Solanum lycopersicum L., Sp. pl. 1:185. 1753 (syn: (≡) Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.; (=) Lycopersicon esculentum var. commune L. H. Bailey; (≡) Lycopersicon esculentum var. esculentum ; (=) Lycopersicon esculentum var. grandifolium L. H. Bailey; (=) Lycopersicon esculentum f. pyriforme (Dunal) C. H. Müll.; (=) Lycopersicon esculentum var. pyriforme (Dunal) Alef.; (=) Lycopersicon esculentum var. validum L. H. Bailey; (≡) Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) H. Karst.; (=) Lycopersicon lycopersicum var. pyriforme auct.; (=) Lycopersicon pyriforme Dunal) as per GRIN ;
 
commonly known as: love-apple, tomato • Assamese: বিলাহী-বেঙেনা bilahi bengena • Bengali: বিলাতি বেগুন bilati beguna, টম্যাটো tamyato • Gujarati: ટમાટો tamato • Hindi: टमाटर tamatar, विलायती बैंगन vilayati-baingan • Kannada: ಟೊಮಾಟೋ tomaato • Konkani: टोमॅटॉ tomato • Malayalam: തക്കാളി thakkaali • Manipuri: খামেন অসিন্বা khamen asinba • Marathi: बेलवांगी belavangi, विलायती वांगी vilayati vangi • Punjabi: ਵਿਲਾਇਤੀ ਬੇੰਗਨ wilaití bengan • Tamil: சீமைத்தக்காளி cimai-t-takkali, கொடித்தக்காளி koti-t-takkali • Telugu: తక్కిలి takkili, తమాటకాయ tamatakaya • Urdu: بيگن ولايتی wilayati baigan ;
 
The tomato, tamatar, very commonly used in vegetables, salad, sandwiches, sauces and various other preparations;    
The tomato plant commonly cultivated for its fruits used in chutnies, salads and cooking; 

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–  I believe none of the kitchen is complete without it. 

Solanum lycopersicum, yellow pear tomato, photographed from California


 

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Solanaceae Fortnight :: Solanum lycopersicum :: Mahabaleshwar :: DVFEB20/28 : 1 post by 1 author. 2 images.

Solanum lycopersicum L.
in Mahabaleshwar on February 16, 2008


 

 

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Solanaceae Fortnight: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Feb2015sk12/29 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5). It was growing wild, as they do often, from rejected semi-rotten fruits! It is confusing whom do we follow for the accepted name – FoC-FoP-TPL-GRIN?


Another set from my neighbor’s kitchen garden. Attachments (4)


Very good photographs … After nearly 3 decades of lecturing to students why Lycopersicum esculentum is the correct name, the species is back to Solanum as S. lycopersicum.


Thank you very much Sir. I can find the KEY to those two genera in FoC or in ‘Bengal Plants’. But I wonder if you had some more points for the students.


Now Lycopersicon is merged back into Solanum


Yes Sir, I was telling about the past. I take it as Solanum lycopersicum L.



 

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Solanaceae Fortnight:: Lycopersicon esculentum-NS Feb 24/24 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5). This is much valued plant, no need to say anything.. Lycopersicon esculentum ..


 

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Solanaceae Fortnight : Solanum lycopersicum : California : 19FEB15 : AK-4: 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2) Cultivated, ornamental plant. Seen in Fremont on 9/10/14.
Posted earlier.
Feedback from … “some old tomatoes called heirloom varieties do have purple and even “black” genes 
and they look and taste quite “tasty” 


 

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Solanaceae Fortnight :: Tomato:: Aurangabad:: PKA-FEB08/08: : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Tomato, i.e. Solanum lycopersicum  (Lycopersicon esculentum)
(
Family:
Solanaceae).
Location:
Aurangabad, Ellora



Solanum lycopersicum
Tomato plant


cherry tomatoes?


 

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Solanaceae Fortnight: Solanum lycopersicum: RVS09 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Sharing pictures of Solanum lycopersicum (= Lycopersicon esculentum).


yes. do you by the way have pictures of the leaf as a whole?
 

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Fruits & Vegetables Week: RVS-6Tomato, from a home garden in a tribal hamlet in Sirumalai hills.


-I am sending the photos of tomato and the tomato seller clicked from a market.

Place :  Dombivli
Date  :   01.01.11  


 

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Fruits & Vegetables Week: Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, the tomato: Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum (syn: Lycopersicon esculentum), the tomato, tamatar, very commonly used in vegetables, salad, sandwiches, sauces and various other preparations.  


