Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin, Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Colon. Marseille VI, 5-6: 48 1948. (Syn: Eranthemum atropurpureum W.Bull; Eranthemum aureoreticulatum B.S.Williams; Eranthemum aureoreticulatum Hook.f.; Eranthemum carruthersii Seem.; Eranthemum nigrescens W.Bull; Eranthemum nigrum Linden; Eranthemum reticulatum W.Bull; Eranthemum reticulatum Vos [Illegitimate]; Eranthemum schomburgkii auct.; Eranthemum tricolor W.Bull; Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (W.Bull) Radlk.; Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (W. Bull) L.H. Bailey; Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) Fosberg; Pseuderanthemum reticulatum Radlk.; Siphoneranthemum atropurpureum Kuntze (Unresolved); Siphoneranthemum reticulatum Kuntze (Unresolved); Siphoneranthemum tricolor Kuntze (Unresolved));
Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg)
Common name: Purple false eranthemum, False eranthemum, Graptophyllum ;
Evergreen shrub with ovate or elliptic up to 15 cm long leaves, often purple beneath, flowers in loose spikes, corolla 5-lobed with purple spots; tube about 12 mm long;

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin
at Sanjay Gandhi National Park on December 16, 2007
at Priyadarshini Park on March 18, 2007

Attached are pictures of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii captured at Mumbai in October 2012.
Requested to validate the ID.

Looks like so.

Attached are pictures of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii captured from various gardens in Mumbai in October 2012.
Requested to validate the ID.

I agree.

For me the ID correct.

inflorescence shape
flower color etc. are different and may be does not belong here
does 1 and 3  and 2 and 4 go together? so two cases ???
please separate and can you please show the bck side of the the leaf?
do have those pictures?

Pics 1a, 2a and 3a (1st, 2nd and 4th pics above) are of the same plant, the 2nd pic is of a different plant…
Unfortunately, I do not have any further pics….


This is an ornamental species, recorded from Panipat..
was uploaded earlier and identified as Pseuderanthemum carruthersii …your views please..

Acanthaceae Fortnight : Pseuderanthemum carruthersii : Nasik : 31MAR15 : AK-46 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
From our home garden in Nasik.
An ornamental plant.

Acanthaceae Fortnight : Pseuderanthemum carruthersii : Muscat : 31MAR15 : AK-47 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Seen in gardens as a cultivated plant

Acanthaceae Fortnight :: ID Request – Pseuderanthemum :: MNP :: ARKMAR-75/87 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Requesting to please provide ID of the plant captured at MNP in April 2014. It seems to be some Pseuderanthemum but now I am confused…

Pseuderanthemum species so far in efi 

… some cultivar of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii.

If you search Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum you will find similar pics. For info on the Pseuderanthemum you may visit the following links, for old literature –

Earlier one confusion surfaced in this group, where flower pictures were not available, and … helped me a lot, with Graptophyllum pictum –

…, I am considering Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum as synonym of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii. Is it not ?

Certainly …, I did use the epithet because I think, based on flower and leaf colour variations, sites like toptropicals, possibly a commercial, make it complicated. Originally these were Eranthemum perhaps (I need to read more to get more inside story), Radlkofer, based on reticulate seed (?) transferred it to Pseuderanthemum. The lit I linked in my earlier mail informs one was P. caruthersii var. atropurpureum (Bull.) Fosberg, another was P. c.  var. reticulatum (Bull.) Fosberg.

Earlier I addressed the issue in my threads –
Name of this flower ?? : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Can you please help me in identifying this flower. (Attached)

This is an ornamental Pseuderanthemum sp.

its more look like Pseuderanthemum carruthersii of Acanthaceae. most probably atropurpureum variety.


SYMBIOSIS : 442 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Blank Swift butterfly on the flower of Pseudernthemum reticulatum.

IDENTITY : 36 :  Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Attaching an image of a small garden plant. From a distance the flowers look like Jasmine sp. The flowers don’t have fragrance. Will you please identify the plant?

… has identified it as Pseudearanthemum reticulatum. I think he is right


SYMBIOSIS : 442 :  Attachments (1). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Attaching an image of a Blank Swift butterfly on the flower of Pseudernthemum reticulatum.

Pseuderanthemum reticulatum Radlk. is a synonym of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin as per The Plant List & PIER.
There is one Pseuderanthemum reticulatum hort. ex Hook. as per GRIN
Which Pseuderanthemum reticulatum we are talking here in India ?

Acanthaceae Fortnight:: Pseuderanthemum reticulatum::NSJ-MAR-28 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Pseuderanthemum reticulatum??? from a garden in Mumbai

yes i think so

To me it seems to be Pseuderanthemum reticulatum.

Attached are pictures of Pseuderanthemum reticulatum captured from various gardens in Mumbai.
Requested to please validate the ID….

efi page on Pseuderanthemum reticulatum (Cultivated)

To me it seems to be Pseuderanthemum reticulatum.

