Xylosma longifolia Clos, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4 8: 231 231 1857. (Syn: Flacourtia ferox Wall. ex Voigt; Myladenia serrata H. K. Airy Shaw; Myroxylon longifolium (Clos) Kuntze; Xylosma congesta var. kwangtungensis F.P. Metcalf; Xylosma fasciculiflorum S. S. Lai);
China (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan), Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar [Burma] (Mandalay, Sagaing), Jammu & Kashmir (Poonch, Kashmir, Jammu), India (Himachal Pradesh, Indian Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu), Pakistan (Murree, Pakistani Punjab), Pakistani Kashmir (Mirpur, Kotli), Thailand as per Catalogue of life;
India, China, Laos, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam as per Flora of China;
Common name: Dandal • Hindi: dandal, katari, kandhara, katpatra, sialu, pansra, phalama, chirindi, chirandi, draindu • Manipuri: নোঙলৈশাঙ Nongleishang • Khasi: Dieng kani • Malayalam: kutta • Telugu: kondanerasi, nerasi, paddayi • Oriya: godya • Assamese: mota-koli, kataponial

Medium sized trees. Wood scented. Leaves 5-12 cm long, glabrous, elliptic, oblong to lanceolate; margin serrate; apex acute to shortly acuminate; short petioled. Flowers in short branched clustered racemes. In male flowers sepals 4-6, 1-2 mm long, ovate. Anthers dorsifixed. In female flowers sepals 4-6, imbricate; pedicels pubescent. Style short; stigma lobed. Fruit globose, 3-4 mm in diameter, black. Seeds 2 mm long, oblong to obovoid.

Flowering and fruiting: June-July
Evergreen forests
Southern Western Ghats
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi)

Trees of Lalbagh, Bangalore – Xylosma longifolium – Brushholly Tree:
Lalbagh, bangalore
The leaves are alternate, simple, entire or finely toothed, 2–10 cm (0.79–3.9 in) long. The flowers are small, yellowish, produced on racemes 1–3 cm (0.39–1.2 in) long, usually dioecious,[8] and have a strong scent. The fruit is a small purple-black berry 5–10 mm (0.20–0.39 in) in diameter that contains 2 to 8 seeds.

Thanks for sharing another interesting plant from the Beautiful gardens of Bangalore.
Wikipedia says
Family: Salicaceae
Tribe: Flacourtieae

I think Xylosma is an interesting genus.
X. congestum, a Chinese species, is commonly used as a hedge plant here in California, USA. It makes an attractive if understated small (10m) tree if trained.
I would be interested in getting some seeds of X. longifolium if they are available to try here in California and Florida, USA.

Tree For ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 271113 : AK-1 : Attachments (6).  4 posts by 2 authors.
Seen at Lalbagh recently with very tiny flowers.
Unfortunately, the name cannot be read properly.

This is Xylosma longifolia Clos from Salicaceae (Salix) family.

Many thanks for the id. Flowers were very tiny, it was difficult to photograph them.
I found on flowersofindia with common name Dandal.

With its pleasant smell, very beautiful in full bloom.
I have more pictures for you in this link 


AKNOV01 ID please for this tree. : 4 posts by 4 authors. No images seen now.
Location: FRI Campus, Dehradun
Date: Nov 2014

It looks like Xanthostemon paradoxus

Xylosma longifolia

This tree was recorded in wild from near Lansdowne, district Pauri, Uttrakhand, last week.. (20.10.18)
After id suggestion by …, I believe it is a Xylosma sp., flowers are not fragrant (at least to 3 of us, who tried to smell); the leaves are not oblong, I don’t know if this taxon fits into X. longifolia…?
Your views requested..

Nice images and seems matching.

Fwd: FOR IDENTIFICATION : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Attaching two images of a medium size road side tree. The fruits are relished by Bulbuls and Barbets. I observed many birds visiting this tree. Can any one identify this tree ?

Could be Xylosma longifolia or other species also.

Pl. check with images and details at Xylosma longifolia as suggested by …

Thank you … I have checked found it to be correct. … also suggested the same.


Which Symplocos/ABDEC50 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (5)

This is very likely a Symlocos sp. too.
Seeing the blunt apices on the leaves, I am hoping it is easier to place its species. Please advise.
Dharamshala, HP
21 December 2014

cant help but like the pics

Symplocos species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)

What the species reported from your area as I am having doubts of this being Symplocos

The Symplocos species listed in the relevant books are S. paniculata, S. chinensis and S. ramocissima. The email is from my early days of botanising and the tree here may not be Symplocos at all. You are correct in doubting my assumption.

This may be Xylosma longifolia


SK 3294 05 January 2022: 6 very high res. images.

Location: Surkhet, West Nepal
Altitude: 700 m.
Date: 09 December 2021 
Habit : Wild

Rosaceae ? Prunus?

After looking at Rosaceae keys and many genera, I feel it is something close to Prunus/ Pyrus etc.
Was it a tree or a shrub?

Xylosma longifolium, male tree.

Xylosma longifolium Clos

Xylosma longifolium


Another tree for ID from Ranikhet Uttarakhand-GS15022022-4: 2 very high res. images.
Please help with the ID of this tree, photographed from Ranikhet, 17-4-2012.

Ehretia acuminata (DC.) R.Br. ??

I think it may be Eurya sp.

2 very high res. images.

I do not think it matches as per images at Ehretia acuminata R.Br.
Pl. check Eurya acuminata DC.
I am not sure.

Kindly check with Xylosma longifolia, Female (fruit bearing) tree.




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