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Images by Ashwini Bhatia, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)

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Images by (Bhagyashri Ranade – Id by Aruna Rai) (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)

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Images by Karuna Das– possible Id by Surajit Koley, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)

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The keys in Dr. Almeida’s flora.

Here the key from the flora Vol  III B , pg 423: Torenia Linn
1.Calyx broadly winged——————————————-2
     2. Filaments toothed—————————————— T. cordifolia         
     2. Filaments not toothed                                              3
           3. Flowers with dark purple patches—————– T.fournieri
           3. Flowers without dark purple patches————  T. indica
1. Calyx narrowly winged                                                 4  
     4. Fruiting calyx ribbed                                                5
           5. Flowers solitary                                                 6
                6. Calyx hirsute; corolla pale blue with dark 
                    blotches on the lobes of lower lip——— —-T. diffusa
                6. Calyx not hirsute ; corolla purple, no
                    dark blotcheson lips——————————-T. bicolor
            5. Flowers in clusters————————————T. thouarsii
     4. Fruiting calyx not ribbed                                          7
            7.Corolla less thn 1 cm long—————————-T. lindernioides
            7. Corolla more than 2 cm long————————T. asiatica


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Lindernia——–calyx lobes not winged on back, actinomorphic

Torenia———-calyx lobed winged on back, 2-lipped



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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Torenia
bicolor
Dalz.
Trailing Herb Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli
Torenia cordifolia  Roxb. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri
Torenia courtallensis Gamble Trailing
Herb
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Coimbatore,
Kanniyakumari, Theni, Tirunelveli
Torenia fournieri Linden ex Fourn. Herb Plains,
Cultivated, Native of East
Asiatic  Region
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Torenia hirsuta Willd. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Gamble 1957
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Torenia travancorica Gamble Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Fischer 1921
Coimbatore,  Nilgiri, Theni, Tirunelveli
Torenia vagans Roxb. Trailing
Herb
Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests, Grasslands
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Torenia cordifolia Torenia Indica Linderniaceae Indian Wishbone Flower
Torenia fournieri ‘Catalina Pink’ Linderniaceae Wishbone Flower pink
Torenia fournieri Linderniaceae Wishbone Flower
Torenia thouarsii Torenia parviflora, Nortenia thouarsii, Torenia ramosissima Linderniaceae Small Wishbone Flower
Torenia violacea Mimulus violaceus, Torenia peduncularis Linderniaceae Violet Wishbone Flower


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Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):

Torenia asiatica L. (Himalaya, India, Ceylon, Burma, east to China, Malaysia)

Torenia cordifolia Roxb. (Himalaya (Punjab to Bhutan), India, Burma, east to W. China)
Torenia diffusa D. Don (Himalaya, India, Indo-China, S. W. China)
Torenia fournieri Linden ex Fourn. (Indo-China, cultivated in India and Malaysia)
Torenia parviflora Hutch. & Dalzel [India, Indonesia; tropical Africa and America].

Torenia violacea (Azaola ex Blanco) Pennell (Himalaya (Kumaun to Bhutan), Tibet, Assam, N. Burma, Malaysia)



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Torenia asiatica Linnaeus [Japan, Vietnam].
Torenia cordifolia Roxburgh  [Bhutan, Cambodia, India (Darjeeling), Sikkim, Vietnam].
Torenia flava Buchanan-Hamilton ex Bentham [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam].
Torenia fournieri Linden ex Fournier [Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].
Torenia parviflora Buchanan-Hamilton ex Bentham [India, Indonesia; tropical Africa and America].
Torenia violacea (Azaola ex Blanco) Pennell [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia (Java), Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].


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Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (1946)- Details-

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Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-

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Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-

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Biodiversity in India, Volume 2 edited by T. Pullaiah (2003)-
Torenia bicolor – Endangered
Torenia indica– Low Risk

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Pl. go through Torenia (‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎‎Linderniaceae) page with images of species (done by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.


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Pl. go through Torenia (Linderniaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia. Few species (which are either unidentified or wrongly identified) are under process of sorting out and will be added in due course.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


 

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