Citrus × aurantium L., Sp. Pl. 2: 782-783 782 1753. (Syn: Aurantium × acre Mill., Aurantium × bigarella Poit. & Turpin, Aurantium × corniculatum Poit. & Turpin, Aurantium × coronatum Poit. & Turpin, Aurantium × humile Mill., Aurantium × myrtifolium Descourt., Aurantium × orientale Mill., Aurantium × silvestre Pritz., Aurantium × sinense (L.) Mill., Aurantium × variegatum Barb.Rodr., Citrus × amara Link, Citrus × ampullacea Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × anonyma Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × asahikan Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × aurantium subf. ampullacea (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. anonyma (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. asahikan (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. banyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. benikawa (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. canaliculata (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. cyathifera (Risso & Poit.) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. dulcis (Y.Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. glaberrima (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. hakunikuyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium f. intermedia (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. iyo (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. jiyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. medioglobosa (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. mitsuyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium f. natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. omikanto (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. pseudogulgul (Shirai) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. sekitoyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium var. sinensis L., Citrus × aurantium subf. sinensis (L.) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. sinograndis (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. soyu (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. sulcata (Takah.) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. tengu (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. tosa-asahi (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. truncata (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × aurantium subf. yuge-hyokan (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × benikoji Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × bigaradia Loisel., Citrus × calot Lag., Citrus × canaliculata Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × changshan-huyou Y.B.Chang, Citrus × communis Poit. & Turpin, Citrus × daidai Siebold ex Hayata, Citrus × dulcimedulla Pritz.,Citrus × dulcis Pers., Citrus × florida Salisb., Citrus × funadoko Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × fusca Lour., Citrus × glaberrima Yu.Tanaka, Citrus grandis var. brunneorugosa Karaya, Citrus grandis var. glaberrima (Yu.Tanaka) Karaya, Citrus grandis var. kotokan (Hayata) Karaya, Citrus grandis var. natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) Karaya, Citrus grandis var. racemosa (M.Roem.) B.C.Stone, Citrus grandis var. sulcata (Takah.) Karaya, Citrus grandis var. tengu (Tanaka) Karaya, Citrus × humilis (Mill.) Poir., Citrus × intermedia Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × iwaikan Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × iyo Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × karna Raf., Citrus × kotokan Hayata, Citrus × leiocarpa Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × maderaspatana Yu.Tanaka, Citrus maxima var. uvacarpa Merr., Citrus medica f. tamurana (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × medioglobosa Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × mitsuharu Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × myrtifolia (Ker Gawl.) Raf., Citrus × natsudaidai (Yu.Tanaka) Hayata, Citrus × nobilis Lour., Citrus × nobilis subf. benikoji (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. funadoko (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. genshokan (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. haili (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. hayashi-unshu M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. ishikawa-unshu M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. iwaikan (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. jyuma-unshu M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. keraji (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis var. kikaijimense Yu.Tanaka ?, Citrus × nobilis subf. koshotankan (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. kotokan (Hayata) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. mitsuharu (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. miyagawa-wase M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. pseudograndis (Shirai) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. reticulata (Blanco) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. rokugatsu (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. rubrifrons (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. sugiyama-unshu M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. tachimawase M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis f. tumida (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. yatsushiro (Tanaka) M.Hiroe, Citrus × nobilis subf. yonezawa-unshu M.Hiroe, Citrus × omikanto Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × oto Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × panuban (Wester) Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × paradisi Macfad., Citrus × pomelana Van Deman, Citrus × pseudoparadisi Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × racemosa (Risso & Poit.) Marcow. ex Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × reshni (Engl.) Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × reticulata Blanco, Citrus × rokugatsu Yu.Tanaka,Citrus × rumphii Risso, Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck, Citrus × sinograndis Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × subcompressa (Tanaka) Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × taiwanica Yu.Tanaka & Shimada, Citrus × tangelo J.W.Ingram & H.E.Moore, Citrus tarogayo Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × tengu Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × tosa-asahi Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × truncata Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × ujukitsu Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × yatsushiro Yu.Tanaka, Citrus × yuge-hyokan Yu.Tanaka) as per POWO;
Introduced into: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Marianas, Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya as per POWO;
(Included as per POWO: Citrus × aurantium L.: Sour orange, Khatta; Citrus × reticulata Blanco: Orange, Santra; Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck: Sweet orange, Musambi)
Citrus aurantium L.: Asm.: Chakla-tenga, Dewa-tenga. Karun-jamir, Tita-karuna; Hindi: Khatta; Kan.: Herlay; Kh.: Soh-thang; Tam.: Kitchili Narengam, Narattai; Tel.: Mallika narangi. The sour orange. as per BSI flora of India;
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck: Beng., Guj., Hindi, Mar.: Kamala nembu, Musambi, Narungi; Kan.: Kittile, Sathagudi; Kh.: Soh-niungriang; Punj.: Malta Orange; Tam.: Sathagudi, Chini; Tel.: Battavinarinja, Buddasini, Satghudi, Sini. The sweet orange. as per BSI Flora of India;
Citrus reticulata Blanco: Beng.: Kamala; Hindi: Santra; Kan.: Kudag orange; Kh.: Soh-myntra, Soh-nimantra; Tam.: Walalja Kamara. The Indian loose jacket orange, Mandarins as per BSI flora of India;
C. deliciosa × C. maxima as per POWO;
Fruits large, Petioles marginate or narrowly winged; wings up to 6 mm broad; Small to medium size trees as per BSI Flora of India;
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus paradisii, the Grape fruit:
Citrus paradisii, the Grape fruit, another large fruit of the American continent, a hybrid between C. sinensis and C. maxima.
Fruit is orange-yellow up to 15 cm across. The fruit is acidic and varying in sweetness, the pulp white, pink to reddish.
– We two eat one fruit every morning. It is sour to sweet and a bit bitter too. But with plenty of sugar it tastes very well.
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus paradisii, the Grape fruit here my fotos:
Near Mumbai there is a nursery called Pathare Nursery. The address is as follows :
Near Shivaji Chowk,
Ambedkar Road, Kalyan
You will get all types of grafted fruit trees. Once I enquired about the grapefruit graft. They are selling it.
Habitat: homestead garden
Alt.: 310 m asl
Place: Jammu (outskirts, rural), J & K
Fruit image image is not clear.
Sorry. Not if it’s 20 cm fruit.
Also check species available with images at Citrus
it is Citrus aurantium (sour orange or khatta) locally known as Gohdah khatta.
Rutaceae Week: Citrus paradisi Maf. from California:
Common name: Grapefruit
Fruit large like Citrus grandis, reaching 15 cm in diameter, rind much thinner and orange yellow in colour, leaves smaller and glabrous on veins and pulp vesicles more tightly packed.
Photographed from California
Another confuser for me. It appears like mosambi – not sure if they are sold in Indian markets.
Please ignore the last photograph. …, The broadly winged petiole is distinctive for both C. grandis and C. paradisi
Id of a tree bearing flower and fruit : 8 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2).
Which Is this tree bearing flowers and a fruit ?
Saw it in Kakoijana village near Manas National Park, Guwahati. Date- 03.03.2014
May be some member of Rutaceae.
Grape fruit! Citrus!
The flower and fruit looks like Pomelo (Citrus grandis) to me. However i cannot be sure as i have not seen the flower and fruit of grape fruit(Citrus x paradisi). The shape of the fruit is a dead giveaway. While Pomelo is kind of pear shaped, grapefruit is usually fully round.
Thanks … In Pomelo the petals look bit roundish while in grapefruit slightly elongated. Even the fruit doesn’t seem to be pear-shaped. It is almost round. I feel it should be paradisi but i would still like to confirm.
It is not Citrus. The leaf-shape does not match. Uploading the few photos from my house.
Yes C. paradisi looks good, C. grandis (now C. maxima) would have much larger fruit
Citrus Species for ID : Nasik : 04MAY21 : AK-03: 2 images.
Citrus flowers seen in a farm.
A small tree.
Looks more like Citrus maxima. Kannada Chakotha grown here.
Thanks, …, for the suggestion.
It was a single tree with other fruit trees around the farm house.
There is no fruit picture ??? I did what best I could do after verification.
I received a reply from the owner of the farm.
It is Grapefruit.
MS,Dec.,2020/22 Citrus sp. for id.
