhard Oldenland, Danish botanist and curator
kor-rim-BOW-suh — full of corymbs (flat topped flower heads)
Aug 2, 2008 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: corymbose hedyotis, flat-top mille graines, old world diamond-flower, wild chayroot • Hindi: दमन पप्पड़ daman pappar, पित्तपापड़ा pitpapra • Kannada: ಪರ್ಪಟ ಹುಲ್ಲು parpata hullu • Konkani: पोरिपट poripat • Malayalam: പര്‍പ്പടകം parppatakam, പര്പ്പടക പുല്ല് parppatakappullu • Marathi: पित्तपापडा pitpapda • Nepalese: पिरिङगों piringo • Sanskrit: पर्पटः parpatah, पर्पटकः parpatakah • Tagalog: malaulasiman, ulasiman-aso • Tamil: காட்டுச்சாயவேர் kattucayaver, பாப்பான்பூண்டு pappan puntu, பர்ப்படாகம் parppatakam • Telugu: వెన్నెల వేము vernnela-vemu
Native to: India, tropical Africa; elsewhere naturalized in tropics & subtropics
References: Flowers of IndiaPIER species infoNPGS / GRIN
more views: Aug 2, 2008 … at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra

One week common in Delhi




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Rubiaceae Week : Oldenlandia corymbosa Pune: Oldenlandia corymbosa
Again a very very small herb with flowers 2-3mm only.

Yes … very small difficult to shoot



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Rubiaceae Week: Oldenlandia corymbosa from Delhi:  Oldenlandia corymbosa L., Sp. Pl. 119. 1753

syn: Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lamk.
Small annual herb, mostly procumbent, profusely branched, barely growing 10 cm high; leaves linear-lanceolate, 10-40 mm long, minutely hairy, margin often recurved; stipules small membranous; flowers white or tinged purplish, barely 1.5-2 mm across, solitary on long stalk or 2-4 in a cyme; pedicel 4-6 mm long, elongated in fruit; calyx teeth 1 mm long; tube less than 1 mm long, lobes 1 mm long; capsule globose, 2 mm long.

Photographed from Vikas Puri, Delhi



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Rubiaceae Week: Oldenlandia corymbosa from Morni: Oldenlandia corymbosa from Morni



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This is a common herb with tiny white flowers. “Bengal Plants” describes 7 Hedyotis species and 11 Oldenlandia species. I am totally confused.
Species : Oldenlandia corymbosa L. ???
H & H : small prostrate herb on roadside or wasteplace
Date : 25/2/13
Place : Hooghly

Sorry for bad quality photographs.


Interestingly many of the herbaceous Hedyotis are wrongly identified. We need to study the specimen first before jumping into its naming.


I will try to get better pictures of this species.
According to the “Bengal Plants” and FoP
Calyx-teeth contiguous …… ——- Hedyotis
Calyx-teeth remote (distant) ….. —– Oldenlandia

I thought the calyx-teeth in this plant are remote, so i suggested Oldenlandia sp.


Now I think Hedyotis has priority over Oldenlandia hence all previously described species of Oldenlandia are considered synonymous under Hedyotis. … can explained it more. I am in Riyadh having no access to the recent monograph on Hedyotis.

Wild Herb For ID : Mumbai : 200813 : AK-1 : Attachments (2).  4 posts by 3 authors.

A tiny wild herb seen yesterday (19.8.13) growing on an old compound wall with tiny white flowers.

Sorry for the picture quality.


Can be Oldenlandia corymbosa…


Thanks for this id as well.


For me also Oldenlandia corymbose

Requesting to please ID this plant captured in a residential building compound in Mumbai growing wild in the rains in August 2013.


Please ignore the yellow coloured flower, it is a part of another request I have posted today, got erroneously included herein..


Hedyotis corymbosa, I suppose.


Yes Hedyotis for sure.


Thank you … and … for ID…


The new name for this as the the plantlist.org is Oldenlandia corymbosa



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Hooghly – Oldenlandia corymbosa (maybe var. corymbosa) :  Attachments (5). 1 post by 1 author.
04092013 BRS 512 :  Attachments (3). 7 posts by 4 authors.

Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. confirmation.

Location: Adyar, Chennai
Date: 04.09.2013
Habitat: Urban

Habit: Herb


A Hedyotis sp. from Rubiaceae.


Hedyotis & Oldenlandia species in efi so far.


Most probably Oldenlandia diffusa


It is Oldenlandia corymbosa var. corymbosa; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India =Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam., Encycl. 1: 272. 1792



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Weed for ID Hyderabad (28-09-2013 NAW 2) :  Attachments (2). 8 posts by 4 authors.
Kindly identify this ground-cover weed growing in abandoned house in Hyderabad. shot on 25th Sept.

leaves succulent upto 8 mm long. tiny white flowers.


This appears to be Hedyotis sp.


I misidentified the leaves as succulent – they are quite flat and 1-1.5 cm long.

Would this be Oldenlandia corymbosa?


studying the extensive coverage on the efi page on oldenlandia corymbosa, it would appear my pictures are of the common weed of that name. thanks to all and efi for the identification. I’m not having any background in botany and have been rather unfamiliar with plants around me, a gap i’m trying to fill. Thanks to all again and please bear with me as i hope to find more seemingly silly ‘gaps’ for you all to help fill.


Thanks for your comments …
This forum is exactly meant for the same. Please continue sharing on the forum.

Yes, Looks like Oldenlandia corymbosa,



HERB FOR IDENTIFICATION 22102013 :  Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.

sending images of a herb found in grassland or identification


Looks like Oldenlandia corymbosa..


Attachments (2).

Tiny wild weed seen over the weekend. (23.7.14)

Kindly confirm id.

One of my earlier posts from Oman could also be the same.


Looks like Oldenlandia corymbosa to me.


Yes  It is Oldenlandia corymbosa



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SGNP, Aug 2014 :: Requesting ID of this plant :: ARKAUG-19 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (5).
Requesting to please ID this plant captured at Kanheri Caves, SGNP in Aug 2014.

Is this Oldenlandia corymbosa?


This has been validated as Oldenlandia corymbosa here


Oldenlandia corymbosa L. ?? : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)- around 700 kb each.
Location: Victoria Peak, Hong Kong 
Date: 2 November 2018
Elevation: 1300 ft.

Habit : Wild

Syn : Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.

May be as per images at

Yes this should be Oldenlandia corymbosa.



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Wild flower 03 for ID : 19 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3)
For ID.
Date: 06/09/18
Location : Jawalagiri (near Hosur)
Altitude   : 997 ASL
Habitat.   : wild
The last picture is of the same plant when dried.

Mollugo species. Any close up photos of flowers and foliage ?


Thank you … I do not have any more photos as of now.

Pl. check comparative images as per suggestion from … at


Thank you … To my untrained eyes it looks like M. Pentaphylla. But in the pictures the flowers have 5 petals whereas mine has only 4 petals. May be able to observe closely on location tomorrow. Will try and study at close quarters and get some more pictures.


I will also go with Mollugo pentaphylla L. as per comparative images at Mollugo

i don’t see flowers with five discernible petals. cant classify it that precisely. it may be as you suggest but we would need clearer face of the flowers


Thanks, …, You may be right. Thanks for pointing out.


It looks more like an Oldenlandia species, Rubiaceae, possibly Oldenlandia diffusa, (Willd.) Roxb.


… may be right. the first picture does show four petaled flowers, two them, not in focus but enough to see four petals


Was the plant at distance? No close ups of flower and
leaves ?


Thanks … The flowers have only four petals. Sorry about the quality of the photo. I have not been able to get a better pic.


thats ok i think. … gave you the direction for possible id


I feel more closer to images at Oldenlandia herbacea compared to those at Oldenlandia diffusa


I feel more closer to images at Oldenlandia corymbosa rather than those at Oldenlandia herbacea


Yes, I think so.



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Requesting ID validation – Oldenlandia (?) :: ARKNOV-47 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6).
Requesting to please validate ID of this plant captured in October 2014 in Mumbai.
It was growing in a discarded pot in my balcony.

Is this Oldenlandia herbaceae?


