Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 3(18): 465 465 1913. (Syn: Citrus × acida Pers.; Citrus × aurantiifolia subsp. murgetana García Lidón & al.; Citrus × davaoensis (Wester) Yu.Tanaka; Citrus depressa var. voangasay (Bojer) Bory; Citrus × excelsa Wester; Citrus × excelsa var. davaoensis Wester; Citrus × hystrix subsp. acida Engl.; Citrus × javanica Blume; Citrus lima Lunan; Citrus × macrophylla Wester; Citrus medica var. acida Brandis; Citrus medica f. aurantiifolium (Christm.) M.Hiroe; Citrus × montana (Wester) Yu.Tanaka; Citrus × nipis Michel; Citrus × notissima Blanco; Citrus × papaya Hassk.; Citrus × pseudolimonum Wester; Citrus × spinosissima G.Mey.; Citrus × webberi var. montana Wester; Limonia × aurantiifolia Christm.;                               (=) Citrus acida Roxb.; (=) Citrus hystrix subsp. acida (Roxb.) Engl.; (=) Citrus limetta var. aromatica Wester; (=) Citrus medica var. acida (Roxb.) Hook. f.);
Common name: Lime, Common lime, sour lime • Hindi: कागजी निंबू kaghzi-nimbu, निंबू nimbu • Manipuri: চম্প্ৰা Champra • Marathi: अंबटनिंबू ambatanimbu, लिंबू limbu, मावळंग mavalanga • Tamil: சம்பளம் champalam, சம்பீரம் champiram • Telugu: నిమ్న nimma • Bengali: লেবু lebu • Urdu: لیمو Limu • Sanskrit: मातुलुङ्ग matulunga, निम्बुकः nimbukah ;

Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus aurantifolia, the lime:
Citrus aurantifolia, the lime, widely used for flavouring jams, jellies, lemonade and source of vitamin C.

Local names
Hindi: Kaghzi nimbu
Guj: Khatalimbu
Tam: Elumichai
Tel: Nimma
Kan: Limbe, nimbe

Citrus aurantifolia, the lime, very commonly used in India for preparation of lemon juice, used in salad, for flavouring jams, jellies and marmalades.

Local Names
Hindi: Kagzi nimbu
Beng: Kaghzinimbu, patinebu
Guj: Khattalimbu
Tam: Elumichai
Tel: Nima
Kan: Limbe, nimbe
Mal: Erumichinarakam

nice catch of kagji lebu

Rutaceae Week – Bangalore – RA – Citrus aurantifolia – Lime Tree:
Lime fruit is similar to lemon, but has a thinner skin, which turns yellow on ripening.
Lime is a shrubby tree, to 5 m, with many thorns. Dwarf varieties are popular with home growers. The trunk rarely grows straight, with many branches that often originate quite far down on the trunk. The leaves are ovate 1–3.5 in long, resembling orange leaves (the scientific name aurantiifolia refers to this resemblance to the leaves of the orange, C. aurantium). The flowers are 1 in in diameter, are yellowish white with a light purple tinge on the margins.
Flowers and fruit appear throughout the year but are most abundant from May to September.
Lime have an odour similar to lemon, but more fresh. The juice is as sour as lemon juice, but more aromatic.
The english name lime originated from Arabic limun and Persian limou.~

Rutaceae Week: UD9 and UD10 Citrus trees IN-GROUND PLANTING in Backyard:
some of my pics of trees I have tended in the past…
in Backyard over the different years…
Limes and Oranges
1: Oranges : Citrus × sinensis = Sweet orange
2: Lime : Citrus aurantifolia
I found that its supposed to be written as Citrus aurantifolia [Christm. et Panz.] Swingle ….

