Veronica polita Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Alt. 1 1828. (syn: Cardia didyma Dulac; Veronica agrestis Gouan ex Nym.; Veronica didyma Ten. Veronica nitidula Reichb. ex Walp.; Veronica polita subsp. thellungiana E.Lehmann; Veronica thellungiana (E.Lehm.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.);  
500 – 2000 mtr. March – August J&K, UK N. Africa, Norway, S & N. Europe, England, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan as per Conspectus of the genus Veronica Linnaeus (Plantaginaceae) in India Priyanka Agnihotri, Veena Dixit and Tariq Husain1 – Pleione 8(1): 9 – 16. 2014;
Albania, Austria, Belgium, Baleares, England, Bulgaria, Corsica, Czech Republic,
Slovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Switzerland, Netherlands,
Spain, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia & Kosovo, Slovenia,
Croatia, Bosnia & Hercegovina, Portugal, Malta, Norway, Poland, Romania,
Sardinia, Sicily, Sweden, Crimea, Estonia (I), Latvia (I), ?Lithuania, W-, C-,
N- & E-European Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Northern Caucasus, Armenia,
Georgia [Caucasus], Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan,
Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Algeria, Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, N-Anatolia,
NE-Anatolia, NW-Anatolia: Bithynia, S-Anatolia, SW-Anatolia, WN-Anatolia),
Cyprus (C-Mountains, E-Cyprus, N-Cyprus, S-Cyprus, W-Cyprus), Greece (incl.
Kiklades), Crete, East Aegaean Isl., Rhodos, Egypt (Desert Oases, Nile Delta,
NW-coastal Egypt), European Turkey, Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran,
Iranian Aserbaijan, S-Iran, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq, NW-Iraq, SE-Iraq:
Mesopotamia), Israel (coastal W-Israel, Rift Valley, N-Israel), Jordania
(S-Jordania, W-Jordania), Lebanon (Antilebanon, C-Lebanon, coastal W-Lebanon),
Oman (Mascat & Oman), Syria (C-Syrian Desert, Jazira, NW-Syria, Jbel Druze,
W-Syrian Mountains), Yemen (N-Inner Yemen, Tihama, W-Yemen), Afghanistan
(Badghys, Baghlan, Balkh, Bamyan, Faryab, Helmand, Kabul. Kandahar, Kunar /
Nuristan, Laghman, Nangarhar, Paktia / Khost, Parwan, Takhar), Pakistan
(Baluchistan, Swat, Hazara, Pakistani Punjab, Lahore, Rawalpindi, Kurram,
N.W.Frontier Prov., Chitral), Pakistani Kashmir (Astor, Gilgit), Jammu &
Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir),
Azores (Santa Maria Isl., Sao Miguel Isl.), Madeira
(Madeira Isl., Porto Santo Isl.), Canary Isl. (Gran Canaria, Tenerife, La
Gomera), Socotra, USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arizona (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut
(I), District of Columbia (I), Florida (I), Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas
(I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I),
Missouri (I), North Carolina (I), Nebraska (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma
(I), Pennsylvania (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Virginia (I), Wisconsin (I),
West Virginia (I)), Canada (I) (Manitoba (I), New Brunswick (I), Ontario (I)),
China (I) (Anhui (I), Beijing (I), Fujian (I), Gansu (I), Guangxi (I), Guizhou
(I), Henan (I), Hubei (I), Hunan (I), Jiangsu (I), Jiangxi (I), Shaanxi (I),
Sichuan (I), Xinjiang (I), Yunnan (I), Zhejiang (I)), Korea (I), Costa Rica (I),
NW-India (I), Peru (I), Mexico (I), Uruguay (I), Argentina (I)
as per Catalogue of life;
 
Scrophulariaceae of the Western Himalayas By Francis . Pennell (Description & Keys- Veronica capitata, cachemirica, lanosa, macrostemon, lasiocarpa, serpyllifolia, verna, arvensis, didyma (syn. of Veronica polita Fr. as per The Plant List), persica, perpusilla (syn. of Veronica pusilla Kotschy & Boiss. as per The Plant List), uncinata (syn. of Veronica rubrifolia Boiss. as per The Plant List), biloba, campylopoda, stewartii, koelzii, cephaloides (syn. of Veronica ciliata subsp. cephaloides (Pennell) D.Y. Hong as per The Plant List), hirta, nana (syn. of Veronica ciliata subsp. cephaloides (Pennell) D.Y. Hong as per The Plant List), melissaefolia, javanica, cana, umbelliformis (syn. of Veronica szechuanica subsp. sikkimensis (Hook. f.) D.Y. Hong as per The Plnat List), beccabunga, anagallis-aquatica, secunda, salina & undulata)
 
The species (Veronica didyma syn. of Veronica polita ) is quite distinct from V. persica in smaller pinkish flowers, pedicels shorter than subtending leaves (bracts), broadly triangular ovate leaves (usually broader than long), capsule with rounded lobes, diverging at acute angle or almost subparallel, covered with longer glandular hairs mixed with shorter simpler hairs, broader calyx lobes overlapping at base.
European V. agrestis L. has ovate leaves, longer than width, fruit covered with only glandular hairs and shorter style. 
V. persica, though closer to V. didyma is much different in leaf shape and size, length of pedicel and fruit, which has a widely diverging sinus (obtuse angle) and keeled lobes in fruit. Flower is also larger.
V. arvensis, though having similar leaves is much different with subtending bracts much smaller than foliage leaves and aggregated in terminal inflorescence. also the pedicels are much smaller
 