Date : 20-12-2020
Habit : Shrub
Habitat : Cultivated
Size of fruit : L= 10-11.5 cm dia.
B or W= 8.5-10 cm dia.
Note : Fruit is acid, very juicy, edible
Citrus limon ?
I think same as in other posts at Citrus hystrix
I think this may also be Citrus aurantium as per MS,Sept,2021/13 Citrus sp. for id
MS,Sept,2021/13 Citrus sp. for id: 3 images.
Location : Kolasib, Mizoram
Date : 07-08-2019
Habit : Large shrub
Habitat : Cultivated
I hope Citrus aurantium
MS,Oct.,2021/10 Citrus sp. for id.: 5 images.
Location : Luangpawl & Marpara
Date : 02-03-2016(fl.) & 20-12-2020(fr.)
Habit : Shrub
Habitat : Cultivated
Mizo : Sêrtuibûr
Note : Fruit very juicy
Citrus grandis (L.) Osbeck
Not C. grandis, with such narrow petiole wing
I think this may also be Citrus aurantium as per MS,Sept,2021/13 Citrus sp. for id
Fruits & Vegetables Week: RVS-4:
– Name Citrus reticulata is indicated with photographs. Unfortunately the name orange is differently applied. We call orange in India to C. reticulata, people here in USA call it as Mandarin and apply the name orange to. C. sinensis (our Malta, Mausami, etc). I will upload my photographs of Citrus once I reach India on 7th Jan.
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus reticulata, the Mandarine orange:
Citrus reticulata, the Mandarine orange, commonly known as orange or Santara
In India, loose skinned orange commonly used as table fruit and as source of orange juice.
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus reticulata, the Kinnow:
-Since I knew, I always thought both Narangi and Kinnow as the same thing, untill my brother-in-law who happens to be an software engineer, told me that sometimes in 2009 that they are different, though he didnt have any explanations to support. Since then I wanted to know what exactly this is…..now is know!!!
Fruit and Vegetable Week: Klementinen:
a variety of mandarin (Citrus reticulata), named in 1902
Very popular, available only in winter. The smell is typical X’mas smell.
Indian names of an orange: Could you please supply me with various Indian names, preferably in original scripts, for this orange / mandarin.
FRENCH : Mandarine Ponkan, Mandarine Ponkan de Formose, Mandarine Suntara, Mandarine Suntara de l’Inde.
HINDI : Nagpur suntara, Nangpur suntara.
JAPANESE : ポンカン Ponkan, 椪柑 Ponkan.
TAGALOG : Batangas.
Strangely, given that this is a well known Chinese cultivar, the latest taxonomy appears to favour the botanical Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Ponkan‘ which is base on the romanised Japanese name. It does however, by association, link it to the Hindi name “Suntara”. We still have to determine if “Suntara” = “Nagpur suntara”. After the Chinese brainstorm we have an Indian brainstorm to initiate. That should give us a number of Indian names.
It is known as Santara and another name Kamala
Yes these names are applied to Citrus reticulata Blanco and sometimes (wrongly?) to other species but we are trying to identify a cultivar of Citrus reticulata Blanco (or a different related species Citrus poonensis) so we need a longer or different name, perhaps “Nangpur santara” ? I often see the names কমলা Kamalā, कमला Kamalā, கமலா Kamalā, కమలా Kamalā, সান্তারা Sāntārā, संतरा Santarā, सुन्तला Suntalā, સંતરાSantarā, but I don’t know how to write Nagpur, Nangpur, Nangpoor in any script given that none of those 3 transcriptions is enough to transliterate. Is “suntara” = “santara” it could be that “suntara” refers to some other fruit or that it is simply a bad transcription (Suntalā is Nepali).
Not sure whether the following pertains to Citrus poonensis hort. ex Tanaka OR Citrus reticulata Blanco ‘Ponkan’
Have not heard of Nangpur santara … please let validating comment(s) come by.
As I said in earlier post I am no expert but in Gujarati
Rutaceae Week: Citrus reticulata Blanco from Delhi and Kausani:
Citrus reticulata Blanco, Fl. Filip. 610. 1837
syn: Citrus chrysocarpa Lush.; Citrus deliciosa Ten.