Please check the KEY

Also check for P. variegatum as the leaves are not clear in your photograph.

Agree with … i also want to see the leaves

Unfortunately I do not have pics of the leaves…my bad
Based on the key referenced by …, I do not think the flowers were 4 cm wide, as far as I recollect, well I may be wrong….


Your species looks like the one I had in thread or the one in thread, …
While GRIN treats the two as different taxa GRIN1 and GRIN2 Chinese Museum of Natural History and TPL think those are synonymous.

Thanks … for the info….however, very confusing…..I do not think that these leaves were purple on the backside.

You seem to have missed my e-mail address.
Your third picture shows leaves with purple veins. If you see DSCN4394.jpg in my thread, pasted in my earlier mail you will see that not all leaves have pure purple underside. At least two leaves there are more green than purple. Would it be impossible to find a few leaves in that particular shrub without any purple underside? In that very same picture in my thread one or two leaf even do not have purple vein!

Thanks … for pointing out…. I take it as P. carruthersii then….

And regarding missing you in the mail, its just that I do not know your email id.
When I reply to any post I click on the reply button and compose and send out the email, do not add any extra addresses in the Cc box other that those inserted by Google itself.
Is there any way I can extract the email addresses of the members of this group?

I do not receive all mails submitted to eFI. Unless mails are cc-ed or forwarded to me I won’t be able to reply those threads. Earlier I used to bookmark threads, but this is troublesome to check each thread regularly. So, please reply me directly, else I would be in total darkness about the progress in a thread.
Now, about ID of your species. Since it is ornamental, I think, you can save it as Pseudoeranthemum reticulatum if you like, but without author citation. Nurseries make hybrids, cultivars with so many parent line that one can not make out the original parents of a species. Since P. reticulatum is commonly known as “yellow-vein eranthemum” one would naturally ask for yellow veins! However, Dave’s think P. reticulatum as P. c. (var. carruthersii) while Toptropicals doesn’t think so.


id please. : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Habra, WB, 18-09-16

is it Pseuderanthemum carruthersii ?

I think matches with images at Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin



ID request 12072017PC1 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Kindly identify this plant growing in Thailand. It a shrub and was flowering in March.

Pl. Check with comparative images at eranthamum or pseudoeranthamum page in efi site. Pl. Check the spellings of botanical names given by me.

Thank you … Pseudoeranthemum reticulatum, Acanthaceae.

ID request28112017CP3 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this flowering shrub from Thailand. It was flowering in March.
Could it be a species of Eranthemum or Psuederanthemum? 

Thanks, …

Thank you, … It does look like Pseuderanthemum carruthersii.

Plant ID request : 15 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.

When and where?  Planted?

UP, India.
It’s leaves are like Chandni plant. but it’s variegated.

Was it wild or planted?

It’s planted in a nursery but the nursery owner doesn’t know its name. And he asked me to find it .
Should I send more clear pics of this plant?

Thanks, …  Yes. I think that may be of help.

The photograph is not clear & difficult to ID.

Pl. send the picture of the complete plant etc.

Here are some more pics. Attachments (5).

Looks like Pseuderanthemum Species of Acanthaceae.

Yes, … We have similar images here at Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Cultivated)

Janak Puri in Delhi on June 31, 2010; Chennai- Feb.’09?;

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Red dots on White flower (Samir Takaochi) – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Oct 2011 Pune
? Graptophyllum pictum
Kindly Id this potted plant of about 2 ft ht .
No flowers or fruits seen

i think this is Pseuderanthemum variegatum

Plants for Tropical Landscapes: A Gardener’s Guide By Fred Donald Rauch, Paul R. Weissich Dave’s Garden Top Tropicals


Ornamental From Panipat for ID:
This herb was found potted as an ornamental in Panipat city, Haryana. Picture taken in November 2010. I hope this to be Pseuderanthemum species from Acanthaceae, may be P. carruthersii? Please provide correct id.


Pseuderanthemum carruthersii:
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin, Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille
ser. 6, 4-6-48, 1948syn:  Eranthemum atropurpureum W. Bull; Eranthemum carruthersii Seem. (basionym);  Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) Fosberg; Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (W. Bull) Radlk.
Evergreen shrub with ovate or elliptic up to 15 cm long leaves, often purple beneath, flowers in loose spikes, corolla  5-lobed with purple spots; tube about 12 mm long.
Photographed from Janak Puri in New Delhi.
Common names: false eranthemum, Jacob’s-coat, purple false eranthemum



Please help ID plant photo taken at St George’s Cathedral Garden:
Please help ID the attached flower:
Date/Time- January 2010, 9:30 AM
Location- Chennai, Sea Level
Habitat- Garden at St. George’s Cathedral
Plant Habit- Garden Plant
Height/Length-3 ft
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Oval
Medium – like orchids


Pseuderanthemum carruthersii:
Photos taken at Kokkare Bellur, Mandya district, Karnataka.
A small cultivated bush.
ID confirmation requested.