 

 

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Solanaceae week- Tomato- PKA3: Tomato, i.e. Solanum lycopersicum (Lycopersicon esculentum
(Family: Solanaceae).
Location: Aurangabad, Ellora  


 

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Solanaceae Week: Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum from Delhi: Solanum lycopersicum Lam. (syn: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill)
The tomato plant commonly cultivated for its fruits used in chutnies, salads and cooking. 


 

 

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Solanaceae Week: Lycopersicon esculentum from Sirumalai hills: Tomato, from a cultivation on Sirumalai hills.


–  Lycopersicon P. Miller.
Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) Karsten. ex Deutsch. Fl. 966, 1855; Almeida, Fl. Mah. 3: 364, 2001; Singh et al, Fl. Mah. St. 2: 514, 2001(L. lycopercicum).
Synonyms: Solanum lycopersicum L. Sp. Pl. 185, 1753. Lycopersicum pomaceum-amoris Moench. 515, 1794. L. esculentum Miller, Gard. Dict. ed. 8, no.2, 1768; Cl. in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 237, 1884; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 2: 345, 1958 (Repr.). Lycopersicon lycopersicon Brit. Brown, 1, II, Fl. 3: 168, 1913.
      

Common names: Tomato, Vel-vangi, Tamatar  


 
Solanaceae Week: Lycopersicon esculentum (Tomato): Sending photos of tomatos. Kindly send  the photos of plant with flowers and fruits.
Place :  Dombivli
Date  :  January 2011 

 

 

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Found this Solanum in roadside thicket. I hope i haven’t made any mistake in identifying this herb.
Species : Solanum lycopersicum L.
Habit & Habitat : herb, roadside
Date : 28-02-12, 12.50 p.m.
Place : Hooghly, WB
ID help as per efi thread 


Yes it is Tomato.


According to the text book i follow the ID KEY to Solanum genus is “Leaves simple, lobed or pinnatifid”.
(Ref. “Plant Groups” by H. Mukherji; publisher: NEW CENTRAL BOOK AGENCY (P) Ltd.; 1981 edition, reprinted 2005; page no. 1025.)
Does that imply that taxonomists initially thought of tomato plants having simple leaves? Or the above mentioned college text book contains wrong data?


Solanum lycopersicum L. is commonly known as: love-apple, tomato • Assamese: বিলাহী-বেঙেনা bilahi bengena • Bengali: বিলাতি বেগুন bilati beguna, টম্যাটো tamyato • Gujarati: ટમાટો tamato • Hindi: टमाटर tamatar, विलायती बैंगन vilayati-baingan • Kannada: ಟೊಮಾಟೋ tomaato • Konkani: टोमॅटॉ tomato • Malayalam: തക്കാളി thakkaali • Manipuri: খামেন অসিন্বা khamen asinba • Marathi: बेलवांगी belavangi, विलायती वांगी vilayati vangi • Punjabi: ਵਿਲਾਇਤੀ ਬੇੰਗਨ wilaití bengan • Tamil: சீமைத்தக்காளி cimai-t-takkali, கொடித்தக்காளி koti-t-takkali • Telugu: తక్కిలి takkili, తమాటకాయ tamatakaya • Urdu: بيگن ولايتی wilayati baigan


I am copying here some more text from the book –
KEY TO GENERA
A. Corolla-limb valvatefruit usually a berry; seeds more or less discoid, compressed, embryo peripheric :
(a) Anthers opening through 2 apical pores, connivent in a cone –
(i) Leaves simple, lobed or pinnatifid ………… Solanum
(b) Anthers dehiscing by longitudinal slit-
(ii) Dehiscence introrse, leaves pinnate ……. Lycopersicum
(iii) Calyx small in fruit; anthers equal or shorter than the filament; fls. small, in paired pedicels or simple…… Capsicum


Quoting from our website “Unarmed or armed herbs, shrubs, climbers or small trees. Prickles when present straight or curved, with or without broad base. Hairs simple, branched or glandular. Leaves simple or compound”
Flora of China Leaves solitary or paired, simple or pinnately compound,”
Flora of Pakistan “Leaves simple or divided
Even in tomato you will find some leaves deeply divided, some almost compound, and some compound, or some poorly lobed, and as such some books will write deeply divided others pinnate leaves.
Flora of China “mostly pinnately compound or divided, sometimes entire”


 

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VoF Week: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill from Pipal Koti:  Lycopersicon esculentum Mill from Pipal Koti (ornamental)


 

 

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ID Required RDS 17012012 001: Photographed on Sunday, 15th Jan., 2012 at Tungareshwar. Pls confirm
the ID of this Solanaceae species.