Common names: Mandarin orange, Loose-skinned orange, Mandarine, Tangerine, Orange (in India)
The commonly sold as orange or santra in India, differentiated by its loose skin which easily peels off and segments easily separated by hand.
Photographed from Delhi and Kausani
Rutaceae Week: Citrus reticulata “Satsuma” from California:
Rutaceae Week_RVS5_Citrus reticulata?:
ASSAMESE : Sumothira.
BENGALI : কমলা Komala (Kamalā), কমলা গাছ Kamalā gācha, কমলালেবু Komalalebu (Kamala leboo, Kamalālēbu), কমলালেবু গাছ Kamalālēbu gācha (tree), কমলালেবুর গাছ Kamalālēbura gācha (tree), নাগরঙ্গ Nāgaraṅga নারঙ্গ Nāraṅga নারাঙ্গা Nārāṅgāনারাঙ্গি Nārāṅgiসান্তারা Sāntārā সান্তোলা Sāntōlā.
ENGLISH : Kamala orange, Orange.
Some of the petiole here in the picture are winged while yours pulvinus petiole?
Planting lemon with oranges:
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus sinensis, The Narangi fruit:
After seeing ripe fruit and leaves I am now sure that this is C. reticulata and not C. sinensis.
Rutaceae Week: Citrus sinensis “Narangi” or x Citrofortunella microcarpa please help in sorting:
A little photographic trick is to include in a corner of the photo an object as a visual indication the size of the fruit / leaves. A ruler, a matchbox or anything that one would recognize. Hands and fingers do not work because they vary too much in size and can deceive more than they help.
After seeing the ripe fruits, and leaves I am sure that this plant is Citrus reticulata and not C. sinensis. Narangi is perfect Hindi name for C. reticulata.
No …, rest are fine
Species Citrus reticulata often includes both Manderin (C. reticulata) as well as Tangerine (C. tangerina). which also includes C. x deliciosa according to most databases including TPL.
For quite some time I have been facing and pointing out contradiction/corrections in TPL and looking for alternative reliable database, which could give same confidence as Index Kewensis. GRIN does not have contradictions, but not all world names are included. It was as such a great relief to know about “Plants of the World’ from Dr. Anzar a Kew Initiative launched in 2017.
The more I go through this database http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/ the more confidence I develop for this database.
The database treats Manderin (Citrus reticulalata) and Tangerine (Citrus deliciosa (syn: C. tangerina)) as two distinct species
Manderin fruits, Citrus reticulata, (our santra) is larger in size, oblate in shape, rind somewhat wrinkled, orange yellow in colour, larger segments
Tangerine, Citrus deliciosa (syn. C. tangetina) is smaller size, mostly less than 8 cm, rounded in shape, orange red in shape especially when ripe, rind smooth, thinner, easier to peel with smaller segments.
I am uploading both fruits for comparison
Thanks, …, Does that mean the original post here by you, is of Citrus deliciosa (syn. C. tangetina) ?
Binsar, UK :: Citrus tree for ID :: ARK2020-032 : 7 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
This tree was found near Binsar, Uttarakhand in November 2012.
Is this the normal orange (Citrus reticulata)?
Requested to please ID.
Hope it was seen as cultivated ? Pl. confirm.
Yes … This was seen in a cultivated orchard.
Original images may give better idea of the texture of the fruits. Pl. post.
Attached are the cropped pics of the fruits, hoping they will aid in ID.
I also think, it may be Citrus reticulata
Location: Eden Project, Cornwall, UK
Date: 03 April 2022
Habit : Cultivated
(Citrus deliciosa Ten. as per POWO)
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus sinensis, Valencia orange:
Citrus sinensis, Valencia orange. The Valencia or Murcia orange is one of the sweet oranges used for juice extraction. It is a late-season fruit, and therefore a popular variety when the navel oranges are out of season. For this reason, the orange was chosen to be the official mascot of the 1982 FIFA World Cup, which was held in Spain. The mascot was called “Naranjito” (“little orange”), and wore the colours of the Spanish football team uniform.
upcoming Citrus week:
I stumbled upon an old discussion string regarding Citrus in general and Mosambi in particular.