Rutaceae week: UD11 Citrus Lime in a tub high up in the sky:
at a relatives’ home in the back veranda… very sunny very hot …
the workers had planted and tended this lime tree for several years…
they claimed did not have to buy limes for several months in the year…
Lime in India is Kagzi lemonCitrus aurantifolia [Christm. et Panz.] Swingle


Rutaceaa week: In the “lime light” – Citrus aurantifolia:
29 Nov 2009, 5:06PM
Chandagal farm Mysore


Rutaceae Week: Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle from California and Delhi:
Rutaceae Week: Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle

Common names: Lime
Hindi, Beng: Kagzi nimbu
Beng: Patinebu
Guj: Khatta limbu
Tam: Elumichai
Tel: Nimma
Kan: Limbe, nimbe
Mal: Erumichinarakam
The commonly sold nimbu used for lime water, has smaller fruits maturing pale yellow with thin smooth skin and acidic juice.

Need identification : (mixed thread): 10 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (5).

Please help identify.
Medium sized citrus bush in Mumbai.
The plant is about six years old and the fruits are small and extremely sour.


Citrus –  some‎ species in India & eFI with some keys

No “marked” spine found, on the other hand petioles have no/inconspicuous wings, mature fruits seem to be greenish and not distinctly mammilate; I think it is Citrus ×aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle.

Yes, it looks like Chakotara.

Thank you Madam, but this website says CHAKOTARA is Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

The images look like a variety of lemon, i.e. Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f  (Rutaceae).

In order to confirm the correct identity, we need to examine the leaf lamina & wings, flower colour and the fruits on the live plants and then compare the plant in question with an authentic specimen of lime (C. aurantiifolia) !



Need endorsement.. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6).
This small citrus tree with a very very sour fruit has been identified as citrus aurantifolia.
Kindly confirm once again..

The images look like a variety of lemon, i.e .  Citrus limon  (L.) Burm.f  (Rutaceae).

In order to confirm the correct identity, we need to examine the leaf lamina & wings, flower colour and the fruits on the live plants and then compare the plant in question with an authentic specimen of lime (C. aurantiifolia) !


Hooghly – seems to be Citrus medica var. acida Brandis : Attachments (7). 3 posts by 2 authors.

efi page on Citrus aurantiifolia (syn. Citrus medica var. acida Brandis)  


Rutaceae week: CItrus aurantium from Chandagal:
Rutaceae week: CItrus aurantium from Chandagal

29 Nov 2009
Vernacular :
Herale Kai,
– Herali Kai,
– Illi Kai
I was quite surprised to find four different Citrus fruit trees in one of my friend’s small backyard garden.
(Photo date – 29 Nov 2009, Chandagal Village, Mysore district, .)
They consider each one of them as a different variety (Names in Kannada – Chikkilli (very small), Daggilli (large kind), Illi-normal-type 1, Illi-normal-type 2 with warty ).
Back at home, I gave them to my mother and requested her to make pickles out of them -a Mixed citrus pickles! They tasted good and there were no complaints. Last month, I had a kind of typhoid which lasted several weeks. Nothing tastes good during a fever. But the ganji  (gruel made of rice) served with these pickles tasted divine – I managed to swallow a good many mouth fulls of that gruel thanks to the pickle!
Will post and request the individual fruiting trees for identification/confirmation soon.

You seem to have hunted out the real plant Citrus aurantifolia (unless I am wrong). It is often confused with medica, because the nimbu I saw in most private houses in different parts of India mostly turns out to be Citrus medica. Perhaps the crucial difference is larger flowers, usually larger fruit mostly rough on surface in C. medica, but the crucial difference is that rind of C. medica is much thicker (almost 5 mm or more), whereas in C. aurantifolia (as also in C. limon, which has oblong fruit maturing orange yellow) the rind is thinner, barely 2-4 mm.


efloraofindia:”For Id 30092011MR17’’ lemon tree flowers and fruit Pune:
Sharing pictures of Lemon tree
Sep 2011
Pune Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae (ruta, or citrus family)

Citrus Species for ID : Lalbagh Botanical Gardens, Bangalore : 21JAN20 : AK-27 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)
Seen at the Flower Show in Lalbagh yesterday. (21.1.20)

It looks like those fruits of C. aurantiifolia at efI, but here the skin is too smooth. So, I am not sure if it can be same species, specially since it is displayed in a flower show. 

