Semecarpus anacardium L. f., Suppl. pl. 182. 1782 (“1781”) ;
Marking Nut, dhobi nut tree, Indian marking nut tree, Malacca bean, marany nut, marsh nut, oriental cashew nut, varnish tree • Hindi: भिलावां or भिलावन bhilawan, बिल्लार billar • Marathi: भल्लातक bhallataka, भिल्लावा bhillava, बिब्बा bibba • Tamil: சேங்கொட்டை cen-kottai, சோம்பலம் compalam, காலகம் kalakam, காவகா kavaka, கிட்டாக்கனிக்கொட்டை kitta-k-kani-k-kottai • Malayalam: അലക്കുചേര് alakuceer, ചേന്ക്കുരു ceenkkuru, തേങ്കൊട്ട theenkotta • Telugu: భల్లాతము bhallatamu, జీడిమామిడిచెట్టు jidimamidichettu • Kannada: ಗೇರ geru, ಗೇರಣ್ಣಿನ ಮರ gerannina mara • Bengali: ভল্লাত bhallata, ভল্লাতক bhallataka • Oriya: bhollataki, bonebhalia • Konkani: अंबेरी amberi, बिब्बा bibba • Urdu: baladur, بهلاون bhilavan, بلار billar • Assamese: ভলা bhala • Gujarati: ભિલામો bhilamo, ભિલામું bhilamu • Sanskrit: अह्वला ahvala, अर्शस्तः arshastah, अरुध्कः arudhkh, भल्लातकः bhallatakah, वह्निः vahnih, विषास्या vishasya • Nepali: भलायो bhalaayo;
Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Semecarpus anacardium L.f. from Bhedaghat MP:
Good set of pictures.
Semecarpus anacardium L. [Anacardiaceae] : 7 posts by 5 authors.
Name: Semecarpus anacardium L.
Location: Sathyamangalam Forest Division
Date: 12 Nov 2008
Tamil name: Seraangottai, Saenkottai, Ghaer
Edibility: I relished this fresh ripe sweet (false) fruit; local people consume the fully ripen fruits
The acidic nature of this fruit is used for healing wounds, (mostly inflammatory) locally at Sathyamangalam forest division.
Thanks …, This was a real learning experience for me on its edibility. Google searching till now couldn’t provide me the information on what it would be like to actually eat and taste it. But now the same query for some one else can be answered throgh google via efloraindia/ indiantreepix.
Warm welcome …, The Gaer name is of Kannada origin. The collection location is closer to Karnataka, specially along Biligiri Rangan Temple WLS
Could this be any variety of the species?
Lovely catch … of the ripe fruits
Semecarpus anacardium is one of the main drugs in the ayurvedic medicinal system! The sanskrit name for the drug is BHALLATHAKA, and also carries the synonymn ARUSHKARA. It is an anticancerous drug and can also work against good in the case of leukoderma. It also pocess both vachikarana and rasayana properties!
Thanks for the info …
id required : spice 5 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
I am sending you some spices used for making
could you please let me know the identification for them and the scientific names.
there will be around 15 spices.
PS: i just know that these should be one of the following (all marathi names)
Dongari, Safed, Shaha, Lasani, Shatavari, Panjabi, Kambarkas, DoodhKaLi, PimpaLi, Gathi, Bedana, Isabgol, Talimkhana, Motha Gokharu, Soonth
This fruit may be Semecarpus anacardium fruit, but I am not very sure
This appears to be Dhobis nut/bibba. Seed of Semicarpus anacardium please confirm.
just to tell you more on the usage of these spices (?).
we use them to make ‘Laddoo’ of medicinal value for women who have given birth to baby. we also add other dry fruits to it.
so i am not sure if they can be called spices. sorry if i might have misled you folks.
thanks to all for helping me in identifying these
Semecarpus anacardium ? : 12 posts by 8 authors. Attachments (3)
Saw these flowers in Rani Bagh (V.J.B.Udyan), Mumbai on 19th July 2010.
… most probably not, … the leaves of marking nut tree are leathery and are rounded at tip,
Is it Holigarna ferruginea? Chera ? Belongs to Anacardiaceae.
This not at all Semecarpus anacardium I am quite sure about it as said by …
Thank you very much … for sharing the fotos. I had never seen बिब्बा bibba भल्लातक bhallataka, भिल्लावा bhillava, and the other two names for बिब्बा I did not know before.
भल्लातक reminded me of भल्लातक फळभारे लवले from गीतरामायण.
बिब्बा looks like काजू? seed on top of a fruit? That is what I saw in your foto. Do you have a bigger foto of the fruit? What is actually बिब्बा? Is it a seed?
… do not have photo showing fruits from close-up distance.
and yes, the seemingly seed-like structure is the nut … just as in case cashew-nut … which is botanically the actual fruit, the other swollen part — orange coloured in case of S. anacardium is the false-fruit … it is the swollen stalk of the fruit … known as the hypocarp.
I remember studying this in Forensic medicine years back as a popular poison. As with all poisons medicinal usage is common.
Here is a study of its effects on an animal model: http://hmtjournals.com/march-07/43-45Choudhary%20and%20Deshmukh.pdf
In humans it is an irritant and vesicant to the skin and laundry markings from the nut (it is also called the dhobi nut) have also been known to cause neck irritation and rashes, even after the clothing was repeatedly washed. http://waynesword.palomar.edu/ww0802.htm
This is none else but the plant labelled by you.
Another name for it is Agnimukha (अग्निमुख) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flora_of_the_Indian_epics_period
I wonder if it has any relevance to its edibility?
Thanx very much for ur detailed reply differentiating bet. Holigarna and Semecarpus.
…, thanx very much for the series of photographs and interesting info.
…, thanx for the links. they r very useful.
…, thank u very much for the discussion on the issue. it prompted me to read more on the subject.
Very nice close ups.
Anacardiaceae sp. from central India : 11 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Posting a photograph of a tree from from Gadchiroli.
The tree looks an anacardiaceae member on primary observation but id is not clear.
So, requesting all in finding appropriate id.
I think Semecarpus anacardium….
Thank you Sir for the comment.
But these Flowers and leaves differs from the regular Semecrpus anacardium.
The Flowers are quite bold and prominent compared to the regular one.
Leaves are also dark green and leathery with large lamina. Further for discussion…
Thanks, …, May I request you to pl. post more detailed images.
Sir whatever best image I was having, I have posted. Rest I can provide is just taxonomic information only..
I also feel close to images at Semecarpus anacardium L. f.
Definitely Semecarpus anacardium (Bhilwa)
SK 2937 3 August 2021: 2 very high res. images.
Semecarpus anacardium L. fil.