Plumbago zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. 151 1753. (Syn: Molubda scandens (L.) Raf.; Plumbagidium scandens (L.) Spach; Plumbago auriculata Bl.; Plumbago flaccida Moench; Plumbago floridana Nutt.; Plumbago floridana Raf.; Plumbago lactea Salisb.; Plumbago mexicana Kunth; Plumbago occidentalis Sw.; Plumbago sarmentosa Lam.; Plumbago scandens L.; Plumbago viscosa Blanco; Thela alba Lour.); 
USA (Arizona, Florida, Texas), Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Isl., Jamaica, Lesser
Antilles (Anguilla, Antigua, Barbados, Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Grenadines,
Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Redonda, Saba, St. Barthelemy, St.
Eustatius, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Martin, St. Vincent), Aruba, Bonaire,
Curacao, Isla Margarita, Tobago, Trinidad, Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I), Puerto Rico
(I), Virgin Isl. (I) (Guana (I), St. Croix (I), St. John (I), St. Thomas (I),
Tortola (I)), Costa Rica, Panama, Galapagos Isl., Peru, Nicaragua, Guyana?,
Surinam, French Guiana, Ecuador, Argentina (Chaco, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santa
Fe, Tucuman), Paraguay (Central, Cordillera), Venezuela (Anzoategui, Aragua,
Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Distrito Federal, Lara, Merida,
Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Sucre, Trujillo, Zulia), N-Brazil (Para),
NE-Brazil (Maranhao, Ceara, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia), WC-Brazil (Mato Grosso
do Sul), SE-Brazil (Rio de Janeiro), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador,
Mexico (Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon,
Tamaulipas, Durango, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosi, Guanajuato,
Queretaro, Hidalgo, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Mxico State, Morelos,
Puebla, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Yucatan, Quintana Roo), Bolivia (Chuquisaca,
La Paz, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Colombia (Antioquia, Bolvar, Boyac, Cundinamarca,
Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Sucre, Tolima, Valle), Australia (Western
Australia, Northern Territory, Queensland, New South Wales), Christmas Isl.
(Austr.), Pakistan (Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi), Jammu & Kashmir
(Kashmir, Poonch), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur), India, Sri Lanka, Andamans (I),
Nicobars (I), Myanmar [Burma], Darjeeling, Nepal, Sikkim,
Java, Sumatra, Lesser
Sunda Isl., New Guinea, Sulawesi, Philippines, Laos, Vietnam, peninsular
Malaysia, Singapore, Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Bangladesh, Tibesti, Sahel
Zone, South Africa (Limpopo, North-West Prov., Gauteng, Mpulamanga, Free State,
KwaZulu-Natal, N-Cape Prov.), Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Seychelles (I),
Comores (Mayotte, etc.), Sudan, South Sudan, Chad, Central African Republic,
Bioko Isl. (Fernando Poo), Congo (Brazzaville), Angola, Cameroon, Mozambique,
Zambia, Zimbabwe, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Madagascar, Sao Tome, Burkina Faso,
Benin, Togo, etc., New Caledonia, Fiji (I), peninsular Malaysia, Norfolk Isl.,
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan), Taiwan, American
Samoa (Manua Isl., Olosega), Cook Isl. (Rarotonga), Marquesas Isl. (Nuku Hiva,
Hiva Oa, Eiao), Northern Marianas (Maug), Society Isl. (Tahiti, Maupiti, Bora
Bora), Southern Marianas (Saipan, Rota), Mauritius, La Runion, Rodrigues, Egypt
(SE-Egypt), Oman (Dhofar), Yemen (Tihama, W-Yemen), Cape Verde Isl. (Santo Antao
Isl., Ilha de Sao Nicolau, Ilha de Sao Tiago, Fogo Isl., Ilha Brava), Hawaii
(Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Kahoolawe Isl., Hawaii Isl.)
as per Catalogue of Life;
 
Chitrak, Plumbago, White leadwort • Hindi: चित्रक Chitrak • Manipuri: Telhidak angouba • Tamil: சித்திர மூலம் chittiramoolam Karimai • Malayalam: Vellakoduveli • Kannada: Chitramulika • Bengali: Safaid-sitarak • Oriya: Ogni;
 
Flowers are white, in terminal elongated spikes. Calyx densely covered with stalked, sticky glands. The calyx has glandular trichomes (hairs), which secrete a sticky mucilage that is capable of trapping and killing insects; it is unclear what the purpose of these trichomes is; protection from pollination by way of “crawlers” (ants and other insects that typically do not transfer pollen between individual plants), or possible protocarnivory. Glandular trichomes structurally resemble the tentacles of Drosera and Drosophyllum. Capsules are oblong contained in a glandular persisitent calyx   


 

 

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Plumbago zeylanica :: Hooghly, West Bengal:  An earlier post by … helped me ID this plant. Today, i took photographs of the fruits of the same plant.

