Dysoxylum gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Mabb., in Fl. China 11: 127 2008. (Syn: Alliaria gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Kuntze; Dysoxylum binectariferum (Roxb.) Hook. fil. ex Bedd.; Dysoxylum cupuliforme Li; Dysoxylum grandifolium Li; Dysoxylum macrocarpum Thw.; Dysoxylum reticulatum King; Epicharis exarillata Arn. ex Wight & Arn.; Epicharis gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) M. Roem.; Guarea binectarifera Roxb.; Guarea gotadhora Buch.-Ham.);
commonly known as: cup-calyxed white cedar • Assamese: বান্দৰ-ডিমা bandor-dima • Bengali: বড গোটাধরা bara gotadhora, ¿ লস্সুনি ? lassuni • Garo: bandardima • Kannada: ಅಗಿಲು agilu, ಕಾಡು ಗಡ್ಡ kadu gadda, ಕಾಡು ಗಂಧ kadu gandha • Konkani: एरंड erand • Malayalam: അകില് akil • Marathi: देवदारू devadaru, एरंडी erandi • Mizo: saha-tah • Tamil: அகுணியகில் akuniyakil, செம்பில் cempil ;
India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Mandalay, Rakhine, Sagaing), Nepal, China (Hainan, Yunnan), Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.), Bhutan, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;
matheran tree for id: Please help identify this large tree seen today in evergreen forest at Matheran.
No flowers or fruit at present. Many seedlings around 2 parent trees. Nos of leaflets variable from approx 5 to 9. Rachis angled: flat on top and curved below. Young parts very slightly puberulous. Mature leaves semi coriaceous.
This species is very rare at Matheran.
Could this be Dysoxylum binectariferum, Meliaceae?
Yes, this is Dysoxylum binectariferum
Dehradun-Mussoorie Tour 2013:: Dysoxylum binectariferum from Botanical Garden FRI. : Attachments (4). 5 posts by 4 authors.
This huge tree was shot from Botanical Garden of Forest Research Institute, Dehradun…
was labelled as Dysoxylum binectariferum, Meliaceae…
infact as D. bimectiferum, with a spelling (m)istake…
Please validate the upload..
Yes. It is correct ID, now D. gotadhora.
Dysoxylum binectariferum: Dysoxylum binectariferum, a Meliaceae tree seems rare in western Maharashtra. I have not seen this tree so far. Requesting members who have seen this tree in western Maharashtra to please guide me on its location. This tree is expected to be flowering in the next few weeks. Thanking in anticipation
Long back i have posted unidentified plant which i have clicked from Matheran ..on eflora i got id as Dysoxylum binectariferum, but still i am not satisfied …if the Id get confirm then … can click picture in Matheran…its self…since its common there…
The thread … was talking about is this one:
Other threads which hints at Dysoxylum binectariferum can be seen at:
I am also not satisfied with the id D. binectariferum.
I think this sapling is very likely to be D.binectariferum. The only other possibility is that it could be Aglaia lawii (=Amoora lawii). Dysoxylum leaf rachis is 3 angled while A.lawii had domatia in the axils of the secondary nerves. I understand that this plant is too young but it would be nice if someone can still try and verify these characters. A close up of leaf rachis and underside of leaflet may prove conclusive.
Attaching my picture of D. binectariferum leaf
Thank you for your comments. Also have saplings of Aglaia lawii [Amoora lawii locally called Telya] on my property at Shahapur from which this sapling is obviously distinct. Will take some photographs of them later and send them for comparison.
Am sending photographs of Aglaia lawii for comparison as promised in a separate mail.
I will be obliged to know accessible locations where the following trees could be seen in flowers.
1. Corypha umbraculifera
2. Dysoxylum binectariferum
3 Chrysophyllum roxburghianum
4. Mastixia arborea
A few days back I have posted what I suspect to be Dysoxylum binectariferum from Matheran, but there was no confirmation of the id. There are a few trees, not yet flowering and I am watching them. Could let you know when I see it happening.
The following efi site links may be useful:
Here is the link of … posted plant
I am looking forward to photograph these trees in flowers, so confirmed ID, mature flowering stage and accessibility is needed. I have searched on eflora hence putting up a fresh request.
QUERY :: etymology of gotadhora:
Here is the protologue if you can find something interesting out of it. Its a word from local dialect I think
Thank you … – BUT I was not able to find any instance of gotadhora – either I am overseeing it OR this is not the protologue.
Please check the image. The name is there twice, rest of the things are in latin. Thats why I said, it must be a local dialect, may be BENGALI!! as it says, BARA GOTADHORA BENGALENSIUM
Yes indeed … – I can see it now. Thank you very much.
There are some shining plastics using in sari, they are called GOTA in Bengali, usually circular, rounded or spherical.
Many thanks …
… and DHORA, perhaps is related to thread.
BARA ¿ = ? big
GOTA ¿ = ? circular, rounded or spherical
DHORA ¿ = ? thread
no … Gota menas whole, entire in Bangla
PS I am still looking in old dictionaries… new ones donot mention this word “GOTADHARA”
Yes, that is true. But I was correct too.
One of my friends said that DHORA can also mean “to hold”, PAKARNA !!
Hopefully, now expecting to get the words BARA GOTADHORA in native script from Bangla-knowing friends.
in Bangla script it is : বড গোটাধরা
Request for fruit ID – 280412SC1: Posting a photo for Id of fruit
Date/Time – 16.04.2012 / 10.00 a.m.
Location – Place – Gibbon Sanctuary, Eastern Assam
Habitat – Garden/ Urban/ Wild / Type – Wild
Sorry for the location lapse. This one is from Kaziranga National Park.
This looks like Dysoxylum to me.
