Phyllocephalum scabridum (DC.) K.Kirkman, Rhodora 83(833): 10 (1981):. 10 1981. (syn. Baccharoides hookeri (C.B.Clarke) M.R.Almeida; Baccharoides ritchiei (Hook.f.) M.R.Almeida; Baccharoides scabrida (DC.) M.R.Almeida; Cacalia clarkeana Kuntze; Cacalia hookeri Kuntze; Centratherum courtallense (Wight) Benth. & Hook.f.; Centratherum hookeri C.B.Clarke; Centratherum metzianum Sch.Bip. ex Hook.f.; Centratherum molle Benth. & Hook.f.; Centratherum phyllolaenum (DC.) Benth. ex Hook.f.; Centratherum rangacharii Gamble; Centratherum ritchiei Hook.f.; Centratherum tenue C.B.Clarke; Decaneurum angustifolium Hook.f. & Thomson ex C.B.Clarke; Decaneurum epilejum DC.; Decaneurum molle (Wall.) DC. .; Decaneurum phyllolaenum DC.; Decaneurum scabridum DC.; Gymnanthemum molle (DC.) Sch.Bip. ex Walp.; Gymnanthemum molle Sch.Bip. ex Hook.f.; Gymnanthemum phyllolaenum (DC.) Sch.Bip. ex Walp.);
Purple Heads • Marathi: पर्णगुंफी Parnagumphi; 

Fleshy herbs. Leaves 12-15 x 4-6.5 cm, elliptic, acuminate at both ends, thinly scabrid above, deeply serrate. Peduncles 1.5 cm long, tomentose. Heads 1.3 x 1 cm, few; inner bracts 9 x 2 mm; outer bracts 8 x 4 mm, white-tomentose, ciliate along the margins. Flowers 12-15; corolla 8 mm long; lobes oblong, glabrous. Achenes 1.5 mm long; pappus few, 2.5 mm long. 

Flowering and fruiting: July-December
Shola and moist deciduous forests
State – Kerala

Asteraceae ID 11211 JP: I found a dried Asteraceae plant near by
attaching the information collected
Location: Trimbakeshwar nashik
Visit date: 24th nov 2011
Herb dried brown
height 2-2.5 ft
stem: ribbed
Leaves Alternate with dentate / serrate margins. rough to touch lighter beneath.
inflorescence is terminal. the persitent part war around 3 cm in diameter possibility of the corolla color being Purple
seeds black

it is Phyllocephalum scabridum (DC.) Kirkman

Yes it is Phyllocephalum scrabidum… have three species in the genus, P. scrabidum, P. indicum and the type species is P. frutescens which is from Java
very diificult genus to deal with,, mixed with many other genus from many countries and continent..
Please if any one can able to place the photo of the type.. here..
Surprise to see distinguish species merged in P. scrabidum


phyllocephalum scabridum:
phyllocephalum scabridum, amboli ghat
growing along side the road for miles


Phyllocephalum tenue:
sharing picture of Phyllocephalum tenue, Asteraceae
taken at Amboli Oct, 2012
it form beautiful herb on both side of road at Amboli

Nice photograph ! Presume you mean the Purple Heads [Baccharoides scabridum, previously Phyllocephalum scrabidum]. Dr. Almeida’s book make no mention of Phyllocephalum tenue.
Have this on my property at Shahapur. From my records over the last few years, it generally flowers from September to October.
Sending a few photographs.

Thanks … but your plant is different from what i have uploaded,
My plant was Id by … so it can not be wrong


Asteraceae Week Part I-Radiate heads:-Phyllocephalum tenue : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
sharing picture of Phyllocephalum tenue (Clarke) Narayana
It grows as a weed on side of road .. feels so lovely when it flowers 🙂

There appears to some problem with its nomenclature.

The Plant List gives it as unresolved- Phyllocephalum tenue (Clarke) Narayana (Unresolved), “in Curr. Sci., 51(8): 439 (1982):” 439 1982.
India Biodiversity Portal gives it with Centratherum tenue C.B.Clarke as syn.
Taxonomic revision of Centratherum & Phyllocephalum (pdf) (Jan. 1981) treats Centratherum tenue C.B.Clarke as a syn. of Phyllocephalum scabridum (DC.) K.Kirkman. at page10.
Further The Plant List gives Centratherum tenue C.B.Clarke as a synonym of Phyllocephalum scabridum (DC.) K.Kirkman
In view of all this I think this may be finally Phyllocephalum scabridum (DC.) K.Kirkman. or issue may be resolved by the experts.

