Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f., Fl. indica 120. 1768 (syn: (=) Castalia acutiloba (DC.) Hand.-Mazz.; (=) Castalia stellaris Salisb.; (=) Castalia stellata (Willd.) Blume; (=) Leuconymphaea stellata (Willd.) Kuntze; (=) Nymphaea acutiloba DC.; (=) “Nymphaea cahlara Donn, nom. inval.“; (=) Nymphaea cyanea Roxb.; (=) Nymphaea edgeworthii Lehm.; (=) Nymphaea henkeliana Rehnelt; (=) Nymphaea hookeriana Lehm.; (=) Nymphaea malabarica Poir.; (=) “Nymphaea membranacea Wall. ex Casp., nom. inval.“; (=) Nymphaea minima F. M. Bailey; (=) Nymphaea punctata Edgew.; (=) Nymphaea rhodantha Lehm.; (=) Nymphaea stellata Willd.; (=) Nymphaea stellata var. albiflora F. Henkel et al.; (=) Nymphaea stellata var. cyanea (Roxb.) Hook. f. & Thomson; (=) Nymphaea stellata var. parviflora Hook. f. & Thomson; (=) Nymphaea stellata var. versicolor (Sims) Hook. f. & Thomson; (=) Nymphaea tetragona var. acutiloba (DC.) F. Henkel et al.; (=) Nymphaea versicolor Sims; (=) “Nymphaea voalefoka Lat.-Marl. ex W. Watson, nom. nud.“) as per GRIN;
Java, Fiji (introduced), peninsular Malaysia, China (Yunnan), Taiwan, Thailand, Society Isl. (introduced) (Tahiti (introduced), Raiatea (introduced), Tahaa (introduced)), Andamans, Nicobars, Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Shan, Yangon), India (widespread in the plains), Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma], Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Philippines (Luzon to Mindanao), New Guinea, Nepal, Pakistan (Sind, Lahore, Pakistani Punjab, Rawalpindi), Mauritius (introduced), Seychelles (introduced), Australia (N-Northern Territory, Cape York Isl. (Queensland)), Afghanistan (Laghman) as per Catalogue of Life;
NIM-fee-uh or nim-FAY-uh — from the Greek mythology Nymphaia (water goddess) … Dave’s Botanary
¿ nouchali ? — etymology ? 
commonly known asblue lotusblue water lilystar lotus • Assameseকুমুদ kumud • Bengaliশাপলা shapla • Gujaratiકુમુદ kumud • Hindi:नीलकमल neelkamal • Kannadaನೈದಿಲೆ naidile • Kashmiriकुमुदपुष्पम् kumudapushpam • Konkaniसाळुक saluka • Malayalam:ആമ്പല്‍ ambalചിറ്റാമ്പല്‍ cirrambal • Manipuriথরিক থরো thariktharo • Marathiकुमुद kumud • Nepaliनिल कमल nil kamal • Oriyaନୀଳ କଇଁ nila kaim• Paliइंदीवर indivara • Persianنيلوفر nilofar • Punjabiਨੀਲੋਫਰ nilofar • Sanskritइन्दीवर indivara • Tamilகருநெய்தல் karu-neytal •Teluguఇందీవరము indivaramu

Rhizomatous auatic herbs. rhizomes often producing long runners. Leaves alternate, elliptic or orbicular, elliptic-sagitate when young, entire or irregularly sinuate at margin, rounded-acute at apex, (6-) 10-35(-45) x (5-) 8-28(-40) cm, reddish purple beneath; main nerves 7-15, palmate; midnerve grooved above, prominently angled beneath; secondary nerves 4-7 pairs, slightly grooved above; petioles terete, 2-5 mm thick, glabrous. Flowers 6-14 cm across, slightly fragrant. Sepals lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, 2.5-7.5 x 0.7-2.5 cm, green, streaked purple outside. Petals 8-15, elliptic-lanceolate, 2.5-6 x 0.5-1.2 cm, mauve. Stamens 20-60, yellow; outer ones 1.5-2.5 cm long; the inner shorter; connective appendages 1.5-3 mm long; anthers 0.5-1.5 cm long. Ovary urceolate, sunken, 10-20 loculed; ovules numerous on superficial placentae; stigmas 8-20, radiating, connate at base. Fruits globose, 1.5-3.5 cm, with remnants of sepals, petals and stamens; seeds ellipsoid-globose, 8-10 mm long, vertically fine-lined, ciliate on ribs, becoming glabrate with growth of aril. 