In the past few months I have made much progress towards my own “de-confusion” or clarification of mind.
I think that, as far as names are concerned, I can bring a little leadership in the coming Citrus week.
I would suggest first that whenever a name is mentioned, at the very least its original location should be mentioned, its corresponding name in script (as opposed to the ever misleading romanised version) should be given, and if possible the matching botanical name. I can provide much of what would be missing but we may wish to limit ourselves to short lists. At this point it is not helpful to check my MMPND pages on “Sorting Citrus names” but I will mention when a more reliable string of names is being posted on that site. I truely believe that our discussion group has the potential to sort most of the nomenclatural confusion in regards to Citrus. It may take more than a week though, especially if people send a lot of photos.
2 examples of resolved names in Bengali and Hindi:
মোসাম্বি (Mōsāmbi) -> Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck ‘Mosambi‘
मौसम्बी Mausambee -> Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (Navel Group) -> Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck ‘Mosambi‘
This simply proves that one has to look further down than the generic level in order to clarify the vernacular, especially when dealing with cultivated food plants.
Rutaceae Week: Citrus sinensis “Malta” from Kausani:
Many thanks .., good to see the malta plant.
Rutaceae Week: Botanical name of Mosambi:
It is turning interesting. Traditionally Mosambi is supposed to be Citrus limetta
This according to The Plant List is a synonym of C. medica
GRIN accepts C. limetta as distinct species but names used are Sweet lime and sweet lemon, no Mosambi name is mentioned.
Useful Plants of India (CSIR) treats Mosambi as C. sinensis
I did reply to this question in details a while back but it may have got lost. I’ll try to give as good an answer again.
ref. CHAPTER 3 – The Botany of Citrus and Its Wild Relatives BY WALTER T. SWINGLE
Rutaceae Week: Citrus sinensis “Valensia Orange” from California:
Valencia is the correct spelling. “Valensia” is found on the internet but is not correct.
Valencia is both a cultivar name and a group name. Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck is still valid, Citrus ×sinensis (L.) Osbeck is the new name after Mabberley’s classification.
Citrus ×sinensis (L.) Osbeck ‘Valencia‘
Citrus ×sinensis (L.) Osbeck (Valencia Group) ‘Dom João‘
ref. Jorma Koskinen, 2006 – 2011, Citrus Pages.
Good to have such fruiting trees at arm’s length in the garden.
Rutaceae Week: Citrus sinensis :Navel Orange” from California:
Such fruits have generally the growth of second fruit at apex which protrudes like a human navel. The skin peels off more easily than other members of this species, and are commonly used as table fruit, though less juicy.
Photographed from California.
Rutaceae Week : Citrus Fruit for ID : Oman : 110512 : AK-1:
The size of our common Mosambi, outer cover very thin.
Fruits very juicy, sweet with a slight taste of lemon but not sour.
I think this is Lime, Kagaji neebu
I think yes Citrus aurantifolia
Thanks for the id but the taste is very sweet & fruit much bigger in size.
In that case consider Malta, Citrus sinensis, which is sweet, pulm whitish and rind thinner.
Rutaceae Week, follow-up, “Names of Plants in India”, 1st instalment:
One observation. In my view the English transliteration of சாத்துக்குடி is Saattukudi or Sāttukudi. Tamil speaking members in the group ( Dr. …, Dr. …, etc.) may please comment on my observation.
In Tamil, சis correctly pronounced ‘cha’, and ஸas ‘sa’.http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Tamil/Tamil_Script
I have posted (new) the amended list of names for Mosambi, taking into account all the answers in this posting. Please do not be offended when I say that there is no right or wrong answer. Some transcriptions are absolutely more correct than all the others. In this case Chattukkudi is IT. However, as we keep all old and invalid botanical synonyms matched to the correct preferred botanical name for ref. purposes and for tracking down errors made in the past, we have to do a similar thing with vernacular names. If anyone has to be blamed it is the authors who have been using transcriptions only and all the foreigners who have taken these as gospel and not always copied those names correctly. Modern devices such as converters / transliterators can help greatly in recovering scripted names but they can also confused the issues because they do not use the same standards of transliteration. Hence the need for us all to sort all these names. Sorry for the long explanation.
