1. Smilax arisanensis Hayata
  2. S. aspera L.
  3. S. biumbellata T.Koyama
  4. S. blumei A. DC.
  5. S. bracteata C. Presl. var. verruculosa (merr.) T.Koyama (synonym of S. aspericaulis Wall. ex A.DC.)
  6. S. china L.
  7. S. davidiana A.DC.
  8. S. ferox Wall. ex Kunth
  9. S. gaultheriifolia Griff. (TPL does not mention this name)
  10. S. glabra Roxb.
  11. S. glaucophylla Klotz. (synonym of S. elegans Wall. ex Kunth)
  12. S. griffithii A. DC.
  13. S. hemsleyana Craib.
  14. S. kingii Hook.f.
  15. S. lanceifolia Roxb.
  16. S. longebracteolata Hook.f. (synonym of S. elegans Wall. ex Kunth subsp. subrecta Noltie)
  17. S. luzonensis C.Presl.
  18. S. megacarpa A. DC.
  19. S. menispermoidea A. DC.
  20. S. microphylla C.H.Wright ssp. elongata (Warb.) T.Koyama (synonym of S. lanceifolia Roxb. var. elongata (Warb.) F.T.Wang & Tang)
  21. S. minutiflora A. DC.
  22. S. myrtillus A.DC.
  23. S. ocreata A. DC.
  24. S. ornata Lem.
  25. S. orthoptera A. DC.
  26. S. osmastonii Wang & Tang (synonym of S. elegans Wall. ex Kunth subsp. osmastonii (F.T.Wang & Tang) Noltie)
  27. S. ovalifolia Roxb ex D.Don.
  28. S. perfoliata Lour.
  29. S. polycantha Wall. ex Kunth
  30. S. pseudochina L.
  31. S. quadrata A. DC.
  32. S. quadrumbellata T.Koyama
  33. S. rigida Wall. ex Kunth (synonym of S. munita S.C.Chen)
  34. S. siamensis T.Koyama (synonym of S. perfoliata Lour.)
  35. S. turbans F.T.Wang & Tang
  36. S. vaginata Decne
  37. S. wightii A. DC.
  38. S. zeylanica L. 


1. Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. 1989. Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, pp.285-287.
2. eFI page (other references on this page)
Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Smilax aspera L. Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri
Smilax perfoliata Lour. Shrub Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989 Coimbatore, Dindigul, Nilgiri, Salem, Tiruvannamalai, Virudhunagar
Smilax wightii A. DC Shrub Western Ghats, Evergreen Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989 Nilgiri
Smilax zeylanica L. Climber Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests Flora of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989 Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Erode, Kanniyakumari, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Tirunelveli, Tiruvannamalai, Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhunagar


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Smilax aspera Smilacaceae Common Smilax
Smilax elegans subsp. elegans Smilax glaucophylla, Smilax parvifolia [Illeg.] Smilacaceae Elegant Smilax
Smilax ovalifolia Smilax macrophylla Smilacaceae Kumarika


Smilax microphylla subsp. elongata C. H. Wright (No distribution given in India)
Smilax wallichii Kunth (No distribution given)
Smilax stans Maxim. (No distribution given)


Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys-

Medicinal Plants in Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2002)- Details-


Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- P. 538- Brief details-
Smilax bracteata var. verruculosa (Merr.) T.Koyamais a synonym of Smilax aspericaulis Wall. ex A.DC.


‎Smilax (Smilacaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Smilax (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of species mainly based on Karthikeyan et al (1989) added with the species taken from other references on Smilax page. Reference of eFI page is also added.

Thanks a lot, … I think it’s a better way to have all species list at the top. You are improving day be day.

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