Flowering and fruiting: Throughout the year.
Ponds and pools in plains
Indo-Malesia and Tropical Africa

Nymphaea nouchali (also called Star lotus, Red and blue water lily, Blue star water lily, or by its synonym Nymphaea stellata) is a water lily of genus Nymphaea. It is the national flower of Sri Lanka and of Bangladesh.
This aquatic plant is native from the Indian Subcontinent to Australia region. It has been long valued as a garden flower in Thailand and Myanmar to decorate ponds and gardens. 
In its natural state N. nouchali is found in static or slow-flowing aquatic habitats of little to moderate depth.[citation needed]
Nymphaea nouchali is a day blooming nonviviparous plant with submerged roots and stems. Part of the leaves are submerged, while others rise slightly above the surface. The leaves are round and green on top; they usually have a darker underside. The floating leaves have undulating edges that give them a crenellate appearance. Their size is about 20–23 cm and their spread is 0.9 to 1.8 m.
This water lily has a beautiful flower which is usually violet blue in color with reddish edges. Some varieties have white, purple, mauve or fuchsia-colored flowers. The flower has 4-5 sepals and 13-15 petals that have an angular appearance making the flower look star-shaped from above. The cup-like calyx has a diameter of 11–14 cm.
N. nouchali is used as an ornamental plant because of its spectacular flowers. It is also popular as an aquarium plant under the name “Dwarf Lily” or “Dwarf Red Lily”.[citation needed] Sometimes it is grown for its flowers, while other aquarists prefer to trim the lily pads, and just have the underwater foliage.
Nymphaea nouchali is considered a medicinal plant in Indian Ayurvedic medicine under the name Ambal; it was mainly used to treat indigestion.[4] Recent experiments have confirmed that it has medicinal qualities as an antihepatotoxic and antidiabetic.[5][6] Like all waterlilies or lotuses, its tubers and rhizomes can be used as food items; they are eaten usually boiled or roasted. In the case of N. nouchali, its tender leaves and flower peduncles are also valued as food.[7]
The dried plant is collected from ponds, tanks and marshes during the dry season and used in India as animal forage.[8]
(From  Wikipedia on 3.8.13)

Nymphaea spp from Panipat for id pls
Its fruits called as Bamber eaten raw

– Nymphaea nouchali Burmese f. var. versicolour (=varying or changeable in colour. Flower colour pure white or with a pink shade. A widely distributed common variety.

– I shared N. nouchali few days back to me it looks same just the color variation

– I think yes
The anther appendages can be clearly seen


Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f. from Hooghly: Attachments (8)

This species comes from the same region where i photographed lotus today.
Habit & Habitat : wild aquatic herb in lowland
Date : 23/9/12, 11.20 a.m.
Place : Madhusudanpur (Hooghly)


Hooghly Today : Nymphaea nouchali N. L. Burman:  Attachments (14)

Nymphaea nouchali N. L. Burman, recorded today, in Hooghly.
ID Help :


Hooghly today – Nymphaea stellata Willd., possibly var. major Voigt (N. cyanea Roxb.) (mixed thread): Attachments (12). 5 posts by 3 authors.

Oh great photographs

If I am not wrong then there are two species in the pond
1. one with darker green leaves and spinous-dentate margin (both are seen in images 92, 95 and 99). It should be N. pubecens.

2. One with light green leaves, smooth or repand-dentate blunt margins that could be N. nauchauli Burm.f. (syn N. stellata Willd.)

Yes Sir, you can not be wrong. There are two species, and i missed it. The one with darker green & spinous dentate leaves are of N. pubescens Willd. (FoP). And those two buds (in P1060399.jpg) might be of the N. pubescens that i think closes in bright daylight.

Thank you very much Sir for correcting me.


MBNN Fortnight-sk12 Hooghly-sk-Oct-33 (Nymphaeaceae) Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.: 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8).
It looks very close to N. cyanea Roxb., but differs in petal numbers and sepal character.

Since this set, recorded elsewhere some other time, feature flowers having more than 12 petals it should be N. cyanea Roxb. as per Archive, but following TPL & GRIN I attach in this very thread. Attachments (4)

Yet another set recorded at another place.

Yes N. nauchalii, anther appendages are clearly seen in 6th photograph (second from left in second row) of first set.