Species – Plumbago zeylanica
Date/Time- 09/12/2011 @ 2.40 P.M. & 01/02/2012 @ 10.00 A.M.
Location- Kamarkundu (Hooghly District), West Bengal
Habitat- Wild
Plant Habit- herb
Height- NA
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- ovate
Inflorescence Type/ Size- inflorescence 3 to 15 cm long
Flowers Colour- white
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- capsule
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- NA
ID & Info help :
Yes … Plumbago zeylanica. Its fruits somewhat sticky in nature.


 

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sharing images of Plumbago zeylanica growing wild outside a closed bungalow at Pune
Family Plumbaginaceae
Flowers are white, in terminal elongated spikes. Calyx densely covered with stalked, sticky glands. The calyx has glandular trichomes (hairs), which secrete a sticky mucilage that is capable of trapping and killing insects; it is unclear what the purpose of these trichomes is; protection from pollination by way of “crawlers” (ants and other insects that typically do not transfer pollen between individual plants), or possible protocarnivory. Glandular trichomes structurally resemble the tentacles of Drosera and Drosophyllum. Capsules are oblong contained in a glandular persisitent calyx
The information on this plant was taken from the following links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plumbago


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Plumbago zeylanica L from Assam :  Attachments (7). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Attached images are Plumbago zeylanica L.
Date :24.11.2013
Location: Kamrup district, Assam
Family : Plumbaginaceae
Genus & species : Plumbago zeylanica L.
Habitat: Grows wild side of the railway tract
Habit : Herb 
Flower : White 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 557 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Attaching an image of a Common Grass yellow butterfly on the flowers of Plumbago zeylanica.

 

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2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Plumbago zeylanica L, Wild straggling under shrub,
well known medicinal herb Chitraka, reddish roots of which burn the human skin, used in Indian medicine, ornamental strains also available in it.


Commonly known as Chitrak is a common herb.
Bot. name: Plumbago zeylanica
Family: Plumbaginaceae

2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
This herb with glandular sepals is fairly common in roadside shades in plains as well as in lower hills…
present pics recorded from Panipat..
Plumbago zeylanica.. the Chitrak


Very good photographs …


 

 

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Attached are pictures of Plumbago zeylanica from Pune captured in December 2012.


Yes, an important medicinal plant.. thanks …


 

 

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Plumbago zeylanica seen growing wild in a Nasik farm.

Also seen cultivated in Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai.


 

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Plumbago zeylanica L.
Ceylone leadwort a small shrub with smaller white flowers and long stalked glands on calyx,  
photographed from Delhi


Yes Sir


Thanks Sir, this is always a good plant to observe in flowers…


 

 

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Plumbago zeylanica L. (Plumbaginaceae) is a common perennial shrub in outer and mid hills of Uttarakhand. Known as ‘Chitrak’ it is an important medicinal herb.
Photographed in Pantnagar.


 

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Plumbago zeylanica L.SN Dec 10 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Plumbago zeylanica L., well known wild medicinal herb, chitrakmul, roots are vasicant. Can be cultivated as a hedge plant and roots can be harvested after 2 years and supplied to drug manufacturers


nice but aren’t the flowers supposed to be light blue?

Blue colored one is Plumbago capensis, which is an ornamendal plant and not used in native medicine.



 

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ID Request 310115SG : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2). Please help identify this plant about 3-4ft. Photo taken on 30Jan15 at Dhavlas, Maharashtra.


Plumbago zeylanica 

 

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Fwd: Wild flower id from Bangladesh : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Flowering- November, location – Jessore, picture taken today. (25.11.15)


planted or wild???? looks like plumbago

may be p. auriculata, var. alba, but now there are so many cultivars, which demands detailed study pictures


Naturally wild, and it’s huge, I never seen it before, 


so measure atleast either the flower, the plant and leaves?


Pleased check Plumbago zeylanica L. – /species/m—z/p/plumbaginaceae/plumbago/plumbago-zeylanica


Plumbago zeylanica


you said p zeylanica. well if you are convinced. its ok. no matter

 

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SYMBIOSIS :819 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

Attaching an image of a male Leopard Lace wing visiting flowers of Plumbago zeylanica.