Is it Dysoxylum binectariferum ? The foliage too resembles.
I am not sure…Pl wait for more comments!
plant ID please:
height: about 20-25 feet
Crown shape: Globular pyramid
leaves 15-20 cms, margins slightly undulating, elongated like the Ashoka tree’s leaf, firm to tough with a comapratively smoother dorsal side
fruit size and shape: a fist sized guava like, with four tomato like grooves on it. yellow when i found it, and am told it turns orange when ripe
It had four seeds, and they are covered with a thick coat. I removed the coat to reveal green cotyledons which were the size of grapes.
No idea at all about it’s flower.
This is most probably Dysoxylum malabaricum Bedd. ex C.DC. of Meliaceae family.
Looks like Dysoxylum binectariferum
Identified as Dysoxylum species as per another thread
MS April, 2016/17 Tree for ID : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)
Location : Lungkulh, Mizoram
This is a species of Dysoxylum.
could this be d. gotadhara or gotadhora… bhutan flora may be a lead. but flora of china says seeds would be red these seem to be black or deep purple… so … answer would be more like it
and … you will have your work cut out for you…
Dysoxylum species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)
I think this is Dysoxylum species. (meliaceae)
To me also appear similar to images at Dysoxylum gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Mabb.
Probably D. gotadhora, because of : capsule 4-celled, pale yellow turning orange; seeds large, yellow hilum and white aril..
MS,Jan.,2021/13 Dysoxylum sp. ? for id: 2 images.
Altitude : 330 m.
Date : 13-04-2016
Habit : Tree
Habitat : Wild
Dysoxylum gotadhora as per images and details herein.
Difference may be due to ripe and unripe fruits.
Dysoxylum gotadhora :: Matheran :: Nov – Dec, 2012 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 10 images.
Dysoxylum gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Mabb. … (family: Meliaceae)
on December 8, 2012
on November 1, 2012
Date : 09-06-2016
Habit : Medium-sized tree
Habitat : Wild
Thanks, …, What are the species reported from your area?
Dysoxylum binectariferum, D.gobarum, D.microbotrys, D.pallens, D.racemosum var.racemosum and D.rugulosum are recorded in Mizoram
Any keys, …
I think Dysoxylum gotadhora as per images and details herein and as per keys given by you.
MS June, 2016/08 Dysoxylum sp. for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location : Sairep, Mizoram
Dysoxylum species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available)
This may be D. mollissimum (=D. alliarum) because: leaflets 6-16, capsules <4 cm across; 4-celled, pale yellow (or white). Seeds should have RED aril (Please check not visible in the photos here)
D.mollissimum has scale-like bark, but this has no
Pl. also check with images/ illustrations of this species at
Nepali name(s) of Dysoxylum gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Mabb. … popular synonym: Dysoxylum binectariferum (Roxb.) Hook.f. ex Bedd.:
No Nepali names.
Names of Plants in India :: Dysoxylum gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Mabb.:
dis-oh-ZY-lum — Greek: dys (bad) and xylon (wood) … Dave’s Botanary
¿ go-ta-DHO-rah ? — Bengali name of the plant … Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society
commonly known as: cup-calyxed white cedar • Assamese: বান্দৰ ডিমা bandor dima • Bengali: বড গোটাধরা bara gotadhora • Garo: bol-narang, masispel • Kachari: bon-dau-iung, rata • Kannada: ಅಗಿಲ್ agil, ಕಾಡು ಗಂಧ kadu gandha • Karbi: khrang-kelok-arong • Konkani: एरंड erand, यरंडी yerandi • Malayalam: അകില് akil • Marathi: देवदारू devadaru, येरिंडी yerindi • Mech: dingari-guphut, dingi-bomphang • Miri: galing-asing • Mizo: saha-ṭah • Naga: herenthak-chi-ching • Sylheti: hota-rata • Tamil: அகுணியகில் akuniyakil, செம்பில் cempil • Tippera: kaksok
botanical names: Dysoxylum gotadhora (Buch.-Ham.) Mabb. … homotypic synonyms: Guarea gotadhora Buch.-Ham. … heterotypic synonyms: Dysoxylum binectariferum (Roxb.) Hook.f. ex Bedd. • Dysoxylum binectarifolium C.DC. • Guarea binectarifera Roxb. … and many more listed at POWO
Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
cup-calyxed white cedar
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
বান্দৰ ডিমা bandor dima
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
বড গোটাধরা bara gotadhora
¿ লস্সুনি ? lassuni
~~~~~ GARO ~~~~~
~~~~~ KACHARI ~~~~~
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕಾಡು ಗಂಧ kadu gandha
~~~~~ KARBI (also known as Mikir or Arleng) ~~~~~
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
एरंड erand, यरंडी yerandi
~~~~~ KUKI ~~~~~
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
~~~~~ MECH (an ethnic group found in West Bengal and Assam in India, and in Nepal) ~~~~~
~~~~~ MIRI (or Mising, also known as Plains Miri) ~~~~~
~~~~~ MIZO ~~~~~
~~~~~ NAGA ~~~~~
~~~~~ SYLHETI ~~~~~
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
~~~~~ TIPPERA (spoken in Tripura) ~~~~~
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Names compiled / updated at
Wonderful. Where did you photograph ? I tried several places in Shimoga long back. But I could not locate.
This is a threatened species and i understand the Forest department is taking steps to cultivate them in their nurseries in Western Ghat area ???
One of the priced woods as the timber wood has a smell of almost like Sandal wood.
Catalogue of Life The Plant List Ver.1.1 GRIN
Flora of China Dinesh Valke’s Flickr Post Flora of the Presidency of Bombay Talbot Trees Bombay