Keys in Flora of Bhutan:

1. Leaves in upper part of stem opposite or in whorls of 3—4 ……. 2
+ Leaves alternate throughout …….. 4
2. Leaves spathulate or oblanceolate, 1—2><0.2-0.7cm; flowers yellow … 1. S. triactina
+ Leaves ovate, obovate or suborbicular, 2-7><1-4cm; flowers white or pink ……… 3
3. Stems 3—20cm; petals c4mm, white ……. .. 2. S. filipes
+ Stems 15—30cm; petals c7mm, pink …….. .. 3. S. spectabile
4. Annuals or small monocarpic plants; stems 2.5—4(—5)cm; leaves never papillate; petals 3—4mm ………. Species 4 (4. S. perpusillum Hook f. & Thomson), 5 (5. S. fischeri Hamet), 6 (6. S. henrici-robertii Hamet)
+ Perennials; stems (3-)5—12cm or more; petals 5-10mm (in S. correptum stems 2-4cm, petals 3-3.5mm but then leaves densely papillate) ….. .. 5
5. Leaves +/- appressed to stems, acuminate to a fine hair-like tip; flowers in dense cymose heads …….. Species 7 (7. S. trullipetalum Hook. f. & Thomson) & 8 (8. S. gagei Hamet)
+ Leaves +/- spreading, obtuse or acuminate; flowers in loose cymes or racemes (rarely flowers in dense heads in S. oreades but then leaves obtuse or acute) …. .. 6
6. Flowers in long spreading spike-like cymes ……. 9. S. multicaule
+ Inflorescence not as above …. .. 7
7. Leaves densely papillate …….. 10. S. correptum
+ Leaves glabrous ……. Species 11 (11. S. griffithii Clarke) & 12 (12. S. oreades (Decaisne) Hamet)

Sedum adolphii Hamet (Cultivated) (Image by R Sharda – Id by Tanay Bose)



Sedum morganianum E.Walther (Cultivated) (Images by Gurcharan Singh, Nidhan Singh, (R Sharada– validation by Ken Greby), Anil Kumar Thakur & (Surajit Koley – Id by Bimal Sarkar))


(Images by Gurcharan Singh, (Balkar Singh – Id by Gurcharan Singh) & (Ashwini Bhatia – validation by Kishan Lal), (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))



Sedum nussbaumerianum Bitter (Cultivated) (Images by Bhagyashri Ranade (1,2,3) & Aarti Khale (4))



Sedum rupestre L. (Cultivated) (images by Gurcharan Singh) – As per efi thread : Sedum sexangulare and S. rupestre look very similar, the differences are- S. rupestre: leaves 10-15 mm long, alternate, petals 6-7 mm long. S. sexangulare: leaves 3-6 mm long, usually in 6 rows, petals 3-4 mm long


Sedum sedoides (Decne.) Pau ex Vidal & Lopez (W. Himalaya as per POWO)


Sedum sexangulare L. (Introduced) (Images by (Muthu Karthick – Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Gurcharan Singh, (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))- As per efi thread : Sedum sexangulare and S. rupestre look very similar, the differences are- S. rupestre: leaves 10-15 mm long, alternate, petals 6-7 mm long. S. sexangulare: leaves 3-6 mm long, usually in 6 rows, petals 3-4 mm long 


List of genera and species of Crassulaceae in India (based on Singh et al. 2011) is given below:


Sedum ewersii Ledeb.

S. fedtschenkoi Hamet

S. filipes Hemsl.

S. fischeri Hamet

S. gagei Hamet

S. henriciroberti Hamet

S. holei Hamet

S. magae Hamet

S. multicaule Wall. ex Lindl.

S. oreades (Decne.) Hamet

S. pedicellatum N.B. Singh et U.C. Bhattacharyya

S. perpusillum Hook.f. et Thoms.

S. przewalskkii Maxim.

S. pseudosubtile Hara

S. roborwskii Maxim

S. seelemanni Hamet

S. triactina Berger

S. trullipetalum Hook.f. et Thoms.


Nearly all species are illustrated by line diagrams in this account.


Abstract : The phenetic relationship between the species of the genus Sedum L. was investigated. Data from macro and micromorphology, including pollen and seed morphology, chemistry and distribution pattern was utilized. Two distinct groups of taxa are recognized from which one group comprises S. multicaule Wall. ex Lindl., and S. hispanicum L., while other group consists of S. trullipetalum Hook. f. & Thomson S. fischeri Raym. – Hamet and S. oreades (Decne.) Raym. – Hamet. A key of the taxa is provided and distribution maps of the species are also presented.
Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Sedum mexicanum
Herb Western Ghats,
Cultivated, Native of Tropical America
Matthew, 1999 Dindigul

