Images by Neil Soares, (Brij Mohan Bhardwaj – identified by Shrikant Ingalhalikar) & Dinesh Valke, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade) 

RITE-ee-a — named for William Wright, Scottish physician and botanist
ar-BOR-ee-uh — meaning, tree-like
commonly known as: woolly dyeing rosebay • Chinese: 胭木 yan mu • Hindi: दाईरा daira, धरौली dharauli, दूधी dudhi • Konkani: अटगो कुडो atgo kudo • Malayalam: അയ്യപ്പാല ayyappaala, മയിലംപാല mayilampaala • Marathi: पांडु कुडा pandu kuda, तांबडा कुडा tambda kuda • Nepalese: रानी खिर्रो rani khirro • Sanskrit: कुटज kutaja • Tamil: வெட்பாலை vet-palai • Telugu: అడవిఅంకుడు adaviankudu • Thai: โมกมัน mokman
Native to: Asia
The following links provide keys to different species of Wrightia:
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=134988 (Fl.China)
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=134988 (Fl.Pakistan)

Small deciduous trees; to 12 m high; bark 8.5 mm, pale grey, corky; blaze greenish-yellow, latex yellow; branchlets tomentose. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 3-7 mm, stout, tomentose; lamina 6-15 x 3-6.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, ovate or obovate; base acute; apex acuminate; margin entire, tomentose on both sides, chartaceous; lateral nerves 9-13 pairs, tomentose, prominent, pinnate; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, in terminal or pseudoaxillary dense shortly peduncled tomentose cymes; pedicel 1 cm long, stout, tomentose; calyx short, lobes 5, 4 mm long, broadly ovate, obtuse, pubescent without, glandular inside; corolla salver shaped, lobes 15 x 10 mm, obovate, puberulous, throat with 1-2 series of erect, entire or lobed orange corona scales, tube 5 mm long, shorter than the lobes; stamens 5, inserted on the mouth of the tube, anthers 8 mm long, exserted, sagitate, spurred at base, hairy; disc absent; carpels 2, 2 mm, connate; ovules many; style 3 mm, filiform; stigma ovoid with a basal ring usually toothed. Fruit of 2 connate follicular mericarps, ca. 16 x 2 cm, cylindrical, subterete, green, sparsely white tubercled, rough, apically beaked; seeds linear, comose at one end.  

Flowering and fruiting: April-December
Moist deciduous and dry deciduous forests and sacred groves


Wrightia arborea – seed dispersal:
Photographed at my farm at Shahapur over the last few months.


Wrightia arborea flowering:
Photographed at my farm at Shahapur today. Was finally able to locate a few flowers on one of my trees.
Had recently posted photographs of this tree – they are available at this link


Tree with off white flowers:
Place of shoot- Panjab University Botanical Gardens, Chandigarh
Date and Time- 5th July, 2011, 7:15 am
habit- tree
leaves simple as shown
flowers-white or off white turn brown as they wither as shown in photograph,
fruits not seen

Affirmative. This is Tambda Kuda [Wrightia arborea]. My photographs of the flowers and fruit of this tree are available in the archives of this group.

It may be W. arborea,, cant guess by this photo, require more photos, especially pod, but sure Wrightia from Apocynaceae.

Agree with ..
…, the range of flower color varies from white to pinkish (sometimes looks pinkish-orange).
Will post my images showing the color variation.


Wrightia arborea @ Tungareshwar:
Beautiful pictures of Wrightia arborea!
Thanks for sharing and showing the color variation.

Wrightia arborea (Wrighta tomentosa):
Name of the Species: Wrightia arborea (Wrighta tomentosa)Common/Local Name: Tambada Kuda
Family: Apocynaceae
Photographed on: 08th Jan., 2012
Photographed at: Barvi Dam Forst, Badlapur, Maharashtra.
Habitat: Hill Slope.
Description : Small tree of deciduous forest, occasionally common.

nice catch of the Wrightia pod…..here is my catch…from Chandigarh

Bignoniaceae fruit for identification 280313MK01 : 1 image. 3 posts by 3 authors.
Please help me to identify this fruit seen in a deciduous scrub forest in eastern ghats. I think it is some Bignoniaceae.
Place: Salem Dist, TN
Alt.: 300 m asl
Date: 13 Mar 2013

Wrightia arborea, Apocynaceae

Wrightia arborea confirm (decidious tree. seeds are light in weight with 100 per cent germination without seed treatment)


Request Tree ID 156 – Lalbagh, Bangalore – RA :  Attachments (8).  2 posts by 1 author.