I imagine that looks like a tomato flower !!


I think tomato only, Lycopersicon esculentum (Solanum lycopersicum by Linnaeus, forgotten for nearly two centuries, accepted for nearly a decade or so, but again relegated to synonymy in The Plant List), among the first names declared Nomina conservanda at species level.


Just out of curiosity I am asking. I imagine why there is need of conserving the species name.
Miller already gave the synonym as Solanum and wrote the difference between Solanum and Lycopersicon too. So whether like it or not, Lycopersicon esculentum is the obvious name!!


Here are relevant pages from my book to tell the whole story


Interesting. I thought Miller already knew the issue of tautonyms so he changed the species epithet :).
Thanks for the pdf. Its interesting. I am sure whole book would be a valuable possession.


This and many other issues of nomenclature were the result of tussle between American taxonomists (hence separate American Code) and European (rather Non-American) Taxonomists, which continued till 1930. American taxonomists accepted tautonyms, did not accept Latin diagnosis and Nomina conservanda till it was resolved at Cambridge IBC in 1930.


Yeah I can imagine that. I know whenever the latin issue came, it was like Chinese wanted to use Chinese and British wanted to use English!!! But alls well that ends well.
BUT, frankly, at some corner of my heart I am unhappy with this removal of compulsion of latin diagnosis. Latin diagnosis helped in publication of good and reliable new species. Now any one who wants to name a new species will do it easily and like to be unscrupulously.


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Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Lycopersicum esculentum Mill from Panni Khoh Maihar MP:

Lycopersicum esculentum Mill from Panni Khoh Maihar MP
This Small variety have berries only upto size of 2 cm
pls validate


I think the correct name is Solanum lycopersicum,
Synonyms: Lycopersicon esculentum and Lycopersicon lycopersicum


Yes Sir You are right


 

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Wild plant ID request – RK108 – 19-Mar-2013 : 3 images. 5 posts by 4 authors. Requesting identification of this plant growing wild in South Mumbai. It is about two feet tall and is fruiting now (19.3.13).


This is Tomatoe. Solanum lycopersicum


… you have found a tomato plant growing wild. Often the seeds from the discarded garbage germinate and produce fruits too in waste land patches.


Thanks a lot … for the quick id. Thanks also …, I think you are right, maybe some of the discarded seeds germinated with success.


Yes it is Tomato in wild


In plant taxonomy, names of plants often change :

In plant taxonomy, names of plants often change, and any name change aggravates some people.
In my talks, I often give the name change for Tomato:
1) Lycopersicon esculentum (Miller, 1768): this name was used until 1970 or so.
2) Lycopersicon lycopersicum ((Linnaeus) H. Karston; priority from 1753); this name was used during 1970s.
Basionym: Solanum lycopersicum Linnaeus (1753)
3) Lycopersicon esculentum: this name was revived by the Committee and used 1980s.
4) 1990s: Molecular taxonomy indicated that there is NO hard difference between the genera Lycopersicon and Solanum, and the accepted name is Solanum.
Now students in Europe and America know Tomato by the name: Solanum lycopersicum.
For a senior person (e.g., myself), such name changes may not be exciting.  And students (1768-1990s) learnt different names at different times for Tomato.
Here is a hilarious video about “plant name changes” (subtitles superimposed) in a Hitler’s movie episode.  The German talks are nothing to do with taxonomy, but the cleverly superimposed subtitles tease taxonomists.
 

These were seen in a home garden on 9/10/14.

Had a purple color, not seen by me before.
Some Cultivar?


some old tomatoes called heirloom varieties do have purple and even “black” genes and they look and taste quite “tasty” 


 

 

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Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum (syn: Lycopersicon esculentum), the tomato, tamatar,
very commonly used in vegetables, salad, sandwiches, sauces and various other preparations. 


Thanks Sir for the post, really a much valued plant..

  

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Solanum lycopersicum L. : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)- around 800 kb each.

Location:  Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal  
Date: 30 April 2018
Altitude: 4400 ft.

Habit : Cultivated 

Good for Prostate Cancer.
Nepali Names : गोलभेंडा  Golabhendaa / टमाटर Tamaatar



 
 
References:

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