Sterculia apetala (Jacq.) Karst. (Introduced) (Florida to S. Tropical America: Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles as per POWO)
Sterculia lanceifolia Roxb. (Assam to China (S. Sichuan, S. Yunnan, Guizhou): Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Myanmar as per POWO)
Sterculia lanceolata var. coccinea (Jack) C. Phengklai (Central Himalaya to W. Malesia: Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, East Himalaya, Jawa, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam as per POWO)
BSI Flora of India with details & keys (Volume 3- 1993) (Distribution):
Sterculia balanghas L. var. glabrescens Masters (India: Throughout hotter parts; Sri Lanka and Myanmar)
Sterculia cordata Blume (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
Sterculia foetida L. (India: West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala; often planted; Pakistan, E. Tropical Africa, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Malesia, and N. Australia)
Sterculia guttata Roxb. (India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats up to 1200 m. Assam, Maharashtra, Karnataka (Sandur hills of Bellary District), Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andaman Islands}; Sri Lanka and Malesia)
Sterculia hamiltonii (O. Kuntze) Adelb. (India: West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland; Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar)
Sterculia hyposticta Miq. (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Nicobar Islands); Malesia)
Sterculia khasiana King ex Debbarman in Kanjilal et al. (India: Meghalaya)
Sterculia kingii Prain (India: West Bengal (Darjeeling), Sikkim and Nagaland; Bhutan)
Sterculia macrophylla Vent. (India: Andaman and Nicobar Islands(Nicobar Islands); Myanmar)
Sterculia parviflora Roxb. (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Middle and south Andaman Islands); Bangladesh, Myanmar and Malesia)
Sterculia roxburghii Wallich (India: Sikkim, Assam and Meghalaya)
Sterculia rubiginosa Vent. (India: Andaman & Nicobar Islands (Andaman Islands); Myanmar and Malesia)
Sterculia urens Roxb. (India: Almost throughout except Himalayas)
Sterculia versicolor Wallich (India: Assam, Meghalaya, Nagaland and Tripura; Myanmar)
Sterculia villosa Roxb. (India: Throughout warmer parts of India, tropical Himalaya from Kumaon eastwards and Andaman and Nicobar Islands(Andaman Islands); Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar)
FRLHT Indian Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution, local names etc. :
Species with description & keys in Flora of Pakistan :
Sterculia foetida Linn.
Sterculia villosa Roxb.
Sterculia balanghas L.
Sterculia balanghas var. angustifolia (Roxb. ex G. Don) Mast.
Sterculia hamiltonii (Kuntze) Adelb.
Sterculia villosa Roxb. ex Sm.
Taxonomy of Angiosperms By A. V. S. S. Sambamurty (2005)- Brief details-
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Sterculia
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of linksagainst Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome
Further updated based on BSI Flora of India with details (Volume 3- 1993)
Re: completed insertion of images for identified Sterculia species : 1 post by 1 author.
Pl. go through Sterculia page with images of species (done mainly by Bhagyashri Ranade ji) in efloraofindia.
If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.