Tabernaemontana alternifolia L. (Images by Dr. Tapas Chakraborty and Anurag N. Sharma)


Tabernaemontana cerifera Pancher & Sebert ? (Images by Prashant Awale – identified by Mayur Nandikar, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 



Tabernaemontana dichotoma Roxb. ex Wall. (Image by Siva Siva – identified by Michael van der Poorten & Vijayasankar Raman (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 



Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. (Images by Surajit Koley, (Surajit Koley – identified by Aarti Khale), (Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Giby Kuriakose & Ajinkya Gadve), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))



Tabernaemontana litoralis Kunth (Introduced) (Mexico to W. Colombia: Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá as per POWO)


Tabernaemontana pachysiphon Stapf (Introduced)



Tabernaemontana species in India:

  1. Tabernaemontana alternifolia L.
  2. Tabernaemontana cerifera Pancher & Sebert [cultivated]
  3. T. citrifolia L. [cultivated]
  4. T. dichotoma Roxb. ex Wall.
  5. T. divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.
  6. T. gamblei Subr. & A.N.Henry
  7. T. heyneana Wall. (synonym of T. alternifolia L.)
  8. T. ophiorhizoides Kurz (synonym of Rauvolfia verticillata (Lour.) Baill.)
  9. T. recurva Roxb. (synonym of T. divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. ex Schult.)
  10. T. rostrata Wall.
  11. T. sphaerocarpa Blume (cultivated) 


  1. Karthikeyan, S., Sanjappa, M. and Moorthy, S. 2009. Flowering Plants of India, Dicotyledons, vol-I (Acanthaceae- Avicenniaceae). Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata. pp.1138-139.
  2. eFI page


Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. Shrub Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests, also Cultivated 
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All districts
Tabernaemontana gamblei Subram. & Henry Shrub Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Tabernaemontana heyneana Wall.= Tabernaemontana alternifolia Tree Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Tabernaemontana alternifolia Ervatamia heyneana, Tabernaemontana heyneana Apocynaceae Nag Kuda
Tabernaemontana divaricata ‘Flore Pleno’   Apocynaceae Crape Jasmine Flore Pleno
Tabernaemontana divaricata Tabernaemontana coronaria, Nerium coronarium Apocynaceae Crape Jasmine
Tabernaemontana rostrata Tabernaemontana crispa Apocynaceae Orange Dutchman’s Shoes


Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China [Distribution other than China]:
Tabernaemontana divaricata (Linnaeus) R. Brown ex Roemer & Schultes [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand; cultivated in tropical and subtropical Asia].

Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Tabernaemontana alternifolia

Ornamental Plants By Sabina George (2009)- Details-
Flora of Palghat District, including Silent Valley National Park, Kerala by E. VajraveluBotanical Survey of India, 1990 – Nature646 pages:
Tabernaemontana gamblei Subr. & Henry in Bull. Bot. Surv. India 12:5. 1970 (1972). Ervatamia caudata Gamble, in Bull. Mise. Inform. Kew 310. 1921 & Fl. Pres. Madr. 813. 1923, Repr. ed. 571. 1957 non Tabernaemontana caudata Merr. ………………..



Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Chhatarpur and Damoh By G. P. Roy, B. K. Shukla, Bhaskar Datt (1992)- Details-
Tabernaemontana divaricata

Sacred Plants of India By Nanditha Krishna (2014)- Details-
Tabernaemontana divaricata

Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Ervatamia heyneana (Wall.) T.Cooke is a synonym of Tabernaemontana alternifolia

Tabernaemontana : 4 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Tabernaemontana (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of species.


Pl. go through Tabernaemontana (Apocynaceae) page with images of species (mainly done by Bhagyashri ji) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.