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A taxonomic revision of the genus Smithia Ait. (Fabaceae) in South India (pdf- around 10 MB)- Anoop P. Balan and S.V. Predeep – Taiwania 62(2): 175‒204, 2017

(ABSTRACT: The genus Smithia in South India is revised based on field and herbarium studies. A brief history of the genus along with a key to the identification of the South Indian species, updated nomenclature, detailed descriptions, illustrations, photo plates and notes on distribution, phenology and ecology are provided for each species. Status of S. conferta var. geminiflora is reinstated. Four names are lectotypified, namely, Smithia bodinierii, S. conferta var. geminiflora, S. venkobarowii and S. yunnanensis.)

Key to the south Indian species of Smithia
1a. Flowers solitary or in pairs, axillary ……………………….. S. conferta
1b. Flowers in racemes or heads ……………………………………………….. 2
2a. Flowers in globose heads ………………….………..………….. 3
2b. Flowers in simple or panicled racemes ……..………..………… 4
3a. Flowers yellow; calyx with bristles on black glands; leaflets 3–4 pairs …………………………………………………………….. 8. S. pycnantha
3b. Flowers blue; calyx with bristles not on black glands; leaflets 10–15 pairs …………………………………………………………….. 3. S. capitata
4a. Calyx rigid, veins parallel, simple ……………………………………….. 5
4b. Calyx membraneous, veins anastomosing …………………………….. 7
5a. Flowers in axillary lax racemes; stem glabrous ……………………… 6
5b. Flowers in terminal, panicled racemes; stem densely bristly …………………………………………………………….. 11. S. setulosa
6a. Flowers purple; lomentum joints reticulate ………… 7. S. purpurea
6b. Flowers yellow; lomentum joints papillose ………. 10. S. sensitiva
7a. Flowers in lax racemes, peduncles filiform ……………………………. 8
7b. Flowers in congested racemes or subcapitate heads; peduncles not filiform ………………………………………………………………………………. 9
8a. Leaflets 2 pairs; calyx lower lip 3–lobed; lomentum joints reticulate–papillose …………………………………………….1. S. bigemina
8b. Leaflets 3–4 pairs; calyx lower lip not lobed; lomentum joints reticulate–smooth ………………………………………………….5. S. gracilis
9a. Calyx accrescent in fruit, lip not lobed; lomentum joints margined on one side, papillose ……………………………………… 9. S. salsuginea
9b. Calyx not accrescent, lower lip 3-lobed; lomentum joints not margined, smooth ………………………………………………………………. 10
10a. Flowers in subcapitate heads in pairs or threes in upper leaf axils ………………………………………………………… 12. S. venkobarowii
10b. Flowers in corymbose racemes, one-sided in fruit ………………. 11
11a. Calyx with bristles on black bulbous bases; lomentum joints 7–10, reticulate …………………………………………. 6. S. hirsuta
11b. Calyx with bristles not on black bulbous bases; lomentum joints 3–6, reticulate, bordered ……………………………………….. 2. S. blanda



Taxonomic revision of Smithia (Fabaceae) in South India : 5 posts by 4 authors.


Please note that this is an excellent paper with open access.

This can be downloaded at:

http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/taiwania/

Here you have to click PDF Download for the paper.
This will work.



 

Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Smithia
bigemina
Dalz.
Herb Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests,  Grasslands  
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Theni
Smithia blanda Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
var. blanda 
Herb Western
Ghats, , Evergreen Forests, 
Grasslands  
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Theni 
Smithia blanda Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
var. racemosa (Heyne ex
Wight & Arn.) Baker is a synonym of Smithia blanda Wall.
Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, , Evergreen Forests,  Grasslands  
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem
Smithia capitata Dalz. Herb Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Theni
Smithia conferta Sm. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Kanniyakumari, Theni, Nilgiri
Smithia gracilis Benth. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Theni, Dindigul, Nilgiri
Smithia hirsuta Dalz. Climber Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Dindigul
Smithia sensitiva Ait. Herb Western
Ghats,  Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore
Smithia setulosa Dalz. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kanniyakumari,
Nilgiri

 

 
 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name






































Smithia bigemina Fabaceae Double Paired Smithia
Smithia ciliata Smithia cavaleriei, Smithia coerulescens, Smithia pumila Fabaceae Fringed Smithia
Smithia conferta Smithia geminiflora Fabaceae Paired Flower Smithia
Smithia hirsuta Fabaceae Hairy Smithia
Smithia purpurea Fabaceae Purple Smithia
Smithia salsuginea Smithia dichotoma, Damapana dichotoma Fabaceae Brackish Smithia
Smithia sensitiva Fabaceae Sensitive Smithia
Smithia setulosa Fabaceae Bristly Smithia

 
 
 
Smithia agharkarii– Rare- Maharastra 
Smithia venkobarowii Gamble- Indeterminate- Kerala


  

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys
 
An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details-
Smithia racemosa Wight & Arn.is a synonym of Smithia blanda


 
 
Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details –

 
Legumes of India by M. Sanjappa– Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, 1992 – Legumes338 pages
………….
Smithia ciliata Royle, Illust. Bot. ………..
Smithia gracilis Benth., Linnaea 24: 642. 1851 & in Miq., PI. Jungh 212. 1852 ………..
Smithia grandis Benth. ex Baker in Hooki., Fl. Brit. India 2: 151. 1876. India (Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, W Bengal) – endemic.
Smithia hirsuta Dalz. in Hook., J. Bot. …………..
Smithia purpurea Hook., Bot. Mag. t. 4283. 1847; Baker in Hooki., Fl. Brit. India 2: 149. ………….
Smithia pycnantha Benth. ex Baker in Hooki., Fl. Brit. ………..


 
Hot spots of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan by M. P. Nayar – Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, 1996 – Science252 pages
………………………..
Smithia bigemina Dalz., herb; W. Ghats.
Smithia capitata Dalz., herb; southern W. Ghats.
Smithia gracilis Benth. herb; a narrow range in the southern W. Ghats; Mysore, Nilgiri hills, Palni & Anamalai hills.
Smithia purpurea Hook., herb; northern ………………….


 
Smithia : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Smithia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


 

Pl. go through Smithia page with images of species (done by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.

If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.


 

Pl. go through Smithia (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Fabaceae (Leguminosae)‎) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


 
 

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