Pseuderanthemum sp. :: 09/Mar/12 :: Hooghly (WB) SK:

Though this plant now-a-days can be regarded as a common garden plant. But i fail to remember if i saw it even a few decades ago. I do not know its Bengali name and i am afraid that it hardly has any.

Species : Pseuderanthemum reticulatum (family : Acanthaceae)

Date : 28/02/2012 , 12.23 p.m. (except the first image)

Place : Hooghly, West Bengal

Type : Garden, perennial

(images are 720×540 each, except the two in the table)

ID help :


2) http://lotusleaf-gardentropics.jasmine-and-pseudo-jasmine.html

Very good photographs ….
This plant more commonly known as P. atropurpureum is now correctly known as
  Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin


23102011MC01.. Please help identify:

Place: Chennai
Altitude: Sea Level
Habitat: cultivated garden
Habit: shrub
Approximate size/height: 1 metre
Leaf size: 8 cm by 3 cm
Flower Diameter: 1.5 to 2.0 cm
Length of Flower: 2.5 to 4.0 cm
Flower Colour: White with purple
Fruit Size: Not seen

Lovely pic, I gues some Pseudoeranthemum sps.

It does look like Pseuderanthemum. What are the common species in India?

i guess its cultivated one,, we get lots of hybrids for ornamental purposes

I had hotographed similar as Pseudoeranthemum carruthersii from Delhi

What about P. Reticulatum?

You have a point. the veins definitely look yellow, but there is a dilemma for me. I find in Hortus Third
P. atropurpureum (now considered under P. carruthersii): Leaves ovate or elliptic, to 15 cm long, purple or green, variously marked with yellow along veins; corolla 2.5 cm across, white with purple markings
P. reticulatum: leaves ovate-lanceolate, 12-30 cm long, undulate margin; veins yellow; corolla 4 cm across

I agree with your diagnosis. Flower size, colour, leaf shape and size all point to P. carruthersii.


Though the flowers are of same size, the leaves of this variety of Pseuderanthemum is much bigger than my previous upload.
Species : Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum
Habit & Habitat : garden shrub, about 6 feet high
Date : 21-05-12, 12.28 p.m.
Place : Gobra (Hooghly)
Related links :

Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. request.
(Ornamental plant Croton? like)
Location: Peelamedu, Coimbatore
Date: 11.12.2011
Habitat: Garden
Habit: Shrub.


Plz id this herb: pa64 – 19dec2012:
Plz id this herb growing in a pot near the railway station in Navi
It is aruond 18 inches high.

Looks like Pseuderanthemum carruthersii..

Thank you … for identifying it so fast.


Unknown species from a garden in Bangalore:
This is a plant growing near office and we’ve been wondering what it is for some time. Hope we’ll know soon 🙂

This could be Pseuderanthemum carruthersii.

this was confirmed to be Pseuderanthemum carruthersii.


Hooghly Today : Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum L.H.Bailey: (12 images)

The accepted name of this plant is confusing to me –


Requesting identification of this potted plant with purple buds at a private society garden at Pune. No fruits were seen

Pseuderanthemum carruthersi var. atropurpureum

Common name: Eranthemum (Purple False)
Family: Acanthaceae
Habit: Shrub
Nativity: United States of America
Propagation: Through stem cuttings


Herb ID request – RK109 – 19-Mar-2013 :  2 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Requesting identification of this potted plant that is flowering now in South Mumbai. Thank you.

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii of Acanthaceae



10112011GS1 a foliage plant from Delhi for ID:
This foliage plant was photographed from Delhi from a private garden, height about 1 m, leaves slightly variegated. ID please

This could be possibly Eranthemum tricolour.

Yes …, now known as Pseuderanthemum tricolor Radlk
Thanks for identification
Uploading another photograph taken today to show that it is a shrub and not Aglaonema

References: Wikipedia  gflora



Hooghly : Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin (cvs) : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5).

I think yes
Nice photographs

Attractive foliage colour.. thanks for sharing

I have seen this ornamental earlier but need to photograph it again.

Thank you …, the flowers helped me ID a previous post


Attached images may be Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin (cvs). Please ID the plant.
Date :10.04.2014
Location: ASC, AMU, Aligarh(UP)
Family : Acanthaceae
Genus & species :Pseuderanthemum carruthersii(Seem.) Guillaumin (cvs) (?)
Habitat: Grows as ornamental
Habit : Shrub

Hooghly – good morning plantscape ji : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 3 authors.
This moth looks like – But, what is this ornamental?
Interesting –

this looks like Eranthemum nigrum.

efi page on Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Syn: Eranthemum nigrum Linden)

Thank you Sir, i will be waiting for its flower.

