Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 3(18): 465 465 1913. (Syn: Citrus × acida Pers.; Citrus × aurantiifolia subsp. murgetana García Lidón & al.; Citrus × davaoensis (Wester) Yu.Tanaka; Citrus depressa var. voangasay (Bojer) Bory; Citrus × excelsa Wester; Citrus × excelsa var. davaoensis Wester; Citrus × hystrix subsp. acida Engl.; Citrus × javanica Blume; Citrus lima Lunan; Citrus × macrophylla Wester; Citrus medica var. acida Brandis; Citrus medica f. aurantiifolium (Christm.) M.Hiroe; Citrus × montana (Wester) Yu.Tanaka; Citrus × nipis Michel; Citrus × notissima Blanco; Citrus × papaya Hassk.; Citrus × pseudolimonum Wester; Citrus × spinosissima G.Mey.; Citrus × webberi var. montana Wester; Limonia × aurantiifolia Christm.;                               (=) Citrus acida Roxb.; (=) Citrus hystrix subsp. acida (Roxb.) Engl.; (=) Citrus limetta var. aromatica Wester; (=) Citrus medica var. acida (Roxb.) Hook. f.);
Common name: Lime, Common lime, sour lime • Hindi: कागजी निंबू kaghzi-nimbu, निंबू nimbu • Manipuri: চম্প্ৰা Champra • Marathi: अंबटनिंबू ambatanimbu, लिंबू limbu, मावळंग
mavalanga • Tamil: சம்பளம் champalam, சம்பீரம்
champiram • Telugu: నిమ్న nimma • Bengali: লেবু lebu • Urdu: لیمو
Limu • Sanskrit: मातुलुङ्ग matulunga, निम्बुकः
nimbukah ;  


Fruits & Vegetables Week: Citrus aurantifolia, the lime: Citrus aurantifolia, the lime, widely used for flavouring jams, jellies, lemonade and source of vitamin C.
Local names
Hindi: Kaghzi nimbu
Guj: Khatalimbu
Tam: Elumichai
Tel: Nimma
Kan: Limbe, nimbe

Citrus aurantifolia, the lime, very commonly used in India for preparation of lemon juice, used in salad, for flavouring jams, jellies and marmalades.

Local Names
Hindi: Kagzi nimbu
Beng: Kaghzinimbu, patinebu
Guj: Khattalimbu
Tam: Elumichai
Tel: Nima
Kan: Limbe, nimbe
Mal: Erumichinarakam

nice catch of kagji lebu  



Rutaceae Week – Bangalore – RA – Citrus aurantifolia – Lime Tree: Lime fruit is similar to lemon, but has a thinner skin, which turns yellow on ripening.
Lime is a shrubby tree, to 5 m, with many thorns. Dwarf varieties are popular with home growers. The trunk rarely grows straight, with many branches that often originate quite far down on the trunk. The leaves are ovate 1–3.5 in long, resembling orange leaves (the scientific name aurantiifolia refers to this resemblance to the leaves of the orange, C. aurantium). The flowers are 1 in in diameter, are yellowish white with a light purple tinge on the margins.
Flowers and fruit appear throughout the year but are most abundant from May to September.
Lime have an odour similar to lemon, but more fresh. The juice is as sour as lemon juice, but more aromatic.
The english name lime originated from Arabic limun and Persian limou.~                                            




Rutaceae Week: UD9 and UD10 Citrus trees IN-GROUND PLANTING in Backyard:  some of my pics of trees I have tended in the past…
in Backyard over the different years…
Limes and Oranges
1: Oranges : Citrus × sinensis = Sweet orange
2: Lime : Citrus aurantifolia
I found that its supposed to be written as Citrus aurantifolia [Christm. et Panz.] Swingle ….




Rutaceae week: UD11 Citrus Lime in a tub high up in the sky: at a relatives’ home in the back veranda… very sunny very hot …
the workers had planted and tended this lime tree for several years…
they claimed did not have to buy limes for several months in the year…
Lime in India is Kagzi lemonCitrus aurantifolia [Christm. et Panz.] Swingle




Rutaceaa week: In the “lime light” – Citrus aurantifolia:29 Nov 2009, 5:06PM

Chandagal farm Mysore

Rutaceae week: Citrus sp. from Hooghly: I recorded these pictures in three villages in Hooghly. I do not know the correct ID of this lime. I was trying to get hold on C. aurantifolia and C. medica by going through previously uploaded group messages. But it is still not clear to me. Though the attached pictures were taken from four individual shrubs, from time to time since 2009, i hope the plant species is same in each photograph.