 

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Plumbago zeylanica L. Sp. Pl. 1: 151. 1753.
Family: Plumbaginaceae
Lectotype : Herb. Linn. No. 216.2 (LINN)
Location: TBGRI, Thiruvananthapuram
Distribution: Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Oceania [Wikipedia]
Camera: Nikon D300+Nikkor 60mm+Vivitar Ringhflash.
Attachments:
1. Image of the plant
2. Protologue
3. Image of Lectotype


– here it is mine…


– There is one thing I must express here

GOOD TAXONOMIST
GOOD PHOTOGRAPHER
GOOD ILLUSTRATOR
GOOD PLANT GROWER
+
PASSION FOR PLANTS One who has these 5 qualities is a true botanist as well as taxonomist. Unfortunately we have very few.


– I request you to add Patience as well to this.


– Patience to observe the characters in detail and to look into reference / publications.


–  find the image of Plumbago zeylanica collected by me from Ranpur, Nayagarh district in Eastern Ghats of Orissa from an altitude of 500 m above msl.


– I read about an interesting project in Berlin. Well, most of the information is naturally  in german,  but under about us http://prinzessinnengarten.net/about/ you can read the english version. and certainly the Fotogalerie does not need any language.

It is very interesting and worth reading and watching fotos and perhaps worth copying.


 

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Flora of Chakrata: Plumbago zeylanica from Dak Pathar: Plumbago zeylanica from Dak Pathar
Chitrak An imp Medicinal Plant 


 

 

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Date/Time-Sep and Oct 2011
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Garden
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Height/Length- about 1 foot
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- white
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-not seen


Leaves and Petals do look like that of white Plumbago.


Yes looks like Plumbago zeylanica


 

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More Pics from Bhalsi Panipat


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 74:  Attaching the image of the 74th member of the series. Here a Common Mormon butterfly is on the flowers of Plumbago zeylanica. The flower is commonly known as White Plumbago. It is known as CHITRAK in Hindi and CHITRA in Bangla.


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 81: Attaching the image of the 81st member of the series. In this a Grey Pansy butterfly is on the flowers of Plumbago zeylanica.


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 82:   Attaching the image of the 82nd member of the series. Here a Limebutterfly is on the flowers of Plumbago zeylanica.


 

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plumbago zeylanica:

plumbago zeylanica,
yesterday, on a roadside, alibaug


Yes “Chitrak” in Hindi. 

yes …


 

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121218SD01 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Please assist with plant ID.
Pic taken on Dec 1, 2018 at Aravalli Biodiversity Park, Delhi-NCR.
Habitat: Rocky landscape, dry deciduous region.

Plumbago zeylanica  


 

 

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ID please KHWS 21 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)- 1 Mb each. 
Place: Kalsubai-Harishchandragad Wildlife Sanctuary-Maharashtra, India

Date: 23 June 2019
Local name: Chitruk
Use: cooked as a vegetable

Plumbago zeylanica L.

Plumbaginaceae

Thanks, … for the id.
To me also appears close to images at Plumbago zeylanica 

 

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Sajjangad, Near Kass Plateau, Approx. 15 kms north of Satara, Maharashtra: 29th to 31st Aug’08; at Anantgiri in Vikarabad Distt. of A.P. on 24/8/08; Delhi- Feb.’09?; 15th Aug., 2009- Off Purandar Fort, Satara-Pune Highway; Hosalli,Karnataka on 11-11-09; 22nd Dec., 2009- Tungareshwar WLS, Maharashtra; Panipat District; Chandagal, Mysore dist- Sep 2010; White flower creeper(Samir Takaochi) – indiantreepix | Google Groups Plumbago zeylanica – Chitrak – indiantreepix | Google Groups Fwd: Chitrak – indiantreepix | Google Groups plant for id CG17 – indiantreepix | Google Groups  Wild Flower for ID-171109-RK-1 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Chitrak (Pat II) – efloraofindia | Google Groups  Flora of Panipat District-Plumbago zeylanica – efloraofindia | Google Groups Plumbago zeylanica – Chitrak – efloraofindia | Google Groups 


17012020EPT53 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)
presenting for ID
Location : Chennai outskirts 

Date :17.01.2020
Elevation : 55 mts.
Habitat : Roadside bush wild
Habit : Climber


Plumbago zeylanica 


… is correct,

References:

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