Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: xxvi 1896. (syn: Cardamine atrovirens (Hornem.) Kuntze; Cardamine glandulosa Blanco; Cardamine lamontii Hance; Clandestinaria indica Spach; Nasturtium apetalum A.Chev. (Unresolved); Nasturtium atrovirens (Hornem.) DC.; Nasturtium diffusum DC.; Nasturtium heterophyllum D. Don; Nasturtium indicum (L.) DC.; Nasturtium montanum Wall. ex Hook. f. & Thomson; Nasturtium montanum (Nutt.) Kuntze; Nasturtium sinapis (Burm. f.) O.E. Schulz; Radicula indica (L.) J.M. Macoun; Rorippa atrovirens (Hornem.) Ohwi & H. Hara; Rorippa indica (L.) L.H. Bailey; Rorippa indica (L.) Hochr. .; Rorippa montana (Wall. ex Hook. f. & Thomson) Small; Rorippa sinapis (Burm. f.) J.F. Macbr.; Rorippa sinapis (Burm. f.) Ohwi & H. Hara; Sinapis benghalensis Roxb. ex DC. (Unresolved); Sinapis divaricata Roxb. (Unresolved); Sisymbrium apetalum Lour. (Unresolved); Sisymbrium atrovirens Hornem.; Sisymbrium gangeticum Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. (Unresolved); Sisymbrium indicum L.; Sisymbrium sinapifolium St.-Lag. (Unresolved); Sisymbrium sinapis Burm. f.);
.
Rorippa palustris is easily differentiated from R. indica by its broader much shorter fruits, usually less than 1 cm long. The fruits of latter are 10-15 mm long and barely 1.5 mm broad.
.
Indian and Chinese specimens have often been confused with R. islandica (restricted o Europe…..according to GRIN and Fl. China) which differs in much smaller flowers with sepals and petals less than 1.5 mm long and fruit more than twice as long as pedicel.
.

As per efi thread:

According to Bengal Plants –
i) pods hardly longer than pedicels = Nasturtium palustre DC. (now syn. of Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser)
ii) flowers without bracts = N. indicum DC. (now syn. of Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern)
iii) flowers with bracts – N. indicum var. benghalense (now syn. of Rorippa benghalensis (DC.) H. Hara)
.

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Attaching images of a wild common herb that may be Rorippa indica.
Species : Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern
Habit & Habitat : wild herb, avg. height 1 foot, smaller ones are erect while bigger ones are semi erect, wasteplace, damp area
Date : 16/6/12, 11.45 a.m.

Place : Hooghly


Regarding Bengali names of plants, i know only a few species which are popularly known as ‘useful plants’. Even then i have often noticed that Bengali names vary regionally, not only for plants but also for various animals like birds, annelids etc.
I certainly will provide Bengali names of plants in my future posts if i know the names or if any particular name is available in reference books (though presently i have only one book, wish to collect a few more within few days). Internet is not always a reliable source for Bengali names.
I and my peers do not know the Bengali name of this wild species, Rorippa indica, which is apparently a weed. However, the Bengali name given to this plant is –


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Brassicaceae herb in nalla for id :  Attachments (3). 6 posts by 2 authors.
Saw this low herb in a nalla today (24.12.13). Looks like a Brassicaceae.
Low to the ground, spreading in habit, small yellow flowers.
Please help to id.

I should have mentioned it is in Thane district


This is Rorippa indica. Brassicaceae.


i had considered Rorippa indica but in some photos on this site the leaves seemed to differ.
I guess the upper leaves are variable


Yes, the whole plant varies with moisture and nutrients in the harvested fields.



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Panipat 2014: Rorippa indica:: NS March 06 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5).

This spring weed is very common along field edges.. I am sharing pics from Panipat..

Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern


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Herb ID from Bangladesh SM106 : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (1).

Habit: Herb
Habitat: Wild

Location: Dhaka


This can be Rorippa indica in my opinion.. closer shots of fruits/flowers would have decided..


Another views. Attachments (1)


the plant may be Rorippa palustris


Since pods are significantly longer than pedicels (KEY in ‘Bengal Palnts’; please also check FoC, FoP) and racemes apparently ebracteate I agree with … Sir.



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Hooghly sk2015may01/01 Rorippa sp. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (11)

Though I gave my expert’s (!) view in one or two occasion on Rorippa uploads, presently I have confusion over the identification of R. indica (L.) Hiren and R. benghalensis (DC.) H. Hara.

There is KEY in FoC. Earlier I submitted two threads and eFI accepted one as R. benghalensis and another as R. indica. But, nothing helps.
I submit here several photographs of a population, recorded this year, on the 27th February, in my village around drainage line. I attach highest size of photographs I have retained so that features can be seen clearly.
I also paste here links of sites from other countries which may help or may not –

I request members’ view on the possible ID.


efi page on Rorippa benghalensis & Rorippa indica


I think this is Rorippa indica (L.I Hiern.



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Rorippa indica ABJUN01/10 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.
Yesterday while looking at a clump of grass in a rain-water drain next to a school football field, I found this plant which I hadn’t seen before. Growing next to it was the watercress. It appears to be the Indian Fieldcress. Please advise me if I am wrong.
Rorippa indicaIndian Fieldcress or Variable-leaf Yellowcress
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1800m

28-29 June 2016


Very beautiful set.



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SK536 03 JUN-2017:ID : 10 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Location: Kathmandu, Nepal 
Date: 29 April  2017
Altitude: 4400 ft.

Brassicaceae?