Species : Citrus aurantifolia ???
Habit & Habitat : shrub, garden, backyard
Date : please see the text
Place : please see the text
PHOTO SET 1 : pictures taken on 09-May-2012, 10.30 A.M. at Garalgacha (Hooghly) :-
PHOTO SET 2 : pictures taken on 10-May-2012, 02.10 P.M. at Krishnapur (Hooghly) :- 
PHOTO SET 3 : pictures taken on 06-May-2012, 09.50 A.M. at Nalikul (Hooghly) :-
This plant is a safe resting shade for birds (my own backyard in 2009 & 2010) :-
This species is also LF plant of various butterflies (my own backyard in 2009 & 2010) :-
This is my last post in the ongoing Rutaceae week. I feel sad that i do not know any more member of this family.

I cannot comment on the exact id of the posted plant, but that doesn’t stop me liking your beautiful post, shows the time taken, patience and a keen observation. Thanks for all yours efforts to share this information….

These days the birds are going wary. I think rapid destruction of their habitat is greatly reducing their numbers. Their food and nesting habit are also changing. It was easier to photograph a bird in 2009, even with a 5x zoom!

I think this is Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle.
My guess is based on the following websites/document –



Rutaceae Week: Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle from California and Delhi: Rutaceae Week: Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle

Common names: Lime
Hindi, Beng: Kagzi nimbu
Beng: Patinebu
Guj: Khatta limbu
Tam: Elumichai
Tel: Nimma
Kan: Limbe, nimbe
Mal: Erumichinarakam
The commonly sold nimbu used for lime water, has smaller fruits maturing pale yellow with thin smooth skin and acidic juice.





Need identification : (mixed thread): 10 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (5).
Please help identify.
Medium sized citrus bush in Mumbai.
The plant is about six years old and the fruits are small and extremely sour.  


Citrus –  some‎ species in India & eFI with some keys

No “marked” spine found, on the other hand petioles have no/inconspicuous wings, mature fruits seem to be greenish and not distinctly mammilate; I think it is Citrus ×aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle.

Yes, it looks like Chakotara.

Thank you Madam, but this website says CHAKOTARA is Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.

The images look like a variety of lemon, i.e. Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f  (Rutaceae).

In order to confirm the correct identity, we need to examine the leaf lamina & wings, flower colour and the fruits on the live plants and then compare the plant in question with an authentic specimen of lime (C. aurantiifolia) !




Need endorsement.. : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6).
This small citrus tree with a very very sour fruit has been identified as citrus aurantifolia.
Kindly confirm once again..

The images look like a variety of lemon, i.e .  Citrus limon  (L.) Burm.f  (Rutaceae).

In order to confirm the correct identity, we need to examine the leaf lamina & wings, flower colour and the fruits on the live plants and then compare the plant in question with an authentic specimen of lime (C. aurantiifolia) !



2015april_sk07/07 : Citrus medica L.? one more time : 21 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (5)
I photographed it this morning. A 10 ft shrub, didn’t find flower, fruits are about 2 inches long.
I think this is same as in my previous post.

efi page on Citrus medica  

To me this is a cultivar of Citrus aurantiifolia

Is Citrus aurantiifolia same as Citrus x aurantiifolia?
Is Citrus aurantiifolia same as C. aurantifolia?
Is Citrus aurantiifolia synonymous with C. medica var. acida?

If I am not mistaken, yes it is.

Thank you very much again, …

The problem is Flora of Pakistan treats C. medica var. acida and C. aurantifolia two different taxa.

eta gondhoraj lebu na?

Lebu dekhe ami chinte parina konta gandhoraj ar kontai ba kagji, loke thik mato bolte pareo na!
Roxburgh Saheb Citrus acida R. er katokguli variety r katha likhechen –
1. pati leboo
2. kagji leboo
3. gora leboo
4. china-gora leboo
5. camaral leboo
6. Rungpore lime
7. taba neboo
8. Arabian lime
9. meetha lemoo
Roxburgh Saheb er C. medica Willd. holo “lemoo or nemoo”!

roxburgh ki bolechhe jante chai na

onake jara help korto tara hoyto  janto na ba  sada lokera  old indian language pronounciation  bhalo kore shunte parto na.. onek bhul bhal  transcripiton korechhe… sanskrit books gulo dekhleyi boja jayi..

amamder rangpur lime and gondhoraj lebu niye koyek jon modern sada lokera usa te niye giye nijer name patent koriye niyechhhe jemon… MEYERS lemon

India ke crdit o dayi na, but everybody knows lebu of all kinds arose in india….
google kore dekho
amra meyers lemon khub dam diye kintum … gondharaj lebu khabo bole
bochhore ekad baar…
 ar ote bij neyi je churi korte parbe…
amader lebu amaderi-i jante hobe, roxburgh er opore depend korle hobe na..
BSI hoyto list baniye che notun kore
we need to ask
May be … janen

Yes, Didi, gandhoraj ar Rangpur er byapare Times ar Telegraph e article royeche.


