Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Mon, Taninthayi), India, Sri Lanka, Java as per Catalogue of Life;
siz-ZY-gee-um — from the Greek syzygos (joined), referring to the paired leaves
kar-ee-oh-FIL-ay-tum — pink coloured or clove scented
commonly known as: clove-scented plum, south Indian plum • Kannada: ಕುಂಟ ನೇರಳೆ kunta nerale • Konkani: भेडशी bhedshi • Malayalam: ഞാറ njaara • Marathi: भेडशी bhedshi, रान लवंग ran lavang • Sanskrit: ह्रस्वजम्बु hrasvajambuh, क्षुद्रजम्बु kshdurajambu, लवङ्गः lavangah

Habit  Trees, up to 6 m tall.

Trunk & Bark Bark grey, smooth; blaze brown.
Branches and branchlets Branchlets subterete, glabrous.
Leaves Leaves simple, opposite, decussate; petiole up to 0.3 cm long, canaliculate, glabrous; lamina 5-10 x 1.5-4 cm, obovate, apex obtuse, base attenuate to acute, margin entire, pellucid gland dotted, coriaceous, drying brown; midrib canaliculate above; intramarginal nerve present; secondary nerves many, parallel, slender; tertiary nerves admedially ramified.
Inflorescence / Flower Inflorescence terminal corymbose cymes; flowers white.
Fruit and Seed Berry, black globose, crowned with calyx lobes, glabrous; seed one.
Tree along margin of evergreen forests or in open formations, up to 700 m.
Distribution- Peninsular India and Sri Lanka; in the Western Ghats- throughout.   

FOR CONFIRMATION OF SPECIES OF SYZYGIUM :  3 images. 4 posts by 3 authors.

Most probably Syzygium caryophyllatum

I agree with …


Crassulaceae, Combretaceae and Myrtaceae Fortnight: December 11- 24,2014 SN 11 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston, common small tree from Agumbe and Shimoga area of Karnataka

Came across this Tree at Ganapatipule, near Ratnagiri.
Bot. name:  Syzygium caryophyllatum  (Family: Myrtaceae).
Local Marathi name: Ran Lawang.

now this makes almost a complete pinned map of syzygium in india

ANAPR27 Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (10)
Family: Myrtaceae
Date: 5th April 2015
Place: Agumbe, Karnataka
Habit: Tree

Goa, May 2015 :: Requesting ID of this small bush :: ARKJUN-07/18 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8)
Requesting to please ID this small bush captured growing near the beach, Varca Goa in May 2015.

Tree for ID :: Devgad, Konkan, May 2017 :: ARKMAY15 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (7)

This tree was seen right next to a salt water creek near Devgad, MH in May 2017.
Is it some mangrove? Requested to please provide ID.

My guess is Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston syn. Eugenia corymbosa.

Syzygium calophyllifolium….?

Thanks for the ID…


Tree for ID :: Devgad, Konkan, May 2017 :: ARKMAY24 : 6 posts by 4 authors. 5 images.

Seen this tree on the banks of a salt water creek near Devgad, MH in May 2017.
Is it some mangrove? Requested to provide ID.

Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston syn. Eugenia corymbosa
This looks like the same tree you posted last week.

Thanks … for solving so many of my IDs.
This was taken at a separate loacation though.

This Syzygium is quite common on the Western Ghats in the edges of evergreen forests, often along streams and also recorded in deciduous forests of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa.

Syzygium sp? 030410-PKA2 : Attachments (5). 6 posts by 4 authors.
Came across this small tree near back waters at Ganapatipule. Its some sp. of Syzygium.

Botanical name:

Syzygium sp. ?




28-03-2010 /11:40 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-

Ganapatipule- Ratnagiri

Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-


Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-



~ 4m high

Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

Opposite, 6 to 10cm , shining, base tapering,short petiole (approx 3 to 5mm)

Inflorescence Type/ Size-

Photograph attached, buds globuse

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-


I think it is Myrtus cumini, common name is Njara

Syzygium phillyraeoides (syn S. corymbosa

This was identified by … as S. caryophyllatum (Syn.:S. corymbosa).


Plant for ID: Devbagh SMP 11/05/2012:
A shrub height around 4-5 feet only. Amongst other coastal plants and mangroves.
Leaves and flowers very similar to Syzigium species (Jamun). Shot at Devbagh beach area near mangroves. Karwar

Does your plant has any potential of being Laguncularia racemosa? This medium sized mangrove tree is widely distributed in the tropics. The plant is characterized by thick, scaly (often reddish) bark and extra-floral nectaries present at the base of the leaf. Looking at the 2nd photo it seems there are nectaries present (or may be I am fascinating).

