Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams, Fieldiana, Bot., n.s. 33: 316. 1993. (syn. Borreria exilis L. O. Williams, Phytologia 28: 227. 1974, based on B. gracilis L. O. Williams, Phytologia 26: 487. 1973, not Scheele (1844), nor Spermacoce gracilis Ruiz & Pavon (1798); B. repens Candolle; S. decandollei Deb & R. M. Dutta, nom. illeg. superfl.; S. mauritiana Gideon; S. repens (Candolle) Fosberg & D. A. Powell (1980), not Willdenow ex Chamisso & Schlechtendal (1828), nor Sessé & Mociño (1893), nor Larrañaga (1923).) as per Flora of China;
Andaman Is.; Argentina Northeast; Argentina Northwest; Assam; Belize; Benin; Bolivia; Borneo; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil West-Central; Burundi; Cabinda; Cameroon; Caroline Is.; Central African Repu; Central American Pac; China Southeast; Christmas I.; Colombia; Congo; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; East Himalaya; Ecuador; El Salvador; Fiji; French Guiana; Gabon; Ghana; Guatemala; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Guyana; Hainan; Hawaii; Honduras; India; Ivory Coast; Jamaica; Jawa; Lesser Sunda Is.; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaya; Mauritius; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; Myanmar; Nepal; New Guinea; Nicaragua; Nicobar Is.; Nigeria; Panam; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Suriname; Taiwan; Tanzania; Thailand; Trinidad-Tobago; Uganda; Venezuela; Vietnam; Windward Is.; Zambia; Zare as per Catalogue of Life;

Diffuse or erect herbs; stem 4-angled and narrowly winged, ciliate along the margins. Leaves 1-2.7 x 0.4-1.3 cm, ovate to elliptic, base cuneate, apex acute, glabrous, subsessile; stipule bristles subulate. Flowers very small, in axillary and terminal, sessile, capitate clusters. Bracts and bracteoles subulate. Calyx lobes 2, 1-2 mm long, lanceolate. Corolla white, c. 2 mm long. Capsule c. 1 mm long, truncate, compressed, pubescent. Seeds oblong, reticulate.

Flowering and fruiting: September-October
Moist and dry deciduous forests and waste places
Tropical America, widely introduced elsewhere
(From India Biodiversity Portal (Spermacoce exilis (L.O.Williams) C.D.Adams ex W.C.Burger & C.M.Taylo) 

Pouzolzia zeylanica ? :  Attachments (1). 13 posts by 5 authors.
Along roadside in Ponda area of Goa on 29/9/09.

Is it not Spermacoce ocymoides, …?

Thanks, … I think it’s not Spermacoce ocymoides.
See the earlier Indiantreepix link on Spermacoce ocymoides:
efi thread 1

I am sure you would have confirmed before adding to wikipedia. However I think it needs more critical study. Pl. check this link
Any comments from members, pl.?”

Thanks, … for the feedback.
I have to go through all the threads again on Indiantreepix & related materials for Spermacoce ocymoides & Spermacoce pusilla.  

Now I feel that species in the following Indiantreepix threads has to be Spermacoce pusilla & not Spermacoce ocymoides:
efi thread 1
efi thread 2
efi thread 3

I will make corrections in these threads/ Wikipedia once it’s validated by experts/ those who have posted it earlier. Posters of Spermacoce ocymoides may also make necessary corrections in their earlier records. 
FOI link for Spermacoce pusilla is below:
Thanks a lot … for raising the doubts.
But my original posted species is not Spermacoce ocymoides, for which FOI link is given below: FOI

…, this plant may not be Pouzolzia … the main veins of Pouzolzia leaves are clearly indented … even a long shot should be able to show them … BUT this is what I visualize; I may be wrong.

This is Spermacoce decandollei Deb & R.M. Dutta ( Jorunal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 5(5): 1044. 1984) Syn: Borreria repens DC.

Thanks, … But I could hardly find any details/ picture on net. Any reason?

Spermacoce decandollei is a synonym of Spermacoce prostrata, according to Kew Checklist
This plant doesn’t seem to agree with the pictures of Spermacoce prostrata here
Nature loves you
Leaves are described as elliptic to narrowly elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate.
The leaves in the picture should be described as elliptic to ovate-elliptic. It is possible that the leaves are very variable. If so, I would like to know.

Thanks, … for the feedback.
Spermacoce is now certainly getting interesting!!!
On further scrutiny, my posted pictures seems to match with Spermacoce ocymoides (as initially pointed out by …) as at FOI as below:
Pl. have a look & confirm.

Spermacoce sp. from Assam KD 04.Dec’14 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5).
Attached images may be Spermacoce sp. Please ID the plant.
Date :05.12.2014
Location: Assam
Family : Rubiaceae
Genus & species : Spermacoce sp.
Habitat: Grows wild on open space
Habit : Herb

Spermacoce ocymoides



SK761 27 SEP-2017:ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5) – around 500 kb each.
Location: Thula Khet, Pokhara, Nepal
Date : 10 August 2017
Altitude : 2800 ft. 

Spermacoce alata? Pl. check. 

Appears close to images at Spermacoce ocymoides
Spermacoce species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)

Looks matching to Spermacoce ocymoides though leaves look slight different.

1  October 2010Chethalayam, Wayanad; identity of the herb please? – efloraofindia | Google Groups

ID please : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Please give the ID of this herb which seems to be a Rubiaceae member. Location: Kozhikode

It is Spermococe pusilla to be verified?

It should be Spermacoce exilis as per comparative images at Spermacoce and as per keys at Flora of China

Yes, it’s S. exilis only.


ID requested: Rubiaceae (Nilgiris, TN):

Theppekkad Forest Range, Mudumalai, Nilgiris, TN
September 2019.
Herb; ~20 cm height.
Dry deciduous forests

Spermacoce species ?

Yes, it looks like Spermacoce/ Mitracarpus/ Hedyotis (I am not a taxonomist). I have a bunch of such Rubs, all looking similar in the field. I am trying to get to the species.
Trying to find a Rubiaceae specialist.

Spermacoce exilis (L.O.Williams) C.D.Adams ex W.C.Burger & C.M.Taylor ??

You’re right …


Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams from Assam KD 01 Sept 22: 2 images.
Attached images are Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams from Assam. Please validate.
Date : 26.07.22
Location: Assam
Family : Rubiaceae
Genus & species : Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams
Habit :   Herb

Yes !

I also agree.


Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams from Assam KD 01 Sept 22: 2 images.
Attached images are Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams from Assam. Please validate.
Date : 26.07.22
Location: Assam
Family : Rubiaceae
Genus & species : Spermacoce exilis (L. O. Williams) C. D. Adams
Habit :   Herb

Yes !

I also agree.


Spermacoce exilis (L.O.Williams) C.D.Adams ex W.C.Burger & C.M.Taylor: 4 very high res. images.

Location: Jalthal, Jhapa, East Nepal
Date: 02 January 2023
Elevation: 67 m.

Habitat: Wild

Yes, appears close to images at



Catalogue of Life  Flora of China  The Plant List  GRIN  GBIF (Specimens) India Biodiversity Portal (Spermacoce exilis (L.O.Williams) C.D.Adams ex W.C.Burger & C.M.Taylo)  Flora Fauna Web  Flickr  POWO  PIER

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