Thanks for the possible id.
Unfortunately, there were no names on display.


Names of Plants in India :: Citrus × aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle:

SIT-rus — Latinized form of citron … Dave’s Botanary
aw-ran-tee-FOH-lee-uh — from the Latin aurantius, (guilded) and folia (leaf); golden-leaved … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: common lime, key lime, sour lime • Assamese: চকলা টেঙা sokola tenga • Bengali: কাগজি লেবু kagji lebu • Gujarati: લીંબુ limbu • Hindi: कागज़ी नींबू kaghzi-nimbu, खट्टा नींबू khatta nimbu • Kannada: ನಿಂಬೆ nimbe • Konkani: लिंबियॉ limbiyaw • Malayalam: വടുകപ്പുളി നാരകം vadukappuli narakam • Manipuri: চম্প্ৰা champra • Marathi: अंबटनिंबू ambatnimbu, कागदी निंबू kagadi nimbu, लिंबू limbu • Odia: କାଗଜି ଲେମ୍ବୁ kagaji lembu, ଲେମ୍ବୁ lembu • Punjabi: ਕਾਗਜੀ ਨਿੰਬੂ kagaji nimbu, ਨਿੰਬੂ nimbu • Sanskrit: निम्बूक nimbuka • Tamil: எலுமிச்சை elumiccai • Telugu: నిమ్న nimma • Tulu: ಲಿಂಬೆಪುಳಿ limbepuli

botanical namesCitrus × aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle … synonymsCitrus amblycarpa (Hassk.) Ochse • Citrus medica f. aurantiifolium (Christm.) M.Hiroe • Limonia acidissima Houtt. • Limonia × aurantiifolia Christm. … and many more at POWO

• aurantiifolia found also spelled as aurantifolia (with a single i)
• this is Citrus hybrid … perhaps (C. hystrix × C. medica) or (C. micrantha × C. medica), yet often found written as Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle
• being an hybrid arising from C. medica, many of the vernacular names of C. acida (synonym of C. medica) are found used for Citrus × aurantiifolia
• vernacular names seem to be liberally shared for both: lime and lemon, as well as their many varieties; though when in need of being specific, adjectives are used colloquially

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
common lime, sour lime
key lime
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
চকলা টেঙা sokola tenga
  • XOBDO – A descriptive multilingual dictionary by the people, for the people and of the people of north-east India
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
কাগজি লেবু kagji lebu
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
कागज़ी नींबू kaghzi-nimbu, खट्टा नींबू khatta nimbu
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ನಿಂಬೆ nimbe (or ನಿಂಬೆಕಾಯಿ nimbekaayi or ನಿಂಬೆಹಣ್ಣು nimbehannu)
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
लिंबियॉ limbiyaw
  • a common name in Konkani community
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
വടുകപ്പുളി നാരകം vadukappuli narakam
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
চম্প্ৰা champra
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
कागदी निंबू kagadi nimbu (or कागदी लिंबू kagadi limbu)
लिंबू limbu
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
कागती kaagatee
  • Many thanks to Saroj Kumar Kasaju for help with the name … efloraofindia

~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~

କାଗଜି ଲେମ୍ବୁ kagaji lembu, ଲେମ୍ବୁ lembu
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
ਕਾਗਜੀ ਨਿੰਬੂ kagaji nimbu, ਨਿੰਬੂ nimbu
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
निम्बूक nimbuka
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
எலுமிச்சை elumiccai
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
నిమ్న nimma
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ಲಿಂಬೆಪುಳಿ limbepuli


Nepali name(s) of Citrus × aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle:
Please help with Nepali name(s) of Citrus × aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle , if any.

कागती Kaagatee




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