This seems to be Syzigium heyneanum.

I think … ID seems to be closer. Let us wait for any other opinions/comments

Based on my pictures, I think it is Syzygium latifolium (Poir.) DC.

Does not match with images of Syzygium salicifolium (syn: Syzygium heyneanum (Duthie) Gamble)
Also I found no distribution of Syzygium latifolium (Poir.) DC. in India 

Syzygium corymbosum (Blume) DC.

Thanks, …, But Catalogue of Life and Syzygium page does not show its distribution in India.

seems to me Syzygium caryophyllatum

Yes. S caryophyllatum is the right name. I got carried with Eugenia corymbosa which is a syn of this.

Saw this Syzygium species on the road near Anashi WLS, Karnataka. Was tentatively IDED as S. rubicundum now S. carophyllatum (Linn.). Request confirmation of validity or otherwise of the same. Thank you. 


Date/Time :


27 April 2010 


Location- Place, altitude and GPS:


Anashi WLS, Karnataka


Habitat- garden/ urban/wild/type:




Plant Habit-tree/shrub/climber/herb:


Small tree




Small tree




Alternate, obovate, green, shining


Inflorescence type /size:


Terminal corymbose, numerous




White petals, buds globose

I too think this plant is Syzygium caryophyllatum but will wait for the experts comment !!

This plant is certainly Syzygium caryophyllatum … is correct

Name: Dwarf black plum tree  / Indian blackberry
Local name: Kunta Nerale meaning dwarf plum
Hindi: Chota Jambul Ped` ?
Height: Less than a meter
Place: Kavalu katta, Unchalli Falls, Uttara Kannada
Habitat: Western ghats
Monsoon, Jun 2009

Does anybody tell its Bot. name?

Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels. (Myrtaceae)

Syzygium cumunii usually has  big fruits abt 2-3 cm long. there are many species in Syzygium. i think we need to do more reference for

I do agree with you …,
Since the plant specimen originated from Western Ghats, I please to ask friends to consult the following link for Syzygium.
In this, there are 16 species of Syzygium with lots of good photos and description.
And my personal experience with this particular species is that there are lots & lots of varieties and ecotypes exist within the species Syzygium cumini.
They vary with the leaf size, fruit size, etc.
Based on my own research, there are three different seed size class exist within this particular species.
And about the fruit size I have seen with very small fruits if the plant is grown under arid/semi-arid condition.
Waiting for more comments,

I suspect the plant- Syzigium caryophyllatum, which is known as Kuntu nerale in Kannada…
Its a small tree , a bushy shub indeed, Fruits are edible, but not that much sweet as S.cumini.. Fruit is  much watery…
Nice snaps …:)


Anshi WLS, Karantaka, @4th May ’08. (040808MS)Some myrtaceae.. – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Re: Tree from Wayanad : 4 posts by 2 authors. 4 images.
This is probably Eugenia or Syzygium species
Please identify this tree

Pl. check comparative images at /species/m—z/m/myrtaceae/syzygium 

To me appears close to images at Syzygium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston as per comparative images at Syzygium

yes …


500 ID wild tree: 17 high res. images.
Please ID wild tree,
Location: bloomed near Nadukani Hills Kothamangalam Ernakulam Kerala INDIA
Altitude: 1400fsl
Flower date: 18JUL2023, 11.25am
Habitat: wild moisture streamside rocky misty sloppy alpine
Plant habit: tree, erect, branches, branchlets hard cylindrical woody stem 20 inches base circumference, rough brownish bark, rooted branches nearby watering surface
Height: 03 meters
Leaves: opposite ovate obtuse acute simple glossy, size upto: 08×5cm
Flower: axillary panicle inflorescence, clustered, diameter:07mm, white, good fragrance
Fruit: berry, globular green into purple to dark blue, edible sweet with tamarind taste, diameter: 10mm
Seed: brown single globular diameter: 04mm
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Please check Syzygium !

I think appears close to images at

Please check Syzygium munnarensis also, it’s location is something nearby my tree.

Syzygium caryophyllatum is very close to my tree, but I think it’s flowers are quite larger than mine. Very thanks to ID,

Looks different from images at
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264244559 _ Syzygium_munnarensis_sp_nov_Myrtaceae_An overlooked_endemic_species_from southern_Western_Ghats_of_Kerala_India

Ok, dear …, then what it is?

Yes, it is Syzygium caryophyllatum dear …, thank you very much for ID my plant






Catalogue of Life  WCSP  The Plant List Ver. 1.1  India Biodiversity Portal  Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post   Flowers of India  ENVIS – FRLHT  Biotik  IUCN Red List (EN)  Wikipedia Syzygium caryophyllatum – medicinal plants