Common name: Grey Field-Speedwell, wayside speedwell

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Veronica didyma from Delhi: Sending Veronica didyma Ten. (syn: V. agrestis Hook.f. (non L.); V. polita Fries) from Delhi.
The species is quite distinct from V. persica in smaller pinkish flowers, pedicels shorter than subtending leaves (bracts), broadly triangular ovate leaves (usually broader than long), capsule with rounded lobes, diverging at acute angle or almost subparallel, covered with longer glandular hairs mixed with shorter simpler hairs, broader calyx lobes overlapping at base.
European V. agrestis L. has ovate leaves, longer than width, fruit covered with only glandular hairs and shorter style. 


   V. persica, though closer to V. didyma is much different in leaf shape and size, length of pedicel and fruit, which has a widely diverging sinus (obtuse angle) and keeled lobes in fruit. Flower is also larger. I had uploaded V. persica separately.

    V. arvensis, though having similar leaves is much different with subtending bracts much smaller than foliage leaves and aggregated in terminal inflorescence. also the pedicels are much smaller.
    As for my V. didyma, there is no question of 4 bracts, as subtending leaves are unmodified. By any chance, did you mean calyx lobes?. Also one flower will produce only one fruit in Veronica.


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Herb for Id from Panipat 2012:  This very small, moisture and shade loving herb of the winter season was shot in March 2012 from Panipat…

this should be a Veronica sp., want to get exact identification.
Plant sub-erect spreading, leaves coarsely dentate, hairy, flowers very small, pinkish white, fruit bilobed…I hope specific id can be found…


I hope Veronica polita (syn: V. didyma)


Thank you very much sir, I think you have got it right…


Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Veronica polita from Panipat-NS 9 : Attachments (6). 1 post by 1 author.

This small herb of shady places was shot from Panipat.. I hope this can be Veronica polita Fr.
Now placed in Plantaginaceae

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Scrophulariaceae Fortnight: Veronica polita from Panipat-NS 9 : Attachments (6). 3 posts by 2 authors.

This small herb of shady places was shot from Panipat.. I hope this can be Veronica polita Fr.
Now placed in Plantaginaceae


Yes … Nice photographs


 

 

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Veronica polita (syn V. didyma), photographed from Kashmir


Thanks Sir for this sharing, this species is also found in our area.. (Panipat, Haryana)


 

 

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Veronica polita from Kashmir and possible discussion : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

This was posted on Facebook Indian Flora Group. Repeating here for inputs.

Veronica polita from Kashmir, 6 May, 2012 and a possible discussion. In fact the discussion was prompted by Bubai Bera who identified a plant on efloraofindia as V. hederifolia (earlier suggested by David from Edinburgh also)

Hooker’s Flora of British India described two closely related species from Western Himalayas, Kashmir, also occurring in China, Europe.
V. agrestis L. (syn: V. polita :Fries) sepals ovate, obtuse, corolla 4-8 mm across, capsule 8-10 seeded (var. agrestis, leaves larger, sepals narrower, pale blue to white corolla) or 16-20 seeded (var. polita leaves smaller, broader sepals, corolla bright blue)
V. hederaefolia: sepals cordate, acuminate, corolla pale blue, 4 mm across, capsule 2-4 seeded.

Pennell who published revision of Scrophulariaceae of Western Himalayas in 1943, ignored V. agrestis but listed V. didyma, also did not record V. hederaefolia from Himalayas:.
V. didyma (syn V. polita Fries): leaves longer than broad, oval to lanceolate, dentate, corolla pale violet with darker veins in posterior lobe, capsule flattened, notched., 
V. stewartii: leaves broader than long, shallowly 3-lobed, sepals ovate acuminate, pedicels 2-4 mm long much shorter than petioles (10-15 mm long) capsule turgid, rounded or slightly notched at apex.(V. hederaefolia Europaen species with 5-lobed leaves, pedicels much longer than petioles, equalling or longer than subtending leaf),

Flora of China does not list V. agrestis or V. hederifolia, but records V. polita (syn: V. didyma var. lilacina)

Friends are requested to explore and firmly establish identity of our plants.

Conspectus of the genus Veronica Linnaeus (Plantaginaceae) in India Priyanka Agnihotri, Veena Dixit and Tariq Husain1 – Pleione 8(1): 9 – 16. 2014 list all three. 
Conspectus of the genus Veronica Linnaeus (Plantaginaceae) in India Priyanka Agnihotri, Veena Dixit and Tariq Husain1 – Pleione 8(1): 9 – 16. 201.
Conspectus of the genus Veronica Linnaeus (Plantaginaceae) in India Priyanka Agnihotri, Veena Dixit and Tariq Husain1 – Pleione 8(1): 9 – 16. 2014. V. agrestis, V. hederifolia and V. polita from India.

If so, it would be interesting to note key differences between the three.


Should I take this as Veronica polita ? 


 

 

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Veronica agrestis L. is a common wild herb flowering during winter and spring.
Now it is in the family Plantaginaceae.


V. agrestis or V. polita?….capsules should help.


I will recheck with the specimens!


Veronica species in efi so far.  


I think it should be Veronica polita Fr. as per images and details herein.


Yes it is now correctly identified.


 

 
References:

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