… reply was Wrightia Arborea


For sharing: Mumbai :26072013 : ARK-04 : July 2013 :  Attachments (3). 1 post by 1 author.
Captured this Wrightea arborea in SGNP, Mumbai in July 2013.

Requesting ID of this tree – Mumbai :: 19092013 :: ARK-02 :: September 2013 :  Attachments (2). 7 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting to please ID this tree captured at SGNP, Mumbai in September 2013.

Wrightia arborea.

This does not look like Wrightia arborea to me. Please send a few more photographs.
My photographs of Tambda Kuda for comparison are available at these links.

Thanks for the feedback and the reference links…
Unfortunately, I do not have any further photographs of that same tree, but I do recollect that the leaves were soft to touch. I am also attaching a cropped pic of the pods from the above photographs, if it helps….

This is definitely Wrightia arborea. Did not notice any pod[s] in the original photograph. Don’t think the 2 photographs are of the same tree.

Both the photographs belong to the same tree, the angle though is different..


Wrightia arborea ? for validation:: NS June 12 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
This medium sized tree was common in Pelling area in Sikkim and Darjeeling..
Can this be Wrightia arborea  ?

Affirmative. This is Tambda Kuda. Please check these links :

SK244DEC16-2016:ID : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Location: Nuwakot , Nepal
Altitude:  3200 ft.
Date: 25 April 2015

I think it look like, Wrightia tinctoria

Thanks … for giving the lead. Looks more like Wrightia arborea to me.

Thank you …, Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) D.J. Mabberley (accepted name)
Nepali Names : रानी खिर्रो Raanee Khirro / दरुला  Darulaa / ठुलो कुरो Thulo Kuro / कलिंग  Kaling

Thank you very much … for the Nepali names … will update my notes someday soon.

SK566 14 JUN-2017:ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Location:  Darjeeling, India ( Near Rammam Check Post,Jorethang , Sikkim )
Date: 22 May  2017
Altitude: 1000 ft.

Wrightia arborea I think..

Thank you …  Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) D.J. Mabberley
Nepali Names : रानी खिर्रो Raanee Khirro / दरुला Darulaa / ठुलो कुरो Thulo Kuro / कलिङ्ग Kaling 


SK 2880 13 March 2021: 11 images.
Location: Central Nepal
Altitude: 550 m.
Date: March 2021
Habitat : Wild
Holarrhena. ??
Sent by a friend !

Wrightia arborea



350 ID wild tree Alstonia:
Please ID wild tree,
Location: near Vannappuram, Thodupuzha, Idukki Dist., Kerala PIN:685607
Altitude: 1500fsl
Flower date: 22.04.2022, 12.55 pm
Habitat: wild, moisture, hilly
Plant habit: tree, erect, branches, hard woody stem 30 inches base diameter, flaked rough bark, latex
Height: 06 meters
Leaves: opposite, ovate, acute, simple, size up to:14×7cm
Flower: terminal racemose, diameter:04cm, reddish, non fragrant
Fruit: lengthy beans green into brown, size:01 feet long, 04cm bottom diameter
Seed: grandpa’s beard, numerous

Camera: CANON EOS1500D

Apocynaceae not seen before!

I hope this is Wrightia sp.

Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) Mabb.??

This has been reported from many places in Kerala:  http://keralaplants.in/keralaplantsdetails.aspx?id=Wrightia_arborea

I have seen this in Wayanadu in vegetative condition a few years back during my trip to Wayanadu..

Thank you very much for ID my plant. Yes, it is very close to Wrightia arborea. However, I observed some differences such as central purplish flower ring is spaceless or continuous, having whitish latex and fruit’s bottom is clearly obtuse.

I think there are different colors/ shades of flower.

Ok, thank you very much

Wrightia arborea


Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) D.J. Mabberley: 7 high res. images.

Location:  Sani Bheri , West Rukum, West Nepal 
Date: 30 May 2023
Elevation 900m.
Habit : Wild

It looks like this Wrightia will soon be completely at the mercy of Phanera vahlii!

That looks like it !


Apocynaceae: Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) Mabb.: 2 high res. images.
synonyms: Wrightia tomentosa (Roxb.) Roem. & Schult., Wrightia mollissima A.DC., Wrightia mollissima Wall.
location/date (both): University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997


Apocynaceae: Wrightia arborea: 1 high res. image.
Wrightia arborea fruit from Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, Northern eastern ghats


But they are from Wrightia arborea!



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