See below the links-

USA r ekti botanical collection e eyi peyechhilum… onek bochhor age..
label says citru X limonia
Rangpur lime
Lebur khub ekti chhobi tuli ni
ran out of film

but whatever is showing

these donot look anything like the gondhoraj lebu

I remember running my fingers on the yellow skin and scent inhaling… was nice but not gondhoraj scent
the  gardener working “really keeping an eye on ” visitors said the lebus had seeds and was quite sour to taste…  he was not impressed with any nostalgia imposing scent…

please read these modern papers,  right now I have to run but I promise I will also read it again.. i had discovered this edu site a few years ago, very thorough professors …

their 3 is also quite informative

Thank you Didi, I took a quick glance this afternoon, very informative, but not helpful to species level ID, I think.

I agree with …, this is likely to be C. aurantiifolia or hybrid.

that was the idea, …

its one of the myriad hybrids

did it not strike you that out of the lemon seeds or saplings carried westward by the arab caravans and sold to italians et at ( venice was a trading post for them) … so many cultivars and then hybrids developed in a span of only a couple of centuries…??

think of the big picture and why was lemon a center of so..oo..o much activity, in the western world in several continents including australia, starting in the late 15th century to 17th century especially … and in california and florida in 19th and 20th century…these chapters show us that activity…???
but why???
I know it, do you?
I want to hear all the stories and ideas

Except for commercial exploitation I fail to think of any other cause. The Citrus is/was mostly Asian origin, rather SE Asia.

the chapter 3 i said was more informative

that’s where the keys are for the whole clan and kaboodle

citrus  is halfway down the page/chapter

you’ll have more than what you want
chapter title is : The Botany of Citrus and Its Wild Relatives
Revised by Phillip C. Reece CHAPTER 3
its from UC Riverside
they do a good job

Thank you very much Didi for the link and details. This shrub cannot be true Citrus aurantifolia for it has leaves as large as 10 to 15 cm., never small like our PATILEBU, petioles are not winged, even faintly. At best it can be a hybrid.





Hooghly – seems to be Citrus medica var. acida Brandis : Attachments (7). 3 posts by 2 authors.

efi page on Citrus aurantiifolia (syn. Citrus medica var. acida Brandis)  





Rutaceae week: CItrus aurantium from Chandagal:  Rutaceae week: CItrus aurantium from Chandagal

29 Nov 2009
Vernacular :
Herale Kai,
– Herali Kai,
– Illi Kai
I was quite surprised to find four different Citrus fruit trees in one of my friend’s small backyard garden.
(Photo date – 29 Nov 2009, Chandagal Village, Mysore district, .)
They consider each one of them as a different variety (Names in Kannada – Chikkilli (very small), Daggilli (large kind), Illi-normal-type 1, Illi-normal-type 2 with warty ).
Back at home, I gave them to my mother and requested her to make pickles out of them -a Mixed citrus pickles! They tasted good and there were no complaints. Last month, I had a kind of typhoid which lasted several weeks. Nothing tastes good during a fever. But the ganji  (gruel made of rice) served with these pickles tasted divine – I managed to swallow a good many mouth fulls of that gruel thanks to the pickle!
Will post and request the individual fruiting trees for identification/confirmation soon.

You seem to have hunted out the real plant Citrus aurantifolia (unless I am wrong). It is often confused with medica, because the nimbu I saw in most private houses in different parts of India mostly turns out to be Citrus medica. Perhaps the crucial difference is larger flowers, usually larger fruit mostly rough on surface in C. medica, but the crucial difference is that rind of C. medica is much thicker (almost 5 mm or more), whereas in C. aurantifolia (as also in C. limon, which has oblong fruit maturing orange yellow) the rind is thinner, barely 2-4 mm.




/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Lemon%203.jpg Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae (ruta, or citrus family)



Seen at the Flower Show in Lalbagh yesterday. (21.1.20)

It looks like those fruits of C. aurantiifolia at efI, but here the skin is too smooth. So, I am not sure if it can be same species, specially since it is displayed in a flower show. 

Thanks for the possible id.
Unfortunately, there were no names on display.


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