Smilax zeylanica L., Sp. Pl. 1029 1753. (Syn: Smilax ceylanica Oken; Smilax collina Kunth; Smilax elliptica Desv.; Smilax hohenackeri Kunth; Smilax indica Burm.f.; Smilax ovalifolia var. nervulosa A.DC.; Smilax villandia Buch.-Ham. ex Royle; Smilax zeylanica var. penangensis A.DC.; Smilax zollingeri Kunth);
Assam; Bangladesh; East Himalaya; India; Jawa; Malaya; Myanmar; Nepal; Solomon Is.; Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
Key to species as per efi thread:
1. Lamina orbicular-ovate, 5-7-nerved from base; Stem densely prickly……………..S. ovalifolia
1. Lamina broadly ovate or elliptic, 3-5 nerved from base; Stem less prickly ……..S. zeylanica
The red and green hued leaves and raw green fruits of Smilax ovalifolia seen at the south end of the national park in Mumbai 11 June, ’10. Request validation of the same please. Thank you.
Smilax ovalifolia indeed …, the leaves are quite distinctive character
Recently I had shown some plants pictures to Dr. Almeida one of them being the climber Smilax. In my posts on ITP I had ided these as Smilax ovalifolia but they are infact Smilax zeylanica as corrected by Dr. Almeida. I think a few other posts of the same species earlier too have have been misided as S. ovalifolia. Kindly do the needful. Thank you.
Others may also have a re-look on their posted pictures of Smilax ovalifolia.
Kindly help to identify this climber found in shades of high elevation.
Stipules are modified in to tendrils here.
Date/Time- 06 Mar 2010 02:00pm
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Satyamangalam RF; Eastern Ghats. ca. 1250msl
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- climber
Height/Length- up to 8m
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 10-15cm length
Inflorescence Type/ Size- panicle; 15-20cm length
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- 0.3-0.5cm across; petals golden colored
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- berry; on maturity is red
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- no fragrance
… a guess … some Smilax species ?
Yes, i agree with … Looks like Smilax sp. Check for Smilax ovalifolia..
Could this be Smilax zeylanica L.?
But Muthu ji, S. macrophylla, S. zeylanica are synonyms of S. ovalifolia.
Female flowers of Smilax sp. I wonder if S. ovalifolia occurs in E. ghats.
It is Smailax zeylanica.
Yes exactly Smilax zeylanica…Stipules modified into tendrils and reticulate venation (Although its a monocot) Smilax is an exception
This climber matches with Smilax perfoliata. Please validate.
S. perfoliata: Umbel > 7; leaf sheath auriculate; fruits ripening red
S.zeylanica: Umbel 1 – 3; leaf sheath narrow; fruits ripening black
i have seen S. perfoliata in which the auricles are very prominent and broad. The number of umbels is 10-30 as per Fl. China. And also read the petiole & sheath characters here: http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200027946
If you are fully satisfied with the characters and the id, pl go ahead.
oh okay sir, I arrived to these keys by ‘Excursion flora of Central TN’ by KM Matthew.
Now I can comfortable with the id Smilax zeylanica.
Thank you sir, for the clarification.
Climber ID request – RK42 – 1-Nov-2012: 2 images. Request id of this climber from Tungareshwar. The leaves are big and the veins are conspicuous. Flowers and fruits not seen.
It’s a multicostate convergent venation.
Smilax zeylanica i guess 🙂
Agreed. This is Smilax zeylanica.
Wild plant ID request – RK90 – 9-Jan-2013: Requesting identification of this wild plant trailing on the ground in Tungareshwer. The stem is scattered with short spines. The leaves are quite big and the petiole is ridged and twisted.
This is a species of Smilax possibly S. zeylanica.
Could it be Zizyphus rugosa?
On a subsequent visit I luckily saw the fruits and I’m attaching the photo here although it is not of good quality. Hope it is possible to confirm the id with this.
So, it has to be Smilax zeylanica!
ANFEB41 Smilax zeylanica : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (10).
For further information, please see this.
got this strange looking creeper that grows on the ground….its stem is provided with sharp tough spines…and sometimes they can inflict a severe wound on legs…
pic taken in a bamboo glade near Narendrapur. Kolkata.
Smilax zeylanica !
attached pics of berries.
Smilax zeylanica L.
Smilax sp.?? Munnar- PKA47 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) – around 400 kb each.
This climber was seen at Eravikulam National park, Munnar.
Looks like some Smilax sp. Could this be Smilax ovalifolia??
I think looks different from images at
I think it is.
Thanks, … Is the suggested id by … correct?
Yes I think so
I guess correct ID !
ID requested; Liana (Nellakkotta, Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Nilgiris, TN): 4 images.
Moist semi-evergreen forests.
Check Smilax sp.
Yes, Smilax it’s,
Pl. check comparative images at Salix
Correct link is https://efloraofindia.com/2011/03/30/smilax/