Salvia involucrata Cav. (Cultivated)
Salvia moorcroftiana Wall. ex Benth. : Salvia moorcroftiana: leaves 10-25 cm long, 4-15 cm broad, inflorescence branched, flowers lilac. Salvia lanata: leaves 5-10 cm long, mostly basal, less than 3 cm broad, inflorescence mostly unbranched, flowers violet to blue.
Salvia nubicola Wall. ex Sweet– In S. nubicola flowers are paler, corolla narrower and lips widely separated, leaves hastate-sagittate. The flowers of S. campanulata are deeper yellow, corolla broader and lips less flaring, leaves ovate-cordate.
Salvia viridis L. (Cultivated)
Species with description &
Salvia aegyptiaca L. (Cape Verde Islands, Canary Islands, NW and N. Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Arabian
peninsula, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India)
Salvia cabulica Benth. in DC. (E. Afghanistan, Pakistan (Baluchistan))
Salvia hians Royle ex Benth. in Hook. (Himalaya, Kashmir to Nepal)
Salvia macrosiphon Boiss. (N. Iraq, Iran, Caucasus, Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Salvia moocroftiana Wall. ex Benth. (E. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, to Nepal)
Salvia nubicola Wall. ex Sweet (E. Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, N. India, Nepal, Tibet, Sikkim, Bhutan)
Salvia plebeia R. Br. (S. Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), India, China,
Japan, Malaysia, Australia)
Salvia sclarea L. (S. Europe, Mediterranean region, SW and C. Asia; also reported from Nepal)
Salvia asperata Falc. ex Benth. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal))
Salvia campanulata Wall. ex Benth. (Himalaya (Garhwal to Bhutan), India, Tibet, S. W. China (Yunnan))
Salvia castanea Diels (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Tibet, China)
Salvia coccinea Juss. ex Murr. (Native of tropical America, widely cultivated in India, Ceylon and Himalaya) (? Salvia coccinea Buc’hoz ex Etl.)
Salvia hians Royle ex Benth. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan))
Salvia lanata Roxb. (Punjab, Simla, Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal), India) = Salvia cana Wall. ex Benth.
Salvia leucantha Cav. (Native of Mexico, cultivated in India and Himalaya)
Salvia moorcroftiana Wall. ex Benth. (Punjab, Himalaya (Kashmir to Nepal), India)
Salvia nubicola Wall. ex Sweet (Afghanistan, Chitral, Punjab, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), India, Tibet)
Salvia plebeia R. Br. (Afghanistan, Chitral, Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), India, China, Malaysia,
Salvia roborowskii Maxim. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Tibet, China) (No distribution in India as per FOC)
Salvia saxicoia Wall. ex Benth. (Himalaya (Nepal), Assam)
Salvia sikkimensis E. Peter (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Tibet)
Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China (Distribution other
Salvia campanulata var. campanulata [India, Nepal].
Salvia campanulata var. hirtella E. Peter [Bhutan, India, Nepal].
Salvia coccinea Buc’hoz ex Etlinger (Cultivated in China and naturalized in Yunnan [South America])
Salvia nubicola Wallich ex Sweet [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Pakistan; SW Asia, Europe]
Salvia officinalis Linnaeus (Cultivated in China as a medicinal and aromatic herb [Europe])
Salvia plebeia R. Brown [Afghanistan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, Russia,
Thailand, Vietnam; Australia]
Salvia plectranthoides Griffith [Bhutan, India]
Salvia sikkimensis var. chaenocalyx E. Peter [Bhutan, India]
Salvia sikkimensis var. sikkimensis [Bhutan, India]
Salvia splendens Ker Gawler (Cultivated in China [South America])
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1983)- Details-
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-
Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (1998)- Details-
Plant Wealth of the Lower Ganga Delta: An Eco-taxonomical Approach, Volume 2 By Kumudranjan Naskar (1993)- Details-
A Dictionary of the Economic Products of India, Part 2 By George Watt (1893)- Details-
Salvia (Lamiaceae) : 2 posts by 1 author.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Salvia (Pl. click).
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have got one more species “Salvia santolinifolia” reported in MM Bhandari and Pakisthan eflora.
Re: completed insertion of images of Salvia species : 1 post by 1 author.
I have not inserted images for species outside India
Salvia (Lamiaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia : 2 posts by 2 authors.
If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Kindly also have a look on Salvia nubicola posted by me on September
16, 2016 at efi. My photographs have more details of the flowers.