Sambucus nigra L. (Introduced) (Images by Nalini & Aarti S. Khale (Identified by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Sambucus nigra L. subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli (Cultivated) (Images by J.M.Garg & Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Sambucus wightiana Wall. (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Alok Mahendroo (Identified by Gurcharan Singh) (Inserted by J.M.Garg))



Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Sambucus nigra L. Tree Western Ghats,
Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Sambucus adnata Caprifoliaceae East Himalayan Elder
Sambucus canadensis = Sambucus nigra L. subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli Caprifoliaceae American Elder
Sambucus wightiana Sambucus gautschii Caprifoliaceae Kashmir Elder

Sambucus adnata Wall. ex DC. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Assam)
Sambucus canadensis L. (Cultivated) = Sambucus nigra L. subsp. canadensis (L.) Bolli
Sambucus hookeri Rehder (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), Assam) = Sambucus javanica Reinw. ex Blume

Sambucus adnata Wallich ex Candolle [Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Sikkim)].
Sambucus javanica Blume [India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam].



Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-

As per efi thread:
For last few days I have been trying to find some reliable differences between three Himalayan species, but frankly not much to choose, although S. adnata and S. chinensis (syn: S. javanica, S. hookeri) are distributed Nepal eastwards and S. wightiana in Western Himalayas. S. chinensis is also distinct in upper pair of leaflets not decurrent at base and 2-4 glandular teeth on lateral leaflets. S. adnata and S. wightiana are closely similar but latter has large stipules, not found in former. 

Pl. go through Sambucus page with images of species in efloraofindia (done by me).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

looks good. the mexican elderberry has been subclassified in india? how do we know?


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