Rutaceae Week, follow-up, “Names of Plants in India”, 2d instalment:
Thank you to our expert Tamil speakers. We are progressing a little. So below is the amended list of names for the Mosambi cultivar.
In this applied linguistics one cannot say that a transliteration is wrong or correct. It depends on how a word is arrived at, be it in scripted form of romanized form. However in some cases one match is definitely better than most. This is the case here. I display the not so good transcriptions because they are found in many publications. When one does a computer search one can miss a good name if it has only been searched in 2 or 3 of its less correct forms and the compiler has only posted the correct transcription. With this method one covers (hopefully) all possibilities. The preferred, correct, transcription is in bold so that the reader is in no doubt. In parenthesis are the alternate, less correct transcriptions.
Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck ‘Mosambi‘
BENGALI : মোসাম্বি (Mōsāmbi).
ENGLISH : Mosambi orange, Mosambique orange.
HINDI : मौसम्बी Mausambee, मोसम्बी Mōsambī , मोसाम्बी Mōsāmbī, मोज़ाम्बि Mōzāmbi
KANNADA : ಮೊಸಂಬಿ ಹಣ್ಣು Mosambi hannu ?
MARATHI : मोसंबी Mosambi.
TAMIL : சாத்துக்குடி Chattukkudi (Cāttukkuṭi , Saattukudi, Sāttukudi).
TELUGU : బత్తాయి పండు Battāyi paṇḍu.
Could we found an Assamese name and a Gujarati name?
ANSEPT21 Please identify this fruit : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
It looks like Citrus maxima
Thanks …To me it doesn’t look Citrus maxima; can be Citrus sinensis.
Citrus leaf is not very clear. it is difficult to say which var. without having a clear photo of leaf.
Yes C. sinensis is more likely. Fruit shape and much narrower petiole wings suggest that.
Citrus For ID : Delhi : 040713 : AK-1 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author.
Citrus fruits seen at the Garden of Five Senses, Delhi on 6/12/2012.
A small, cultivated tree.
I think it is Chakotar Citrus maxima.
Citrus maxima/ grandis usually have broadly winged petioles.
Citrus sinensis I hope
Thanks for the id and corrections.
Saw your recent post on Citrus.
This would be Citrus sinensis only as suggested by you earlier?
Can you please validate?
Scientific names of Citrus spp.. (mixed thread): 11 posts by 3 authors. 2 correct images as above.
i have a confusion regarding names of some Citrus species. many sites and Wikipedia says Scientifc name of Musambi is Citrus limetta but according to eflora of Pakistan its a cultivar of Citrus sinensis Taxon Page. We also call malta as Citrus sinensis. What is the accurate scientific name for musambi? Thankyou
there are other species. kindly mention if i am wrong for some citrus species
1. Kinnow/santra is Cirtus reticulata
2. khatta/khatti is Citrus aurantium (Bitter orange)
3. Meetha is Citrus aurantifolia
4. Gulgul is Citrus medica
5. Chakotra is Citrus maxima
6. Malta is Citrus sinensis
7. Narangi is Citrus microcarpa (its fruit size is small 2-3 cm and used mostly as ornamental)
Thankyou for your consideration
1. Yes Santra is C. reticulata, but Kinnow is a hybrid of ‘King’ (Citrus nobilis) × ‘Willow Leaf’ (Citrus × deliciosa) and be correctly be written as Citrus nobilis x Citrus deliciosa, sometimes cited as C. reticulata, but this does not sound good especially when both parents are well recognised species, it can’t be placed under third C. reticulata
3. C. aurantifolia I hope is Kagzi nimbu, Mitha or Meetha should be C. limetta, sometimes placed as × (L.) Osbeck ‘ ‘
4. Galgal is Citrus pseudolimon
5. Chakotra is Citrus grandis (syn: Citrus maxima).
6. Malta is Citrus sinensis, yes
7. For Narangi and others please look for these posts
Thank you so much sir. i will share some photos and what is the scientific name for musambi?
Should be same C. limetta
Citrus limetta : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Thank you Sir. These are some photos of Meetha and musambi here in my area.. the first four photos are of meetha ………… Thanks a lot for your guidance.
