Prunus armeniaca L. (Cultivated)
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Prunus avium (L.) L. (Cultivated)

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Prunus cerasifera ‘Nigra’
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Prunus cerasus L. (Cultivated)
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Prunus domestica L. (Cultivated)

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Prunus lusitanica L. ? (Cultivated)

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Prunus phaeosticta (Hance) Maxim. (Assam to S. China and Indo-China, Taiwan: Assam, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam as per POWO)

  

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A detailed account of Prunus genus in India is published by Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta in 1984 as FASCICLE OF FLORA
OF INDIA, FASCICLE 18, ROSACEAE: GENUS- PRUNUS
written by Chhabi Ghora and G. Panigrahi.
This monographic work provided generic description, keys (keys to sub genera, sections, species, sub species, varieties as the case may be), descriptions of species, vernacular names, type information, flowering-fruiting period, chromosome number and distribution in India as well as outside India.

As per this document (Ghora and Panigrahi, 1984) following species of Prunus occur in India-
1- Prunus amygdalus (synonym for Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb)
2- P.arborea var. montana,
3- P.armeniaca L.
4- P.avium
5- P.bokhariensis,
6- P.bracteopadus,
7- P.carmesina (a synonym of P.cerasoides),
8- P.cerasus,
9- P.cerasifera (var. cerasifera, var. pissardii),
10- P.cerasoides (var. cerasoides, var. majestica),
11- P.ceylanica,
12- P.cornuta (var. cornuta, var. villosa),
13- P.desycarpa,
14- P.domestica (subsp. domestica, subsp. insititia), line diagram given
15- P.himalaica,
16- P.jacquemontii, line diagram given
17- P.javanica, line diagram given
18- P.jenkinsii
19- P.laurocerasus,
20- P.mahaleb
21- P.napaulensis
22- P.persica, line diagram given
23- P.phaeosticta
24- P.prostrata
25- P.pseudocerasus
26- P.pygeoides
27- P.rufa (var. imanishii, var. rufa, var. trichantha),
28- P.salicina,
29- P. serotina,
30- P.serrulata
31- P.tomentosa
32- P.undulata
33- P.venosa (a synonym of Prunus buergeriana Miq.), line diagram given
34- P.zippeliana
Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Prunus armeniaca L. Tree Western Ghats,
Cultivated, Native of China
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Tirunelveli
Prunus avium L. Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Eurasia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri
Prunus cerasoides D. Don Tree Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Cultivated, Native China
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri,  Salem
Prunus ceylanica (Wight) Miq. Tree Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, High elevation
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri,
Salem, Theni, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli
Prunus domestica L. Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of South West Asia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Tirunelveli
Prunus laurocerasus L. Shrub
or small tree
Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Asia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri  
Prunus persica (L.) Batsch  Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of China
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli 
Prunus salicina Lindl. Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of East
Asiatic  Region
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dindigul
Prunus serrulata Lindl. Tree Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Eurasia
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Wealth of India, 1969
Nilgiri  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Prunus armeniaca Armeniaca vulgaris Rosaceae Apricot
Prunus cornuta Padus cornuta, Cerasus cornuta Rosaceae Himalayan Bird Cherry
Prunus domestica Rosaceae Plum
Prunus persica Rosaceae Peach

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Prunus amygdalis = Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb

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Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Brief details-
Prunus sieboldii
Prunus subhirtella var. pendula (Siebold ex Maxim.) Y.Tanaka is a synonym of Cerasus spachiana f. spachiana

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Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)-
Prunus amygdalinus
Prunus racemosa Lam. is a synonym of Prunus padus L.

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Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Brief details-
Prunus amygdalus BATSCH = Prunus dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb
Prunus armeniaca
Prunus persica


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Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 3 By T. Pullaiah, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys

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Prunus : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Prunus

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


I have added list of Prunus species in India based on a document by BSI in 1984.


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sir can I get botanical name ? – सप्तालू in Marathi

सप्तालू is name given to a peach … A dictionary, Marathi and English by Molesworth, J. T. (James Thomas)
Not sure which particular species of Prunus.

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Pl. go throughPrunus‎‎ ‎(Rosaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.

Beautifully inserted, … You have missed flowers of Prunus avium. I am sending them separately..


Prunus cornuta (Syn. Prunus padus) is missing from the list. I’ll send it separately.

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