Attached images may be Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f . Please validate.   
Date :13.10.2014
Location: Assam
Family : Nymphaeaceae
Genus & species : Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f . ??
Habitat: Grows wild 
Habit : Aquatic herb

Lovely pics again …thanks a lot..

If I am not wrong then there are two species in the pond
1. one with darker green leaves and spinous-dentate margin. It should be N. pubecens.

2. One with light green leaves, smooth or repand-dentate blunt margins that could be N. nauchauli Burm.f. (syn N. stellata Willd.)


Names of Plants in India :: etymology of nouchali : 11 posts by 5 authors.

Please help with the etymology of the epithet – nouchali in context of the name Nymphaea nouchali.

(also found written as nauchali).


STAGNATION = निश्चलता – growing in stagnant water ?

Thank you very much … for your thought.

Another possibility I feel – it could be derived from some vernacular name (could be Sinhalese / s-e Asia) for the lotus flower / plant. But I am just not able to find any hint on the internet or in reference books that I have.

Kindly refer to the following link Plantzafrica wherein it is stated that “The meaning of the specific ephithet nouchali has only been traced with the assistance of staff at Kew who report that one of their specimens contains a note that Noakhali is a district in Bangladesh. The variety name caerulea refers to the sky blue colour of the flowers.”

“The genus Nymphaea is named after the Greek goddess of springs, Nymphe. Nouchali is named after one of the nymphs, Nouchal.”

– Petra Vandecasteele [In Celebration of Fynbos, Struik Publ., 2008, p. 142].

I am impressed
I must stay tuned to your conversations
great find

… many many thanks for this bit of information.
Keen to know of the reference/bibliography that the author may have quoted to base her writing.
Searching for the word Nouchal – one result led me to Calflora though it has not much to say.

Searching “Nouchal Nymph” is discouraging.
At this juncture, the score is 1 each … Nouchal (nymph) vs. Nauchali (district in Bangladesh).

Exactly, … i did the same searches now and in the past week or since we started on Nouchali word.
I searched for nymphs in greek lit sites no nouchali.
may be its an obscure nymph that appears in a are page…

i have decided to call JU and CU or St Xavier’s department of classics if they have such a thing anymore… and see if I can go and meet with some one.. next week .
And then there is someone Hugh Clarke who had something to do with it…
this came up when i searched for the lady who wrote the book Viplav mentioned…

and who is Burm f. who is attributed as having named or classified the species of lily… as in paper: Megagametophyte development of Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f. (Nymphaeaceae) Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society volume 126,,Issue 4 pages 339–348, April 1998. etc

And I found ref to a phd 2013 thesis from MS univ Baroda that seems to have mentioned Nouchali nymph, but quickly perusing its pages i don’t find it.. seems i have to read all of it 246+ pages… adobe does not let me find a word in it as does any number of wordprocessing programmes.

we will get to bottom of this sooner or later.. now that Viplav has given us this lead.

A precise reference would have been ideal but the author lures us with the mere name of this enigmatic nymph – Nouchal – and no whereabouts;-( Other botanical names, several of them rooted in Greek mythology, have been similarly explained in this book.
The species might well have been named after the Noakhali district in Bangladesh.
I don’t know for sure.


MBNN Fortnight :: Nymphaeaceae :: Nymphaea for id from Panipat-NS 16 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (7)

This species was recorded from the same place as my earlier post, the flowers are smaller, sepals also differ in having acute apex and no ribs, petals fewer..

Please suggest the id..is this again N. pubesld cens ?

The smaller flowered species is possibly N. versicolor Roxb. = N. stellata Willd. var. versicolor H. f. & T.

efi page on Nymphaea nouchali (Syn: (=) Nymphaea stellata var. versicolor (Sims) Hook. f. & Thomson; (=) Nymphaea versicolor Sims as per GRIN)

Since apical appendages on anthers can be found in the flower pics it will fall in N. nouchali category.

I think it should be Nymphaea pubescens as per images herein and as per Keys available at Flora of China, Flora of Pakistan and BSI Flora of India

Sorry, it should be Nymphaea nouchali only.

Water Lily : Small Flowers : Nasik : 02FEB15 : AK-5 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)

Tiny flowered water lilies in a nursery seen on 17/1/15.

Cultivated, ornamental plant.