Mitha or Meetha should be C. limetta, sometimes placed as × (L.) Osbeck ‘ ‘
As per discussions at Citrus sinensis, Dr. Porcher calls it as Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck ‘Mosambi‘
I think C. limetta is more widely used name
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Nagarkot, Nepal
Date: 3 April 2018
Altitude: 6000 ft.
Nepali Name : मौसमी Mausamee
Is it possible to confirm the species based on these images without fruits?
Garden owner said so. Need to wait for fruits for a couple of months !
OK and thanks
Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus sinensis, naval orange:
– Slight correction, it is Navel (not naval) orange
Citrus medica L. ??? : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location : Tatopani, Pokhara, Nepal
Date : 12 April 2017
Elevation : 5000 ft.
Not C.medica. Looks like sour pomelo, Citrus megaloxycarpa Lush., which is a suspected hybrid, involving C.medica and C.maxima and any other? as putative parents.
Thank you … However, it could be introduced as not listed in Nepal.
Taking it as Citrus × aurantium L. as per images and details herein and as per synonyms following POWO, due to petiole marginate or narrowly winged.
It is not sour orange plant. In sour orange, leaves are ovate -elliptic and has broad petiolar wings. May be lemon…..
I am afraid it does not look like it.
Kindly send the close up of leaves and twigs for proper identification.
I am talking in border sense as is being followed in POWO (Included as per POWO: Citrus × aurantium L.: Sour orange, Khatta; Citrus × reticulata Blanco: Orange, Santra; Citrus × sinensis (L.) Osbeck: Sweet orange, Musambi etc.)
Another photo : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- 4 MB.
Again a photo of Grapefruit.
It is a species of Citrus (Lemon) not grapefruit
but i ate its fruits last year and hopefully this time also to get some more
The plant here is Citrus only, I have citrus plant in my house, and know grapes flowers, I know both
On search in efi site, I found grapefruit to be a citrus species only.
Yes, it is. It is cross between Sweet Orange and Pamelo.
I mistook it as Grape (Vitis vinifera), it is the problem with common names, you are correct, few species of citrus also called grapefruit
Citrus limon ‘Variegata from Delhi-GSDEC01/01 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Citrus limon ‘variegata’
Cultivar of lemon with variegated leaves and fruits.
Photographed from Tourism Festival, Garden of Five Senses Delhi in February 2015
I feel it may be variegated Citrus japonica as per
C. japonica fruit is never larger than 3 cm, here it is more than 8 cm (compare with leaf size). This is C. limetta ‘Variegata’, variegated Sweet lime or Mousambhi. (C. limon would have elongated fruit). I am sharing with label.
Rutaceae Week : Mosambi variegated : Mumbai : 140512 : AK-1:
did you have pic of the entire plant?
These are all the pictures I have clicked.
In any case, the plant was not too large…all the Bonsai were kept on tables, and I saw it at eye level.
Most were from personal collections.
I will check from the Dy Director of the park, if he has some more pictures, also if there is a Bonsai Club where we can get in touch.
Some other smaller ones were on sale.
I will keep in mind and if I get further info, will get back to you.
As I have the word “Mosambi” still ringing in my ears your postings remind me that even on this single name we have some work left to do. It is beginning to look like “Mosambi” is used in India as a general name for a number of Citrus fruits, a kind of generic name.
Many thanks for confirming the id and extra information on my post.
Actually I don’t know how to address you as.
Don’t know of any more variegated cultivars…but if I come across, will definitely share on our group.
On searching the net, Mosambi seems to be Sweet Lime.
These are yellowish in color unlike orange color as in ‘Oranges’, sweet in taste, used to extract juice. I hope this helps.
I feel it may be variegated Citrus japonica as per
Sweet orange…. Citrus sinensis…… It. chimera/ mutant of normal sweet orange.
Variegated Mousambi C. limetta ‘Variegata’
Fortunella japonica…. Round kumaquat… According to recent citrus clasification of Tanaka. it is comes into Fortunella genera based on no.of locules/ ovary and small leaves and fruit
Fruits of Fortunella japonica (syn: Citrus japonica) are never longer than 1 inch, and are mostly oblong.
Aggreed with your observation. However, it is Variegated sweet orange…. Citrus sinensis.