Yes the fruits look similar


As per descriptions in “Bengal Plants”, “Botany of Bihar and Orissa”, “Flora of British India” and “Flora Indica” this is not O. herbacea Roxb., I would say might be O. corymbosa L.

At the same time I do not know if it can be Hedyotis herbacea L. of FoC, perhaps not, stem doesn’t look like four angled, either weak or strong.

I, with my very limited knowledge and experience, also doubt the identity of all eFI posts marked as O. h.


For me your ID is correct – Oldenlandia herbacea.


It is not Oldenlandia herbacea. looks like Oldenlandia corymbosa ??? but with very narrow leaves


Thanks for the feedback. Hoping to get the ID resolved between O. corymbosa and O. herbacea….


If only leaves are concern, a herbarium of type species may help –

http://apps.kew.org/herbcat/getImage.do?imageBarcode=K000414340


Thanks … for the link.

I take it as O. corymbosa.


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Fwd: possibly Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb. : 5 posts by 1 author. Attachments (7)

Seems to match with images of … at Hedyotis sp. from Kamrup district, Assam


No other species of Oldenlandia or Hedyotis can be defined with this specimen I think. Whether to follow GRIN & TPL or FoC depends on your selection.
… specimen may be similar but I do not see calyx of that specimen clearly, neither do i know flower or leaf size.

I think more closer to images at Oldenlandia corymbosa L. rather than those at Oldenlandia diffusa



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SL 61 291113 : Attachments (1). 6 posts by 5 authors.

Please ID this medicinal herb. Photo was taken in Sri Lanka in Sep 2012.


I think, Eclipta alba (dominant) and Phyllanthus niruri (in the middle)


I don’t think Eclipta. Perhaps a member of Rubiaceae.


If Rubiaceae then is it Hedyotis purpurea?


Probably hedyotis herbacea and Phyllanthus debilis.


I think more closer to images at Oldenlandia corymbosa L. rather than those at Oldenlandia herbacea (L.) Roxb.



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SK1626 06 Dec 2018 : 8 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)- around 650 kb each.
LocationKathmandu , Nepal
Altitude:  4500 ft.
Date: 21 October 2018
Habit : Wild
Neanotis sp. ??

I think may be some other genus.


May be some Hedyotis or Oldenlandia species ?


May be some Hedyotis or Oldenlandia species ?
Pl. check.

Oldenlandia corymbosa L. ??

Pl. check 


It is Oldenlandia species, flower and fruit are like that of Oldenlandia

Yes …

… and myself guessed so.


To me appears close to images at Oldenlandia corymbosa L. as per comparative images.


.


Your image at Useful tropical plants is incorrect.
It should be of Oldenlandia corymbosa L.
Pl. correct.

Thanks … for pointing out the error.
I have sent a mail to the site-owners about the erroneous picture included in their Oldenlandia affinis page.
Mistake was mine – I had included “Oldenlandia affinis” among other tags for Oldenlandia corymbosa page in my collection.
I have revised my notes at flickr – I have removed the confusing tag from all pages of Oldenlandia corymbosa.
There is / was one Oldenlandia affinis Blanco (perhaps a misapplied name for Oldenlandia corymbosa) … different from Oldenlandia affinis (Roem. & Schult.) DC. (an accepted name).

I hope the site owners remove the erroneous picture soon.



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SK 2277 06 November 2019 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)- around 1 mb each.

Location:  Ranimahal, Palpa
Date: 25 September 2019
Elevation:453 m.
Habit : Wild
Scleromitrion pinifolium (Wall. ex G.Don) R.J.Wang. ??
Syn: Hedyotis pinifolia Wall. ex G.Don

What about Oldenlandia herbacea ?

Oldenlandia corymbosa L. ??
Syn: Hedyotis corymbosa (L.) Lam.

I also feel more closer to Oldenlandia corymbosa L. rather than Oldenlandia herbacea (L.) Roxb.

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Requesting ID: Sigur dry forests, Nilgiris, TN: 2 images.

Dry forests, Nilgiris (Sigur)
Please ID this!


Oldenlandia sp.,


Thank you. I agree. I am trying to see if it is Oldenlandia herbacea or something else.


I think Oldenlandia corymbosa L. as per images and details herein.



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References:

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