1 post by 1 author.
Here is a snap of “Phyllocephalum scabridum” (Asteraceae family).
(Photographed at Irshalgad)


Asteraceae Fortnight Part 2-Discoid heads:: Plant for ID SMP 21 : Attachments (3).  3 posts by 2 authors.
Observed in Mulshi. Post rainy season …may be Nov
Crassocephalum or Adenoon?
It is a large herbaceous shrub. May be a meter height

After studying several posts similar to this I strongly believe this to be Phylocephalum scabridum.
a)Regarding my first doubt.
Crassocephalum is ruled out as it has yellow heads.
Phylocephalum and Adenoon both have pink/purple heads. Leaves alternate. heads ebracteolate.
Pappus is absent in Adenoon whereas it is present; short fugaceous (Botany Withering or dropping off early.) and achenes are ribbed in Phyllocephalum.
BSI Mah flora mentions 4 species of Phyllocephalum. In one of the pictures I can see the underside of leaf as whitish so P. hookeri is ruled out.
The outer involucral bracts are not cordate at base:
1) pappus hairs reddish: … … … … … … … … . P. tenue
2) pappus hairs white or yellowish … … … … … P. scabridum
All features can’t be seen here. But this is likely to be P. scabridum.

Phyllocephallum scabridum—for sharing and validation : Attachments (2).  4 posts by 4 authors.
Pic of Purple head and its habitat, taken at Ambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune in Oct.12

Yes for Phyllocephalum scabridum

Now called Baccharoides scabricum. Please check this link



Flowers from Sagargad : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)

Flowers from Sagargad
Centhratherum phyllocephalum
06 Oct,2010

veronina indica mm3 16102011:
veronina indica, i think
would apreciate a confirmation
growing commonly
alibaug, my place
last two weeks

Yes Centratherum indicum
To me appears close to images of Phyllocephalum scabridum (DC.) K.Kirkman rather than those of Phyllocephalum indicum (Less.) K.Kirkman

identification no290313sn1 :  4 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Kindly help in identification. My guess is Blue Sonki (Adenoon indicum).
location:ambyvalley rd Lonavala/mulshi,pune.
height:less than 2ft.

It is Centratherum phylloaenum.

¿ Phyllocephalum scabridum ? (DC.) K.Kirkman
Place, Altitude: near Koraigad, Lonavala (about 2000 ft asl)
Date, Time: 15 OCT 10 03:39pm
Habitat: wild, scrub forest along roadside
Habit: herb, about 1.5 – 2 m,
flower-head about 15 – 20 mm across.

… the number of (bract-like) leaves beneath the flower-head is less compared to those in my earlier post, Another what looks like a difference to me is the many-branching of stem at the top. Would this be some species other than scabridum OR would this be some genus other than Phyllocephalum ?

I think it’s the same species as the other post. I have sometimes noticed the flowers are sometimes variable in size and fullness as well.

I have collected Phylocephalum scabridum from SGNP , which however looks different from this sps.

I think the plant posted by me from Mulshi and not yet IDed is also the same. I will repost it again

I guess it is matching. Please compare with Phyllocephalum scabridum !

I have labelled the plant as Phyllocephalum scabridum. Many thanks to … for similar thoughts.

Peth Kothaligad, September 2021 :: Asteraceae for ID :: ARK2022-010: 4 images.

This was clicked at Peth Kothaligad hill fort near Karjat, MH in September 2021.
Is this Centratherum punctatum?
Requested to please ID.

Phyllocephalum scabridum (DC.) Kirkman


Herb in fruiting stage for id: 2 high res. images.
On trek to Matheran at around say 1500 to 2000 ft. on 4.2.23.

Looks like Carpesium !

It might be Phyllocephalum scabridum,

Yes, appears close to images at

Acilepis dendigulensis?: 3 images.

Please help me in correcting this ID.
Date: 22/10/22
Location- Kelad -velhe
Habitat- Dense herbs/shrubs, stream near by

I guess the ID is OK !

I think more closer to images at

Yes, most likely … is right.




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