Nymphaea – species in eFIoraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

Since anther connectives are clearly visible even in this small flower, it should be a cultivar of Nymphaea nouchali N. L. Burman, where flowers can be about 3 cm in diameter. If it is smaller than that there is one Nymphaea ‘Pygmaea Helvola’, but which should not have visible anther connectives.

Thanks for the possible ids and details. I will check the size of flowers on my next visit and confirm.

SK885 29 NOV-2017:ID : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
LocationKasara Resort Chitwan, Nepal
Altitude:  550 ft.
Date: 10 August 2014 
Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f.  ??

Pl. check with images at Nymphaea nouchali

With the available images I guess it is matching.
I guess there are two colors, white and blue !
Nepali Names : नीलो कमल Neelo Kamal / सेतो कमल  Seto Kamal

Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f. Fl. Ind. (N. L. Burman) 120. 1768.
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Location: TBGRI, Thiruvananthauram
Camera: Nikon D300 + 60mm Nikkor + Vivitar ring flash
Distribution: Indian Subcontinent.

Nymphaea sp. (2) from Hooghly 21/8/12 SK3;  As i was searching for old records of Nymphaea in my old archives i found these two pictures. Since i have no other details of this species it is quite difficult to me to ID this plant.
Species : Nymphaea nouchalii Burman ?
Habit & Habitat : found in a lowland, flooded during rainy season, at village outskirts
Date : 22/10/2009, 2.24 P.M.
Place : Khanpur (Hooghly-Howrah border)
sites visited :

I fail to provide any more detail of this Nymphaea. I have a video of Nymphaea nouchalii (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oMYug3Dnc-g), but that video was recorded some other time and, i can’t remember now, maybe at some other place.

I think it should be Nymphaea pubescens as per images herein and as per Keys available at Flora of China, Flora of Pakistan and BSI Flora of India


6 pictures for you – indiantreepix | Google Groups (mixed thread): 1 correct images as above.
Beautiful water lillies in sanjeeviaha park hyderbad


Water Lilies for ID : 270111 : AK-3: Taken at Gangajal Nursery, Nasik, Maharashtra on the 1st of October,2010.
Very small in size compared to the others we generally come across.

I hope Nymphaea nauchalii

Nymphaea pubescens, N. nouchalii is pinkish red.

I think the leaves never entire in N. pubescence.

it looks like a Nymphaea micrantha ?

Could be considered! The species supposed to have leaves with dark spots below, white filaments and more important often showing vivipary.

I too think it is Nymphaea micrantha.

I think it is Nymphaea nouchali. Micrantha probably has more dense petals (more double).

I also think it is N. nauchalii

A comparison between N.nauchali and N. micrantha that is available online.

Here’s my image of the same species (I think) which I felt was N. micrantha. Confirmation/ Correction will be appreciated.

I doubt whether this is similar to the one that posted earlier in this thread.

To me appears close to images of Nymphaea caerulea Savigny at
This should be Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f., for N. nouchali var. caerulea stamens should more than 50, and for N. micrantha (stamens 50-75), difficult to say about viviparous behavior from this image.


Nymphaea nouchali in FOI : 2 posts by 1 author.
Nymphaea nouchali in FOI should be Nymphaea micrantha as per images, details and references herein

Now corrected.


sir can I get botanical name ? – पाणकांदा in Marathi

पाणकांदा is generic name for water lily, as such species of Nymphaea.


Nymphaea nouchali : 4 posts by 3 authors. 11 images.
Presenting Nymphaea nouchali 
from roadside ditches of Surat, Gujarat 
10 10 2019 morning

wonderful. how big are the flowers?

8 to 15 cm diameter approximately.


Nymphaea nouchali: 3 images.
Nymphaea nouchali
Behali Reserve Forest, Biswanath, Assam, India


Near Chilika lake, December 2021 :: Nymphaea for ID :: ARK2022-042: 2 images.

This was clicked near in a pool Behrampura on the banks of the Chilika lake, Odisha in December 2021.
Is this Nymphaea nouchali? The flowers were small.
Requested to please ID.

Yes, appears close to images at Nymphaea nouchali


Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f from Assam KD 05 Aug’22: 3 images.
Attached images are Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f from Assam. Please validate.
Date : 26.07.22
Location: Kamrup District (Assam)
Family : Nymphaeaceae
Genus & species : Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f    (?)
Habit :   Aquatic herb

Yes, it’s

Yes, close to images at Nymphaea nouchali Burm. f.



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