Looks like. May be.

It is common weed!


Pl. check with comparative images at Brassicaceae


Sisymbrium irio L.


Someone suggested it to Rorippa palustris!
I don’t think it matches.

Please advise !


Pl. check with images of Rorippa benghalensis (DC.) H. Hara as per comparative images at Rorippa

I guess it is matching with Rorippa indica (Linnaeus) Hiern in all aspects.

Yes, Rorippa indica as per details and keys herein.



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SK1300 19 JUL 2018 : 13 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7) – around 500 kb each.
Location : Chandragiri Hills, Kathmandu, Nepal
Elevation : 8200 ft.
Date : 28 June 2018
Habit : Wild
Which Brassicaceae is this? Very small herb!

Thanks, … Comparative images available at


This I did not check. I shall do it.

Please check Rorippa palustris


I guess it is not matching and not listed in Nepal.

Rorippa indica.

I guess not matching according to the habitat as well as plant parts size.

I guess not matching according to the habitat as well as plant parts size.

It is very common in India. It may be possibly listed in nepal by it’s
any other synonyms.

Do you think ID is correct ? I did not find any synonym also.


Also check all the species and comparative images at Rorippa

I think close to images at Rorippa benghalensis (DC.) H. Hara

Can it grow in wild at such a different elevation?
Are the shape of seed pods matching?

Flora of China says near sea level to 1500 m.
Checklist of Nepal says Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), in that case elevation will not be 200-250 m as mentioned here.
By the way, was it near any habitation ? If so, elevation may not matter.

No …! It is forest !

Ultimately it seems matches with Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern

POW


Thanks, …

As per efi thread:

According to Bengal Plants –
i) pods hardly longer than pedicels = Nasturtium palustre DC. (now syn. of Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser)
ii) flowers without bracts = N. indicum DC. (now syn. of Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern)
iii) flowers with bracts – N. indicum var. benghalense (now syn. of Rorippa benghalensis (DC.) H. Hara)
As the flowers appears to be without bracts, it should be Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern


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SK1394 30 AUG 2018 : 10 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (9)- around 600 kb each.

Location: Chobhar, Kathmandu, Nepal  
Date: 7 August 2018
Elevation: 4500 ft.
Habit : Wild
Which Brassicaceae sp. ??

Pl. check at


Rorippa dubia ?? Listed in Nepal. Does not look like matching.

R. palustris ?? Not listed in Nepal. Looks like matching


Why not



We discussed this species in detail in your another thread.


There is vast difference in the elevation and size of the plant.


I find a lot of elevation details are wrong in Checklist of Nepal.


You have to understand that elevation differences.

in reality may be about something called peripheral population of the plants versus center of the population. there is not only differences in size, there is also some genetic material variation and that is a vast subject, fit for an entire long project and grants for whole department of botany or BSI. we can not solve it here


ok. Thank you.


As per efi thread:

According to Bengal Plants –
i) pods hardly longer than pedicels = Nasturtium palustre DC. (now syn. of Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser)
ii) flowers without bracts = N. indicum DC. (now syn. of Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern)
iii) flowers with bracts – N. indicum var. benghalense (now syn. of Rorippa benghalensis (DC.) H. Hara)

As the flowers appears to be without bracts, it should be Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern


Thank you …!
What a variation in plant size: 6-75 cm.


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SK1971 04 June 2019 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)- around 850 kb each.
Location: Chandragiri, Kathmandu, Nepal
Altitude: 2511 m.
Date: 27 May 2019
Habit : Wild
Earlier post : SK1300 19 JUL 2018

Rorippa indica?

Brassicaceae

Ultimately it seems matches with Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern

POW


According to Bengal Plants –
i) pods hardly longer than pedicels = Nasturtium palustre DC. (now syn. of Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser)
ii) flowers without bracts = N. indicum DC. (now syn. of Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern)
iii) flowers with bracts – N. indicum var. benghalense (now syn. of Rorippa benghalensis (DC.) H. Hara)

As the flowers appears to be without bracts, it should be Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern


 


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Manali Himachal Pradesh on 22nd October, 2009; Rorippa indica from Manali – efloraofindia | Google Groups

 



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Rorippa indica : 1 correct image as above.

Please help me to identify these two weeds, picture taken today (7.4.20) in Hooghly district of west bengal.


First one is Pilea microphylla, Urticaceae member,

The second one is could be Rorippa indica, Brassicaceae member,



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Herb id from Pali Ghat, Rajasthan03 : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)

Need id of herb from Pali Ghat, Rajasthan.


Leaves are not visible. Pl. check comparative images at Brassicaceae


Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser.


Thanks, Balmukund ji for the genus id.
To me appears more closer to Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern compared to Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser as per images and details herein.


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Please help me to identify this herb from Agra : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help me to identify this herb from Agra, U.P.
Date: 19 Feb 20

Brassicaceae ?


Pl. check comparative images at family page in efi site.


I too agree with …,

resembles Rorippa indica,



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IDENTITY : 30 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a psyche butterfly on the yellow flowers of a herb whose identity is not known to me. On crushing the leaves emit smell like that of mustard. Can some one identify this plant please.


Brassica sp,, probably B. juncea


Rorippa indica,

Brassicaceae,


Yes …



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Plant for ID-PC-51-30.09.2015 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
please identify the herb from Uttarakhand.


Brassicaceae member.

Is it cultivated or wild ?


Looks like Rorippa sp.


May be Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern as per comparative images and details at Rorippa


 


.

References:

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