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin as per another thread.


Plant Id LDH-10-02 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
please help me to identify the shrub

This is likely to be Pseuderanthemum carruthersii…..


Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin, Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille ser. 6, 4-6-48, 1948
syn:  Eranthemum atropurpureum W. Bull; Eranthemum carruthersii Seem. (basionym); Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum (W. Bull) Fosberg; Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (W. Bull) Radlk.
Evergreen shrub with ovate or elliptic up to 15 cm long leaves, often purple beneath, flowers in loose spikes, corolla  5-lobed with purple spots; tube about 12 mm long.
Photographed from Janak Puri in New Delhi.
Common names: false eranthemum, Jacob’s-coat, purple false eranthemum

Pseuderanthemum malabaricum : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Pseuderanthemum malabaricum
Just outside the gates of Dr Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Thattekkad, near Kothamangalam, Kerala.
First week of October 2018


SK1712 10 Jan 2019 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 3 mb.
Location : Sentosa , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012
Altitude  131 m.
Habit : Cultivated
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin ??

To me also appears close to images at

ID Help Wanted : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

I found this beautiful flower in Versova, Andheri West, Mumbai in September.
Haven’t seen it before here.
Couldn’t identify it. Can you please help? It’s a small herb/plant about 20-30cm tall.
Pseudoeranthemum reticulatum ??

I too agree with …



Ornamental for id – 131012 ANB-0010 – Mumbai:
I’d love to know the name of this garden plant with dark-hued leaves if possible. I haven’t seen the flowers.


Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum ??


Kindly help with the id of this plant: 1 image.
Growing in mumbai. 

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii ??


Need help With ID: 2 images.
Found this growing wild in Andheri West, Mumbai.
Can you please help with the ID?

Psederanthemum sp.

Most probably Pseuderanthemum carruthersii
Please post the habit and foliage (leaves)   pictures  for confirmation.

I guess correct ID !

Yes, it’s …


Pseuderanthemum carruthersii var. atropurpureum from Jammu-GS02052022-3: 6 high res. images.
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin var. atropurpureum (Bull) Fosberg
syn: Pseuderanthemum atropurpureum (W. Bull) Radlk.
Photographed from Jammu, J & K, 29-3-2015, characterised by purple variegated leaves and often purple flowers.

Very nice photos. For me the ID is correct. I had grown this plant in my garden when i was in Chennai.

Help for Identification: 1 image.
Please help me to identify this plant


Bhutan has single record of Pseuderanthemum palatiferum which is different from this one. This could be an interesting species.

May I request … to post the image of the leaves and showing the full plant.
After pursuing all the species listed in India as per details at Pseuderanthemum, I think it may be some escape from cultivation as per images and details at Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin
Does not seem to match as per other species at Pseuderanthemum and GBIF as per the following (for specimens in our area):


SK 3612 16 August 2022: 4 very high res. images.

Location: Bangalore, India 
Altitude: 900m.
Date: 08 August 2022
Habit : Cultivated
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guill ??
Looks slightly different.

Nice photos … For me the ID is correct.


Pseuderanthemum maculatum (G. Lodd.) I. M. Turner vs.Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin:
Please have a look

Yes, Tabish ji, need to merge both of them as details at

Merged the two at FOI.


Pseuderanthemum maculatum (G.Lodd.) I.M.Turner: 4 very high res. images.

Location: The Oberoi, Bengaluru, India
Date: 25 March 2023
Altitude: 940m.
Habitat : Cultivated
Syn : Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin according to POWO, CoL and Wikispecies.

This is a common garden plant in our region (Mysore & Bengaluru).


Yes, as per images at

Syn is OK ?


FOR VALIDATION :: Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin :: Priyadarshini Park, Mumbai :: Mar 18, 2007 · JUN23 DV486: 2 images.
Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin … FOR VALIDATION
Priyadarshini Park, Mumbai :: Mar 18, 2007 · 5:03 PM IST :: about 22 m (72 ft) asl


Is this correct…Psuedoranthemum curritheresii..!:

Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin




The Plant List  GRIN  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post  Flowers of India  Wikipedia  gflora  Dave’s Garden  Top Tropicals  Plants for Tropical Landscapes: A Gardener’s Guide By Fred Donald Rauch, Paul R. Weissich
efi thread  GRIN (Pseuderanthemum reticulatum hort. ex Hook.) The Plant List (Pseuderanthemum reticulatum Radlk. is a synonym of Pseuderanthemum carruthersii (Seem.) Guillaumin)  Pseuderanthemum reticulatum in A Checklist for the South China   Flowers of India  India Biodiversity Portal  Wikipedia Dave’s Garden  Top Tropicals PlantFiles: Detailed information

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