Botanical name Family Common name
Sedum album Crassulaceae White Stonecrop
Sedum ewersii = Hylotelephium ewersii (Ledeb.) H. Ohba Crassulaceae Pink Sedum
Sedum morganianum Crassulaceae Donkey Tail
Sedum multicaule Crassulaceae Multi-Stem Sedum
Sedum oreades Crassulaceae Mountain Sedum
Sedum pachyphyllum Crassulaceae Stonecrop
Sedum sexangulare Crassulaceae Tasteless Stonecrop
Sedum spectabile = Hylotelephium spectabile (Boreau) H. Ohba Crassulaceae Showy Sedum

Sedum fischeri Raym.-Hamet (Kashmir, N.W.India, Sikkim, Bhutan, China (Xizang, Qinghai))
Sedum multicaule Wall. ex Lindl. (Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Myanmar, China)
Sedum oreades (Decne.) Raym.-Hamet (Pakistan, China, (Xizang, Yunnan) Bhutan, Myanmar, and India (Assam))
Sedum trullipetalum Hook.f. & Thomson (Kashmir, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and China (W.Sichuan, N.E.Xizang))

Sedum chauveaudii Raym.-Hamet (Himalaya (Nepal), S.W. China (Yunnan, Szechuan))
Sedum filipes Hemsl. (Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), Burma, China (Yunnan, Szechuan, Hupeh, Schensi, Kiangsu))
Sedum gagei Raym.-Hamet (Himalaya (Kumaun to Bhutan), Tibet)
Sedum henrici-roberti Raym.-Hamet (Himalaya (Nepal), Tibet (Chumbi Valley))
Sedum holei Raym.-Hamet (Himalaya (Kumaun, Nepal))
Sedum majus (Hemsley) Migo (Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, China)
Sedum odontophyllum Frod. (Himalaya (Nepal), S.W. China (Szechuan)) is a synonym of Phedimus odontophyllus (Fröd.) ‘t Hart
Sedum oreades (Decne.) Raym.-Hamet (Himalaya (Kashmir, Lahul, Garhwal to Bhutan), S. Tibet, Assam, Burma, S.W. China (Yunnan)) 
Sedum przewalskii Maxim. (Himalaya (Nepal), Tibet, China (Tsinghai, W. Kansu, Yunnan, W. Szechuan)) 
Sedum roborowskii Maxim. (Himalaya (Nepal), Tibet, N.W. China (Tsinghai & Kansu), Inner Mongolia)
Sedum triactina Berger (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), S. Tibet, Assam, W. China)
Sedum trullipetalum Hook. & Thomson (Himalaya (Garhwal to Bhutan), S. Tibet, Assam, Burma, W. China (Yunnan)) 

Sedum filipes Hemsley in F. B. Forbes & Hemsley [Bhutan, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim]. 
Sedum fischeri Raymond-Hamet [Bhutan, NW India, Sikkim].
Sedum gagei Raymond-Hamet [Bhutan, Nepal, Sikkim].
Sedum henrici-robertii Raymond-Hamet  [?Bhutan, Nepal, ?Sikkim].
Sedum majus (Hemsley) Migo [Bhutan, Nepal, Sikkim].
Sedum multicaule subsp. multicaule [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sikkim]. 
Sedum oreades (Decaisne) Raymond-Hamet [Bhutan, India, Myanmar, N Pakistan, Sikkim].

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
Sedum spectabile = Hylotelephium spectabile (Boreau) H. Ohba
Sedum stahlii Solms

Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-
Sedum sarmentosum Bunge

Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Details-
Sedum crenulatum Hook.f. & Thomson is a synonym of Rhodiola crenulata (Hook.f. & Thomson) H.Ohba
Sedum himalense D. Don is a synonym of Rhodiola himalensis (D. Don) S.H. Fu
Sedum bupleuroides Wall. ex Hook. f. & Thomson is a synonym of Rhodiola bupleuroides (Wall. ex Hook. f. & Thomson) S.H. Fu
Sedum elongatum Ledeb. is a synonym of Sedum roseum (L.) Scop.
Sedum fastigiatum Hook. f. & Thomson is a synonym of Rhodiola fastigiata (Hook. f. & Thomson) S.H. Fu
Sedum humile Hook. f. & Thomson is a synonym of Rhodiola humilis (Hook. f. & Thomson) S.H. Fu


Cold Deserts of India By S.S. Negi (2002)-


‎Sedum (‎Crassulaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Sedum (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

Re: completed insertion of images of identified species of Sedum : 1 post by 1 author.


Pl. go through Sedum (‎‎‎‎‎Crassulaceae) page with images of species (done mainly by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


Pl. go through Sedum (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Crassulaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Flowers of Sedum morganianum are not clear on the species page. So, I am posting my photographs in a separate thread. 

A great effort put into place all the photographs in one place. A commendable job in consolidating the species at one place. Not only this particular post but also all other postings you have done with great efforts.

Fwd: Crassulaceae in H.P. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 1 MB
You had asked for the list of Rhodiola sp. in H.P. I am attaching complete list of plants recorded from H.P. and published in Flora of Himachal Pradesh by Botanical Survey of India.
As Rhodiola genus was part of Sedum earlier, the various species are listed under Sedum.
I’ll try to reorganise the species later on. 

You may try with these species for the id of your posted plant although no keys are provided.

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